The Full Wiki

Hondarribia: Wikis

  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hondarribia's fishermen's quarter
Hondarribia from the river Bidasoa

Hondarribia ("sand ford" in Basque, also known by its Spanish name Fuenterrabía or the French one, Fontarrabie) is a town situated on the west shore of Bidasoa river's mouth, in Guipúzcoa, Basque Country, Spain. The border town is sited on a little promontory facing Hendaye (France) over the Txingudi bay. The town holds an ancient old quarter with walls and a castle. In addition, Hondarribia features a beach across the Bidasoa from the touristy housing estate Sokoburu in Hendaye, alongside a mountain called Jaizkibel providing a hilly backdrop to the town. A road leads north-east from the beach area to the Cape Higuer, located in this municipality.

The town harbours the San Sebastian Airport, which serves domestic flights. Population As of 2005: 15,700 inhabitants.

Contents

Battles

The battles fought for possession of this fortified stronghold are generally known by the Spanish name for the place (Fuenterrabia).

  • Battle of Fuenterrabia (1521), in which Claude, Duke of Guise distinguished himself, was instigated by Guillaume Gouffier, seigneur de Bonnivet, in command of the army of Navarre; he occupied Fuenterrabía and was probably responsible for the renewal of hostilities resulting from its not being restored. The city was finally returned to Spain in 1524.
  • Battle of Fuenterrabia (1638) was the outcome of a siege by the invading forces of Louis XIII, led by Condé. 27000 French soldiers besieged the city for two months, firing 16000 shells into the walled city, leaving only 300 survivors, most of them women and children. The city was virtually destroyed, but nevertheless did not surrender.[1] The Spanish soldiers were successful, and the raising of the siege is celebrated annually on 8 September in a fiesta, the Alarde.
  • Battle of Fuenterrabia (1719), during the War of the Quadruple Alliance
  • Battle of Fuenterrabia (1792), in which French revolutionary forces took the city by breaching the walls. After they took over the city, they blew up the section of walling facing France, with the help of German engineers. A remainder of the walls escaped destruction thanks to the signing the Peace Treaty of Basilea.

Notable residents

  • Josune Amunarriz, prominent female avant-garde artist whose large-scale installations can be seen in San Sebastián, China, and New York.
  • José María Olazábal famous Spanish golfer, winner of two U.S. Masters titles and regular member of the European Ryder cup team.
  • Unai Emery, current manager of Spanish football club, Valencia CF.

References

  1. ^ Tuwien.ac.at

External links

Coordinates: 43°21.75′N 1°47.48′W / 43.3625°N 1.79133°W / 43.3625; -1.79133


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

A view of Hondarribia from Bidasoa River
A view of Hondarribia from Bidasoa River

Hondarribia (Spanish: Fuenterrabía) is a fishing town in the province of Guipuzcoa, Basque Country of Spain on the Bay of Txingudi, by the border with France.

Understand

The exact date of its foundation is unknown. Hondarribia is an attractive, well preserved, walled town, with a typical fisherman's quarter, La Marina.

Its history is that of a frontier town, which was fiercely independent and desired by many. At the beginning of the second millennium it was formally under the jurisdiction of the Kingdom of Navarre, until its inhabitants decided to come under the protection of Castille in 1203, when the town was promoted to city and its citizens granted many rights and privileges.The subsequent kings of Navarre did not cede their claim on the town against the will of the people of Hondarribia. Ever since Henri Bourbon et Albret, French suitor to the Kingdom of Navarre, was crowned king of France, him and his descendents started wars of aggression against Spain and the city of Hondarribia to conquer it by force as their right to claim it for France was lacking. Accordingly France attacked Spain over the town repeatedly until Luis XIV and Felipe IV signed the 1658 Treaty of the Pyrenees, and France gave up its claim on Hondarribia.

As guarantee of the peace accord, Felipe IV's daughter married Luis XIV just across the border in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques; they then moved across the border to celebrate in the Church of Hondarribia. The previous night, Felipe IV's daughter spent the night in the Casadevante Palace, which incidentally is now a nice hotel.

There are two sections of town that are of special interest to the traveler:

The main street of Hondarribia, with the Casadevante Palace and the Church
The main street of Hondarribia, with the Casadevante Palace and the Church
  • The old city — this section retains its medieval fortified walls and is home to the Palaces of Zuloaga and Casadevante, the Gothic Church "Nuestra Señora del Manzano," the castle of Carlos V, Pampinot Street.
  • La Marina — full of multicolored houses and their resident fishermen, along San Pedro and Santiago Streets.
The fishing fleet moored in Hondarribia's "Port of Refuge"
The fishing fleet moored in Hondarribia's "Port of Refuge"

Hondarribia's beach, ports, lighthouse, the beach of Ondarraitz (on the other side of the bay), and the neighboring hillsides are just as attractive, and make it clear why Hondarribia has enjoyed its position as a vacation destination for more than 100 years.

  • Military Tattoos (Alarde de Armas). Early September (7 to 11, but in 2007 it could be seen at Sep 3). A civilian-military city parade commemorating the the victory over the largest siege by French troops led by the Prince of Condé on Sept 8, 1638. The victory is attributed to support of Guadalupe Virgin, patron saint of Hondarribia. A spectacular show involving most of the local population from morning time to about 11PM. 20 groups walk around the streets wearing traditional red berets, and plays fifes and drums--the same melody again and again. Young girls in traditional costumes head each group. One of the group is made of woodmen wearing sheep skin caps. The rest of the population are applauding to all of them in support. Obviously, it's virtually impossible to drive into the town during the event, and all pintxos bars are heavily overcrowded till the very closing time.  edit

Eat

Pintxos

Hondarribia is on par with San Sebastian and Bilbao as a gourmet destination of the Basque country.

  • Yola Berri, Calle Zuloaga / San Pedro Kalea 22 (across the street from Jáuregui Hotel), 943 642-780 / +34 943 645 611. Open and offering pintxos from 11AM. One of the most cited places for pintxos in the town.  edit
  • Gran Sol, Calle San Pedro, 65, +34 943 64 27 01. Kitchen closes before 23:00. Second most cited places for pintxos. Won many gastronomic awards for creativity in pintxos. Has both a bar full of tapas and a more formal restaurant for having a dinner. Pintxos €1.40-2.40, main courses €5.10-10.35.  edit
  • Enbata, San Pedro 22 (at the Jáuregui Hotel). Kitchen close after 11:30PM.  edit
  • Txantxangorri. In 2007 participates in Lo Mejor de la Gastronomia annual competition of pintxos bars.  edit
  • Itxaspe. In 2007 participates in Lo Mejor de la Gastronomia annual competition of pintxos bars.  edit

An innovation Restaurant SUGARRI -- Phone +34 943 643 123 -- under Bixente Muñoz's baton (Gran Sol Bar) is a bet for the good taste and the defense of the flavors investigating in the products of the land. The restaurant has a very agreeable porch. Not to get lost it, placed in the same Hotel Rio Bidasoa. Http: // www.sugarrirestaurante.com

Dining

Budget

  • Horixe, c/Santiago 45, 943 640-455. Pizza and other quite touristic dishes. One of the few places you can eat during the mass city events like the city parade. Nothing special in the rest of the year. Main course: about €8-11.  edit

Mid-range

  • Sebastian, Calle Mayor (downstairs). Closed Sun and Tue, in November. Has a fireplace.  edit

An innovation Restaurant SUGARRI -- Phone +34 943 643 123 -- under Bixente Muñoz's baton (Gran Sol Bar) is a bet for the good taste and the defense of the flavors investigating in the products of the land. The restaurant has a very agreeable porch. Not to get lost it, placed in the same Hotel Rio Bidasoa. Http: // www.sugarrirestaurante.com

Splurge

  • Alameda: Michelin star restaurant. Closed Sun and Mon, and beginning of Oct and Jan.
  • Ramon Roteta
  • Hotel Rio Bidasoa - Tfno. +34 943 645408 - www.hotelriobidasoa.com - a very good option. He enjoys a less noisy situation, in a beautiful garden, and also of restaurant SUGARRI, to try it will be a success, parking, a swimming pool and a bar cafe. It is possible to have breakfast though it is not lodged and is a pleasure to do it in the porch with the noise of the birds. The tranquility is assured and the best thing: the personnel, always nice and solicitous.
This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!







Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message