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Holland
North and South Holland shown together within the Netherlands.
Area 5,488 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
Population 6,065,459 (2006 est.)
Density 1105.22/km² (3032.72/sq mi)
Regions 2
Demonym Hollander
Languages Dutch
(mainly Hollandic dialects)
Time Zones CEST (UTC+1)
Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Largest
cities
(2008)
Amsterdam (739,290)
Rotterdam (539,650)
The Hague (473,940)
Haarlem (146,960)
Dordrecht (118,540)
.Holland is a name in common usage given to a region in the western part of the Netherlands.^ 'Holland' is a region consisting of 2 of those 12 provinces, namely Noord Holland & Zuid Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Moreover, the term Holland is frequently used to refer to the whole of the Netherlands.^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

This usage is unofficial and ambiguous but generally accepted.[1] From the 10th century to the 16th century Holland proper was a unified political region, a county ruled by the Count of Holland. .By the 17th century, Holland had risen to become a maritime and economic power, dominating the other provinces of the Dutch Republic.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ From 1581 the Netherlands was a republic governed by rich traders with members of the House of Orange-Nassau as Stadholders, nominal rulers of the seven provinces with some power.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Netherlands : Netherlands Overview 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: General]

^ Holland.we like each other--- i want to live with him and learn Dutch as i would love to move to the country in next time...I really want to talk to him in his own language "Dutch".
  • The Learn Dutch Guestbook 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.learndutch.org [Source type: General]

.Today, the former County of Holland consists of the two Dutch provinces of North Holland and South Holland, which together include the Netherlands' three largest cities: country capital Amsterdam, seat of government, The Hague, and Rotterdam, home of Europe's largest port.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The Netherlands is a country consisting of 12 provinces.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Buy a cheap train+ferry ticket from London to Amsterdam or anywhere in the Netherlands & travel overnight on Stena Line's Harwich-Hoek van Holland superferry...
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Etymology

Pliny the Elder (AD 23 - 79) referred to this region as the land between the Helinium and Flevo ("inter Helinium ac Flevum"), the names of the mouths into which the Rhine divided itself, the first discharging its waters in the Mosa in the neighbourhood of Brielle and the second into "the lakes of the north" (present IJsselmeer).[2] .The name Holland first appeared in sources in 866 AD for the region around Haarlem, and by 1064 was being used as the name of the entire county.^ 'Holland' is a region consisting of 2 of those 12 provinces, namely Noord Holland & Zuid Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.By this time, the inhabitants of Holland were referring to themselves as "Hollanders".[3] Holland is derived from the Middle Dutch term holtland ("wooded land").^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.This spelling variation remained in use until around the 14th century, at which time the name stabilised as Holland (alternative spellings at the time were Hollant and Hollandt).^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Popular, but incorrect, etymology[citation needed] holds that Holland is derived from hol land ("hollow land") and was inspired by the low-lying geography of Holland.

Usage

.The proper name of the area in both Dutch and English is "Holland". "Holland" is a part of the Netherlands.^ The Learning PhraseBook 2006 English <-> Dutch for Windows is part of a unique suite of language learning applications for your PC. It provides nearly 14,000 travel-oriented phrases and instantly translates in both directions between English and Dutch.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ The concept is hard to conceive from an American perspective but it is part of the "pillars" of Dutch society that kept the peace in the Netherlands until quite recently.
  • The American Spectator : Death to Free Speech in the Netherlands 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

."Holland" is informally[citation needed] used in English and other languages, including sometimes the Dutch language itself, to mean the whole of the modern country of the Netherlands (this example of pars pro toto or synecdoche is similar to the tendency to refer to the United Kingdom as "England").^ The announcement followed pressure by the Netherlands and other NATO and EU countries.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

^ LingvoSoft FlashCards English <-> Dutch for Windows With LingvoSoft FlashCards you can study foreign languages as you play and memorize new foreign words effortlessly!
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

^ The Netherlands to work with World Bank and United Kingdom on tough new anti-corruption policy .
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

.The people of Holland are referred to as "Hollanders" in both Dutch and English.^ This nation was founded by English speaking peoples, not Dutch.
  • The American Spectator : Death to Free Speech in the Netherlands 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It translates in both directions between English and Dutch and pronounces the translation aloud!
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

^ Both the Dutch and the Afghan people in Uruzgan agreed that respect for human rights is something that you have to build every day.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

Today this refers specifically to people from the current provinces of North Holland and South Holland. .Strictly speaking, the term "Hollanders" does not refer to people from the other provinces in the Netherlands, but colloquially "Hollanders" is sometimes mistakenly used in this wider sense.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Other destinations in the Netherlands can also be reached just as easily as Amsterdam, using either train+ferry or Eurostar.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.When referring to the Netherlands as a whole, the adjective is "Dutch". "Dutch" is not used as an adjective for "Holland" in a modern context because "Dutch" refers to all of the Netherlands, not just Holland.^ These fares are valid to any Dutch station, not just Amsterdam, meaning almost any town or city in the Netherlands.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Just install the LingvoSoft PhraseBook 2006 French <-> Dutch on your Pocket PC and enjoy prompt and professional assistance in translating frequently used phrases.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

^ Just install the LingvoSoft PhraseBook 2006 Spanish <-> Dutch on your Pocket PC and enjoy prompt and professional assistance in translating frequently used phrases.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

However, there is a good deal of confusion about this.
In Dutch, the Dutch word "Hollands" is the adjectival form for "Holland", but in English there is no commonly used adjective for "Holland". "Hollands" is ordinarily expressed in English in two ways:
  • a possessive construction (e.g. "Holland's economic power"); or
  • an "of Holland" or "from Holland" construction (e.g. "the Maid of Holland"; "a girl from Holland").
The following usages apply in certain limited situations but do not ordinarily serve as the English equivalent of the commonly used Dutch adjective "Hollands".
  • Occasionally, the noun "Holland" is used in apposition (e.g. ."the Holland Society").
  • The adjective "Hollandic" is occasionally used by some historians and other academic writers as an adjective for Holland.^ A Go-Sim account and any credit on it doesn't expire if it's not used between trips, unlike some others, so a Go-Sim phone number becomes your 'global phone number' for life.
    • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    Historians who use the word tend to reserve it to pre-Napoleonic Holland. Hollandic is also the name linguists give to the dialect spoken in Holland.
  • The adjective "Hollandish" is a word in English but is currently no longer in use.

Geography

North Holland
South Holland
Holland is situated in the west of the Netherlands. A maritime region, Holland lies on the North Sea at the mouths of the Rhine and the Meuse (Maas). It has numerous rivers and lakes and an extensive inland canal and waterway system. To the south is Zealand. The region is bordered on the east by the IJsselmeer and four different provinces of the Netherlands.
Holland is protected from the sea by a long line of coastal dunes. Most of the land area behind the dunes consists of polder landscape lying well below sea level. At present the lowest point in Holland is a polder near Rotterdam, which is about seven meters below sea level. Continuous drainage is necessary to keep Holland from flooding. In earlier centuries windmills were used for this task. The landscape was (and in places still is) dotted with windmills, which have become a symbol of Holland.
Holland is 7,494 square kilometres (land and water included), making it roughly 13% of the area of the Netherlands. Looking at land alone, it is 5,488 square kilometres in size. The combined population is 6.1 million.
.The main cities in Holland are Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague.^ Travel from Rotterdam to Amsterdam or The Hague by InterCity train , leaving Rotterdam Centraal daily at 17:58 and arriving Den Haag HS 18:17 & Amsterdam Centraal at 19:03.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Once ashore at Hoek van Holland, take a morning train to Rotterdam, Amsterdam or anywhere in the Netherlands.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Travel tip : In Rotterdam, the sprinter from Hoek van Holland normally arrives at platform 1 and the train to Amsterdam & Den Haag normally leaves from platform 8 or 9.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Amsterdam is formally the capital of the Netherlands and its most important city.^ These fares are valid to any Dutch station, not just Amsterdam, meaning almost any town or city in the Netherlands.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ This year, 116 human rights defenders have been nominated for the most important human rights award in the Netherlands the Human Rights Tulip.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

The Port of Rotterdam is Europe's largest and most important harbour and port. The Hague is the seat of government of the Netherlands. .These cities, combined with Utrecht and other smaller municipalities, effectively form a single city - a conurbation called Randstad.^ When used in combination with other LingvoSoft applications, these products increase your freedom and confidence when communicating abroad.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

The Randstad area is one of the most densely populated regions of Europe, but still relatively free of urban sprawl. There are strict zoning laws. Population pressures are enormous, property values are high, and new housing is constantly under development on the edges of the built-up areas. Surprisingly, much of the province still has a rural character. The remaining agricultural land and natural areas are highly valued and protected. .Most of the arable land is used for intensive agriculture, including horticulture and greenhouse agri-businesses.^ Most destinations, including Netherlands, require that you have adequate un-used pages in your passport, allowing for any necessary stamps upon arrival and departure.
  • Netherlands Visa : Application, Requirements. Apply for Dutch Visas Online. 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC netherlands.visahq.com [Source type: General]

Language

The language primarily spoken in Holland is Dutch. Hollanders sometimes refer to the Dutch language as "Hollands", instead of the standard term Nederlands. .Inhabitants of Flanders and other provinces of the Netherlands refer to "Hollands" to indicate someone speaking in a Hollandic dialect.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.The standard Dutch that is spoken in the Netherlands is historically largely based on the Hollandic dialect of Holland, but is also partly derived from Flemish and Brabantian.^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

There are many local variations in dialect throughout the Netherlands. .Today, Holland is the region where the original dialects are least spoken, in many areas having been completely replaced by standard Dutch, and which has the largest influence on the developments of the standard language — with the exception of the Dutch spoken in Belgium.^ Bert Koenders, the Dutch development minister and climate ambassador, made this statement in Copenhagen today after being presented with the book 'The Adaptation Continuum'.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

^ LingvoSoft PhraseBook 2006 English <-> Dutch has a powerful database arranged in 15 topic areas with several options for each phrase, so dont worry about the language barrier problems when traveling to Holland.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

^ Today, development minister Bert Koenders talked at length with Helen Clark, who has headed UNDP, the largest UN development agency, since this spring.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

[4]
.Despite this correspondence between standard Dutch and the Dutch spoken in Holland, there are local variations within Holland itself that differ from standard Dutch.^ Despite major differences of opinion between the Netherlands and Iran, it is vital to continue a dialogue on respect for human rights.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

The main cities each have their own modern urban dialect, that can be considered a sociolect.[5] .A small number of people, especially in the area north of Amsterdam, still speak the original dialect of the county, Hollandic.^ Then I needed to find a phone number for the AMC vaccination clinic (the most convenient one for me: in Amsterdam , and easy to get to with tram and metro); finding their phone number was (still) not easy.
  • The Netherlands - Marjolein's Travel Blog 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC blog.iamback.com [Source type: General]

^ North East People's Post: area in Northeast China, China 1L, 1946-51.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: General]

.The Hollandic dialect is present in the north: Volendam and Marken and the area around there, West Friesland and the Zaanstreek; and in a south-eastern fringe bordering on the provinces of North Brabant and Utrecht.^ North Eastern Provinces: (Nationalist Forces) Manchukuo (changed from Manchuria by Japanese forces; 1946, Feb.-Oct.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: General]

^ Russia, 1919, Sept.: stamps issued for North West Army, which included all forces in Baltic area, 1919, Oct.: overprint on stamps of Latvia, 1919, Nov.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: General]

^ North Eastern Provinces: (Communist Forces) Manchukuo (changed from Manchuria by Japanese forces; 1946, Feb.-May,1951: stamps issued.
  • AskPhil -- Stamp Collecting starts here. 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.askphil.org [Source type: General]

In the south on the island of Goeree-Overflakkee, Zealandic is spoken.

History

Each of the provinces in the Netherlands has a history that deserves full attention on its own. However, to a certain extent at least, the history of Holland is the history of the Netherlands, and vice versa. See the article on "History of the Netherlands" for a more detailed history. The article here focuses on those points that are specific to Holland itself or that highlight the nature of the role played by Holland in the Netherlands as a whole.

Reclamation of the land

The land that is now Holland had never been stable. Over the millennia the geography of the region had been dynamic. The western coastline shifted up to thirty kilometres to the east and storm surges regularly broke through the row of coastal dunes. The Frisian Isles, originally joined to the mainland, became detached islands in the north. The main rivers, the Rhine and the Meuse (Maas), flooded regularly and changed course repeatedly and dramatically.
The people of Holland found themselves living in an unstable, watery environment. .Behind the dunes on the coast of the Netherlands a high peat plateau had grown, forming a natural protection against the sea.^ The UN Committee on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination has condemned the Netherlands for not enforcing its criminal laws against racism.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Netherlands : Netherlands Overview 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: General]

Much of the area was marsh and bog. By the tenth century the inhabitants set about cultivating this land by draining it. However, the drainage resulted in extreme soil shrinkage, lowering the surface of the land by up to fifteen metres.
Benthuizen polder, seen from a dike
To the south of Holland, in Zealand, and to the north, in Frisia, this development led to catastrophic storm floods literally washing away entire regions, as the peat layer disintegrated or became detached and was carried away by the flood water. From the Frisian side the sea even flooded the area to the east, gradually hollowing Holland out from behind and forming the Zuiderzee (the present IJsselmeer). This inland sea threatened to link up with the "drowned lands" of Zealand in the south, reducing Holland to a series of narrow dune barrier islands in front of a lagoon. Only drastic administrative intervention saved the county from utter destruction. The counts and large monasteries took the lead in these efforts, building the first heavy emergency dikes to bolster critical points. Later special autonomous administrative bodies were formed, the waterschappen ("water control boards"), which had the legal power to enforce their regulations and decisions on water management. .As the centuries went by, they eventually constructed an extensive dike system that covered the coastline and the polders, thus protecting the land from further incursions by the sea.^ Much of the land, particularly the most populated area in the west, is reclaimed from the sea and lies below sea level protected by dikes.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Netherlands : Netherlands Overview 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: General]

However, the Hollanders did not stop there. Starting around the 16th century, they took the offensive and began land reclamation projects, converting lakes, marshy areas and adjoining mudflats into polders. This continued right into the 20th century. As a result, historical maps of mediaeval and early modern Holland bear little resemblance to the maps of today.
This ongoing struggle to master the water played an important role in the development of Holland as a maritime and economic power and in the development of the character of the people of Holland.

County of Holland

Until the 9th century, the inhabitants of the area that became Holland were Frisians. The area was part of Frisia. .At the end of the 9th century, Holland became a separate county in the Holy Roman Empire.^ The Netherlands and Belgium were ruled by various counts and dioceses under the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Netherlands : Netherlands Overview 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: General]

^ War with Spain continued until 1648, at which point the Netherlands left the Holy Roman Empire.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Netherlands : Netherlands Overview 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: General]

The first count of Holland known about with certainty was Dirk I, who ruled (also as count of Frisia) from 896 to 931. He was succeeded by a long line of counts in the House of Holland. When John I, count of Holland, died childless in 1299, the county was inherited by John II of Avesnes, count of Hainaut. By the time of William V (House of Wittelsbach; 1354-1388) the count of Holland was also the count of Hainaut, Flanders and Zealand.
"De Staten van Hollandt ende West-Vrieslandt..." mentioned in the opening of one of their decisions (1654)
In this time a part of Frisia, West Friesland, was conquered (as a result, most provincial institutions, including the States of Holland and West Frisia, would for centuries refer to "Holland and West Frisia" as a unit). The Hook and Cod wars started around this time and ended when the countess of Holland, Jacoba or Jacqueline was forced to give up Holland to the Burgundian Philip I in 1432.
The last count of Holland was Philip III, better known as Philip II king of Spain. He was abolished in 1581 by the so-called Act of Abjuration, although the kings of Spain continued to carry the titular appellation of count of Holland until the Peace of Münster signed in 1648.

Holland's prominence in the United Provinces and Dutch Republic

In 1432 Holland became part of the Burgundian Netherlands and since 1477 of the Habsburg Seventeen Provinces. In the 16th century the county became the most densely urbanised region in Europe, with the majority of the population living in cities. .Within the Burgundian Netherlands, Holland was the dominant province in the north; the political influence of Holland largely determined the extent of Burgundian dominion in that area.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

Comitatus Hollandiae (1682)
.In the Dutch Rebellion against the Habsburgs during the Eighty Years' War, the naval forces of the rebels, the Watergeuzen, established their first permanent base in 1572 in the town of Brill.^ This month, it is exactly 60 years ago that the first UN Peacekeeping Operation was established.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

^ Peter, I live 33 miles from the first permanent English speaking settlement at Jamestown two years before Henry Hudson sailed.
  • The American Spectator : Death to Free Speech in the Netherlands 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In this way, Holland, now a sovereign state in a larger Dutch confederation, became the centre of the rebellion.^ Now you can "chill" with your phone the smart way you can even learn English and Dutch Medical, Business, Law and Computer terms!
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

.It became the cultural, political and economic centre of the United Provinces, in the 17th century, the Dutch Golden Age, the wealthiest nation in the world.^ Multiculturalism + political correctness + moral relativism = a nation's suicide and all of this SHOULD be a cautionary tale to the United States, but ho-hum, conservatives are so "reactionary."
  • The American Spectator : Death to Free Speech in the Netherlands 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since the founding of the United Nations in 1946, the Netherlands has had 16 Permanent Representatives in New York (current Ambassador Majoor is the 17th).
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

^ It destroyed the great libraries in North Africa and the Sudan (Yes, the Sudan was a centre of culture, learning and trade long before the Muslims got there and destroyed it and reduced it to the wreck of a nation it is).
  • The American Spectator : Death to Free Speech in the Netherlands 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

After the King of Spain was deposed as the count of Holland, the executive and legislative power rested with the States of Holland, which was led by a political figure who held the office of Grand Pensionary.
.The largest cities in the Dutch Republic were in the province of Holland, such as Amsterdam, Rotterdam, Leiden, Alkmaar, The Hague, Delft, Dordrecht and Haarlem.^ Travel from Rotterdam to Amsterdam or The Hague by InterCity train , leaving Rotterdam Centraal daily at 17:58 and arriving Den Haag HS 18:17 & Amsterdam Centraal at 19:03.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Once ashore at Hoek van Holland, take a morning train to Rotterdam, Amsterdam or anywhere in the Netherlands.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ These fares are valid to any Dutch station, not just Amsterdam, meaning almost any town or city in the Netherlands.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.From the great ports of Holland, Hollandic merchants sailed to and from destinations all over Europe, and merchants from all over Europe gathered to trade in the warehouses of Amsterdam and other trading cities of Holland.^ To check train times to other Dutch destinations, first check what time your chosen train+ferry service reaches Hoek van Holland using the London to Amsterdam rail+sea timetable above .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Other destinations in the Netherlands can also be reached just as easily as Amsterdam, using either train+ferry or Eurostar.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ From York, Leicester, Leeds, Newcastle, Nottingham (and so on) all you need is a ticket to Peterborough , as your rail & sail ticket to Amsterdam is valid from any NXEA station, which includes Peterborough.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.Many Europeans thought of the United Provinces first as "Holland" rather than as the "Republic of the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands". A strong impression of "Holland" was planted in the minds of other Europeans, which then was projected back onto the Republic as a whole.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ A new project, funded by the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark, to help the Government of Cte dIvoire and others in the region manage hazardous waste was launched today by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP).
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

^ Small European nations led by the Netherlands do more than major industrial economies like the United States when it comes to helping poor countries, according to the 2008 Commitment to Development Index released on Thursday.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

Within the provinces themselves, a gradual slow process of cultural expansion took place, leading to a "Hollandification" of the other provinces and a more uniform culture for the whole of the Republic. The dialect of urban Holland became the standard language.

Kingdom of Holland

The formation of the Batavian Republic, inspired by the French revolution, led to a more centralised government. Holland became a province of a unitary state. .Its independence was further reduced by an administrative reform in 1798, in which its territory was divided into several departments called Amstel, Delf, Texel, and part of Schelde en Maas.^ Includes grammar rules divided into 3 sections - Parts of Speech, Verbs and Sentence.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

From 1806 to 1810 Napoleon styled his vassal state, governed by his brother Louis Napoleon and shortly by the son of Louis, Napoleon Louis Bonaparte, as the "Kingdom of Holland". This kingdom encompassed much of what would become the modern Netherlands. .The name reflects how natural at the time it had become to equate Holland with the non-Belgian Netherlands as a whole.^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

[6]
During the period the Low Countries were annexed by the French Empire and actually incorporated into France (from 1810 to 1813), Holland was divided into the départements Zuyderzée and Bouches-de-la-Meuse.

Provinces like any other

.After 1813, Holland was restored as a province of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ In 1815 the Netherlands and Belgium were united as a kingdom under the rule of William VI of Orange and Indonesia became a Dutch colony.
  • Minority Rights Group International : Netherlands : Netherlands Overview 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.minorityrights.org [Source type: General]

Holland was divided into the present provinces North Holland and South Holland in 1840, after the Belgian Revolution of 1830. This reflected an historical division of Holland along the IJ into a Southern Quarter (Zuiderkwartier) and a Northern Quarter (Noorderkwartier). But the actual division is different from the old division.
.From 1850 a strong process of nation formation took place, the Netherlands being culturally unified and economically integrated by a modernisation process, with the cities of Holland as its centre.^ The head of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has designated Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands to assist the agency in promoting literacy.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

^ The Netherlands Permanent Representative to the UN also signed the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights.
  • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

[7]

Image of Holland at home and abroad

.The predominance of Holland in the Netherlands has resulted in regionalism on the part of the other provinces.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ 'Holland' is a region consisting of 2 of those 12 provinces, namely Noord Holland & Zuid Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

.This is a reaction to the perceived threat that Holland poses to the identities and local cultures of the other provinces.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

The other provinces have a strong, and often negative,[8] image of Holland and the Hollanders, to whom certain qualities are ascribed within a mental geography.[9]
Hollanders themselves, however, have a weak self-image.[9] They take Holland's cultural dominance for granted. To them, the concepts of "Holland" and the "Netherlands" coincide. .Consequently they see themselves not primarily as "Hollanders", but simply as "Dutch" (Nederlanders).^ Simply check train times from Hoek van Holland to anywhere in the Netherlands using the Dutch Railways website, www.ns.nl .
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ If the Dutch do not stand up in mass for Wilders than they should simply be written off to their dhimmitude and left to their own self-inflicted misery.
  • The American Spectator : Death to Free Speech in the Netherlands 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC spectator.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] This phenomenon is called "hollandocentrism".[11]
Holland tends to be associated with a particular image. The stereotypical image of Holland is an artificial amalgam of tulips, windmills, clogs, cheese and traditional dress (klederdracht). As is the case with many stereotypes, this is far from the truth and reality of life in Holland. This can at least in part be explained by the active exploitation of these stereotypes in promotions of Holland and the Netherlands. In fact only in a few of the more traditional villages, such as Volendam and locations in the Zaan area, are the different costumes with wooden shoes still worn by some inhabitants.

References

  1. ^ "Holland or the Netherlands?". Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. http://www.minbuza.nl/en/You_and_the_Netherlands/About_the_Netherlands/General_information/Holland_or_the_Netherlands. Retrieved 7 February 2010. 
  2. ^ [1] Pliny the Elder, The Natural History (eds. John Bostock, M.D., F.R.S., H.T. Riley, Esq., B.A.)
  3. ^ Antheun Janse, "Een zichzelf verdeeld rijk" in Thimo de Nijs and Eelco Beukers (eds.), 2003, Geschiedenis van Holland, Volume 1, p. 73
  4. ^ Sijs, Nicoline van der, 2006, De geschiedenis van het Nederlands in een notendop, Amsterdam, Uitgeverij Bert Bakker, pp. 127-128
  5. ^ Sijs, Nicoline van der, 2006, De geschiedenis van het Nederlands in een notendop, Amsterdam, Uitgeverij Bert Bakker, pp. 123
  6. ^ Willem Frijhoff, "Hollands hegemonie" in Thimo de Nijs and Eelco Beukers (eds.), 2002, Geschiedenis van Holland, Volume 2, p. 468
  7. ^ Hans Knippenberg and Ben de Pater, "Brandpunt van macht en modernisering" in Thimo de Nijs and Eelco Beukers (eds.), 2003, Geschiedenis van Holland, Volume 3, p. 548
  8. ^ Rob van Ginkel, "Hollandse Tonelen" in Thimo de Nijs and Eelco Beukers (eds.), Geschiedenis van Holland, Volume 3, p. 688
  9. ^ a b Hans Knippenberg and Ben de Pater, "Brandpunt van macht en modernisering" in Thimo de Nijs and Eelco Beukers (eds.), 2003, Geschiedenis van Holland, Volume 3, p. 556
  10. ^ Thimo de Nijs, "Hollandse identiteit in perspectief" in Thimo de Nijs and Eelco Beukers (eds.), 2003, Geschiedenis van Holland, Volume 3, p. 700
  11. ^ Rob van Ginkel, "Hollandse Tonelen" in Thimo de Nijs and Eelco Beukers (eds.), 2003, Geschiedenis van Holland, Volume 3, p. 647

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

There is more than one place called Holland:

Europe

.
  • The Netherlands - A country in the Benelux that is often incorrectly called Holland.
  • North-Holland - A province in the Netherlands.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
    • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Netherlands is a country consisting of 12 provinces.
    • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The Netherlands is calling on all parties in Sudan to immediately implement the ruling of the Permanent Court of Arbitration on the oil-rich province of Abyei.
    • Welcome to The Permanent Mission of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the United Nations 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC www.netherlandsmission.org [Source type: News]

    .It's the northern part of the former Holland province.
  • South-Holland - A province in the Netherlands.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
    • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

    It's the southern part of the former Holland province.

United States of America

This article is a disambiguation page. If you arrived here by following a link from another page you can help by correcting it, so that it points to the appropriate disambiguated page.

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Database error article)

From LoveToKnow 1911

(There is currently no text in this page)


Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

See also holland

Contents

English

Etymology

From Old Dutch holt lant ("wood land"). .A popular but false etymology holds that it is derived from hol land ("hollow land"), inspired by the low-lying geography of both the Dutch and the English region (Holland, Lincolnshire).^ Both English and Dutch words can be studied using this handy application right on your desktop PC or your laptop running Windows ME, 98, 2000 or XP. .
  • Dutch English Dutch dictionary software Windows. Dutch language translation software Windows 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.travlang.com [Source type: General]

^ It translates in both directions between English and Dutch and pronounces the translation aloud!
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

^ Both English and Dutch words can be studied using this handy application.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

Proper noun

Singular
Holland
Plural
-
Holland
  1. The Netherlands.
  2. A region of the Netherlands formed by two provinces: North Holland and South Holland.
  3. An English habitational surname for someone from the Netherlands, or from the various places in England named Holland.

Translations

Related terms


Danish

Wikipedia-logo.png
Danish Wikipedia has an article on:
Holland
Wikipedia da

Proper noun

Holland
  1. Netherlands (country in northwestern Europe)

Synonyms

Related terms


German

Wikipedia-logo.png
German Wikipedia has an article on:
Holland
Wikipedia de

Proper noun

Holland
  1. Netherlands (country in northwestern Europe)
This German entry was created from the translations listed at Netherlands. .It may be less reliable than other entries, and may be missing parts of speech or additional senses.^ We conduct financial transactions via secured transmissions but may not always secure other parts of the Site.
  • To The Netherlands | SPIKE 11 January 2010 17:43 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

^ Each entry covers part of speech information and supplies several meanings for a word where appropriate.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

^ Each entry is completed with part of speech information and provides several lexical meanings for all polysemantic words.
  • Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary software. Dutch language translation software for PDA and Windows. ECTACO & Lingvosoft 19 January 2010 9:54 UTC www.ectaco.translation.net [Source type: General]

Please also see
Holland in the German Wiktionary. This notice will be removed when the entry is checked. (more information) June 2008

Icelandic

Pronunciation

  • IPA: /ˈhɔl.lant/

Proper noun

Holland n.
  1. Holland, the Netherlands

Declension


Norwegian

Proper noun

Holland
  1. (archaic) Holland

Synonyms

Related terms


Swedish

Wikipedia-logo.png
Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:
Holland
Wikipedia sv

Pronunciation

Proper noun

Holland n.
  1. Holland, a region in the Netherlands. Often referring to the whole of the Netherlands.

Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to William Jacob Holland article)

From Wikispecies

U.S. zoologist (1848–1932)

Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

.Holland was a county of the Holy Roman Empire and one of the provinces of the Dutch Republic.^ The very thinly populated region of Drenthe , mainly consisting of poor peatland, was part of the Republic too, although Drenthe was not considered one of the provinces.
  • Netherlands - Includipedia, the inclusionist encyclopaedia 11 January 2010 17:43 UTC www.includipedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Holland " comprises just two of the twelve Dutch provinces: Noord-Holland around Amsterdam, and Zuid-Holland around Rotterdam and Den Haag.
  • Introduction to The Netherlands 11 January 2010 17:43 UTC www.roughguides.com [Source type: News]

^ Also, it is the capital of " Gelderland " (sometimes pronounced as Geilderland) a province in the glorious country of Holland , and it has one of the biggest and most famous zoos in europe, Burger's Zoo .
  • Netherlands - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 9 February 2010 16:47 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]
  • Netherlands - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

In the early years, Holland was called Frisia west of the Vlie or West Frisia. The name Holland became common during the reign of Count Dirk V. .After a period of frequent reorganization between 1795 and 1840, Holland was split into the provinces North Holland and South Holland, the Netherlands.^ The other 10 provinces of the Netherlands are not Holland.
  • London to Amsterdam by train+ferry or Eurostar train | From �35 28 January 2010 0:33 UTC www.seat61.com [Source type: General]

^ Image:Gemeenten alles 1400px.gif Urbanisation in the Netherlands 1 Amsterdam (North Holland) 744,740 inhabitants 2 Rotterdam (South Holland) 581,615 inh.
  • Netherlands - Includipedia, the inclusionist encyclopaedia 11 January 2010 17:43 UTC www.includipedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is formally incorrect as North and South Holland in the western Netherlands are only two of the country's twelve provinces (for more on this and other naming issues see Netherlands (terminology) ).
  • Netherlands - Includipedia, the inclusionist encyclopaedia 11 January 2010 17:43 UTC www.includipedia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]


This article uses material from the "Holland" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

Simple English

Holland is the name of a region in the western part of the Netherlands. Holland was a county of the Holy Roman Empire and later the leading province of the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (15811795).

Today, there are two provinces called Holland in the Netherlands: North Holland (Noord-Holland) and South Holland (Zuid-Holland). Those provinces were created in 1840. The earlier country and province of Holland used to be greater, but some Hollandic parts were given to other provinces during the French occupation (1795-1813). Willemstad became part of North Brabant, the islands of Vlieland and Terschelling were given to Friesland, and the island of Urk to Overijssel.

Many people (inside and outside the Netherlands) use the name 'Holland' to refer to the entire Netherlands, but that is not correct. It is like calling the United Kingdom England, the United States America or like calling the EU a country. Some Dutch people who do not live in Holland do not like it when people call the entire country Holland.

For a short time (18061810), there was a Kingdom of Holland, which was in central and northern Netherlands and East Friesland in Germany.


Holland is also the name of a region in England.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 22, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Holland, which are similar to those in the above article.








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