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Hillsboro, West Virginia
—  Town  —
Spring 1918
Location of Hillsboro, West Virginia
Coordinates: 38°8′17″N 80°12′45″W / 38.13806°N 80.2125°W / 38.13806; -80.2125
Country United States
State West Virginia
County Pocahontas
 - Total 0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 - Land 0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 2,303 ft (702 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 243
 - Density 680.0/sq mi (262.6/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 24946
Area code(s) 304
FIPS code 54-37372[1]
GNIS feature ID 1551448[2]

Hillsboro is a town in Pocahontas County, West Virginia, United States. The population was 243 at the 2000 census.



Old Town of Hillsboro
Hillsboro Academy

Hillsboro was named for pioneer John (Richard) Hill, from North Carolina, who built a log cabin near what is now Lobelia. Most of the early settlers were Scotch-Irish and worked in agriculture and stock raising.

Back in the 1800s the town of Hillsboro centered on the educational institution Little Levels Academy. Established in 1842, the school closed 18 years later at the onset of the Civil War. In 1865, the county purchased the building and ran it as a public school through the 1880s, and it became a school of higher order for boys called Hillsboro Academy. The basement of the Methodist Church served as a school of high order for girls called Hillsboro College, or Little Levels Seminary. Eventually the brick Academy was torn down and replaced by a wood frame school for both boys and girls. Later the school was re-built in brick as Hillsboro High School.[3][4]

Millpoint, in northern Hillsboro, was once the site of a small industrial village, "including within its limits proper a store, a blacksmith shop, two flour mills, and three homes."[5] One of the mills has been restored and can be seen along Rt. 219.

Stulting House at the Pearl Buck Birthplace

In 1892, famous author Pearl S. Buck was born in a large white two-story house at the northern end of town. Shortly thereafter, her family, Presbyterian missionaries, returned to China, but her West Virginia roots nevertheless had a significant impact on Pearl through her mother Carrie.[6]

The Dutch-style "city house," now on the National Register of Historic Places, has been restored into a museum, The Pearl S. Buck Birthplace. It displays an array of antiques from the 1892 period, including many family originals.

In late June, the town hosts the annual Little Levels Heritage Fair, to celebrate the history of the Little Levels region.

Hillsboro is also the site featured in the movie Patch Adams where Dr. Patch Adams purchased land in West Virginia to build a medical clinic based on his philosophy of doctor-patient interaction. A medical clinic is planned but has not yet been constructed, as fund-raising is still underway.

Points of interest

Main Attractions:

Parks & Scenic Drives:

Famous residents


Hillsboro is located at 38°8′17″N 80°12′45″W / 38.13806°N 80.2125°W / 38.13806; -80.2125 (38.138068, -80.212581)[7].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.9 km² (0.4 mi²), all land.


As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 243 people, 115 households, and 70 families residing in the town. The population density was 260.6/km² (680.0/mi²). There were 136 housing units at an average density of 145.9/km² (380.6/mi²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.35% White, and 1.65% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.82% of the population.

There were 115 households out of which 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.11 and the average family size was 2.66.

In the town the population was spread out with 19.8% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 82.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 77.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $29,583, and the median income for a family was $31,250. Males had a median income of $30,278 versus $15,625 for females. The per capita income for the town was $20,929. About 27.4% of families and 32.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 40.0% of those under the age of eighteen and 28.9% of those sixty five or over. In 1998, 21% of adults tested at a literacy level of 1, one being the lowest, compared to the national average of 22%.[8]


External links


  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  8. ^ The State of Literacy in America


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