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Homininae
Common Chimpanzee
in Cameroon's South Province
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Infraorder: Simiiformes
Superfamily: Hominoidea
Family: Hominidae
Subfamily: Homininae
Gray, 1825
Tribes

Gorillini
Hominini
and see text

Homininae is a subfamily of Hominidae, which includes humans, gorillas and chimpanzees, and some extinct human relatives; it comprises all those hominids, such as Australopithecus, that arose after the split from the other great apes.

Until 1980, the family Hominidae contained only humans, with the great apes in the family Pongidae.[1] Discoveries led to a revision of classification, with the great apes (now Ponginae) and humans (Homininae) united in Hominidae.[2] Further discoveries indicated that gorillas and chimpanzees are more closely related to humans than they are to orangutans, hence their current placement in Homininae.[3]

Hominoid family tree

The subfamily Homininae can be further subdivided into the tribes Gorillini (gorillas) and Hominini (bonobos, chimpanzees and humans). The early Late Miocene Nakalipithecus nakayamai, described in 2007, and perhaps also its contemporary Ouranopithecus, are basal members of this clade, not assignable to either the gorilla or the chimpanzee-humans lineage. They suggest that the Homininae tribes diverged not earlier than about 8 million years ago.

A hominin is a member of the tribe Hominini, a hominine is a member of the subfamily Homininae, a hominid is a member of the family Hominidae, and a hominoid is a member of the superfamily Hominoidea.


Classification

Subfamily Homininae

References

  1. ^ M. Goodman (1964). "Man’s place in the phylogeny of the primates as reflected in serum proteins". in S. L. Washburn. Classification and human evolution. Aldine, Chicago. pp. 204–234.  
  2. ^ M. Goodman (1974). "Biochemical Evidence on Hominid Phylogeny". Annual Review of Anthropology 3: 203–228. doi:10.1146/annurev.an.03.100174.001223.  
  3. ^ M. Goodman, D. A. Tagle, D. H. Fitch, W. Bailey, J. Czelusniak, B. F. Koop, P. Benson, J. L. Slightom (1990). "Primate evolution at the DNA level and a classification of hominoids". Journal of Molecular Evolution 30: 260–266. doi:10.1007/BF02099995+. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=PubMed&list_uids=2109087&dopt=Abstract.  

Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

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Contents

Translingual

Etymology

From Latin homines (human beings, men) + -ina (resembling)

Proper noun

Homininae

  1. a taxonomic subfamily, within family Hominidae - man and close relatives

See also

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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Gorilla beringei

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Primates
Subordo: Haplorrhini
Infraordo: Simiiformes
Parvordo: Catarrhini
Superfamilia: Hominoidea
Familia: Hominidae
Subfamilia: Homininae
Tribus: Gorillini - Hominini - †Graecopithecini

Name

Homininae Gray, 1825

References

  • Pickford, M.; Senut, B. 2005: Hominoid teeth with chimpanzee- and gorilla-like features from the Miocene of Kenya: implications for the chronology of ape-human divergence and biogeography of Miocene hominoids. Anthropological science, 113: 95–102.

Vernacular names

English: Hominines
Français: Homininés
한국어: 사람아과
日本語: ヒト亜科
Polski: Homininae
Português: Hominíneos
中文: 人亚科







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