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Coordinates: 49°19′40″N 8°33′57″E / 49.32778°N 8.56583°E / 49.32778; 8.56583

Hockenheimring
Circuit Hokenheimring.png
Location Hockenheim, Germany
Time zone GMT +1
Capacity 120,000
Broke ground March 23, 1932
Opened May 25, 1932
Major events F1, DTM, German Grand Prix
Hockenheimring (2002-present)
Surface Asphalt
Length 4.574 km (2.842 mi)
Turns 13
Lap record 1:13.780 (Finland Kimi Räikkönen, McLaren, 2004)
Hockenheimring (1965-2001)
Surface Asphalt/Concrete
Length 6.8 km (4.2 mi)
Turns 16
Lap record 1:38.1 (Colombia Juan Pablo Montoya, Williams, 2001, F1)

The Hockenheimring Baden-Württemberg is an automobile racing track situated near the town of Hockenheim in Baden-Württemberg, Germany, located on Bertha Benz Memorial Route. Amongst other motor racing events, it holds the annual Formula One German Grand Prix. Situated in the Rhine valley, the circuit is almost completely flat, with very little change in elevation.

Contents

History

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1930s - 1960s

Hockenheimring was originally built in 1932 using roads in the forest as an alternative to the Wildpark-Circuit in Karlsruhe, which became forbidden as a racing circuit by German officials. It was used for motorcycle racing and was expanded to be used as test track for Mercedes-Benz and Auto Union in 1936. In 1938 it was renamed the Kurpfalzring and that name was used until 1947. After the war, former DKW and NSU factory rider and world record setter Wilhelm Herz promoted the track successfully. Grand Prix motorcycle racing events were held, with the German motorcycle Grand Prix alternating between Hockenheim and other tracks.

The original circuit was almost eight kilometres long and consisted of two long straights with a long "Eastern" corner in the forest and a U-turn inside Hockenheim joining them together.

1960s - 2001

The track prior to 2002

In 1965, when the new Autobahn A 6 separated the village from the main part of the track, a new version of Hockenheim circuit was built, with the "Motodrom" stadium section. After Jim Clark was killed in 1968 in a Formula 2 racing accident, two chicanes and an Armco barrier were added. A small memorial was placed near the first chicane, at the site of his accident. In 1980, another chicane was added at the Ostkurve (east curve), after Patrick Depailler was killed there.

This version used to be quite large, with a very long, fast section going through forests essentially consisting of four straights of roughly 1.3 km, separated by a chicane sequence, followed by a more tight and twisty "stadium" section (so called because of all the grandstands situated there) named Motodrom. This made setting racing cars up difficult, as a choice had to be made - whether to run low downforce to optimise speed through the straights and compromise grip in the stadium section, or vice-versa. The long track length also meant that the spectators only got to see the cars go through the stadium for only 45 laps in a typical Formula 1 race.

2001 -

In the early 2000s, F1 officials demanded the 6.8 km (4.2 mi) track be shortened and threatened to discontinue racing there, due to competition from other tracks such as the EuroSpeedway Lausitz and sites in Asia. The state government of Baden-Württemberg secured the financing of the redesign by Hermann Tilke for the 2002 German Grand Prix. The stadium section remained mostly intact, despite a new surface and a tighter Turn 1 ("Nordkurve"). However, the circuit was dramatically shortened, with the long, sweeping forest section chopped off in favour of more tight corners. The old forest section was torn up and replanted with trees. There was and still remains a great deal of criticism of the track redesign and even though the some proponents of the new design claim that the hairpin preceding the long back straight creates an overtaking opportunity, it has to be said that there were already two clear and often used overtaking points on the old track.

The track has a seating capacity of 120,000, due to new large grandstands sponsored by Mercedes-Benz.

The complex also features a quarter mile track for drag racing. It hosts one of the largest drag racing events in Europe known as the NitrOlympx.

Hockenheimring 2004 as viewed from the "Südkurve" of the "Motodrom stadium section", with the main straight visible to the left and dragstrip to the right

Formula 1

The Hockenheim Circuit hosted the German Grand Prix for the first time in 1970 when the F1 drivers decided at the French Grand Prix to boycott the Nürburgring unless major changes were made. The next year the German Grand Prix went back to the Nürburgring until the 1976 German Grand Prix. From 1977 to 2006, the Hockenheimring hosted the German Grand Prix with the exception of 1985, when the race was held at the reconfigured Nürburgring.

In July 2006, Bernie Ecclestone announced that from 2007 onwards, there would be only one Grand Prix per year in Germany. (Since 1995, there had been two Grands Prix every year in Germany; the German Grand Prix at Hockenheim, plus either the European Grand Prix or the Luxembourg Grand Prix at the Nürburgring.) From 2007 onwards, the Nürburgring and Hockenheimring will alternate hosting the German Grand Prix, starting with the Nürburgring in 2007.

Ongoing deficits of the Formula 1 races, amounting to up to 5.3 million Euro per race that had to be covered by the local communities, made it likely the contract between the Hockenheimring and the Formula 1 would not be extended after the Grand Prix of 2010.[1] However, in October 2009 the contract for the circuit to hold the German GP was extended to 2018, with the FOA agreeing to cover any losses the event incurs.[2]

Music Events

Hockenheimring is also used for music events. Michael Jackson played there twice, in 1988 for the Bad World Tour and 1997 as part of the HIStory World Tour.[3]In 2009 it hosted the Sonisphere Festival, headlined by Metallica and the final AC/DC Black Ice World Tour concert in Germany for 2009 on May 22 of that year.[4]

Fatal accidents

Simulation / Video Game List

Simulation / Video Game Year Configuration
1932 1965 1968 1980 2002
Supercar Challenge 2009 Check markY
Ferrari Challenge Trofeo Pirelli 2008 Check markY
GTR 2 - FIA GT Racing Game 2006 Check markY Check markY Check markY
F1 Championship Edition Check markY
ToCA Race Driver 3 Check markY
rFactor 2005 Check markY Check markY
Formula One 2004 2004 Check markY
F1 Challenge '99-'02 2003 Check markY Check markY
Total Immersion Racing 2002 Check markY
Grand Prix 4 Check markY
Sports Car GT 1999 Check markY
F-1 World Grand Prix II 1999 Check markY
Grand Prix Legends 1998 Check markY Check markY Check markY
F-1 World Grand Prix Check markY
Formula 1 97 1997 Check markY
Grand Prix 2 1995 Check markY
Formula 1 Grand Prix 1992 Check markY
Michael Andretti's World GP 1990 Check markY
Super Monaco GP 1989 Check markY
Grand Prix Circuit 1988 Check markY
Pitstop II 1984 Check markY

References

External links


Redirecting to Hockenheimring


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