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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Map of countries that make up Hispanic America

Hispanic America or Spanish America (Spanish: Hispanoamérica) is strictly the region comprising the American countries inhabited by Spanish–speaking populations.[1][2]

These countries have significant cultural commonalities with each other and with Spain, whose colonies they were formerly. Although some of these countries later become colonies of other countries (Belize of the United Kingdom in 1786 and Puerto Rico of the United States in 1898), Spanish is the most spoken language in them. In all of them, Spanish is either the main language or shares this position with one or more indigenous languages (such as Guaraní, Quechua, Aymara, or Mayan), or English (in Belize and Puerto Rico).[3] Roman Catholicism is the predominant religion, as well.[4]

The term "Hispanic America" contrasts with "Ibero-America", which comprises Hispanic America together with Brazil, a Portuguese–speaking nation often referred to as "Portuguese America" in history books. "Hispanic America" also contrasts with "Latin America", which is usually equated with Ibero–America, but, depending on definition, often includes the former French colonies in the Western Hemisphere.[5]

Contents

Countries

Country Population Area (km²)
Argentina Argentina 40,747,000 2,766,890
Belize Belize 320,000 22,966
Bolivia Bolivia 9,182,000 1,098,581
Chile Chile 16,800,000 756,950 [6]
Colombia Colombia 45,600,000 1,141,748
Costa Rica Costa Rica 4,509,290 51,000
Cuba Cuba 11,269,000 110,861
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 9,395,000 48,730
Ecuador Ecuador 13,228,000 256,370
El Salvador El Salvador 6,881,000 21,040
Guatemala Guatemala 12,599,000 108,890
Honduras Honduras 7,805,000 112,492
Mexico Mexico 107,029,000 1,972,550
Nicaragua Nicaragua 5,487,000 129,494
Panama Panama 3,232,000 75,571
Paraguay Paraguay 6,158,000 406,752
Peru Peru 27,968,000 1,285,220
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico (U.S.) 3,955,000 9,104
Uruguay Uruguay 3,463,000 176,215
Venezuela Venezuela 26,749,000 916,445
Total 360,843,000 11,444,903

In comparison, the population of Anglo-America (United States and Canada) is approximately 337,000,000, while that of Brazil is 192,000,000.[7] Canada (9,984,670 km²) and the United States (9,826,630 km²) occupy a combined area of 19,811,300 km², and Brazil occupies 8,511,965 km².[8]

Flag of Hispanic America

Flag of Hispanic Heritage. Motto: Justicia, Paz, Unión y Fraternidad ("Justice, Peace, Union and Fraternity").[9]

While relatively unknown, there is a flag representing the countries of Hispanic America, its people, history and shared cultural legacy.

It was created in October 1933 by Ángel Camblor, captain of the Uruguayan army. It was adopted by all the states of Spanish America during the Pan-American Conference of the same year in Montevideo, Uruguay.[9]

The white background stands for peace, the Inti sun god of Inca mythology symbolizes the light shining on the American continent, and the three crosses represent Christopher Columbus' caravels, the Niña, Pinta, and Santa María, used in his first voyage from Spain to the New World in 1492. The deep lilac color of the crosses evokes the color of the lion on the Coat of Arms of the medieval Crown of Castile.[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ All of the following dictionaries only list "Spanish America" as the name for this cultural region. None list "Hispanic America." All list the demonym for the people of the region discussed in this article as the sole definition, or one of the definitions, for "Spanish American". Some list "Hispanic," "Hispanic American" and "Hispano-American" as synonyms for "Spanish American." (All also include as a secondary definition for these last three terms, persons residing in the United States of Hispanic ancestry.) The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (3rd ed.) (1992). Boston: Houghton Mifflin. ISBN 0-395-44895-6. Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary (11th ed.) (2003). Springfield: Merriam-Webster. ISBN 0-877-79807-9. The Random House Dictionary of the English Language (2nd ed.) (1987). New York: Random House. ISBN 0-394-50050-4. Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles (2007). New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-920687-2. Webster's New Dictionary and Thesaurus (2002). Cleveland: Wiley Publishing. ISBN 978-0-471-79932-0
  2. ^ "Hispanic America" is used in some older works such as Charles Edward Chapman's 1933 Colonial Hispanic America: A History and 1937 Republican Hispanic America: A History (both New York: The Macmillan Co.); or translated titles that faithfully reproduce Hispanoamérica, such as Edmund Stephen Urbanski (1978), Hispanic America and its Civilization: Spanish Americans and Anglo-Americans, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press.
  3. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook -- Field Listing - Languages". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2098.html. Retrieved 2009-04-11.  
  4. ^ "CIA - The World Factbook -- Field Listing - Religions". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2122.html. Retrieved 2009-04-11.  
  5. ^ "Latin America" The Free Online Dictionary (American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, 2000, 4th ed. Houghton Mifflin Company. Updated in 2003.)
  6. ^ (Spanish)Demografia de Chile.
  7. ^ CIA. "Field Listing-Population". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2119.html. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  8. ^ CIA. "Field Listing-Area". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2147.html. Retrieved 2008-06-14.  
  9. ^ a b Raeside, Rob (ed.) (1999-10-11). "Flag of the Race". Flags of the World. http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/int-raza.html. Retrieved 2006-12-23.  
  10. ^ Image of the standard of the Crown of Castile
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