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Coordinates: 53°27′48″N 1°59′28″W / 53.46326°N 1.99124°W / 53.46326; -1.99124

Hollingworth
Hollingworth is located in Greater Manchester
Hollingworth

 Hollingworth shown within Greater Manchester
OS grid reference SK006962
Metropolitan borough Tameside
Metropolitan county Greater Manchester
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HYDE
Postcode district +46
Dialling code 01457
Police Greater Manchester
Fire Greater Manchester
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Stalybridge and Hyde
List of places: UK • England • Greater Manchester

Hollingworth is a village within the Metropolitan Borough of Tameside, in Greater Manchester, England. It is about twelve miles (19 km) east of Manchester on the Derbyshire border at Glossop. It is also the name of a family of landed gentry who owned much of the surrounding area from before the time of the Norman conquest.

Contents

History

The village is named after the Hollingworth of Hollingworth family. The Hollingworths of Hollingworth are descendants of the Anglo-Norman family Houxvert, from French houx vert, or green holly.[1]

This is the conjecture of Frank Hollingworth, and he has published no research to back up the claims made that the family came with the Normans, not conquered by the Normans. The family motto is "Disce ferenda pati", or "Suffer that which must be borne", which is a veiled reference to the Norman Conquest of 1066 and the resulting subjugation of the Anglo-Saxon inhabitants, of which the Hollyngworthe family was one, and the village named for the family.

The family estate or manor was known as Hollingworth Hall, no longer standing, but the family's chapel does still remain. The Hollingworth/Hollingsworth name is an early Saxon name originating around 1022 when this family moved into northeast Cheshire and purchased an estate named Hollingworth Manor. The name means a "Farm of Holly Trees". The Domesday Survey made during the Norman Conquests lists this manor as lying on the edge of a great woods at Macclesfield.[2]

A visitation by an official herald in 1580 included the gentry, John Hollingsworth, Gentleman and Robert Hollingsworth of Hollinsworth. A further record of the time period states that Robert of Hollingsworth Hall is of whom the family descends. He was listed as the Magistrate for the counties of Cheshire and Lancaster. The church and hall belonging to this family that contain the Hollingsworth Coat of Arms is still standing. The last family member to own the hall, Capt. Robert Hollingsworth, died in 1865. The motto included was "Learn to suffer what must be borne."

Henry Hollingsworth was probably born in England. Wolfram states that he was said to be born in Cheshire to be exact. He was in an English militia and went with them to the Ulster Plantation in Ireland for the purpose of planting. This activity was often arranged by the "undertakers" or landed gentry between 1609 and 1630. Henry is listed in the 1630 muster roll for Onealland Barony, Ulster Plantation in County Armagh. The terms "sword and calleuer (caliver)" appear after his name telling what arms he owned. This suggests that he was a man of more than average means. The caliver was a calibrated gun for which standard bullets could be made. He actually lived on Richard Cope's half of the 2,000-acre (8.1 km2) estate. He and his wife Catherine and family might have returned to England during the 1641 Irish Rebellion.

In 1632, Henry received 120 acres (0.49 km2) of land in County Armagh. Sometime between 1641 and 1660 during the Irish Rebellion, the Blackers took possession of it. His son, Valentine, legally took issue with the Blackers' ownership of the land in 1674, and was favourably received. A semi-shared arrangement of the land occurred. Henry is listed as lately deceased in an October 27, 1675 record around this event. Previous to that he was a witness to a marriage in 1671 in the Lurgan Friends Book. (C-956) Valentine was one of the first settlers in the New World.

Some theorize that Henry Hollingsworth was killed in the mass murders of the Irish Rebellion and that the Henry in the 1671 and 1674 records refers to a Henry Hollingsworth who was married to an Elizabeth and settled in County Down before 1693. It is Farmer's contention that it is likely that Henry and his family fled to England during the massacres of the Rebellion. They lived on the east side of the Bann River from where many were able to escape. Farmer says our Henry lived through this and witnessed an October 8, 1671 marriage in Co. Armagh, Ireland and died shortly before the 1675 deed enactment. His reasoning is given in detail in his book In America Since 1607. (C-193)

Hollingworth was within the historic county boundaries of Cheshire.

Transport

The village is served by the A628 road (leading to the Woodhead pass to Barnsley) and the A57 road (leading to the Snake Pass to Sheffield). Going west, the A57 joins the M67 motorway a couple miles from the village. The M67 goes towards Manchester. It has severe traffic congestion which the Highways Agency plans to alleviate in the next few years by building the Longdendale Bypass

Culture and community

  • Hollingworth Cricket Club plays in the Derbyshire and Cheshire League.
  • Hollingworth Brass Band rehearses at Longdendale Community Language College.
  • Etherow Bowling Club is located just off The Boulevard at the bottom of Taylor Street. They have 6 teams (5 Men's & 1 Ladies) who play Crown Green Bowls.

References

  1. ^ Hollingworth.com, accessed 2 July 2006
  2. ^ DVHS Family History: Hollingworth, accessed 16 January 2008
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