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Hispanidad

Flag of the Hispanicity.svg
The flag symbolizes the encounter between the three carabelas that took Christopher Columbus to America and the dazzling American Sun shining.[1]

Castellano lengua oficial.png

Countries traditionally considered as the core of the Hispanidad.

Members

20 nations that are Spanish-speaking

Europe

Americas

Africa

1 Territory that is Spanish-speaking

The Hispanidad (Spanish: Hispanidad) is the community formed by all the people and countries that share a common Hispanic-heritage and cultural pattern.

The 20 nations that are included are all Spanish-speaking countries. The community can be classified into three geographic areas: Hispanic Europe (Spain), Hispanic America (Spanish-speaking America), Hispanic Africa (Spanish-African territories, Equatorial Guinea). A few countries in the Asia-Pacific region also have a historical Spanish influence, although they no longer have Spanish as their official language.

Various countries celebrate October 12 as the Día de la Hispanidad ("Day of Hispanicity" or "Hispanic Day") is celebrated as a national holiday. Since 1987 Spain has celebrated this holiday as its Fiesta Nacional de España In the other nations of the community, the day is also celebrated as a commemoration of the date in 1492 when Christopher Columbus discovered America, marking the beginning of the diffusion of Spanish language and culture as well as its lasting impact on the world.

Contents

History

Hispanidad or Spanish linguistic and cultural diffusion began on 12 October 1492 when Christopher Columbus initiated its European colonization of the Americas in the name of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. The kingdom of Castile (Castilla) built a global empire, spreading its culture and language in the Americas and biologically and culturally mixing with the Indigenous peoples and ultimately, the African slaves, altering the composition of the hemisphere. The penetration and reach of Spain at this time also extended into other European nations.

In 1713, the Real Academia Española was established to regulate written and spoken Spanish language throughout the empire so that it could be understood by all Hispanics. At the beginning of the 19th century, the American colonies' dissatisfaction with the Spanish government and Napoleon's invasion of Spain created an opportunity for revolution in America. All of the Spanish colonies obtained independence at this time, except Cuba, Puerto Rico and the the Philippines. These three countries then became colonies of the United States after the Spanish-American War.

At the beginning of the 20th century, Hispanicity was moribund. Zacarías de Vizarra, Faustino Rodríguez-San Pedro and Ramiro de Maeztu revived interest in the concept in Spain and the Americas, changing its name to Dia de la Raza or "Day of the [New] Race". This was already a national celebration in many Hispanic countries, in honor of the meeting of Europeans and Amerindians, their mixing and the emergence of the mestizo race. Shortly thereafter, the first pan-Hispanic organizations such as the Asociación de Academias de la Lengua Española began. With the restoration of democracy in Spain, all the Hispanic nations began to converge with, for example, the creation of the Cumbre Iberoamericana in 1991. Since then, the number of Hispano-American, Ibero-American, Pan-Latin American organizations has increased.

Currently, Hispanicity is a cooperative venture. Spain has created a base of support for Hispanic America and the Philippines due to heavy investments in these zones. Latinos or Hispanic choose to immigrate to Spain, because of its cultural, linguistic and ancestral affinity.

Hispanics in the world

Windmills in La Mancha, Spain.
A street view in Guanajuato, Mexico, founded 1554.
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Major influence

Spanish, as a mother tongue, is spoken by more than 333 million people (second only to Chinese). The total number of Spanish speakers is more than 395 million people. Mexico contains the largest number of Spanish speakers.

Europe

In Europe, Hispanics reside primarily in Spain as it is the origin of Hispanicity, although there are small communities spread throughout Europe. The native-born population is more than 44 million, plus a large immigrant Hispanic community from Hispanic America and Equatorial Guinea.

Americas

The majority of Hispanics live in Hispanic America, coinciding with recognized international borders. The number surpasses 300 million. Countries with great majority Hispanic population include Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico (U.S. territory), Uruguay and Venezuela.

The United States and Belize, while not officially counted as Hispanic nations, do each have a large Hispanic population. The United States has more than 40 million Hispanic residents or about 14% of its total population.[2] 43% of Belizeans commonly speak Spanish at home.[3]

Africa

Hispanics in the African continent are concentrated in overseas territories of Spain, which are Canary Islands, Ceuta, Melilla and Plazas de Soberanía). Moreover, Equatorial Guinea has Spanish as its official government language, although the people speak their respective native languages. In Morocco and Western Sahara, some people maintain Hispanic characteristics, although these countries are more so influenced by Arab and/or Berber languages and cultures. Altogether in Africa, two million speak Spanish.

Asia-Pacific

Some countires in the Asia-Pacific region recieved influence from the Hispanic world while they were governed by the Spanish Crown via Mexico City and Madrid. The Philippines, Guam, and the Caroline Islands are among those in this region that recieved some influence from Spain and Mexico.

Spanish was an official language of the Philippines until 1973 when the dictator Ferdinand Marcos had it removed. The prevalence of Hispanic given names and surnames among many Filipinos and others (see Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames) was due to taxing by the Spanish crown.

References

See also


Simple English

Hispanidad

The flag symbolizes the three carabelas that took Christopher Columbus to America.

     Countries traditionally considered as the core of the Hispanidad.
NOTE: For a detailed list of the countries that appear in the map, see its description page

Hispanidad (literally Hispanishness) is the community formed by all the people and nations that share Spanish language and culture. The 23 nations that are included are all Spanish-speaking except the Philippines, and can be classified in four geographic areas: Spain, Hispanoamerica, Hispanoafrica and the Hispanopacific. Every October 12 Hispanic Day is celebrated. It is the same day of the Patrona of Our Lady of el Pilar, located in Zaragoza, Spain.[needs proof] Hispanidad or Spanish linguistic and cultural diffusion began when the 12 October 1492 Christopher Columbus sighted America and initiated the European colonization in the name of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain. The kingdom of Castile (Castilla) built a global empire, spreading their culture and language in the Americas and biologically and culturally mixing with the indigenous peoples, altering the composition of the hemisphere. The penetration and reach of Spain at this time also extended into other European nations.

Contents

The Hispanics in the world

The Spanish is the mother tongue that spoken by more than 333 million people (located in second place after Chinese). The total population of Spanish-speakers reaches more than 395 million people.

Europe

In Europe, Hispanics are mainly confined to Spain, they are surpassing 30 million the population.

America

The great majority of Hispanics is concentrated in Hispanic America . The number surpasses 300 million. Countries like Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, United States, Uruguay and Venezuela .

Africa

The people considered Hispanics in the African continent are concentrated in overseas territories of Spain (Canary Islands, Ceuta, Melilla and Plazas de Soberanía) and in the nation of Equatorial Guinea. In Morocco and Western Sahara some people maintain Hispanic characteristics. Altogether in Africa two million speak Spanish.

Asia-Pacific

The Philippines is the only Asian country that conserves some identifiably Hispanic influences in its culture and Spanish loanwords in the native languages. Other countries in the Asia-Pacific region that maintain a similar degree of Hispanic influence as the Philippines are:

References


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