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Hobart
Tasmania
Hobart CBD.JPG
Hobart Central Business District and Wrest Point Casino in the foreground viewed from Mount Nelson
Hobart is located in Australia
Hobart
Population: 219,287 (June 2008) [1] (11th)
Density: 895/km² (2,318.0/sq mi) (2006)[2]
Established: 1803
Area: 1357.3 km² (524.1 sq mi)
Time zone:

 • Summer (DST)

AEST (UTC+10)

AEDT (UTC+11)

Location:
State District: Denison, Franklin
Federal Division: Denison, Franklin
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
16.9 °C
62 °F
8.3 °C
47 °F
614.9 mm
24.2 in

Hobart (pronounced /ˈhoʊbɑrt/[3]) is the state capital and most populous city of the Australian island state of Tasmania. Founded in 1803 as a penal colony,[4] Hobart is Australia's second oldest capital city after Sydney. In 2008, the city had a greater area population of approximately 219,287.[1] A Resident of Hobart is known as a "Hobartian". The city is the financial and administrative heart of Tasmania, and also serves as the home port for both Australian and French Antarctic operations.

The city is located in the state's south-east on the estuary of the Derwent River. The skyline is dominated by Mount Wellington at 1,271 metres high.

Contents

History

The first settlement began in 1803 as a penal colony at Risdon Cove on the eastern shores of the Derwent River, amid British concerns over the presence of French explorers. In 1804 it was moved to a better location at the present site of Hobart at Sullivan's Cove. The city, initially known as Hobart Town or Hobarton, was named after Lord Hobart, the Colonial Secretary. The area's original inhabitants were members of the semi-nomadic Mouheneener tribe.[5] A series of bloody encounters with the Europeans and the effects of diseases brought by the settlers forced away the aboriginal population, which was rapidly replaced by free settlers and the convict population. Charles Darwin visited Hobart Town in February, 1836 as part of the Beagle expedition. He writes of Hobart and the Derwent estuary in his Voyage of the Beagle:

...The lower parts of the hills which skirt the bay are cleared; and the bright yellow fields of corn, and dark green ones of potatoes, appear very luxuriant... I was chiefly struck with the comparative fewness of the large houses, either built or building. Hobart Town, from the census of 1835, contained 13,826 inhabitants, and the whole of Tasmania 36,505.

But since the Derwent River was one of Australia's finest deepwater ports and was the centre of the Southern Ocean whaling and the sealing trade, it rapidly grew into a major port, with allied industries such as shipbuilding. Hobart Town became a city on 21 August 1842, and was renamed Hobart in 1875.

Geography

The City of Hobart (green) and Greater Hobart (teal)

Topography

This section discusses the topography of the Greater Hobart area and as such pinpoints the regions of urban sprawl of the suburbs and the towns included in the Greater Hobart area as well as land formations. Hobart is located on the estuary of the Derwent River in the state's south-east at 42°52′S 147°19′E / 42.867°S 147.317°E / -42.867; 147.317. Geologically Hobart is built predominantly on Jurassic Dolerite around the foothills interspersed with smaller areas of Triassic siltstone and Permian Mudstone. Much of the waterfront of the Hobart CBD is built on Reclaimed land such as the Sullivans Cove and Salamanca areas, done during the convict era of Tasmania.

Hobart extends along both sides of the Derwent River, on the Western Shore from the Derwent Valley in the North through the flatter areas of Glenorchy which rests on older Triassic sediment and into the hilly areas of New Town, Lenah Valley both resting on the younger Jurassic dolerite deposits, before stretching into the lower areas such as the beaches of Sandy Bay in the South, in the Derwent Estuary. The Eastern Shore also extends from the Derwent Valley area in a Southerly direction hugging the Meehan Ranges in the East before sprawling into flatter land in suburbs such as Bellerive. These flatter areas of the Eastern Shore rest on far younger deposits from the Quaternary. From there the city extends in an easterly direction through the Meehan Ranges into the hilly areas of Rokeby and Oakdowns, before reaching into the tidal flatland area of Lauderdale

Hobart has access to a number of beach areas including those in the Derwent Estuary itself; Sandy Bay, Nutgrove, Kingston, Bellerive and Howrah Beaches as well as many more in Frederick Henry Bay such as; Seven Mile, Roaches, Cremorne, Clifton and Goats Beaches.

Hobart area from Bellerive

Climate

Hobart has a mild temperate oceanic climate (Köppen Cfb). The highest temperature recorded was 40.8°C on 4 January 1976 and the lowest was −2.8°C on 25 June 1972. Compared to other major Australia cities, Hobart has the second fewest daily average hours of sunshine, with 5.9 hours per day. (Melbourne has the fewest) [6] However during the Summer it has the most hours of sunlight of any city with up to 15.2 hrs on the Summer solstice. Although Hobart rarely receives snow during the winter, the adjacent Mount Wellington is often seen with a snowcap. Unseasonal mountain snow covering has been known to occur during the other seasons. During the 20th century the city itself has rarely received snowfalls at sea level occurring on average only once every 15 years, however outer suburbs lying higher on Mount Wellington receive snow due to cold air masses arriving from Antarctica coupled with them resting at higher altitude. These snow-bearing winds often carry on through Tasmania and Victoria to the Snowy Mountains in southern New South Wales and northern Victoria.

See also: A graph of the climate of Hobart as measured and recorded on Ellerslie Road (Wikimedia Commons)
Climate data for Hobart
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.8
(105)
40.1
(104)
37.3
(99)
30.6
(87)
25.7
(78)
20.6
(69)
22.1
(72)
24.5
(76)
31.0
(88)
34.6
(94)
36.8
(98)
40.6
(105)
40.8
(105)
Average high °C (°F) 21.6
(71)
21.6
(71)
20.1
(68)
17.3
(63)
14.4
(58)
12.0
(54)
11.6
(53)
13.0
(55)
15.1
(59)
16.9
(62)
18.7
(66)
20.3
(69)
16.9
(62)
Average low °C (°F) 11.9
(53)
12.0
(54)
10.8
(51)
8.9
(48)
6.9
(44)
5.2
(41)
4.5
(40)
5.2
(41)
6.4
(44)
7.7
(46)
9.2
(49)
10.8
(51)
8.3
(47)
Record low °C (°F) 3.3
(38)
3.4
(38)
1.8
(35)
0.7
(33)
−1.6
(29)
−2.8
(27)
−2.8
(27)
−1.8
(29)
−0.8
(31)
0.0
(32)
0.3
(33)
2.8
(37)
−2.8
(27)
Precipitation mm (inches) 48.0
(1.89)
39.9
(1.57)
45.2
(1.78)
51.4
(2.02)
46.8
(1.84)
54.0
(2.13)
52.5
(2.07)
52.9
(2.08)
52.7
(2.07)
62.1
(2.44)
53.7
(2.11)
57.0
(2.24)
616.2
(24.26)
Avg. rainy days 10.9 9.4 11.3 12.4 13.6 14.5 15.4 15.5 15.2 16.3 14.1 12.8 161.4
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[7] 1881–2009

Demographics

As of the 2006 census there were 217,525 people in the greater Hobart area[8] and the City of Hobart local government area had a population of 47,700. According to the 2006 census, approximately 12.0% of greater Hobart's residents were born overseas, commonly the United Kingdom, New Zealand, Germany and Netherlands.[8] Hobart has also started to form thriving Korean and Somali communities. The recent growth of Hobart's Multiculturalism and rise in population has prompted the development of new suburbs such as Glebe Hill and Oak Downs as well as others in the planning stage, such as the newest proposed suburb designed for the families of Korean students immigrating to the city along with residents seeking a more alternative and carbon friendly lifestyle, dubbed Paranville, Paran being Korean for blue/green, in reference to its goals for being a 'clean and green' eco friendly suburb.[9]

Most common occupations are Professionals 21.6%, Clerical and Administrative Workers 16.1%, Technicians and Trades Workers 13.8%, Managers 11.5% and Community and Personal Service Workers 10.6%. Median weekly household income was $869, compared with $1,027 nationally.

In the 2006 census, 63.8% of residents specified a Christian religion. Major religious affiliations are Anglican 29.8%, Catholic 21.1%, Uniting Church 4.2% and Presbyterian and Reformed 2.0%. In addition, 21.6% specified "No Religion" and 12.0% did not answer.[10]

There is also a synagogue in Hobart for its Jewish population.

Hobart, also has smaller communities of Hindus, Muslims, Mormons and Bahá'í , with a Bahá'í Centre of Learning, located within the city.[11]

Economy

Hobart is a busy seaport, notably serving as the home port for the Antarctic activities of Australia and France. The port loads around 2,000 tonnes of Antarctic cargo a year for the Australian research vessel Aurora Australis.[12] The city is also a hub for Cruise ships during the summer months with up to 40 Cruise ships docking during the course of the season.

The city also supports many other industries, shipbuilding, including high-speed catamaran factories such as the world renowned Incat and ore refinement zinc smelters operated by Nyrstar, large breweries such as Cascade manufactures many different beers exported nationally with its premium and boutique beers being found in Europe, as well as smaller breweries around the city. One notable business in the city is the Cadbury chocolate factory which manafactures most of the Cadbury's chocolate for the Southern Hemisphere. The city also supports a host of light industry manufacturers.

Hobart also supports a huge tourist industry. Visitors come to the city to explore its historic inner suburbs and nationally acclaimed restaurants and cafes, as well as its vibrant music and nightlife culture. Tourists also come to visit the massive weekly market in Salamanca Place, as well as to use the city as a base from which to explore the rest of Tasmania.

The last 15-20 years has also seen Hobart's wine industry thrive as many vineyards have developed in countryside areas outside of the city in the Coal River Wine Region and D'Entrecasteaux Channel, including Moorilla Estate at Berriedale one of the most awarded vineyards in Australia.

Distinctive features

The Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens is a popular recreation area a short distance from the City centre. It is the second-oldest Botanic Gardens in Australia and holds extensive significant plant collections as well as built heritage.[citation needed]

Mount Wellington, accessible by passing through Fern Tree, is the dominant feature of Hobart's skyline, indeed many descriptions of Hobart have used the phrase "nestled amidst the foothills", so undulating is the geographical landscape. At 1,271 metres, the mountain has its own ecosystems, is rich in biodiversity and plays a large part in determining the local weather.[citation needed]

The Tasman Bridge is also a uniquely important feature of the city, connecting the two shores of Hobart and visible from many locations.

The Hobart Synagogue is the oldest synagogue in Australia and a rare surviving example of an Egyptian Revival synagogue.

Culture

Arts and entertainment

Hobart is home to the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra, which is resident at the Federation Concert Hall on the city's waterfront. It offers a year-round program of concerts and is thought to be one of the finest small orchestras in the world.

Salamanca Markets, a popular market in Hobart every Saturday morning

Hobart also plays host to the University of Tasmania's acclaimed Australian International Symphony Orchestra Institute (AISOI) which brings pre-professional advanced young musicians to town from all over Australia and internationally. The AISOI plays host to a public concert season during the first two weeks of December every year focusing on large symphonic music. Like the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra, the AISOI uses the Federation Concert Hall as its performing base.

Hobart has also long been home to a thriving classical, jazz, folk, punk, hip-hop, electro, metal and rock music scene. Internationally recognised musicians such as singer/songwriters Michael Noga (of The Drones), The Paradise Motel, The Scientists of Modern Music Sacha Lucashenko of The Morning After Girls, two thirds of indie rock band Love Of Diagrams, post punk band Sea Scouts, singer-songwriter Monique Brumby, blues guitarist Phil Manning (of blues-rock band Chain), power-pop group The Innocents, maverick DIY overlord Sean Bailey (Lakes, Paeces, Wasted Truth) and metal bands Striborg and Psycroptic are all successful expatriates. In addition, founding member of Violent Femmes, Brian Ritchie, now calls Hobart home, and has formed a local band, The Green Mist.

Several festivals such as the Hobart Fringe Festival, Hobart Summer Festival, Southern Roots Festival, Ten Days On The Island and the Falls Festival in Marion Bay and The Soundscape Festival all capitalise on Hobart's artistic communities.

Hobart is home to the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery.

Hobart also hosts the bulk of the 10 Days on the Island festival, a biannual international arts festival.

Australia's first legal casino was the 17-storey Wrest Point Hotel Casino in Sandy Bay, opened in 1973.

The Hobart nightlife primarily revolves around Salamanca Place, the waterfront area and Elizabeth St in North Hobart, but popular pubs, bars and nightclubs exist around the city as well. Major national and international music events are usually held at the Derwent Entertainment Centre, or the Casino.

Popular restaurant strips include Elizabeth Street in North Hobart, and Salamanca Place near the waterfront. These include a large number of ethnic restaurants including Chinese, Thai, Greek, Pakistani, Italian, Indian and Mexican.

Hobart is home to Australia's oldest theatre, the Theatre Royal, as well as the Playhouse theatre, the Backspace theatre and many smaller stage theatres. It also has three Village Cinema complexes, one each in the city, Glenorchy and Rosny, with the possibility of a fourth being developed in Kingston. The State Cinema in North Hobart specialises in arthouse and foreign films.[13]

Events

Hobart is internationally famous among the yachting community as the finish of the Sydney to Hobart Yacht Race which starts in Sydney on Boxing Day (the day after Christmas Day). The arrival of the yachts is celebrated as part of the Hobart Summer Festival, a food and wine festival beginning just after Christmas and ending in mid-January. The Taste of Tasmania is a major part of the festival, where locals and visitors can taste fine local and international food and wine.

Hobart is the finish point of the Targa Tasmania rally car event held annually in April since 1991.

The annual Tulip Festival at the Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens is a popular Spring celebration in the City.

The Australian Wooden Boat Festival is a bi-annual event held in Hobart celebrating wooden boats. It is held concurrently with the Royal Hobart Regatta, which began in 1830 and is therefore Tasmania's oldest sporting event.

Sports in Hobart

Most of Hobart's sporting teams in national competitions are statewide teams rather than exclusively city teams. These include the Tasmanian Tigers cricket team, which plays its home games at the Bellerive Oval on the Eastern Shore.

Despite Australian rules football's huge popularity in the state of Tasmania, the state does not have a team in the Australian Football League. However, a bid for an Tasmanian AFL team is a popular topic among football fans as well as by the State government (one of the potential sponsors of such a team).
However, local domestic club football is still played, Tasmanian State League football features five clubs from Hobart, other leagues such as Southern Football League and the Old Scholars Football Association are also played each Winter.

Tasmania is not represented by teams in national, rugby union, rugby league, netball, soccer, or basketball leagues. However, the "Oasis Hobart Chargers" team does represent Hobart in the South East Australian Basketball League (SEABL). Besides the AFL bid for Aussie Rules football, there is also a Hobart bid applying for entry into the A-League.

Hockey Tasmania has a men's team (the Tasmanian Tigers) and a women's team (the Van Demons) competing in the Australian Hockey League.

Media

Nine free-to-air television channels service Hobart. Commercial television channels are provided by Southern Cross Tasmania, Tasmanian Digital Television (TDT), also providing One HD in high definition only, and WIN Television, also providing the nationwide Go! channel. The Australian Broadcasting Corporation provides ABC1 and ABC2. Multicultural broadcaster SBS provides SBS One and SBS Two. Until 1986, television broadcasts in the city were restricted to two channels: TVT-6 and the ABC. In 1986, SBS began transmission to the city. In 1994 market aggregation allowed Launceston based station TNT-9 (now Southern Cross Tasmania) to broadcast to Hobart as well. TVT-6 (since known as TasTV, now WIN Television) took on a Nine Network affiliation, with Southern Cross carrying both Seven and Ten programming. All stations commenced digital broadcasting during 2003, and in December 2003, a fifth station, TDT, began broadcasting. TDT is a joint venture between Southern Cross and WIN. In March 2005, ABC2 came on-line. In 2009, One HD, GO! and newly arrived 7TWO were made available in Hobart. One HD in Tasmania is known as One HD Tasmania.

Pay TV services are provided by Austar and SelecTV via satellite.


Commercial radio stations licensed to cover the Hobart market include 100.9 SEA FM Hobart's Hit Music Station, The All New HEART 107.3 and 7HO FM, . Local community radio stations include Christian radio station Ultra106five, Edge Radio and 92FM which targets the wider community with specialist programmes. The five ABC radio networks available on analogue radio broadcast to Hobart via 936 ABC Hobart, Radio National, Triple J, Newsradio and ABC Classic FM.


Hobart's major newspaper is The Mercury, which was founded by John Davies in 1854 and has been continually published ever since. The paper is currently owned and operated by Rupert Murdoch's News Limited.

Government

The Greater Hobart Metropolitan consists of five local government areas of which three, City of Hobart, City of Glenorchy and City of Clarence are designated as cities. Hobart also includes the urbanised local governments of the Municipality of Kingborough and Municipality of Brighton. All of the local governments are responsible for their own urban, up to a certain scale, and residential planning as well as waste management and mains water storage.

Most city wide events such as the Taste of Tasmania and Hobart Summer Festival, are funded by the Tasmanian State Government as a joint venture with the local council. Urban planning of the Hobart CBD in particular the Heritage listed areas such as Sullivans Cove are also intensely scrutinised by State Government, which is operated out of Parliament House on the waterfront.

Greater Hobart area from Mount Wellington

Education

Hobart is home to the main campus of the University of Tasmania, situated in Sandy Bay. On-site accommodation colleges include Christ College, Jane Franklin Hall and St John Fisher College. Other campuses are in Launceston and Burnie.

Infrastructure

Transportation

The only public transportation within the city of Hobart is via a network of Metro Tasmania buses funded by the Tasmanian Government; and also a few private bus services. Like many large cities, Hobart once operated passenger tram services, a trolleybus network consisting of six routes which operated until 1968. However, the tramway closed in the early 1960s. The tracks are still visible in the older streets of Hobart. Suburban passenger trains, run by the Tasmanian Government Railways, were closed in 1974 and the intrastate passenger service, the Tasman Limited, ceased running in 1979. Recently though there has been a large push from the city and increasingly large portion of government to re-establish a fast, efficient eco friendly Light rail network along existing tracks in a North South corridor to help relieve the ever constant jamming of traffic from commuters relying solely on cars.

The main arterial routes within the urban area are the Brooker Highway to Glenorchy and the northern suburbs, the Tasman Bridge and Bowen Bridge across the river to Rosny and the Eastern Shore. The East Derwent Highway to Lindisfarne, Geilston Bay, and Northwards to Brighton, the South Arm Highway leading to Howrah, Rokeby, Lauderdale and Opossum Bay and the Southern Outlet south to Kingston and the D'Entrecasteaux Channel. Leaving the city, motorists can travel the Lyell Highway to the west coast, Midland Highway to Launceston and the north, Tasman Highway to the east coast, or the Huon Highway to the far south.

Ferry services from Hobart's Eastern Shore into the city were once a common form of public transportation, but with lack of government funding, as well as a lack of interest from the private sector, there has been the demise of a regular commuter ferry service – leaving Hobart's commuters relying solely on travel by automobiles and buses. There is however a water taxi service operating from the Eastern Shore into Hobart which provides an alternative to the Tasman Bridge.

Hobart is served by Hobart International Airport with flights to/from Melbourne (Qantas, Virgin Blue, Jetstar, and Tiger Airways); Sydney (Qantas, Jetstar, and Virgin Blue); Brisbane (Virgin Blue); Adelaide (Virgin Blue and Tiger Airways); and Canberra (Virgin Blue). The smaller Cambridge Aerodrome mainly serves small charter airlines offering local tourist flights. In the past decade, Hobart International Airport received a huge upgrade, with the airport now being a first class airport facility. In 2009, it was announced that Hobart Airport would receive more upgrades, upgrades including a first floor, aerobridges (currently, passengers must walk on the tarmac), Shopping facilities, possible new flights to Asia and New Zealand and possible new national flights to Darwin, Cairns and Perth, A second runway is possible to be underway in the next 15 years to assist with growing passenger numbers to Hobart. Hobart Control Tower may be renovated and fitted with new radar equipment and the airport's carpark maybe extended further. Also, new facilities will be built just outside the airport, with a new service station, hotel and day care centre already been built and the road leading to the airport has been maintained and re-sealed.

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ a b "3218.0 - Regional Population Growth, Australia, 2007-08". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 23 April 2009. http://www.abs.gov.au/AUSSTATS/abs@.nsf/DetailsPage/3218.02007-08?OpenDocument. Retrieved 6 July 2009. 
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (17 March 2008). "Explore Your City Through the 2006 Census Social Atlas Series". http://abs.gov.au/websitedbs/d3310114.nsf/4a256353001af3ed4b2562bb00121564/45b3371f4a681356ca25740e007c92bf!OpenDocument. Retrieved 2008-05-19. 
  3. ^ Macquarie ABC Dictionary. The Macquarie Library Pty Ltd. 2003. p. 465. ISBN 0 876429 37 2. 
  4. ^ Frank Bolt, The Founding of Hobart 1803–1804, ISBN 0 975 71660 3
  5. ^ Parliament of Tasmania – House of Assembly Standing Orders "We acknowledge the traditional people of the land upon which we meet today, the Mouheneener people."
  6. ^ Australian Bureau of Meteorology
  7. ^ "Climate Data". BoM. http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_094029_All.shtml. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  8. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Greater Hobart (Statistical Division)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=605&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 2007-09-27. 
  9. ^ [1]
  10. ^ Religious Affiliation (broad groups) by Sex – Greater Hobart
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Collyer, Sam (2008-08-05). "Potential Antarctic boost for Hobart port". Lloyd's List Daily Commercial News (Informa Australia Pty Ltd). http://www.lloydslistdcn.com.au/informaoz/LLDCN/news/daily-news/1217861971938/Potential-Antarctic-boost-for-Hobart-port.html. Retrieved 2008-08-15. 
  13. ^ State Cinema
  14. ^ a b [3] Hobart City Council - Sister Cities (Retrieved August 16, 2009)
  15. ^ "Hobart offers condolences to Italian sister city L’Aquila severely damaged by earthquake". Hobart City Council. 07-04-2009. http://www.hobartcity.com.au/hccwr/_assets/main/lib60034/l%27aquila%20earthquake-hcc%20media%20release%20_2_.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-27. 

Further reading

  • Frank Bolt (2004), The Founding of Hobart 1803–1804 Peregrine Pty Ltd, Kettering Tasmania. ISBN 0-9757166-0-3
  • Peter Timms (2009), In Search of Hobart, University of New South Wales Press, Sydney (NSW). ISBN 9781921410543 (hbk.)

External links

Coordinates: 42°52′50″S 147°19′30″E / 42.88056°S 147.325°E / -42.88056; 147.325


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

View of the Hobart downtown district and Mt Wellington from Constitution Dock
View of the Hobart downtown district and Mt Wellington from Constitution Dock
For other places with the same name, see Hobart (disambiguation).

Hobart [1] is the capital city of the Australian state of Tasmania. Hobart is small and intimate (population 250,000) compared to larger mainland Australian cities, reflecting the small size of the state. The metropolitan area stretches north and south along the Derwent River, crossed by several bridges. It has a mild temperate oceanic climate, with four distinct seasons.

Get in

By plane

Hobart city centre is 15 km from Hobart International Airport (HBA) [2] at Cambridge. The following airlines fly to HBA:

An airport shuttle bus service [8]runs from the airport to Hobart (Single ticket $15, Return ticket $25). The bus starts at the bus terminal. For the first three bus rides (plane departure before 07:30) you need to make a reservation before 8PM the night before. There are several pickup points throughout the city. The ticket can be bought from the driver or at the bus station.

A taxi will cost around $35.

By car

It is a couple of hours drive from Launceston airport (hire cars can be rented either in advance or at the airports), or three to four hours drive from the ferry terminal in Devonport.

Get around

Two main methods of transport in Hobart are by private car or by public bus. Hobart has a sufficient public bus system. The main interchange is in front of the GPO (General Post Office). Ticket prices depend on the distance and start slightly above a dollar.

Because Hobart is small, riding a bike is always an option, although factors such as Hobart's mild climate and considerable distance from many of Tasmania's main attractions should be taken into consideration when staying in Hobart as a tourist. Walking is also a good option. Between the City Centre and Sandy Bay is less then an hour walk.

On a Saturday, avoid using a car around the Salamanca area because of the market.

The are no passenger trains in Hobart.

Salamanca Markets
Salamanca Markets

Founded in 1804 by Colonel David Collins, Hobart is the second oldest city in Australia. It grew out of the penal settlement on the island at Risdon Cove, eight kilometres up river, which was founded in 1803 and abandoned five months later for the present site of Hobart. The city has many beautiful historic buildings and precincts, especially in the area around the river. There are many fine examples of Georgian and Victorian architecture, such as Salamanca Place, which has a terrace of warehouses dating back to the whaling days of the 1830's. Nearby Battery Point, the original seamen's quarters of the city and Macquarie and Davey Street offer more than 60 buildings classified by the National Trust.

  • Salamanca Market [9] - a major Saturday morning attraction, for locals and visitors alike. Situated in front of large sandstone warehouses which have been converted into a maze of craftsmen's workshops, giftshops, restaurants and other 'artsy-crafty' shops. These warehouses were mostly built to service 19th century whaling. Market stalls are one of the cheapest places to buy Tasmanian timber products.
  • Battery Point, behind Salamanca Market. This area is very old and full of interesting architecture. Many of these buildings are built in the area's golden sandstone, giving the older parts of the city a warm golden glow.
  • Botanical Gardens.[10] Beautiful location about fifteen minutes walk from the city centre. A must see attraction is the sub Antarctic garden. Its like walking into a freezer full of plants!
  • the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery [11] - donate some money so they can tart up their act. Has one of the best coin collections in any museum. It also houses stuffed versions of unique Tasmanian animals including Tasmanian Devils and the extinct Tasmanian Tiger. Currently hosting an excellent exhibition about Australia's antarctic history.
  • the Maritime Museum of Tasmania [12], Carnegie Building, cnr Argyle and Davey Streets
  • Salamanca - there are many small art galleries located around Salamanca Square
  • Wrest Point Casino, 410 Sandy Bay Road., tel 1800 030 611 (free call Australia only) or 03 6211 1750 (), [13]. - Australia's first legal casino was built in Hobart, and the complex has been upgraded many times to keep it at a high standard  edit
  • Cascade Brewery, 140 Cascade Road.. Australia's oldest brewery offers beer brewery tours for people aged 5 and over with tastings. Visitors must wear flat covered shoes and long pants. The tour can not be done by those who require a walking aid as there are over 200 steps.  edit
  • Cadbury's Chocolate Factory, Cadbury Road, Claremont., tel 1800 627 367 (free call within Australia), [14]. Monday-Friday 8AM-4PM. At the Cadbury factory you are able to listen to talks on how chocolate is manufactured and the history of Cadbury. There is a chocolate shop, souvenir shop and cafe onsite. Visitors also receive a chocolate gift and go into a monthly draw to win a chocolate hamper valued at $250. $5 per adult (accompanied children under 15 are free).  edit
  • The Domain. Walk from the city a few blocks towards the Tasman bridge and you'll suddenly be out of the city and amongst greenery and trees on the Domain... (head towards the bridge from the city but once you see greenery head up the hill towards it) Of note is the fact that you can always be sure to see plenty of parrots in the trees. They are relatively tame so it's a superb opportunity to see some brightly coloured parrots up close.  edit
  • Mount Wellington, [15]. fantastic view from the top of Mount Wellington, take a bus to "Fern Tree" and then walk a steep zig-zag track to the top or enjoy a scenic drive to the summit. There are walks for all fitness levels. Be sure to bring warm clothes as even in summer the summit is around 4°C. Be wary of long, sharp icicles falling off the mobile phone tower. Take care when driving especially at night due to the abundant wildlife on the mountain. Mount Wellington Descent [16] provides downhill bicycle tours from the summit, with transport from Hobart provided.  edit
  • Live Music, [17]. The Tasmanian Gig Guide publishes a monthly live music listing that is available for download on their website. Check out what music is playing at all the venues in Hobart. http://www.thedwarf.com.au/whatson/tasmania/  edit
  • Runnymede, Bay Rd, New Town - gracious 1840s colonial home set in beautiful gardens, open to public
  • Peppermint Bay Cruise, [18]. If you are in Hobart and need to kill half a day, this is an absolute must! You start off in Hobart and board a luxury passenger yacht, which takes you for a cruise around the bay. On the way to Peppermint Bay the crew points out different sites like Salmon Farms, Local Sealife, and geographic wonders. When you arrive at Peppermint Bay you are treated to an amazing Tazmanian clambake, of clam chowder, fish, and rock lobster. The restaurant is wonderful with its rich hard wood floors and a wall that is completely made of glass so that you can enjoy the picturesque scenery. After a fun day they take you home. You can make your bookings at 1300 137 919. Ticket Sales: Hobart Cruise Centre, Brooke Street Pier, Sullivans Cove, Hobart. Departures: Cruises depart from Brooke Street Pier, Sullivans Cove 11.30AM Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday & Sunday (May 1st - September 30th). Returns 4.30PM. 12PM daily (October 1st - April 30th). Returns 5.00PM.  edit
  • Shot Tower, Taroona - colonial brick tower for making gun shot, tours and souvenir shop

Eat

Hobart has a profusion of eating establishments ranging from the cheap to the luxuriously expensive. Freshly caught seafood is a specialty of the region, and there are several excellent seafood restaurants. Deep-sea Trevalla is unique to Tasmania and must be tried. Tasmanian lobster is also excellent. Scallop pie is also unique to Tasmania and can be easily purchased from the Salamanca Market food stalls.

  • Machine Laundry Cafe, 12 Salamanca Square, tel 03 6224 9922 (fax: fax 03 6224 7967.). This cafe (which also houses a laundromat, hence the name) is a good place for a filling breakfast of $8-$15. Eggs benedict and banana and ricotta pancakes are recommended.  edit
  • Mures Fish Centre, Victoria Dock, 03 6231 1999 (upper deck) or 03 6231 2121 (lower deck). (fax: 03 6234 4464), [19]. Mures has two sections: the upper deck is a stylish seafood restaurant (mains $20-$30); the lower deck is a cafeteria style bistro (mains approx $10) and served mainly deep fried fish and the like. Reservations are usually required for the upper deck.  edit
  • The Drunken Admiral, 19 Old Wharf, Hobart Town, (03) 6234 1903 (fax: (03) 6231 1259), [20]. Dinner from 6PM - Seven nights a week. Wonderful restaurant close to Mures. The seafood platter is highly recommended. It is important to make a reservation as this is a popular restaurant. Mains $21.90-$31.90.  edit
  • Ball and Chain, Salamanca, long established and very popular steakhouse
  • Lark Distillery (Tasmanian Whisky), 14 Davey Street Hobart (Next to the Tourist Information Centre), 03)6231 9088, [21]. 10AM-till evening. Tasmania's first whisky distillery since the 1830's. Internationally acclaimed Whisky and spirits, Tours and guided tastings, rare whisky archive, unique whisky inspired gifts, coffee, plowman's lunch, tap beer, live music  edit

Drink

Bars

  • Bar Celona, 45 Salamanca Place, ph 03 6224 7557 (fax 03 6224 7388). Bar Celona is a combined wine bar and cafe. The decor is open and wood panelled: while it can get a bit noisy, it's a good place to escape some of the much more crowded bars on a busy weekend night, especially if you want to have a nice glass or two of wine.
  • Isobar, 11a Franklin Wharf. Formally known as 'carbon', Isobar lounge and Isobar_the nightclub are open 3 nights a week and is a popular hang out for the younger crowd with 3 distinctive areas in the nightclub and the bar downstairs catering more to the upmarket drinkers. Isobar is probably one of the most popular nightclubs in Hobart currently although whether this is due to the nightclub itself or the lack of a nightlife in Hobart is unknown.
  • The Lark Distillery, 14 Davey Street, Ph. (03) 6231 9088, [22]. The Lark Distillery is the first licensed distillery in Tasmania since 1839 and now operates as a bar, store and distillery in one. It produces fine single malt whiskey and other liqueurs. It provides free tastings of liqueurs and spirits and charges a small fee to taste their 3 types of whiskeys ($2 each tasting or $5 for all 3). Their bush liqueur also has a distinctive taste through the use of pepperberries. There are several live music performances a week. Entry is always free and students receive a 10% discount on drinks.

Pubs

  • The New Sydney Hotel, 87 Bathurst Street. One of the most popular inner-city pubs, the cosy New Sydney is home to Hobart's Irish community and offers an Irish pub atmosphere rather more authentic than that of an Irish theme pub (see Irish Murphy's, below). Large range of imported and local beers on tap.
  • The Alley Cat, Corner of Federal and Elizabeth St. North Hobart, Ph 03 6236 9777. A five minute cab ride/30 minute walk from the city, the Alley Cat is one of the homes of Hobart's live music scene. Only a basic range of beers on tap, with standard pub meals available, the Alley Cat is worth a look if you wish to sample some Tassie bands.
  • Republic Bar & Cafe, 299 Elizabeth Street, North Hobart, Tel: (03) 6234 6954, [23]. In its day, the former Empire Hotel was one of Hobart's roughest pubs, hosting a shoot-out during the 1980s. Australian cricketer Max Walker grew up in the Empire, which was run by his parents. After a re-modelling and re-branding as the Republic Bar in the mid-1990s, it has become one of the State's most popular pubs.Today The Republic Bar is Tasmania's premier music venue, with live music 7 days. It hosts an award winning restaurant, art gallery and a large covered beer garden that is good all year round.
  • Knopwood's Retreat, 39 Salamanca Place, Hobart, Tel: (03) 6223 5808. Possibly Tasmania's most famous pub, Knopwood's is set in one of the ancient sandstone warehouses that line Salamanca Place. It remains THE place for after-work drinks on Fridays, when the crowd spills out into Salamanca and many punters take their drinks across the road to sit on the lawns. Particularly popular with univerisity students, the pub hosts Syrup nightclub upstairs, one of Hobart's more intimate (and better) clubs.
  • The Shipwright's Arms, 29 Trumpeter St, Battery Point, Tel: (03) 62235551. Located in Battery Point, one of Australia's oldest suburbs, the Arms opened in 1842. Cosy fires and Chesterfields is the atmosphere here and the nautical theme attracts participants in the Sydney-Hobart yacht race around the new year. A popular local pub, slightly off the tourist trail, the beer garden is an attractive place for a meal on summer evenings.
  • Irish Murphy's, 21 Salamanca Place, tel 03 6223 1119 (fax 03 6223 1133, email hobart@irishmurphys.com.au), [24]. Irish Murphy's is a busy Irish pub on one of the prime nightlife strips. It has a young crowd dancing to pop hits from their childhood in a fake Irish franchise pub.

Coffee

  • Villino Espresso, 30 Criterion St, 03 6231 0890, [25]. Small cafe in the CBD of Hobart. Good coffee made well and consistently.  edit
  • Montgomery's Private Hotel & YHA Backpackers [26] a fantastic hostel in Hobart, across the road from Tasmanian museum and art gallery and a short stroll to Salamanca markets.
  • Adelphi Court YHA, 17 Stoke Street, New Town, phone 03 6228 4829 (fax 03 6278 2047, email: yhatas@yhatas.org.au), [27]. Prices $22 dorm bed, $56-$62 for a double room and $65-$71 for a single room.
  • Alexandra on Battery, 3 Sonning Crescent, Sandy Bay, phone 03 6225 2574 (fax 03 6225 3522). Prices $80-$90 per night.
  • Battery Point Boutique Accommodation, 27-29 Hampden Road, self contained apartments in historic Battery Point. $145-$210 per night. [28] ph 0422 629432 email bookings@batterypointaccommodation.com.au
  • Cottage on Lord, 49 Lord Street, Sandy Bay, phone 03 6224 0823, [29]. Prices $255 per night.
  • Dr Syntax Hotel, 139 Sandy Bay Road, Sandy Bay, phone 03 6223 6258 (fax 03 6224 0132). Pub-style accommodation. Prices $45-$70.
  • Motel 429, 429 Sandy Bay Road, Sandy Bay. phone 03 6225 2511 (fax 03 6225 4354, email: sales@motel429.com.au), [30]. Prices $99-$113 per night.
  • Rydges Hobart, Cnr Argyle Street & Lewis Street, ph 1300 857 922. Rydges Hobart is located just 2 km from hobarts central business district. Rydges Hobart’s heritage listed buildings and antique suites capture the essence of historic Hobart. Rydges Hotels and Resorts is an Austrailian owned and operated company.
  • Waterside Accommodation [31], phone 62492352. The Hobart properties are conveniently located at Austins Ferry close to major attractions such as Cadburys, Moorilla, Richmond, Alpenrail and Bonorong Wildlife Park and public transport. The White Beach property is near Port Arthur and close to the major highways. All luxury self contained properties have views, are located on the water and are suitable for holiday makers, short term rental as executive accommodation as well as for tourists and others looking for self contained accommodation in tasmania.
  • Lenna, 20 Runnymede Street, Battery Point, tel +61 3 6232 3900, Reservations freecall 1800 030 633 (within Australia), mailto:enquiries@lenna.com.au, [32]. one of Hobart's most stylish boutique hotels.
  • Grand Chancellor, Davey St. Attached to the hotel is the Federation Concert Hall, the home of the Tasmanian Symphony Orchestra.
  • The Henry Jones Art Hotel, winner of a national award for luxury small hotels.
  • The Islington, 321 Davey Street, Hobart, tel +61 (0)3-6220-2123, [33], Is an amazing converted mansion built in 1874. Rooms are fantastic with a view of Mt Wellington and a garden. Public spaces inside the hotel have open fires, original art work and antique furniture. Service is excellent. Room rates can be negotiated, but don't expect cheap (400+ / night).

Contact

The Service Tasmania & Parks and Wildlife office on MacQuarie St. has free internet. Hadleys Hotel foyer has a free WiFi hotspot and excellent public bar for sheltering from the cold in comfort.

Get out

From Hobart, the attractions of southern and central Tasmania are in easy reach, including:

This is a usable article. It has information for getting in as well as some complete entries for restaurants and hotels. An adventurous person could use this article, but please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HOBART, the capital of Tasmania, in the county of Buckingham, on the southern coast of the island. It occupies a site of great beauty, standing on a series of low hills at the foot of Mount Wellington, a lofty peak (4166 ft.) which is snow-clad for many months in the year. The town fronts Sullivan's Cove, a picturesque bay opening into the estuary of the river Derwent, and is nearly square in form, laid out with wide streets intersecting at right angles, the chief of which are served by electric tramways. It is the seat of the Anglican bishop of Tasmania, and of the Roman Catholic archbishop of Hobart. The Anglican cathedral of St David dates from 1873, though its foundations were laid as early as 1817. St Mary's Roman Catholic cathedral is a beautiful building; but perhaps the most notable ecclesiastical building in Hobart is the great Baptist tabernacle in Upper Elizabeth Street. The most prominent public buildings are the Houses of Parliament, to which an excellent library is attached; the town hall, a beautiful building of brown and white Tasmanian freestone in Italian style; the museum and national art gallery, and the general post office (1904) with its lofty clock-tower. Government House, the residence of the governor of Tasmania, a handsome castellated building, stands in its domain on the banks of the Derwent, to the north of the town. The botanical gardens adjoin. Of the parks and public gardens, the most extensive is the Queen's Domain, covering an area of about 700 acres, while the most central is Franklin Square, adorned with a statue of Sir John Franklin, the famous Arctic explorer, who was governor of Tasmania from 1837 to 1843. The university of Tasmania, established in 1890, and opened in 1893, has its headquarters at Hobart. The town is celebrated for its invigorating climate, and its annual regatta on the Derwent attracts numerous visitors. The harbour is easy of access, well sheltered and deep, with wharf accommodation for vessels -of the largest tonnage. It is a regular port of call for several intercolonial lines from Sydney and Melbourne, and for lines from London to New Zealand. The exports, of an average value of 850,000 annually, consist mainly of fruit, hops, grain, timber and wool. The industries comprise brewing, saw-milling, iron-founding, flour-milling, tanning, and the manufacture of pottery and woollen goods. Hobart is the centre of a large fruit-growing district, the produce of which, for the most part, is exported to London and Sydney. The city was founded in 1804 and takes its name from Lord Hobart (see Buckinghamshire, Earls Of), then secretary of state for the colonies. It was created a municipality in 1853, and a city in 1857; and in 1881 its name was changed from Hobart Town to the present form. The chief suburbs are Newton, Sandy Bay, Wellington, Risdon, Glenorchy, Bellerive and Beltana. The population of the city proper in 1901 was 24,652, or including suburbs, 34,182.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

Proper noun

Singular
Hobart

Plural
-

Hobart

  1. The state capital of Tasmania (Australia), named for a Lord Hobart.
  2. A patronymic English surname derived from a variant of Hubert.

Translations


Simple English

Hobart
Hobart Montage
Location of Hobart within Australia
Coordinates: 42°52′50″S 147°19′30″E / 42.88056°S 147.325°E / -42.88056; 147.325
State Tasmania
Founded 1803
Population (2006)
 - Total 205,566
Time zone ACST (UTC+10)
 - Summer (DST) ACDT (UTC+11)
Website City of Hobart website

Hobart is a city in Australia. It is the capital city of the state of Tasmania, and it has an approximate population of 200,000 people. It is located on the western shore of the Derwent River, although some of its suburbs are on the eastern shore. Just west of Hobart is Mount Wellington.

Hobart was founded in 1803 as a penal colony. Today it is a busy seaport, and is the home port of Antarctic expeditions. Tourist attractions include Salamanca Markets, the Cadbury chocolate factory and the Cascade Brewery.








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