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Al-Hillah
Arabic: الحلة
Al-Hillah is located in Iraq
Al-Hillah
Al Hillah's location inside Iraq
Coordinates: 32°29′N 44°26′E / 32.483°N 44.433°E / 32.483; 44.433
Country  Iraq
Governorate Babil
Established AD 1101
Population (1998 Est)
 - Total 564,700
Twin Cities
 - Tempe, Arizona USA

Al-Hillah (Arabic: الحلة‎; BGN: Al Ḩillah; also spelled Hillah or Hilla) is a city in central Iraq on the river Euphrates, 100 km (62 miles) south of Baghdad, with an estimated population of 364,700 in 1998. It is the capital of Babil province and is located near the ancient cities of Babylon, Borsippa and Kish. It is situated in a predominantly agricultural region which is extensively irrigated with water tapped from the river, producing a wide range of cereals, fruit and textiles.

The city was once a major center of Islamic scholarship and education. The tomb of the Jewish prophet Ezekiel is reputed to be located in a nearby village. The city was established in 1101. It was established by the powerful Arab tribe of Bani Assad. It was commanded and founded by Ali bin Mazyid Al-Asadi of Bani Assad, the founder of the Mazayid State. It became a major administrative centre during the rule of the Ottoman and British Empires. It saw heavy fighting in 1920 during an uprising against the British, when 300 men of the Manchester Regiment were apparently defeated in the city. It is said where the Hanging Gardens of Babylon once were.

Contents

Hillah during the U.S. Invasion of Iraq

Hillah was the scene of relatively heavy fighting in the 2003 invasion of Iraq on and around April 1, 2003. Iraqi casualties from the Medina Division of the Republican Guard were unknown but heavy, with several hundred reported to have been killed in fierce fighting with the United States Army. After the battle with the RG Medina Division the US Army forces moved to Baghdad and the U.S. Marine forces took over responsibilities in Al Hillah. Shortly after the invasion a mass grave site was reported by locals to be in the area around Hillah. Local citizens and members of ORHA worked together to exhume thousands of Iraqis who had been murdered by Saddam Hussein's security forces during the uprising against his government in 1991.

The 1st Marine Division had established a base at one of Saddam Hussein's Palaces about one mile north of Hillah. This also happened to be the historical site of Babylon and further damaged the ruins of the ancient city. The 372nd Military Police Company had performed law and order and Iraqi Police training in the city from June 2003 to October 2003 prior to moving on to Abu Ghraib prison. The city was part of the Polish military zone under the occupation of Iraq.

After the initial invasion, Hilla was relatively peaceful, but it then became the scene of numerous bomb attacks.

  • In February, 2004, insurgents tried but failed to blow up a camp run by Hungarian troops with truck bombs.
  • February 28, 2005 saw the deadliest single insurgent attack up till then, when a car bomb killed 125 people outside a medical clinic.
  • On May 30, 2005, two suicide bombers killed 31 Shia police, and wounded 108 Shia police.
  • On September 30, 2005, a car bomb exploded in a vegetable market in Hilla, killing 10 and wounding 30 others.
  • On January 2, 2007, at least 73 people were killed and more than 160 were injured when two suicide bombers blew up themselves at a gathering of Shia militias.
  • On February 1, 2007, a pair of suicide bombers detonated explosives among shoppers at a crowded outdoor market, killing at least 45 people and wounding approximately 150.[1]
  • On March 6, 2007, 114 people were killed and at least 147 people were wounded in two car bomb attacks on a Shia shrine.

See also

Coordinates: 32°29′N 44°26′E / 32.483°N 44.433°E / 32.483; 44.433

References

  1. ^ "Bombings rock Shiite city". Associated Press, February 2, 2007.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also hilla

Contents

Finnish

Etymology

hilla (cloudberry). Also recorded as a diminutive of Hilja and Hilma.

Proper noun

Hilla

  1. A female given name.

Declension


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