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Hoisington, Kansas
—  City  —
Location of Hoisington, Kansas
Coordinates: 38°31′2″N 98°46′42″W / 38.51722°N 98.77833°W / 38.51722; -98.77833Coordinates: 38°31′2″N 98°46′42″W / 38.51722°N 98.77833°W / 38.51722; -98.77833
Country United States
State Kansas
County Barton
Founded 1886
Incorporated 1887
Area
 - Total 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 - Land 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,847 ft (563 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 2,975
 Density 2,519.9/sq mi (972.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67544
Area code(s) 620
FIPS code 20-32550[1]
GNIS feature ID 0475512[2]

Hoisington is a city in Barton County, Kansas, United States. The population was 2,975 at the 2000 census.

Contents

History

In 1886, a group of Barton County businessmen formed the Central Kansas Town Company and founded the town of Hoisington to attract the Kansas and Colorado Railroad to the area. They named the settlement after Andrew J. Hoisington, one of the company partners and a prominent businessman in nearby Great Bend.[3][4] The railroad reached Hoisington in the fall of 1886, and the settlement was incorporated as a city in 1887.[3] The post office, relocated from nearby Buena Vista, was renamed Hoisington in April 1887 as was the train station, originally named Monon, by 1889.[5]

Hoisington modernized and grew steadily over the following decades. The city's first power plant opened in 1903, and a city water system was completed in 1904. The railroad, known by that point as the Missouri Pacific, continued to play a central role in the city's development, employing 1,600 local men by 1911. Hoisington became a major freight and passenger operating division, complete with a roundhouse and shops. Electric street lights were installed in 1915, and the first streets were paved in 1917. The discovery of natural gas in the area in 1929, followed by the discovery of oil in the area in the 1930s, diversified and further stimulated the local economy.[3]

On April 21, 2001, Hoisington suffered a large scale disaster, when an F4 tornado ripped through the city, coming from the southwest corner and traveling almost straight into the middle of the city. However, the city's population and commerce recovered quickly.

Geography

Hoisington is located at 38°31′2″N 98°46′42″W / 38.51722°N 98.77833°W / 38.51722; -98.77833 (38.517301, -98.778422) in central Kansas on the southern edge of the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains.[6] Blood Creek, which flows east into nearby Cheyenne Bottoms, passes immediately south of the city.[7] Central Hoisington lies 5.5 miles (8.9 km) by road northwest of Cheyenne Bottoms. The city sits astride the line between North and South Homestead Townships.[8]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.1 km²), all of it land.

Climate

Climate data for Hoisington, Kansas, USA
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Record high °F (°C) 79
(26)
85
(29)
91
(33)
101
(38)
102
(39)
111
(44)
111
(44)
110
(43)
106
(41)
98
(37)
90
(32)
79
(26)
Average high °F (°C) 42
(5.6)
49
(9.4)
58
(14.4)
69
(20.6)
78
(25.6)
88
(31.1)
93
(33.9)
91
(32.8)
83
(28.3)
72
(22.2)
55
(12.8)
44
(6.7)
Average low °F (°C) 19
(-7.2)
24
(-4.4)
33
(0.6)
43
(6.1)
53
(11.7)
63
(17.2)
68
(20)
66
(18.9)
57
(13.9)
45
(7.2)
32
(0)
22
(-5.6)
Record low °F (°C) -17
(-27)
-19
(-28)
-6
(-21)
14
(-10)
25
(-4)
39
(4)
45
(7)
45
(7)
29
(-2)
16
(-9)
-4
(-20)
-21
(-29)
Precipitation inches (mm) 0.71
(18)
0.85
(21.6)
2.13
(54.1)
2.29
(58.2)
3.92
(99.6)
3.70
(94)
3.42
(86.9)
3.11
(79)
2.16
(54.9)
2.14
(54.4)
1.16
(29.5)
0.86
(21.8)
Source: The Weather Channel[9] 16 Jan 2010

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1890 446
1900 789 76.9%
1910 1,975 150.3%
1920 2,395 21.3%
1930 3,001 25.3%
1940 3,719 23.9%
1950 4,012 7.9%
1960 4,248 5.9%
1970 3,710 −12.7%
1980 3,678 −0.9%
1990 3,182 −13.5%
2000 2,975 −6.5%

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 2,975 people, 1,252 households, and 785 families in the city. The population density was 2,519.9 people per square mile (973.4/km²). There were 1,449 housing units at an average density of 1,227.3/sq mi (474.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.73% White, 1.08% African American, 0.67% Native American, 1.18% from other races, and 1.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.63% of the population.

There were 1,252 households of which 28.8% had children under the age of 18, 51.0% were married couples living together, 8.3% had female householders with no husband present, and 37.3% were non-families. Of all households, 34.3% were made up of individuals and 17.7% 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.96.

The population was 24.8% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 24.9% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 20.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. The ratio for ages 18 and over was 100 females to 83.3 males.

The census reported the median household income in the city was $28,022, and the median family income was $32,431. The median income for males was $26,306 versus $21,827 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,234. Approximately 12.3% of families and 15.4% of the population fell below the poverty line, including 25.7% of those under age 18 and 10.6% of those age 65 or over.

Education

USD 431 Hoisington School District provides public primary and secondary education with four schools in Hoisington:[10]

  • Roosevelt Elementary School (Grades Pre-K-2)
  • Lincoln Elementary School (3-4)
  • Hoisington Middle School (5-8)
  • Hoisington High School (9-12)

Transportation

U.S. Route 281 runs north-south through Hoisington, intersecting and briefly running concurrently with K-4 which runs east-west through the city.

A Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad line which runs east-west curves around the southern side of the city.

Media

Hoisington has two weekly newspapers: The Hoisington Dispatch and Tri-County News.[11][12]

Radio station KHOK is licensed to Hoisington and broadcasts from Great Bend, Kansas on 100.7 FM, playing a Country format.[13]

Fox affiliate KOCW, a satellite of KSAS-TV in Wichita, is licensed to Hoisington and broadcasts on digital channel 14.[14]

Notable natives and residents

In popular culture

The April 2001 storm was featured on an episode of The Weather Channel series Storm Stories. The tornado struck during the high school prom, and many of the prom goers were unaware the tornado had even hit—a fact that was the subject of the June 9, 2001 episode of the NPR radio show This American Life.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ a b c "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Hoisington High School, Barton County, Kansas". National Park Service. 2005. p. 10. http://www.kshs.org/resource/national_register/nominationsNRDB/Barton_HoisingtonHighSchoolNR.pdf. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  4. ^ "Hoisington". The Empire That Missouri Pacific Serves. Missouri Pacific Railroad. p. 118. http://www.skyways.org/history/mp/p116-119.html. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  5. ^ "History of Hoisington". 2002-09-09. http://skyways.lib.ks.us/towns/Hoisington/history/index.html. Retrieved 2010-02-17. 
  6. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Blood Creek
  8. ^ DeLorme. Kansas Atlas & Gazetteer. 4th ed. Yarmouth: DeLorme, 2009, p. 46. ISBN 0-89933-342-7.
  9. ^ "Average weather for Hoisington". The Weather Channel. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USKS0268. Retrieved 2010-01-16. 
  10. ^ "Hoisington School District". Hoisington School District. http://www.usd431.net/. Retrieved 2010-02-15. 
  11. ^ "About this Newspaper: The Hoisington dispatch". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83040208/. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  12. ^ "About this Newspaper: Tri county news". Chronicling America. Library of Congress. http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn83040178/. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  13. ^ "Station Information Profile". Arbitron. http://www.arbitron.com/radio_stations/station_information.htm. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  14. ^ "TVQ TV Database Query". Federal Communications Commission. http://www.fcc.gov/fcc-bin/audio/tvq.html. Retrieved 2009-09-09. 
  15. ^ http://www.thislife.org/Radio_Episode.aspx?sched=875 Episode #186] "Prom" (originally aired on June 8, 2001)

External links








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