The Full Wiki

Hirabah: Wikis

  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Part of a series on
Islamic Jurisprudence

(of Islamic studies)
Fields
Part of a series of articles on
Islam
Beliefs and practices

Oneness of God
Profession of Faith
PrayerFasting
CharityPilgrimage

Major figures

Muhammad
Companions of Muhammad
Prophets of Islam

Texts & Laws

Qur'anSunnahHadith

Major branches

SunniShi'a

Hirābah (Arabic: حرابة‎) is an Arabic word for “piracy”, or “unlawful warfare”. Hirabah comes from the root hariba, which means “to become angry and enraged”. The noun harb (حرب, pl. hurub حروب) means “war” and/or “enemy.”[1] One who commits hirabah would be a hirabi.

Contents

Punishment for Hirabah

The Qur'an commands strict punishment for those who spread disorder in land.[2] As it is in the Qur'an:

The punishments of those who wage war against Allah and His Prophet and strive to spread disorder in the land are to execute them in an exemplary way or to crucify them or to amputate their hands and feet from opposite sides or to banish them from the land. Such is their disgrace in this world, and in the Hereafter theirs will be an awful doom save those who repent before you overpower them; you should know that Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Ever Merciful.

Qur'an[Qur'an 5:33]

According to these verses, the punishment for spreading disorder in land is:

  1. Taqtil (تقتيل:execution that serves a severe warning to others i.e. stoning)
  2. Taslib (تصليب:Crucifixion)
  3. Amputating limbs from opposite sides
  4. Nafi (نفى:Exile)

A Judge can give any of these punishments depending on the severity of the crime and condition of the criminal. These punishments can be prescribed for any crime that can threaten the society at large. Examples of these crimes are robbery (unlike theft which has a different punishment), rape, and terrorism.[2]

Relation with Jihad

Hirabah has been suggested as a better description of a punishment than the often-used jihad which is often misconstrued as referring to religious terrorism. The argument is that jihad means literally "struggle". The meaning is broad, and can include personal, internal struggle to purify oneself as well as external struggle for justice.[1] By definition, Jihad cannot be a bad thing, as jihad means "to struggle in the way of God", or "to struggle to improve one's self and/or society". Therefore, someone who is misguidedly responsible for unlawful killing and chaos in the land can only be described as someone engaged in hirabah.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Crane, Robert D., “Hirabah versus Jihad”, IFRI.org, (Islamic Research Foundation International, Inc., 2006)
  2. ^ a b Javed Ahmad Ghamidi, Mizan, The Penal Law of Islam, Al-Mawrid

External links








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message