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The Home Run Derby is an event played prior to the Major League Baseball All-Star Game. It is a contest among the top home run hitters in Major League Baseball to determine who can hit the most home runs. The event is currently sponsored by State Farm Insurance. Former sponsors have included Century 21 Real Estate and Service Merchandise.

Overview

2008 Major League Baseball Home Run Derby

Eight players are selected for the Home Run Derby and compete in a traditional playoff system where the players with the most home runs advance to the next round. Each player gets ten "outs" per round, where an out is defined as any swing that is not a home run in this case. Should a tie exist between players at the end of any round, there will be a five swing swing-off to determine who will advance. Until 2006, the home run count was reset after each round. However, a rule change was made for the 2006 Home Run Derby which causes the home run count for the four players advancing to the second round to carry over. The home run count for the final round is still reset to zero.

Prior to 1991, the Home Run Derby was structured as a two-inning event with each player receiving five outs per inning which allowed for the possibility of ties.

In 2000, a match play format was instituted for the second round. The player with the most home runs in the first round faced the player with the least among the four qualifying players, as did the players with the second and third-most totals. The contestant who won each matchup advanced to the finals. This format was discontinued after the 2003 Derby.

For the most part, the field of players selected consists of four American League players and four National League players. The first Derby in 1985 featured five from each league, and the Derbies in 1986 and 1987 each featured three and two players from each league, respectively. In 1996, the field was again expanded to ten players, five from each league, though in 1997, the American League had six contestants to the NL's four. In 2000, the field reverted to the four-player-per-league format, which it has remained ever since. The only exception has been in 2005, when Major League Baseball chose to change the look of the contest, still having eight players, but with the players representing their home countries rather than their respective leagues. This was commonly looked upon as a lead-in to the World Baseball Classic which was played in March 2006. Bobby Abreu, representing Venezuela, won the first International Derby with a record 41 home runs, including a then-record 24 in the first round, broken only by Josh Hamilton with 28 home runs in 2008. In 2006, the selection of four players from each league to participate in the Derby was resumed.

The 2009 Home Run Derby, the 25th installment, was held at Busch Stadium in St. Louis, Missouri on July 13, 2009, while the 2010 event will be in Anaheim, California at Angel Stadium of Anaheim, and the 2011 event will take place at Chase Field in Phoenix, Arizona.

Since 2005, a gold ball has been used once a player reaches nine outs. If a batter hit a home run using the golden ball, Century 21 Real Estate and Major League Baseball would donate $21,000 (a reference to the "21" in "Century 21") per home run to charity (MLB donated to the Boys and Girls Clubs of America, and Century 21 donated to Easter Seals). In both 2005 and 2006, $294,000 was raised for the charities, equaling fourteen golden ball home runs per year. State Farm continued this in 2007 as they designated $17,000 per home run (one dollar for each of State Farm's agencies), to the Boys and Girls Clubs of America. In the 2007 event, fifteen golden balls were hit for a donation of $255,000, and ten ($170,000) were hit in the 2008 event. For 2009, State Farm added $5,000 for all non-Gold Ball homers, and $517,000 was collected.

Television and radio coverage

The derby was first nationally televised by ESPN in 1993 on a same-day delayed basis, with the first live telecast in 1998. Although two hours were initially devoted to the telecast, it hasn't been uncommon for the program to run over schedule. The 2006 through 2008 events, for example, lasted nearly three hours. Starting in 2009, three hours were devoted to the event.

The Derby has delivered consistent ratings for ESPN[1], and the 2008 Derby was the year's most highly rated basic cable program.[2]

Because of the game's TV popularity, invited players have felt pressure to participate. Notably, Ken Griffey Jr. initially quietly declined to take part in 1998, partly due to ESPN scheduling the Mariners in their late Sunday game the night before. After a discussion with ESPN's Joe Morgan and another with Hall of Famer Frank Robinson, Griffey changed his mind, and then won the Derby at Coors Field.[3]

ESPN Radio also carries the event annually.

Complete scoreboard

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The 1980s

1985

The Metrodome, Minneapolis -- A.L. 17, N.L. 16
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Jim Rice Boston 4
Eddie Murray Baltimore 4
Carlton Fisk Chicago 4
Tom Brunansky Minnesota 4
Cal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore 1
National League
Dave Parker Cincinnati 6
Dale Murphy Atlanta 4
Steve Garvey San Diego 2
Ryne Sandberg Chicago 2
Jack Clark St. Louis 2

1986

Astrodome, Houston -- N.L. 8, A.L. 7
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Wally Joyner California 4
Jesse Barfield Toronto 2
José Canseco Oakland 1
National League
Darryl Strawberry New York 4
Dave Parker Cincinnati 3
Hubie Brooks Montreal 1

1987

Oakland Coliseum, Oakland -- N.L. 6, A.L. 2
Player Team Home Runs
American League
George Bell Toronto 1
Mark McGwire Oakland 1
National League
Andre Dawson Chicago 4
Ozzie Virgil, Jr. Atlanta 2

1988

Canceled due to rain.

1989

Anaheim Stadium, Anaheim -- N.L. 9, A.L. 5
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Rubén Sierra Texas 3
Mickey Tettleton Detroit 1
Bo Jackson Kansas City 1
Gary Gaetti Minnesota 0
National League
Eric Davis Cincinnati 3
Glenn Davis Houston 2
Howard Johnson New York 2
Kevin Mitchell San Francisco 2

The 1990s

1990

Wrigley Field, Chicago -- N.L. 4, A.L. 1
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Mark McGwire Oakland 1
Ken Griffey, Jr. Seattle 0
José Canseco Oakland 0
Cecil Fielder Detroit 0
National League
Ryne Sandberg Chicago 3
Matt Williams San Francisco 1
Bobby Bonilla Pittsburgh 0
Darryl Strawberry New York 0

1991

SkyDome, Toronto -- A.L. 20, N.L. 7
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Cal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore 12
Cecil Fielder Detroit 4
Joe Carter Toronto 2
Danny Tartabull Kansas City 2
National League
Paul O'Neill Cincinnati 5
George Bell Chicago 2
Chris Sabo Cincinnati 0
Howard Johnson New York 0

1992

Jack Murphy Stadium, San Diego -- A.L. 27, N.L. 13
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Mark McGwire Oakland 12
Ken Griffey, Jr. Seattle 7
Joe Carter Toronto 4
Cal Ripken, Jr. Baltimore 4
National League
Larry Walker Montreal 4
Gary Sheffield San Diego 4
Fred McGriff San Diego 3
Barry Bonds Pittsburgh 2

1993

Camden Yards, Baltimore -- A.L. 20, N.L. 12
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Juan González Texas 7
Ken Griffey, Jr. Seattle 7 *
Cecil Fielder Detroit 4
Albert Belle Cleveland 3
National League
Barry Bonds San Francisco 5
Bobby Bonilla New York 5
David Justice Atlanta 2
Mike Piazza Los Angeles 0

* Lost in playoff to Gonzalez

1994

Three Rivers Stadium, Pittsburgh -- A.L. 17, N.L. 11
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Ken Griffey, Jr. Seattle 7
Rubén Sierra Oakland 4
Frank Thomas Chicago 4
Albert Belle Cleveland 2
National League
Fred McGriff Atlanta 5
Jeff Bagwell Houston 3
Dante Bichette Colorado 3
Mike Piazza Los Angeles 0

1995

The Ballpark in Arlington, Arlington -- A.L. 40, N.L. 12
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Frank Thomas Chicago 15 *
Albert Belle Cleveland 16
Mo Vaughn Boston 6
Manny Ramírez Cleveland 3
National League
Ron Gant Cincinnati 3
Sammy Sosa Chicago 2
Reggie Sanders Cincinnati 2
Raúl Mondesí Los Angeles 2

* Beat Belle in finals

1996

Veterans Stadium, Philadelphia -- A.L. 36, N.L. 23
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Mark McGwire Oakland 15
Brady Anderson Baltimore 11
Jay Buhner Seattle 8
Joe Carter Toronto 2
Greg Vaughn Milwaukee 0
National League
Barry Bonds San Francisco 17
Henry Rodríguez Montreal 3
Jeff Bagwell Houston 2
Ellis Burks Colorado 1
Gary Sheffield Florida 0

1997

Jacobs Field, Cleveland -- A.L. 32, N.L. 29
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Tino Martinez New York 16 *
Mark McGwire Oakland 7
Brady Anderson Baltimore 4
Ken Griffey, Jr. Seattle 3
Nomar Garciaparra Boston 0
Jim Thome Cleveland 0
National League
Larry Walker Colorado 19
Jeff Bagwell Houston 5
Chipper Jones Atlanta 3
Ray Lankford St. Louis 2

* Beat Walker in finals

1998

Coors Field, Denver -- A.L. 53, N.L. 29
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Ken Griffey, Jr. Seattle 19
Rafael Palmeiro Baltimore 10
Jim Thome Cleveland 17
Alex Rodriguez Seattle 5
Damion Easley Detroit 2
National League
Vinny Castilla Colorado 12
Moisés Alou Houston 7
Javy López Atlanta 5
Mark McGwire St. Louis 4
Chipper Jones Atlanta 1

1999

Fenway Park, Boston -- N.L. 39, A.L. 23
Player Team Home Runs
American League
Ken Griffey, Jr. Seattle 16
Nomar Garciaparra Boston 2
B.J. Surhoff Baltimore 2
Shawn Green Toronto 2
John Jaha Oakland 1
National League
Jeromy Burnitz Milwaukee 14
Mark McGwire St. Louis 16 *
Jeff Bagwell Houston 6
Larry Walker Colorado 2
Sammy Sosa Chicago 1

* Lost to Burnitz in round 2

The 2000s

2000

Turner Field, Atlanta -- N.L. 41, A.L. 21
Player Team Round 1 Semis Finals Total
Dominican Republic Sammy Sosa Cubs 6 11 9 26
United States Ken Griffey, Jr. Reds 6 3 2 11
United States Carl Everett Red Sox 6 6 12
Puerto Rico Carlos Delgado Blue Jays 5 1 6
Puerto Rico Edgar Martínez Mariners 2 2
United States Chipper Jones Braves 2 2
Dominican Republic Vladimir Guerrero Expos 2 2
Puerto Rico Iván Rodríguez Rangers 1 1
  Semifinals Finals
                 
1  Ken Griffey, Jr. 3  
4  Carlos Delgado 1  
    1  Ken Griffey, Jr. 2
  3  Sammy Sosa 9
2  Carl Everett 6
3  Sammy Sosa 11  

2001

Safeco Field, Seattle -- N.L. 41, A.L. 25
Player Team Round 1 Semis Finals Totals
United States Luis Gonzalez Diamondbacks 5 5 6 16
Dominican Republic Sammy Sosa Cubs 3 8 2 13
United States Jason Giambi Athletics 14 6 20
United States Barry Bonds Giants 7 3 10
United States Bret Boone Mariners 3 3
United States Todd Helton Rockies 2 2
United States Alex Rodriguez Rangers 2 2
United States Troy Glaus Angels 0 0
  Semifinals Finals
                 
1  Jason Giambi 6  
4  Sammy Sosa 8  
    4  Sammy Sosa 2
  3  Luis Gonzalez 6
2  Barry Bonds 3
3  Luis Gonzalez 5  

2002

Miller Park, Milwaukee -- A.L. 42, N.L. 31
Player Team Round 1 Semis Finals Totals
United States Jason Giambi Yankees 11 6 7 24
Dominican Republic Sammy Sosa Cubs 12 5 1 18
United States Paul Konerko White Sox 6 6 12
United States Richie Sexson Brewers 6 4 10
United States Torii Hunter Twins 3 3
United States Barry Bonds Giants 2 2
Dominican Republic Alex Rodriguez Rangers 2 2
United States Lance Berkman Astros 1 1
  Semifinals Finals
                 
1  Sammy Sosa 5  
4  Richie Sexson 4  
    1  Jason Giambi 7
  2  Sammy Sosa 1
2  Jason Giambi 7
3  Paul Konerko 6  

* Giambi defeated Konerko in a swing off

2003

U.S. Cellular Field, Chicago -- A.L. 47, N.L. 39
Player Team Round 1 Semis Finals Total
United States Garret Anderson Angels 7 6 9 22
Dominican Republic Albert Pujols Cardinals 4 14 8 26
United States Jason Giambi Yankees 12 11 23
United States Jim Edmonds Cardinals 4 4 8
United States Gary Sheffield Braves 4 4
Puerto Rico Carlos Delgado Blue Jays 2 2
United States Richie Sexson Brewers 1 1
United States Bret Boone Mariners 0 0
  Semifinals Finals
                 
1  Jason Giambi 11  
4  Albert Pujols 14  
    4  Albert Pujols 8
  2  Garret Anderson 9
2  Garret Anderson 6
3  Jim Edmonds 4  

2004

Minute Maid Park, Houston -- A.L. 47, N.L. 41
Player Team Round 1 Semis Finals Total
Dominican Republic Miguel Tejada Baltimore 7 15 5 27
United States Lance Berkman Houston 7 10 4 21
Cuba Rafael Palmeiro Baltimore 9 5 14
United States Barry Bonds San Francisco 8 3 11
Dominican Republic Sammy Sosa Chicago (NL) 5 5
United States Jim Thome Philadelphia 4 4
United States Hank Blalock Texas 3 3
Dominican Republic David Ortiz Boston 3 3

2005

Comerica Park, Detroit -- N.L. 66, A.L. 42
Player Team Round 1 Semis Finals Totals
Venezuela Bobby Abreu Philadelphia 24 6 11 41
Puerto Rico Iván Rodríguez Detroit 7 8 5 20
Dominican Republic David Ortiz Boston 17 3 20
Panama Carlos Lee Milwaukee 11 4 15
South Korea Hee-Seop Choi Los Angeles (NL) 5 5
Curaçao Andruw Jones Atlanta 5 5
United States Mark Teixeira Texas 2 2
Canada Jason Bay Pittsburgh 0 0

2006

PNC Park, Pittsburgh -- N.L. 62, A.L. 24
Player Team Round 1 Round 2 Subtotal Finals Total
United States Ryan Howard Philadelphia 8 10 18 5 23
United States David Wright New York (NL) 16 2 18 4 22
Venezuela Miguel Cabrera Florida 9 6 15 15
Dominican Republic David Ortiz Boston 10 3 13 13
United States Jermaine Dye Chicago (AL) 7 7 7
United States Lance Berkman Houston 3 3 3
Dominican Republic Miguel Tejada Baltimore 3 3 3
United States Troy Glaus Toronto 1 1 1

2007

AT&T Park, San Francisco -- A.L. 42, N.L. 32
Player Team Round 1 Round 2 Subtotal Finals Total
Dominican Republic Vladimir Guerrero Los Angeles(AL) 5 9 14 3a 17
United States Alex Ríos Toronto 5 12 17 2 19
United States Matt Holliday Colorado 5 8 13 13
Dominican Republic Albert Pujols St. Louis 4b 9 13 13
Canada Justin Morneau Minnesota 4 4 4
United States Prince Fielder Milwaukee 3 3 3
United States Ryan Howard Philadelphia 3 3 3
Venezuela Magglio Ordóñez Detroit 2 2 2

Notes:
^a Recorded only seven of ten outs before hitting winning home run.
^b Advanced after defeating Morneau 2-1 in a swing-off.
|

2008

Yankee Stadium, New York -- A.L. 66 , N.L. 39
Player Team Round 1 Round 2 Subtotal Finals Total
Canada Justin Morneau Minnesota 8 9 17 5 22
United States Josh Hamilton Texas 28a 4b 32 3 35
United States Lance Berkman Houston 8 6 14 14
United States Ryan Braun Milwaukee 7 7 14 14
United States Dan Uggla Florida 6 6 6
United States Grady Sizemore Cleveland 6 6 6
United States Chase Utley Philadelphia 5 5 5
United States Evan Longoria Tampa Bay 3 3 3

Notes:
^a New single round record.
^b Voluntarily ended round with four outs.

2009

Busch Stadium, St. Louis -- N.L. 51, A.L. 31
Player Team Round 1 Round 2 Subtotal Finals Total
United States Prince Fielder Milwaukee 11 6 17 6 23
Dominican Republic Nelson Cruz Texas 11 5 16 5 21
United States Ryan Howard Philadelphia 7 8 15 15
Dominican Republic Albert Pujols St. Louis 5a 6 11 11
Dominican Republic Carlos Peña Tampa Bay 5 5 5
United States Joe Mauer Minnesota 5 5 5
United States Adrian Gonzalez San Diego 2 2 2
United States Brandon Inge Detroit 0 0 0

Notes:
^a Advanced after winning bat-off. Pujols 2, Peña 1, Mauer 0.

Statistics by team

Team Wins Participants Home Runs
Seattle 3 12 77
Chicago (NL) 3 10 76
Los Angeles (AL) 3 4 43
Baltimore 2 11 92
Philadelphia 2 6 91
New York (AL) 29 39 64
Oakland 1 11 62
Texas 1 9 55
Milwaukee 1 8 57
San Francisco 1 7 48
New York (NL) 1 6 33
Minnesota 1 6 33
Chicago (AL) 1 5 42
Arizona 1 1 16
Houston 0 10 64
Toronto 0 10 41
Atlanta 0 10 31
St. Louis 0 8 71
Boston 0 8 60
Cincinnati 0 8 36
Detroit 0 8 33
Colorado 0 7 52
Cleveland 0 6 37
Montreal/Washington 0 4 10
San Diego 0 4 9
Los Angeles (NL) 0 4 7
Florida 0 3 21
Pittsburgh 0 3 2
Tampa Bay 0 2 9
Kansas City 0 2 3

Most home runs in the entire tournament (Excluding Swingoff Playoffs)

  1. Bobby Abreu (2005) - 41
  2. Josh Hamilton (2008) - 35
  3. Miguel Tejada (2004) - 27
  4. Sammy Sosa (2000) Albert Pujols (2003) - 26
  5. Jason Giambi (2002) - 24
  6. Ryan Howard (2006), Jason Giambi (2003), Prince Fielder (2009) - 23
  7. David Wright (2006), Garrett Anderson (2003), Justin Morneau (2008) - 22
  8. Lance Berkman (2004), Nelson Cruz (2009) - 21
  9. David Ortiz (2005), Iván Rodríguez (2005), Jason Giambi (2001) - 20
  10. Ken Griffey, Jr. (1998), Larry Walker (1997), Alex Rios (2007) - 19
  11. Sammy Sosa (2002) - 18
  12. Jim Thome (1998), Barry Bonds (1996), Vladimir Guerrero (2007) - 17
  13. Luis Gonzalez (2001), Ken Griffey, Jr. (1999), Mark McGwire (1999), Tino Martinez (1997), Albert Belle (1995) - 16
  14. Miguel Cabrera (2006), Carlos Lee (2005), Mark McGwire (1996), Frank Thomas (1995), Ryan Howard (2009) - 15
  15. Rafael Palmeiro (2004), Jeromy Burnitz (1999), Lance Berkman (2008), Ryan Braun (2008) - 14
  16. David Ortiz (2006), Sammy Sosa (2001), Matt Holliday (2007), Albert Pujols (2007) - 13
  17. Paul Konerko (2002), Carl Everett (2000), Vinny Castilla (1998), Mark McGwire (1992), Cal Ripken Jr. (1991) - 12
  18. Barry Bonds (2004), Ken Griffey, Jr. (2000), Brady Anderson (1996), Albert Pujols (2009) - 11
  19. Rafael Palmeiro (1998), Barry Bonds (2001), Richie Sexson (2002), Jim Edmonds (2003) - 10

Most home runs all time (Excluding Swingoff Playoffs)

  1. Ken Griffey, Jr. - 70
  2. Jason Giambi - 67
  3. Sammy Sosa - 65
  4. Mark McGwire - 56
  5. David Ortiz - 54
  6. Albert Pujols - 50
  7. Barry Bonds - 47
  8. Bobby Abreu - 41
  9. Ryan Howard - 41
  10. Lance Berkman - 39

Most all-time wins

  1. Ken Griffey, Jr. - 3

See also

References

  1. ^ pifeedback.com
  2. ^ Multichannel.com
  3. ^ Seattle Post-Intelligencer

External links


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