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Jars of honey and honeycomb
A variety of honey flavors and container sizes and styles from the 2008 Texas State Fair
Honey in honeycombs
.Honey (English pronunciation: /ˈhʌni/) is a sweet food made by certain insects using nectar from flowers.^ Honey is produced from the nectar of flowers.

^ (Perez RA, Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture ) Spanish researchers looked at 36 varieties of Spanish honey in two groups: clover honey, which bees make from the nectar of flower blossoms, and honeydew honey, made by bees from a sweet, sticky substance secreted by insects such as aphids that live off plants.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Honey, formed when bees swallow, digest and regurgitate nectar, contains approximately 600 compounds, depending on the type of flower and bee.
  • Honey Remedy Could Save Limbs 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: News]

.The variety produced by honey bees (the genus Apis) is the one most commonly referred to and is the type of honey collected by beekeepers and consumed by humans.^ Honey is produced in most of the countries of the world.
  • Honey and Cinnamon: Natural Cures & Nature's Remedy 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Honey Bee Honey Bee Apis mellifera .
  • Honey Bee 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There's a wide variety of bee honey.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

.Honey produced by other bees and insects has distinctly different properties.^ More diseases have been described for honey bees than any other insects.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A. Honey has different properties depending on what type of flowers the bees get their nectar from.

^ The 35-40 million pounds of honey produced by our cooperative is what makes up the Sue Bee Honey you see on the shelf.
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Honey bees form nectar into honey by a process of regurgitation and store it as a food source in wax honeycombs inside the beehive.^ Honey is stored in the hive as winter food for the bees .
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Processing and storing liquid honey.

^ How is nectar transformed into honey?
  • honey Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Beekeeping practices encourage overproduction of honey so that the excess can be taken without endangering the bee colony.^ The general health of the U.S. bee population, weather, agricultural practices and the economics of the honey industry affect the number of bee colonies and their production.
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Unfortunately, it is not the small backyard beekeeper, but rather the large, factory bee farmer, so a lot of bees are killed even if most beekeepers don't use the practice.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The nectar is taken from the flower by the worker bee and is carried in the honey sac back to the hive.
  • honey Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

.Honey gets its sweetness from the monosaccharides fructose and glucose and has approximately the same relative sweetness as that of granulated sugar (74% of the sweetness of sucrose, a disaccharide).^ What is honey granulation (crystallization or sugaring)?
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Honey is primarily fructose and glucose, so it's quickly absorbed by the digestive system.
  • The healing power of honey: From burns to weak bones, raw honey can help 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.naturalnews.com [Source type: General]

^ It is transformed into honey by enzymes produced in the honey sac, which convert the natural sucrose (a complex sugar) in the nectar into fructose and glucose (simple sugars).
  • honey Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

[1][2] .It has attractive chemical properties for baking, and a distinctive flavor which leads some people to prefer it over sugar and other sweeteners.^ Some people claim the sugar water is better for the bees than honey, and if this is the case, I don't want to hear any claims about the health benefits of honey or pollen.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Experimental evidence indicates that consumption of honey may improve blood sugar control and insulin sensitivity compared to other sweeteners.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ For your information, honey is a complex solution of many sugars, including fructose (38%), glucose (32%), sucrose (2%), maltose (7%) and other sugars, acids and flavor compounds (4%).
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .Most micro-organisms do not grow in honey because of its low water activity of 0.6.[3] However, honey sometimes contains dormant endospores of the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which can be dangerous to infants as the endospores can transform into toxin-producing bacteria in the infant's immature intestinal tract, leading to illness and even death[4] (see Potential health hazards below).^ Because honey contains potassium, bacteria cannot survive in it.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Does honey contain healthful antioxidants?
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Does honey contain healthful antioxidants ?
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Honey has a long history as a comestible and is used in various foods and beverages as a sweetener and flavoring.^ Honey was also widely used in traditional medical systems as a food, wound dressing, and preservative for herbal medicines.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "A shift in strategic focus to position honey as a 'healthy' product that should be used as an ingredient in foods and medicines aimed at health-conscious individuals" ( NHB ).
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For a long time in history, its use in cooking was reserved only for the wealthy since it was so expensive that only they could afford it.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

It also has a role in religion and symbolism. .Flavors of honey vary based on the nectar source, and various types and grades of honey are available.^ Its flavor and texture vary with the type of flower nectar from which it was made.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The flavor and color of honey depend upon the kind of flower from which the nectar was taken, e.g., linden honey, lavender honey, and wild rose honey.
  • honey Facts, information, pictures | Encyclopedia.com articles about honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.encyclopedia.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When they do, the impact on availability and prices for both organic and conventional grades of honey may be substantial.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.It is also used in various medicinal traditions to treat ailments.^ Honey was also widely used in traditional medical systems as a food, wound dressing, and preservative for herbal medicines.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Maori used Pohutukawa bark and nectar in traditional medicines, to cure dysentery, stop bleeding and remedy coughs and colds.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "For at least 2700 years, honey has been used to treat a variety of ailments through topical application, but only recently have the antiseptic and antibacterial properties of honey been chemically explained.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

.The study of pollens and spores in raw honey (melissopalynology) can determine floral sources of honey.^ Honey and other raw agricultural products may contain bacterial spores from Clostridium botulinum that could cause infant botulism.
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nevertheless, the majority of infants with botulism have no history of ingestion of honey, and the exact source of the offending spores is unclear about 85% of the time.

^ There are about 6 or 7 major floral sources including rubber, coffee, lychee, longan and cashew honeys.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

[5] .Because bees carry an electrostatic charge, and can attract other particles, the same techniques of melissopalynology can be used in area environmental studies of radioactive particles, dust, or particulate pollution.^ Because it’s impossible to regulate the comings and goings of millions of bees, there’s also no way to guarantee that honey from any location will be chemically the same from year to year or free of contamination from pollutants the bees may have found their way into.
  • Honey as Medicine: Interesting Thing of the Day 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC itotd.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The northern edge of the Honey Creek midden appears to be an area where stone tools were made and used during the same period the midden formed (A.D. 1100-1700).

^ Emarah MH. A clinical study of the topical use of bee honey in the treatment of some occular diseases.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[6][7]

Contents

Formation

.Honey is created by bees as a food source.^ Honey is stored in the hive as winter food for the bees .
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bees eat their store of honey in the winter, when there is no food.
  • Honey Bee 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Food allergy to honey: Pollen or bee products?
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.In cold weather or when fresh food sources are scarce, bees use their stored honey as their source of energy.^ Honey is stored in the hive as winter food for the bees .
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ No allergens are stored or used in Sue Bee Honey facilities.
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The general health of the U.S. bee population, weather, agricultural practices and the economics of the honey industry affect the number of bee colonies and their production.
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8] .By contriving for bee swarms to nest in artificial hives, people have been able to semi-domesticate the insects, and harvest excess honey.^ Honey Bees live in a nest, called a "hive."
  • Honey Bee 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ More diseases have been described for honey bees than any other insects.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Robbing honey from the nests of wild bees is still practiced by some Asian cultures.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.In the hive there are three types of bee: a single female queen bee, a seasonally variable number of male drone bees to fertilize new queens, and some 20,000 to 40,000 female worker bees.^ The queen bee lives much longer than the drones or worker bees do.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ After she makes new queens, she will leave the nest with some workers to start a new hive.
  • Honey Bee 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The hive is ruled over by a queen bee.
  • Honey Bee 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .The worker bees raise larvae and collect the nectar that will become honey in the hive.^ Honey is stored in the hive as winter food for the bees .
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are larger and smaller ordinary workers, and others, which serve as receptacles or cells for the storage of honey, their abdomens becoming distended to the size of a currant.
  • honey@Everything2.com 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]
  • honey@Everything2.com 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC everything2.com [Source type: Original source]

^ When a worker bee spots a good source for pollen and nectar, she'll fly back to the nest and let the other bees know about it.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

.Leaving the hive, they collect sugar-rich flower nectar and return.^ The fascinating process of making honey begins when the bees feast on flowers, collecting the flower nectar in their mouths.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ When bees find food, they go back to the hive and do a specific dance to let the rest of the hive know exactly where to go to find the flowers.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Honey is 100 percent pure honey, as made by the honeybees from the flower nectar they gather, transform and store in honeycombs.
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In the process, they release Nasonov pheromones. .These pheromones lead other bees to rich nectar sites by "smell".[10] Honeybees also release Nasonov pheromones at the entrance to the hive, which enables returning bees to return to the proper hive.^ Propolis, sometimes called "bee glue," is actually a complex mixture of resins and other substances that honeybees use to seal the hive and make it safe from bacteria and other micro-organisms.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ She then goes back to the hive and does a little "dance" which tells the other bees the distance and direction to go.
  • Honey Bee 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.fcps.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When a worker bee spots a good source for pollen and nectar, she'll fly back to the nest and let the other bees know about it.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

[10]
.In the hive the bees use their "honey stomachs" to ingest and regurgitate the nectar a number of times until it is partially digested.^ In early times, wild honey was used.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Bees use ventilation to dry honey in the hive prior to capping.
  • ENY130/AA249: Moisture In Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC edis.ifas.ufl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The general health of the U.S. bee population, weather, agricultural practices and the economics of the honey industry affect the number of bee colonies and their production.
  • Sue Bee Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.suebee.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[11] .The bees work together as a group with the regurgitation and digestion until the product reaches a desired quality.^ Honey, formed when bees swallow, digest and regurgitate nectar, contains approximately 600 compounds, depending on the type of flower and bee.
  • Honey Remedy Could Save Limbs 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.wired.com [Source type: News]

^ They will tell you that they are working with the bees to help them reach their full potential, which just happens to be measured in honey output.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the hive the bees use their "Honey stomachs" to ingest and regurgitate the nectar a number of times until it is partially digested.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

It is then stored in honeycomb cells. After the final regurgitation, the honeycomb is left unsealed. .However, the nectar is still high in both water content and natural yeasts which, unchecked, would cause the sugars in the nectar to ferment.^ Antibacterial properties of honey are the result of the low water activity causing osmosis, hydrogen peroxide effect, and high acidity.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ The liquid must be reduced, however, more than the difference between water content of the honey and dry sugar; and, also according to the consistency of the honey and the proportion used.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ If you would like to soften your honey, place the jar in warm water or leave in a warm room - this will not cause any loss of enzymes or other healthful properties in the honey!
  • Amazon.com: Really Raw Honey 1 Pound - Pesticide Free, Totally Unheated Honey: Health & Personal Care 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

[8] .The process continues as bees inside the hive fan their wings, creating a strong draft across the honeycomb which enhances evaporation of much of the water from the nectar.^ Bee keepers sometimes use special screens around the inside of the hive boxes to trap propolis, since bees will spread this substance around the honeycomb and seal cracks with the anti-bacterial, anti-viral, and anti-fungal resins.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Honey bees have 4 wings which stroke approximately 11,400 times per minute, creating the buzz we know so well.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ The fascinating process of making honey begins when the bees feast on flowers, collecting the flower nectar in their mouths.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

[8] .This reduction in water content raises the sugar concentration and prevents fermentation.^ The liquid must be reduced, however, more than the difference between water content of the honey and dry sugar; and, also according to the consistency of the honey and the proportion used.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

.Ripe honey, as removed from the hive by a beekeeper, has a long shelf life and will not ferment if properly sealed.^ Mites have devastated hives, and beekeepers are struggling to strengthen bee populations going into the main honey crop season.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Example: A Prince Albert area beekeeper brings in 7500 lb of honey/day and wants to remove 2% moisture (by weight of honey) within two days.
  • ENY130/AA249: Moisture In Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC edis.ifas.ufl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Beekeepers' honey extraction plants in the Thyme area have an unmistakable smell to them, long after the Thyme crop has been extracted.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

In history, culture, and folklore

.Honey use and production has a long and varied history.^ I don't normally use honey but I drink a fair amount of tea and wanted something healthier than white sugar or products like Splenda, etc.
  • Amazon.com: Really Raw Honey 1 Pound - Pesticide Free, Totally Unheated Honey: Health & Personal Care 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ "A shift in strategic focus to position honey as a 'healthy' product that should be used as an ingredient in foods and medicines aimed at health-conscious individuals" ( NHB ).
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For a long time in history, its use in cooking was reserved only for the wealthy since it was so expensive that only they could afford it.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.In many cultures, honey has associations that go beyond its use as a food.^ Honey Comb has many uses.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the time the American colonies were set up in the 17th Century, honey was used for many things: food preparation, in beverages, in cement, to preserve fruits, as an ingredient in furniture polish and varnish and for medicinal purposes.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Honey has been used since ancient times both as a food and as a medicine.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

Honey is frequently a talisman and symbol of sweetness.[citation needed]

Ancient times

Honey collection is an ancient activity. .Eva Crane's The Archaeology of Beekeeping states that humans began hunting for honey at least 10,000 years ago.^ Beekeeping began only 10,000 years ago.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The original point was made, used for deer hunting, and discarded at the end of its “use life” by its original owner some 7000-8000 years ago.

^ I moved to the Portland (OR) area about a year ago and have been exploring (among other things) local honey's.

[12] She evidences this with a cave painting in Valencia, Spain. .The painting is a Mesolithic rock painting, showing two female honey-hunters collecting honey and honeycomb from a wild bee hive.^ Bees inside the hive fan their wings, creating a strong draft across the Honeycomb which enhances evaporation of much of the water from the nectar.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Honey is stored in the hive as winter food for the bees .
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, in the process of checking up on the hive and taking the honey, some bees get squashed by the frames or stepped on.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The two women are depicted in the nude, carrying baskets, and using a long wobbly ladder in order to reach the wild nest.
.In Ancient Egypt, honey was used to sweeten cakes and biscuits, and was used in many other dishes.^ Select stronger flavored, darker colored honeys, such as Natural Wildflower, for use in spreads or other recipes where a distinct honey flavor is desired.

^ The use of honey as a wound dressing material, an ancient remedy that has been rediscovered, is becoming of increasing interest as more reports of its effectiveness are published.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ So, fruit cakes, steamed puddings, cookies and candies stay moist longer if you use honey instead of sugar.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

.Ancient Egyptian and Middle-Eastern peoples also used honey for embalming the dead.^ The use of honey as a wound dressing material, an ancient remedy that has been rediscovered, is becoming of increasing interest as more reports of its effectiveness are published.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The Egyptians really valued honey and used it as a tribute or payment; or, to feed sacred animals.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Most people use Active Manuka Honey with a UMF range between 16-18 for internal and external applications.
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[13] .In the Roman Empire, honey was possibly used instead of gold to pay taxes.^ So, fruit cakes, steamed puddings, cookies and candies stay moist longer if you use honey instead of sugar.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Instead, these front companies have used bonds and are prepared to disappear if and when confronted to pay cash rather than bonds.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ But the use of honey as a wound dressing has been argued against, however, on the grounds that the risk of it possibly causing wound botulism is unacceptable (59).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.May 2009" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Pliny the Elder devotes considerable space in his book Naturalis Historia to the bee and honey, and its many uses.^ Honey Comb has many uses.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I don't normally use honey but I drink a fair amount of tea and wanted something healthier than white sugar or products like Splenda, etc.
  • Amazon.com: Really Raw Honey 1 Pound - Pesticide Free, Totally Unheated Honey: Health & Personal Care 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ One New Zealand researcher says a particular type of honey may be useful in treating MRSA infections.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

.The fertility god of Egypt, Min, was offered honey.^ One Greek custom was to offer honey to the Gods and to dead spirits.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

[14]
.In some parts of post-classical Greece, like Rhodes, it was formerly the custom for a bride to dip her fingers in honey and make the sign of the cross before entering her new home.^ Thanks for posting about this, sounds like you found some good ones!

^ New crop Chinese honey will be entering the market soon.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ It's not at all unusual for a family to keep some bees and make their own honey.

[14]
Honey was also cultivated in ancient Mesoamerica. .The Maya used honey from the stingless bee for culinary purposes, and continue to do so today.^ When shopping for honey, look that has been produced by beekeepers who do not feed their bees refined sugars or who use harmful pesticides.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ There continues to be confusion surrounding use of honey refractometers.
  • ENY130/AA249: Moisture In Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC edis.ifas.ufl.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today, most of our honey comes from bee farmers.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

The Maya also regard the bee as sacred.[15]
.Some cultures believed honey had many practical health uses.^ I have for some reason trouble using the honey.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Honey Comb has many uses.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I started using the ACV and finally found some local honey.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

.It was used as an ointment for rashes and burns, and used to help soothe sore throats when no other medicinal practices were available.^ I also used it on myself after I gave birth for the tearing and it not only felt soothing but it did indeed help my tears to heal much faster.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Blomfield (40) is of the opinion that honey promotes healing of ulcers and burns better than any other local application used before.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Manuka Honey NPA 8+ (internally: colds, sore throats and could be used for killing H. Pylori) 500g - $16.50(CAD) .
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Religious significance

.In Islam, there is an entire Surah in the Qur'an called al-Nahl (the Honey Bee).^ There's a wide variety of bee honey.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Allergy to honey is rare (56), but there could be an allergic reaction to either the pollen or the bee proteins in honey (57, 58).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There is no honey to market and sell if there are no bees.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.According to hadith, Prophet Muhammad strongly recommended honey for healing purposes.^ I strongly recommend viewing the National Honey Board Handbook (pdf) for a sampling of their work.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have had lacerations that should have required stitches heal up well before the physicians of today would recommend by using raw honey and epsom salt soakings.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

[16] .Not only does the Qur'an promote honey as a nutritious and healthy food, it also describes that it is the female bee who creates honey within her stomach.^ Only Active Manuka Honey has the special non-peroxide (UMF) activity factor that inhibits Helicobacter Pylori and is effective in relieving stomach ulcer symptoms.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ When shopping for honey, look that has been produced by beekeepers who do not feed their bees refined sugars or who use harmful pesticides.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Honey bees have 4 wings which stroke approximately 11,400 times per minute, creating the buzz we know so well.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

Below is the English translation of those specific verses.
.And your Lord inspired the bees, saying: "Take you habitations in the mountains and in the trees and in what they erect.^ If your looking for a great Internet Marketing Seminar then you really need to take a look at this.

^ You've heard the saying, "You think you're the queen bee?"
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ It's a great excuse to take your camera everywhere, and stop every time you see something pretty.

.(68) Then, eat of all fruits, and follow the ways of your Lord made easy (for you)."^ Take 1-2 teaspoons of Regular Manuka Honey and spread all over face, the same way you apply sunscreen.
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You all made my day while reading.
  • Honey Nut Lo 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC honeynutlo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Picking your own hours is a great way to determine what works best for you and your home business .

There comes forth from their bellies, a drink of varying colour wherein is healing for men. Verily, in this is indeed a sign for people who think.[17]
.In Hinduism, honey (Madhu) is one of the five elixirs of immortality (Panchamrita).^ Just lie back and place one drop of pure, natural honey into the eye and let it remain there for at least five minutes.

^ TOOTHACHE: Make a paste of one teaspoon of cinnamon powder and five teaspoons of honey and apply on the aching tooth.
  • Honey and Cinnamon: Natural Cures & Nature's Remedy 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Honey is used widely as an offering to God.^ Honey was also widely used in traditional medical systems as a food, wound dressing, and preservative for herbal medicines.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ One Greek custom was to offer honey to the Gods and to dead spirits.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

In temples, honey is poured over the deities in a ritual called Madhu abhisheka. .The vedas and other ancient literature mention the use of honey as a great medicinal and health food.^ Honey has been used since ancient times both as a food and as a medicine.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Select stronger flavored, darker colored honeys, such as Natural Wildflower, for use in spreads or other recipes where a distinct honey flavor is desired.

^ By the time the American colonies were set up in the 17th Century, honey was used for many things: food preparation, in beverages, in cement, to preserve fruits, as an ingredient in furniture polish and varnish and for medicinal purposes.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

.In Jewish tradition, honey is a symbol for the new year, Rosh Hashana.^ Active Manuka Honey has been researched over 20 years by Dr. Molan at the Waikato University in New Zealand .
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because the distinctive clustered red flowers of this New Zealand Honey Suckle may not bloom well each year, Rewarewa is a premium variety.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Packers report having received over the past year many samples from new importers who offer honey in large quantities from new sources.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.At the traditional meal for that holiday, apple slices are dipped in honey and eaten to bring a sweet new year.^ I have eaten honey for years with no problem.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Because the distinctive clustered red flowers of this New Zealand Honey Suckle may not bloom well each year, Rewarewa is a premium variety.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Prices for new crop honey are 50% to 70% higher than last year at this time, depending on the type of honey.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

Some Rosh Hashana greetings show honey and an apple, symbolizing the feast. .In some congregations, small straws of honey are given out to usher in the new year.^ While that is in fact the proper image of most beekeepers, most honey comes from full-time factory bee farmers; check out some illustrative charts .
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Active Manuka Honey has been researched over 20 years by Dr. Molan at the Waikato University in New Zealand .
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Last years' honey crop has been sold, and their new crop won't enter the market until about February.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.In Buddhism, honey plays an important role in the festival of Madhu Purnima, celebrated in India and Bangladesh.^ The strong Euro and high petroleum prices will also play their role in keeping prices for honey firm.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Reduced forage area probably will play a bigger role in lost honey production as more acres are turned over to cropland or are lost to urbanization.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ It plays an important role in the health and resiliency of joints and cartilage, but its amounts decrease naturally with age.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The day commemorates Buddha's making peace among his disciples by retreating into the wilderness. .The legend has it that while he was there, a monkey brought him honey to eat.^ Since I'd just brought some raw Dominican honey I figured it would be just as good and started eating about 1 oz.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ When my son was born over 26 years ago there was no warning about honey so I gave it to him and, thankfully, he had no problems.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

On Madhu Purnima, Buddhists remember this act by giving honey to monks. The monkey's gift is frequently depicted in Buddhist art.
The Hebrew Bible contains many references to honey. .In The Book of Judges, Samson found a swarm of bees and honey in the carcass of a lion (14:8).^ Big Island Bees is a honey producer based in Hawaii and their honey is made from local flowers like the 'Ohi'a Lehua, which is only found in Hawaii, and the wilelaiki blossom.

.The Book of Exodus famously describes the Promised Land as a "land flowing with milk and honey" (33:3).^ In fact, it is mentioned in the bible in the Old Testament indicating that the best place to live is in a "land of milk and honey."
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

However, the claim has been advanced that the original Hebrew (devash) actually refers to the sweet syrup produced from the juice of the date.[18]
.In the Christian New Testament, Matthew 3:4, John the Baptist is said to have lived for a long period of time in the wilderness on a diet consisting of locusts and wild honey.^ In early times, wild honey was used.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Comb honey is difficult to ship and therefore not as easy to get as the extracted variety, which can be shipped long distances and stored for long periods of time without deterioration.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Honey bees have been closely associated with human beings for a long time.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

In Western culture

.The word "honey", along with variations like "honey bun" and the abbreviation "hon", has become a term of endearment in most of the English-speaking world.^ Honey is produced in most of the countries of the world.
  • Honey and Cinnamon: Natural Cures & Nature's Remedy 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.angelfire.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is the most biologically active honey in the world.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other therapeutic properties of honey besides its antibacterial activity are also likely to vary.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.In some places it is used for loved ones; in others, such as the American South, it is used when addressing casual acquaintances or even strangers.^ If there are no windows in the room other methods such as an electric grid can be used to dispose of the stray bees" ( Root, 121 emphasis added).
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They continue to shy away from Chinese and other Asian honey as they concentrate on South American honey that is just entering the market.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Thus, South American raw honey prices, which usually start higher than other world raw honey prices, remained higher.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.Also, in many children’s books bears are depicted as eating honey, (e.g.^ Granted bears EAT honey but bees produce honey.

.Winnie the Pooh) even though most bears actually eat a wide variety of foods, and bears seen at beehives are usually more interested in bee larvae than honey.^ More diseases have been described for honey bees than any other insects.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There's a wide variety of bee honey.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Honey is more fattening than sugar!
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

[19] In some European languages even the word for 'bear' (e.g. in .Russian 'medvéd', in Czech 'medvěd, in Hungarian medve, in Croatian 'medvjed') is coined from the noun which means 'honey' and the verb which means 'to eat'. Honey is sometimes sold in bear-shaped jars or squeeze bottles.^ Tim January 29, 2007 I have always wanted to try the honey-in-the-bear-jar.

^ I eat the honey straight from the jar or in Raspberry leaf tea or African Roobis.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Granted bears EAT honey but bees produce honey.

Modern uses

A jar of honey with honey dipper

As a food and in cooking

.The main uses of honey are in cooking, baking, as a spread on breads, and as an addition to various beverages such as tea and as a sweetener in some commercial beverages.^ Typical Honey analysis Fructose: 38% Glucose: 31% Sucrose: 1% Water: 17% Other sugars: 9% (maltose, melezitose) Ash: 0.17% USE OF HONEY The main uses of Honey are in cooking, baking, as a spread on breads, and as an addition to various beverages such as tea and as a sweetener in commercial beverages such as Sprecher's root beer.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have for some reason trouble using the honey.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Use honey in place of table sugar as a sweetener in your tea.
  • WHFoods: Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: Academic]

.According to international food regulations, "honey stipulates a pure product that does not allow for the addition of any other substance...this includes, but is not limited to, water or other sweeteners".[20] Honey barbecue and honey mustard are common and popular sauce flavors.^ In addition to the hordes of mainstream products adding honey, say Grey Poupon Honey Mustard, Honey Wheaties, Hidden Valley Honey and Bacon French Dressing, etc., honey dominates the health food market.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The liquid must be reduced, however, more than the difference between water content of the honey and dry sugar; and, also according to the consistency of the honey and the proportion used.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ This is a particularly urgent issue in the "health food" area since there are an increasing number of products containing honey that would otherwise be vegan.
  • Why honey is not vegan 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.vegetus.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Honey is the main ingredient in the alcoholic beverage mead, which is also known as "honey wine" or "honey beer" (although it is neither wine nor beer).^ Honey is the main ingredient in the alcoholic beverage mead, which is also known as "Honey wine" or "Honey beer" (although it is neither wine nor beer).
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The oldest alcoholic beverage, mead, a drink made from fermented honey and water has been found in an Iron Age tomb in Scotland.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ They also made a honey wine called mead.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

.Historically, the ferment for mead was honey's naturally-occurring yeast.^ The oldest alcoholic beverage, mead, a drink made from fermented honey and water has been found in an Iron Age tomb in Scotland.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Nectar is high in both water content and natural yeasts which, unchecked, would cause the sugars in the nectar to ferment.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Active UMF25+ Manuka Honey has naturally occurring properties which can assist your body against harmful bacteria.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Honey is also used as an adjunct in beer.^ It is also used as an adjunct in beer.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Its glycemic index ranges from 31 to 78, depending on the variety.[21]

Nutrition

Honey
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 1,272 kJ (304 kcal)
Carbohydrates 82.4 g
Sugars 82.12 g
Dietary fiber 0.2 g
Fat 0 g
Protein 0.3 g
Water 17.10 g
Riboflavin (Vit. B2) 0.038 mg (3%)
Niacin (Vit. B3) 0.121 mg (1%)
Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.068 mg (1%)
Vitamin B6 0.024 mg (2%)
Folate (Vit. B9) 2 μg (1%)
Vitamin C 0.5 mg (1%)
Calcium 6 mg (1%)
Iron 0.42 mg (3%)
Magnesium 2 mg (1%)
Phosphorus 4 mg (1%)
Potassium 52 mg (1%)
Sodium 4 mg (0%)
Zinc 0.22 mg (2%)
Shown is for 100 g, roughly 5 tbsp.
Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient database
Honey is a mixture of sugars and other compounds. .With respect to carbohydrates, honey is mainly fructose (about 38.5%) and glucose (about 31.0%),[1] making it similar to the synthetically produced inverted sugar syrup which is approximately 48% fructose, 47% glucose, and 5% sucrose.^ The simple components of honey are fructose and glucose (sugars), plus water, pollen, organic acids and various proteins.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ When shopping for honey, look that has been produced by beekeepers who do not feed their bees refined sugars or who use harmful pesticides.
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Canada Canada produced about 62 million pounds of honey in 2008, a decline of 10% from the 2007 crop.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.Honey's remaining carbohydrates include maltose, sucrose, and other complex carbohydrates.^ The American honey market, perhaps more than any other international honey market, remains saddled with the tension between the two tiers of the market.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ The two other forms of circumvention remain, namely: 1) Bringing in "honey" under the so-called "packers' blend" or other designations and 2) transshipping Chinese honey through third countries.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Thus, South American raw honey prices, which usually start higher than other world raw honey prices, remained higher.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

[1] .Honey contains trace amounts of several vitamins and minerals.^ Refreshing and spicy honey which contains vitamin C. Blackcurrant Honey is a healthy heavenly sweet.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are reports of several hundred containers of imported honey being held up by customs for possible adulteration, and this has added to the supply issue.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Honey can be expected to have a direct nutrient effect on regenerating tissue because it contains a wide range of amino acids, vitamins and trace elements in addition to large quantities of readily assimilable sugars (65).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[22] .As with all nutritive sweeteners, honey is mostly sugars and is not a significant source of vitamins or minerals.^ It is a good source of B vitamins and minerals containing potassium, calcium and magnesium.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

[23] .Honey also contains tiny amounts of several compounds thought to function as antioxidants, including chrysin, pinobanksin, vitamin C, catalase, and pinocembrin.^ Known antioxidant compounds in Honey are chrysin, pinobanksin, vitamin C, catalase, and pinocembrin.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raw Honey also contains enzymes that help in its digestion, several vitamins and antioxidants.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Essential minerals including calcium, copper, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and zinc as well as several different amino acids have been identified in Honey.Honey also contains several compounds which function as antioxidants.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24][25] .The specific composition of any batch of honey depends on the flowers available to the bees that produced the honey.^ This article refers exclusively to the Honey produced by Honey bees (the genus Apis); Honey produced by other bees or other insects has very different properties.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The creamy coloured flowers are very attractive to bees and bloom in abundance throughout the Spring producing a light amber honey with a distinctive, full-bodied complexity of flavour preferred by many honey connoisseurs.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The reddish purple flowers bloom in clusters rising above one another in tiers enchanting the bees to flit from top to bottom collecting the exquisite nectar producing this unique minty flavour enjoyed by the honey connoisseur.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[23]
Typical honey analysis.[26]
.Honey has a density of about 1.36 kilograms per liter (36% denser than water).^ White honey prices are still about 25 % higher than light amber honey prices.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Prices remain very steep for conventional honey, about 25% higher than for Vietnamese honey of comparable color.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Fir Tree Honey has a denser, richer flavor than most floral honeys.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[27]
Isotope ratio mass spectrometry can be used to detect addition of corn syrup or sugar cane sugars by the carbon isotopic signature. .Addition of sugars originating from corn or sugar cane (C4 plants, unlike the plants used by bees which are predominantly C3 plants) skews the isotopic ratio of sugars present in honey, but does not influence the isotopic ratio of proteins; in an unadulterated honey the carbon isotopic ratios of sugars and proteins should match.^ Allergy to honey is rare (56), but there could be an allergic reaction to either the pollen or the bee proteins in honey (57, 58).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "Curative properties of floral honey and honey from sugar-fed bees on induced gastric ulcers."
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mutalik, S. (1991) Comment: The use of honey and sugar for the treatment of ulcers in leprosy.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

As low as 7% level of addition can be detected.[28]

Classification

.Honey is classified by its floral source, and there are also divisions according to the packaging and processing used.^ The study of pollens and spores in raw Honey can determine floral sources of Honey.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In cold weather or when food sources are scarce, bees use their stored Honey as their source of energy.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The antibacterial activity of honey is due primarily to hydrogen peroxide generated by the action of an enzyme that the bees add to the nectar, but there are some floral sources that provide additional antibacterial components.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

There are also regional honeys. .Honey is also graded on its color and optical density by USDA standards, graded on a scale called the Pfund scale, which ranges from 0 for "water white" honey to more than 114 for "dark amber" honey[29].^ US raw honey will still be more expensive than imported honey, but is of much higher quality.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Collected from the avocado blossoms, avocado honey is dark in color and has a fairly rich and buttery flavour.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Europe will probably rely more heavily on Chinese honey imports rather than South American honey.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

Floral source

.Generally, honey is classified by the floral source of the nectar from which it was made.^ The study of pollens and spores in raw Honey can determine floral sources of Honey.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The antibacterial activity of honey is due primarily to hydrogen peroxide generated by the action of an enzyme that the bees add to the nectar, but there are some floral sources that provide additional antibacterial components.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There are about 6 or 7 major floral sources including rubber, coffee, lychee, longan and cashew honeys.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.Honeys can be from specific types of flower nectars, from indeterminate origin, or can be blended after collection.^ The reddish purple flowers bloom in clusters rising above one another in tiers enchanting the bees to flit from top to bottom collecting the exquisite nectar producing this unique minty flavour enjoyed by the honey connoisseur.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Blended

.Most commercially available honey is blended, meaning that it is a mixture of two or more honeys differing in floral source, color, flavor, density or geographic origin.^ This mixture has a low water activity; most of the water molecules are associated with the sugars and few remain available for microorganisms, so it is a poor environment for their growth.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This is the most elegant of all honey - perfectly perfumed,smooth, rich-flavored and gentle.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Gamma-irradiated manuka honey is available commercially.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[30]

Polyfloral

.Polyfloral honey, also known as wildflower honey,[31] is derived from the nectar of many types of flowers.^ In part, that's because the nectar the bees gather doesn't come from flowers at all but from the resin of balsam fir trees, known in France as sapin.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32] .The taste may vary from year to year, and the aroma and the flavor can be more or less intense, depending on which bloomings are prevalent.^ It's a thicker honey and the taste varies from year to year.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Because the distinctive clustered red flowers of this New Zealand Honey Suckle may not bloom well each year, Rewarewa is a premium variety.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The projection for pricing through the rest of 2009 and into 2010 is that prices will remain strong, but may be more stable than last year.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

[33]

Monofloral

.Monofloral honey is made primarily from the nectar of one type of flower.^ According to May Berenbaum in her book "Bugs in the System", it takes 130,000 loads of nectar or about 10 million flower visits to produce one kilogram of honey (about 2.2 pounds).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ One New Zealand researcher says a particular type of honey may be useful in treating MRSA infections.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Honey made from the flowers of wild oak trees is a true rarity, and one taste of this dark honey will let know why it rarely makes it to our shores.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Different monofloral honeys have a distinctive flavor and color because of differences between their principal nectar sources.^ Because the distinctive clustered red flowers of this New Zealand Honey Suckle may not bloom well each year, Rewarewa is a premium variety.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This Blackberry honey has a flavor that is crisp, mild and distinctive.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evidence has shown that adulterated honey can lead to product failures when used as an ingredient because of the different chemical makeup.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

[34] .In order to produce monofloral honey beekeepers keep beehives in an area where the bees have access to only one type of flower.^ According to May Berenbaum in her book "Bugs in the System", it takes 130,000 loads of nectar or about 10 million flower visits to produce one kilogram of honey (about 2.2 pounds).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This article refers exclusively to the Honey produced by Honey bees (the genus Apis); Honey produced by other bees or other insects has very different properties.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A very cold winter has resulted in up to 30% bee losses in some areas, and the late spring will probably set back honey producing floral sources.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.In practice, because of the difficulties in containing bees, a small proportion of any honey will be from additional nectar from other flower types.^ Because bees carry an electrostatic charge, and can attract other particles, the same techniques can be used in area environmental studies of radioactive particles, dust, or particulate pollution.A main effect of bees collecting nectar to make Honey is pollination, which is crucial for flowering plants.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This article refers exclusively to the Honey produced by Honey bees (the genus Apis); Honey produced by other bees or other insects has very different properties.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In addition to its primary carbohydrate content, Honey often contains polyphenols, which can act as antioxidants.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Typical examples of North American monofloral honeys are clover, orange blossom, sage, tupelo, buckwheat, and sourwood.^ The California crop is looking good with the possible exception of the early sage honey and orange blossom honey as these crops look to be smaller than average.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Your first taste of our all-natural golden honey will fill your senses with the aroma and the sweetness of orange blossoms.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The orange blossom honey crop is very poor.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.Some typical European examples include thyme, thistle, heather, acacia, dandelion, sunflower, honeysuckle, and varieties from lime and chestnut trees.^ A great variety of botanical essences go into its composition, mainly dandelion, brambles, wild thyme, clover, heather and raspberry bush.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In North Africa, such as Egypt, examples include clover, cotton, and citrus, mainly orange blossoms.

Honeydew honey

.Instead of taking nectar, bees can take honeydew, the sweet secretions of aphids or other plant sap-sucking insects.^ "Harvested" by bees - directly from the honeydew of the trees and the nectar of the forest flowers.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Honeybees gather this nectar to produce honeydew, a process they carry out in many other countries in the world, most notably in Germany's "Black Forest."
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Description: Honey is a sweet and viscous fluid produced by Honey bees from the nectar of flowers.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Honeydew honey is very dark brown in color, with a rich fragrance of stewed fruit or fig jam and is not as sweet as nectar honeys.^ Fir Tree Honey is dark-brown color and it has powerful flavour.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Collected from the avocado blossoms, avocado honey is dark in color and has a fairly rich and buttery flavour.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sunflower Honey is bright yellow, not very sweet, dry, with an aroma of pollen, slightly herbaceous.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35] .Germany's Black Forest is a well known source of honeydew-based honeys, as well as some regions in Bulgaria.^ Circumvented Chinese honey is muddying up the honey pools of some countries that were once very good sources of quality honey.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ In the prime honey producing areas of the Upper Midwest, conditions look favorable as rains have helped to relieve some drought areas in that region.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Kamahi is a common tree found in many of New Zealand's rugged native forests, and is an excellent source of honey.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

In Greece, pine honey (a type of honeydew honey) constitutes 60-65% of the annual honey production.[36] .Honeydew honey is popular in some areas, but in other areas beekeepers have difficulty selling the stronger flavored product.^ Our local beekeeper sells a gallon of raw honey for $20.00 (U.S. dollars).
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ Honey has a distinctive flavor which leads some people to prefer it over sugar and other sweeteners.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Tasmanian Eucalyptus Honey is creamed and mildly sweet honey that has an herbal flavor with what some describe as a fruity aftertaste.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The production of honeydew honey has some complications and dangers. .The honey has a much larger proportion of indigestibles than light floral honeys, which can cause dysentery to the bees, resulting in the death of colonies in areas with cold winters.^ Antibacterial properties of honey are the result of the low water activity causing osmosis, hydrogen peroxide effect, and high acidity.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ In cold weather or when food sources are scarce, bees use their stored Honey as their source of energy.
  • Honey - Home Remedies - Page 1 - Mamaherb 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mamaherb.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "Curative properties of floral honey and honey from sugar-fed bees on induced gastric ulcers."
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.Good beekeeping management requires the removal of honeydew prior to winter in colder areas.^ If your area has no listings for beekeepers, be sure to also check under "honey" and "pest removal."
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

.Bees collecting this resource also have to be fed protein supplements, as honeydew lacks the protein-rich pollen accompaniment gathered from flowers.^ Allergy to honey is rare (56), but there could be an allergic reaction to either the pollen or the bee proteins in honey (57, 58).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In part, that's because the nectar the bees gather doesn't come from flowers at all but from the resin of balsam fir trees, known in France as sapin.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Classification by packaging and processing

Generally, honey is bottled in its familiar liquid form. .However, honey is sold in other forms, and can be subjected to a variety of processing methods.^ In other world markets it appears that much of the Indian and Vietnam honey crop has apparently already been sold.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ The two other forms of circumvention remain, namely: 1) Bringing in "honey" under the so-called "packers' blend" or other designations and 2) transshipping Chinese honey through third countries.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Most of last seasons honey crops from South America, India, Viet Nam, and other Southern Asian Countries has been sold.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

Comb honey

  • Comb honey is honey meant to be consumed still in the honeybees' wax comb. .Comb honey traditionally is collected by using standard wooden frames in honey supers.^ Honey Comb has many uses.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    The frames are collected and the comb cut out in chunks before packaging. As an alternative to this labor intensive method, plastic rings or cartridges can be used that do not require manual cutting of the comb, and speed packaging. Comb honey harvested in the traditional manner is also referred to as "Cut-Comb honey"[37]
  • Chunk honey is honey packed in widemouth containers consisting of one or more pieces of comb honey immersed in extracted liquid honey.

Organic

.
  • Certified Organic Honey is honey or honey combs produced, processed, and packaged in accordance with national regulations, and certified as such by some government body or an independent organic farming certification organization.^ Some countries such as Turkey have turned from a honey exporting country into a honey importing country because of poor crops and higher demand.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Active UMF 25+ Manuka Honey has been tested and certified by independent laboratories.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Brazil Brazil is becoming an important source of honey, both conventional and certified organic.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    In the United Kingdom, the standard covers not only the origin of bees, but also the siting of the apiaries. .These must be on land that is certified as organic, and within a radius of 4 miles from the apiary site, nectar and pollen sources must consist essentially of organic crops or uncultivated areas.^ By making sure that it is within a 50 mile radius, the honey is doing the same thing the specialists injections for allergy do: exposing you to minute amounts of the offending pollens to help your system build up a tolerance to them.
    • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ Brazil Brazil is becoming an important source of honey, both conventional and certified organic.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ To get the best results of the antihistamine effect, be sure to purchase honey produced within a 50 mile radius of where you live.
    • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

    [38] .Certified organic honey is less common than other honey because some non-organic beekeepers "routinely use sulfa compounds and antibiotics to control bee diseases, carbolic acid to remove honey from the hive, and calcium cyanide to kill colonies before extracting the honey, not to mention that conventional honeybees gather nectar from plants that have been sprayed with pesticides."^ More diseases have been described for honey bees than any other insects.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ I have for some reason trouble using the honey.
    • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ It has also been noted that dirt is removed with the bandage when honey is used as a dressing, leaving a clean wound (39).
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    [39]

Varieties of processing

  • Crystallized honey is honey in which some of the glucose content has spontaneously crystallized from solution as the monohydrate. Also called "granulated honey."
  • Pasteurized honey is honey that has been heated in a pasteurization process. .Pasteurization in honey reduces the moisture level, destroys yeast cells, and liquefies crystals in the honey.^ Not until raw honey prices reach a level that reduces the demand for honey, will we see softening prices.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    .While this process sterilizes the honey and improves shelf-life, it has some disadvantages.^ Although some of the bacteria isolated from honey-treated patients were not sensitive to the antibiotics used, the wounds became sterile within 1 week.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Processed honey prices should continue to decline modestly through the rest of the year, with some possible firming at that time.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    .Excessive heat-exposure also results in product deterioration, as it increases the level of hydroxymethylfurfural (HMF) and reduces enzyme (e.g.^ Because the enzyme in honey that produces hydrogen peroxide is destroyed by heating and exposure to light, unpasteurised honey should be used, and it should be stored in a cool place and protected from light.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    diastase) activity. The heat also affects appearance, taste, and fragrance. .Heat processing can also darken the natural honey color (browning).^ Fir Tree Honey is dark-brown color and it has powerful flavour.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [40]
  • .
  • Raw honey is honey as it exists in the beehive or as obtained by extraction, settling or straining without adding heat (although some honey that has been "minimally processed" is often labeled as raw honey).^ Although raw honey prices were expected to continue rising, no one expected the dramatic price increases that we are currently realizing.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ We are probably several months to a year away from that, so some would argue that raw honey prices have not yet peaked.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Some issues that we think could influence raw honey pricing are: A short South American honey crop, or contamination issues (nitro furans), that plagued them last year.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    [41] .Raw honey contains some pollen and may contain small particles of wax.^ Offerings later in the fall for some Asian honey may help feed the supply chain, but prices will be high.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ We are probably several months to a year away from that, so some would argue that raw honey prices have not yet peaked.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Some issues that we think could influence raw honey pricing are: A short South American honey crop, or contamination issues (nitro furans), that plagued them last year.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    .Local raw honey is sought after by allergy sufferers as the pollen impurities are thought to lessen the sensitivity to hay fever (see Medical Applications below).
  • Strained honey is honey which has been passed through a mesh material to remove particulate material (pieces of wax, propolis, other defects) without removing pollen, minerals or valuable enzymes.
  • Ultrafiltered honey is honey processed by very fine filtration under high pressure to remove all extraneous solids and pollen grains.^ (I do believe it should be local honey consumed and all the better- raw local honey.
    • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

    ^ The honey market as we all know has tumbled from very high levels.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Argentina raw honey prices, which generally set the market for all of South American pricing, are fairly high and stable.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    .The process typically heats honey to 150–170 °F (approx 65-77 °C) to more easily pass through the fine filter.^ Prices for the honey that they are selling have been higher and more typical of other world raw honey prices.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Processed honey prices should continue to decline modestly through the rest of the year, with some possible firming at that time.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ This could continue until all contaminated Chinese honey has been ultra filtered and flushed through the system.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    .Ultrafiltered honey is very clear and has a longer shelf life, because it crystallizes more slowly because of the high temperatures breaking down any sugar seed crystals, making it preferred by the supermarket trade.^ Wild Flora honey is very popular because of this feature.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Manuka honey can have a uniquely high level of an antibacterial component from nectar that is not broken down by catalase.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ The honey market as we all know has tumbled from very high levels.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    The heating process degrades certain qualities of the honey similar to the aforementioned pasteurization process.
  • Ultrasonicated honey is honey that has been processed by ultrasonication, a non-thermal processing alternative for honey. When honey is exposed to ultrasonication, most of the yeast cells are destroyed. .Yeast cells that survive sonication generally lose their ability to grow.^ If spores germinated, any vegetative cells of clostridia, being obligate anaerobes, would be unlikely to survive in the presence of the hydrogen peroxide that is generated in diluted honey.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    .This reduces the rate of honey fermentation substantially.^ Very cool, wet conditions in the Upper Midwest (which produces most of the honey in the U.S.) reduced the crop substantially.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    Ultrasonication also eliminates existing crystals and inhibits further crystallization in honey. .Ultrasonically aided liquefaction can work at substantially lower temperatures of approximately 35 °C (95 °F) and can reduce liquefaction time to less than 30 seconds.^ My speed has gotten faster, and I work harder than just running mindlessly at 6.3 MPH for 30 straight minutes.
    • Honey Nut Lo 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC honeynutlo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The time taken for complete repair of the wound was significantly less (p <0.01) with honey than with no treatment or with the sugar solution, and necrosis was never so serious.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    [42]
  • Whipped honey, also called creamed honey, spun honey, churned honey, candied honey, and honey fondant, is honey that has been processed to control crystallization. .Whipped honey contains a large number of small crystals in the honey.^ MGO Manuka Honey over 400mg/kg has the strength to reliably kill a very large number of harmful bacteria.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Manuka honey contains a number of natural compounds with strong antibacterial properties.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Honey sometimes contains spores of clostridia, which poses a small risk of wound botulism.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    .The small crystals prevent the formation of larger crystals that can occur in unprocessed honey.^ Granulation, scar formation, and complete healing occurred faster with honey than with nitrofurazone and in the control.
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    .The processing also produces a honey with a smooth spreadable consistency.
  • Dried honey, has the moisture extracted from liquid honey to create a completely solid, non-sticky honey.^ It now prefers the wild dry country where it has becomes a pest but produces this very beautiful honey.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ Those variables reflect the diverse flora, environmental, metabolic and photosynthesis process and conditions found in the broad regions of the planet where honey is produced.
    • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

    ^ Sealed in the Honey Comb by the bees, Honey Comb has better retention of flavour and aroma to that of extracted and processed honeys.
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    This process may or may not include the use of drying and anti-binding agents. Dried honey is commonly used to garnish desserts.

Preservation

Sealed frame of honey
.Because of its unique composition and the complex processing of nectar by the bees which changes its chemical properties, honey is suitable for long term storage and is easily assimilated even after long preservation.^ Honey bees have been closely associated with human beings for a long time.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is expected that this is a long term change which will result in smaller quantities and darker colors of honey from Argentina not only this year, but for the foreseeable future.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Change the Active Manuka Honey Wound Dressing once every 24 hours in the evening.
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

History knows examples of honey preservation for decades, and even centuries. The main goal is to prevent the fermentation of the honey. .Honey should also be protected from oxidation.^ Because the enzyme in honey that produces hydrogen peroxide is destroyed by heating and exposure to light, unpasteurised honey should be used, and it should be stored in a cool place and protected from light.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.The ideal example is the natural process of bees sealing of the honey in honeycomb cells with wax caps.^ Sealed in the Honey Comb by the bees, Honey Comb has better retention of flavour and aroma to that of extracted and processed honeys.
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The best honey is in the uncut honey combs. .After being removed from the comb, honey is very vulnerable, and the main losses of quality take place during preservation and distribution.^ The quality remains very white and the flavors wonderful as is typical of Canadian honey.
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^ I have been taking local honey for years and just recently moved to the great state of Maine and have begun a regimen of local raw honey here.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ India is one of the few sources of White and Extra Light Amber honey that can meet the demands of Industrial pricing so with quality being average it is a bit of a concern.
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A number of special prerequisites are, however, necessary to achieve the conservation. These include sealing the product in vessels of chosen material, kept in a favorable environment of specific humidity, temperature, etc. .Honey should not be preserved in metal containers, because the acids in the honey may promote oxidation of the vessel.^ Because honey contains potassium, bacteria cannot survive in it.
  • Honey Cures from the Earth Clinic Community. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.earthclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ USA honey prices should start out higher than average world market prices, which may raise overall world market prices.
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^ Because the enzyme in honey that produces hydrogen peroxide is destroyed by heating and exposure to light, unpasteurised honey should be used, and it should be stored in a cool place and protected from light.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.This leads to increased content of heavy metals in honey, decreases the amount of nutrients, and may lead to stomach discomfort or even poisoning.^ Indonesia White Honey imports up through August 2008 showed a 407% increase over the total amount imported in 12 months of 2007.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ White honey is leading the way with raw white honey prices already up over 30% higher than last year, and indications that price increases of 50 % over last year could be realized.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Raw honey prices are still very firm and may actually increase with the onset of the U.S. crop should buying activity be heavy.
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[43] .Traditionally honey was stored in ceramic or wooden containers, however glass is now the favored material.^ Viet Nam - Usually a good source for favorably priced legitimate light amber honey, they had a very poor crop and what is available is now higher priced.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.While ceramic vessels are still a viable option, honey stored in wooden containers may be discolored or take on flavors imparted from the vessel.^ This honey will most likely be snapped up quickly, prices will be high and may even still continue to escalate until the supply chain is completely full.
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^ "New Zealand Manuka Blend Honey contains the unique flavor of New Zealand's Manuka Honey (~50%).
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Raw honey prices are still very firm and may actually increase with the onset of the U.S. crop should buying activity be heavy.
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[44]
.Traditionally honey was preserved in deep cellars, but not together with wine or other products.^ Temnov, V. A. (1944) Bactericidal properties of honey and utilization of honey and other bee-keeping products for the healing of wounds.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But the Brazilian Government has established many strict regulations that must be followed in order to obtain the right to export honey and other agricultural products.
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[45] .As honey has a strong tendency to absorb outside smells and moisture, it is advisable to keep it in clean, sealed containers and not, for example, uncovered in a refrigerator with other foods and products.^ Whether the Chinese sell their raw honey into the world market legally or illegally, the volume that they sell should keep supply strong.
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^ Temnov, V. A. (1944) Bactericidal properties of honey and utilization of honey and other bee-keeping products for the healing of wounds.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The strong Euro and high petroleum prices will also play their role in keeping prices for honey firm.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

It is also advisable to keep it in opaque vessels, or stored in a dark place. Optimal preservation temperature is 4 to 10 °C (39 to 50 °F). .Honey should be stored in a dark, dry place, preventing it from absorbing any moisture.^ Because the enzyme in honey that produces hydrogen peroxide is destroyed by heating and exposure to light, unpasteurised honey should be used, and it should be stored in a cool place and protected from light.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

If excessive moisture is absorbed by the honey, it can ferment.[44]
Excessive heat can have detrimental effects on the nutritional value of honey.[46][47] Heating up to 37°C causes loss of nearly 200 components, part of which are antibacterial. Heating up to 40°C destroys invertase, an important enzyme. .Heating up to 50°C turns the honey into caramel (the most valuable honey sugars become analogous to sugar).^ Some countries such as Turkey have turned from a honey exporting country into a honey importing country because of poor crops and higher demand.
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^ Most of the 2008 South American honey crop has been bought up by Europe as the U.S. found it difficult to compete for that honey with our weaker dollar.
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^ This honey will most likely be snapped up quickly, prices will be high and may even still continue to escalate until the supply chain is completely full.
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Generally any larger temperature fluctuation (10°C is ideal for preservation of ripe honey) causes decay.[48]
Acacia honey is known to be more resistant to crystallization.[49][50]

Distinguishing quality honey

Honey grading

.In the US, honey grading is performed voluntarily based upon USDA standards.^ The honey industry needs to do the same and work with the Government to establish testing limits and tolerance levels based upon ADI (average daily intake) levels.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.The quality of honey is graded based upon a number of factors including: soluble solids, water content, flavor, aroma, clarity, absence of defects, and color.^ The quality remains very white and the flavors wonderful as is typical of Canadian honey.
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^ The honey industry needs to do the same and work with the Government to establish testing limits and tolerance levels based upon ADI (average daily intake) levels.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

[51] The honey grade scale is:
  • Grade A - Good
  • Grade B - Reasonably Good
  • Grade C - Fairly Good
  • Substandard - Poor, Failing

Indicators of quality

High quality honey can be distinguished by fragrance, taste, and consistency. .Ripe, freshly collected, high quality honey at 20 °C (68 °F) should flow from a knife in a straight stream, without breaking into separate drops.^ Whether the Chinese sell their raw honey into the world market legally or illegally, the volume that they sell should keep supply strong.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ By January, we should have better indications of how the South American honey crop is fairing, and have a better indication of prices going forward into 2nd quarter 2008.
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^ In summary, the raw honey price should remain strong through the end of this year into 2009.
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[52] .After falling down, the honey should form a bead.^ Even though U.S. prices will remain higher than most imported prices, price pressure from imported honey should drive U.S. raw honey prices down as well.
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^ The European ban on honey from Brazil should be lifted in time for their fall crop to be sold.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.The honey when poured should form small, temporary layers that disappear fairly quickly, indicating high viscosity.^ Argentina raw honey prices, which generally set the market for all of South American pricing, are fairly high and stable.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ By January, we should have better indications of how the South American honey crop is fairing, and have a better indication of prices going forward into 2nd quarter 2008.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ This honey will most likely be snapped up quickly, prices will be high and may even still continue to escalate until the supply chain is completely full.
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If not, it indicates excessive water content (over 20%)[52] of the product. .Honey with excessive water content is not suitable for long-term preservation.^ It is expected that this is a long term change which will result in smaller quantities and darker colors of honey from Argentina not only this year, but for the foreseeable future.
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[53]
.In jars, fresh honey should appear as a pure, consistent fluid and should not set in layers.^ Overall raw honey prices appear to be bottoming out, and prices should remain somewhat stable over the next several months.
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^ Apply 2-3 additional layers of gauze on top of the first gauze layer, in order to help soak up excess body fluid and honey.
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Within a few weeks to a few months of extraction, many varieties of honey crystallize into a cream-coloured solid.^ The raw honey market has been very fickle in the last few months as honey producers throughout the world try to determine what effect the world wide economic crisis will have on honey consumption.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Texas will start producing some light amber honey later this month into June with an average crop projected.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Raw honey prices have risen the last several months, and it is felt by many in the industry that this is a trend that could continue into next year.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

Some varieties of honey, including tuepelo, acacia, and sage, crystallize less regularly.[54] .Honey may be heated during bottling at temperatures of 40-49°C (104–120°F) to delay or inhibit crystallization without degrading the honey.^ Even without this legislation, imported honey prices may be close to bottom.
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^ If it is necessary to warm honey to liquefy it, it should be heated to no more than 37C. If it is considered necessary to sterlise honey, this can be done by gamma-irradiation without loss of antibacterial activity.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Although, lack of crystallization is not proof of excessive heating or pasteurization.[54][55] .If transparent and reluctant to thicken, this may indicate that the bees were fed with sugar syrup or even sugar itself, which is bad for the bees and leads to inferior honey.^ "Healing effect of floral honey and honey from sugar-fed bees on surgical wounds (animal model)."
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In another study, on rats (51, 52), a 10 mm long incision was made in the skin of each rat and the wounds were treated topically or orally with floral honey, honey from bees fed on sugar, or saline.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The infiltration of granulation tissue with chronic inflammatory cells was greatest in the wounds treated with honey from bees fed on sugar, less in those treated topically with floral honey, and least in those treated orally with floral honey.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[56] A fluffy film on the surface of the honey (like a white foam), or marble-coloured or white-spotted crystallization on a containers sides, is formed by air bubbles trapped during the bottling process.[57] This is a characteristic of unpasteurized honey.[citation needed]
.A 2008 Italian study determined that nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy can be used to distinguish between different honey types, and can be used to pinpoint the area where it was produced.^ The basis of this erroneous claim was differences in the magnetic resource profiles of the nuclei of the compounds in the wine as compared to the nuclear resonance profiles for French and European wines.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Emarah MH. A clinical study of the topical use of bee honey in the treatment of some occular diseases.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Vietnam The major Vietnamese honey exporters and the Vietnamese Beekeepers Association estimate that the total 2008 crop will be between 37 million and 41 million pounds.
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Researchers were able to identify differences in acacia and polyfloral honeys by the differing proportions of fructose and sucrose, as well as differing levels of aromatic amino acids phenylalanine and tyrosine. This ability allows greater ease of selecting compatible stocks.[39][58]

Vegans and honey

During early vegan movements in the 1940s, The Vegan Society in England defined veganism as "the practice of living on the products of the plant kingdom to the exclusion of flesh, fish, fowl, eggs, honey, animal milk and its derivatives, and encourages the use of alternatives for all commodities derived wholly or in part from animals."[59] Vegans do not eat honey as it is considered an animal product.[60] .There is active debate in the vegan community on the status of honey as an animal product and its appropriateness for human consumption, though it is regarded as non-vegan on food labels, and most vegans consider honey a non-vegan product.^ Even though U.S. prices will remain higher than most imported prices, price pressure from imported honey should drive U.S. raw honey prices down as well.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ The procedure that is described in most of the reports is to clean the wound first, even though many describe honey as having a cleansing and debriding action on wounds (see next section).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Learn how to apply Active Manuka Honey for internal and external ailments for humans and animals.
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[61]
.Vegans will usually eat agave nectar or rice nectar instead of honey, which some consider superior due to its low glycemic index (GI), longer shelf life, similar taste, and quality as it stays smooth and doesn't crystallise like honey does.^ The antibacterial activity of honey is due primarily to hydrogen peroxide generated by the action of an enzyme that the bees add to the nectar, but there are some floral sources that provide additional antibacterial components.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Reduced bee populations due to Colony Collapse Disorder should have minimal impact on the size of the honey crop as some beekeepers have been able to increase their colonies.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Circumvented Chinese honey is muddying up the honey pools of some countries that were once very good sources of quality honey.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

[62]

In medicine

.For at least 2700 years, honey has been used by humans to treat a variety of ailments through topical application, but only recently have the antiseptic and antibacterial properties of honey been chemically explained.^ It is expected that this is a long term change which will result in smaller quantities and darker colors of honey from Argentina not only this year, but for the foreseeable future.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ This objection can be overcome by the use of honey that has been treated by gamma-irradiation, which kills clostridial spores in honey (60, 61) without loss of any of the antibacterial activity (60).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ I wish i could do that as well, but my Human is very far away right now and only got the chance to spent time with me ones a year for a couple of weeks..
  • Honey the Great Dane 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC bighoneydog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Wound gels that contain antibacterial raw honey and have regulatory approval for wound care are now available to help conventional medicine in the battle against drug resistant strains of bacteria MRSA.^ However, it is noted here for the interest of the reader that honeys with median levels of antibacterial activity have been found to completely inhibit the major wound-infecting species of bacteria at concentrations of 1.8% - 11% (v/v) (32), and a collection of strains of strains of MRSA at concentrations of 1% - 4% (v/v) (33).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ By submitting your photo story to us, you will help other people by encouraging them to give this medicinal honey a try.
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pertinent to this are reports of honey being effective on wounds not responding to conventional therapy (7-10).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.As an antimicrobial agent honey may have the potential for treating a variety of ailments[63].^ Molan, P. C. (1997) "Honey as an antimicrobial agent".
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.One New Zealand researcher says a particular type of honey (Manuka honey) may be useful in treating MRSA infections.^ Editorial (1982) Hospitals using honey as a fast new antibiotic.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This objection can be overcome by the use of honey that has been treated by gamma-irradiation, which kills clostridial spores in honey (60, 61) without loss of any of the antibacterial activity (60).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Honey bees are not native to the Americas, Australia or New Zealand.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[64] Antibacterial properties of honey are the result of the low water activity causing osmosis, hydrogen peroxide effect,[65] high acidity,[66] and the antibacterial activity of methylglyoxal.[67]
Honey appears to be effective in killing drug-resistant biofilms which are implicated in chronic rhinosinusitis.[68]

Osmotic effect

Honey is primarily a saturated mixture of two monosaccharides. This mixture has a low water activity; most of the water molecules are associated with the sugars and few remain available for microorganisms, so it is a poor environment for their growth. .If water is mixed with honey, it loses its low water activity, and therefore no longer possesses this antimicrobial property.^ This mix should no longer burn or sting.
  • Active Manuka Honey is used for Acid Reflux, Heartburn, Stomach Ulcers, now available in the USA 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC manukahoneyusa.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The antimicrobial properties of honey prevent microbial growth in the moist healing environment created.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ If it is necessary to warm honey to liquefy it, it should be heated to no more than 37C. If it is considered necessary to sterlise honey, this can be done by gamma-irradiation without loss of antibacterial activity.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Hydrogen peroxide

.Hydrogen peroxide is formed in a slow-release manner by the enzyme glucose oxidase present in honey.^ (Excessive heating of honey should be avoided because the glucose oxidase enzyme in honey which produces hydrogen peroxide, a major component of the antibacterial activity of honey, is very readily inactivated by heat (43).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It also provides a supply of glucose for leucocytes, essential for the 'respiratory burst' that produces hydrogen peroxide, the dominant component of the antibacterial activity of macrophages (64).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Because the enzyme in honey that produces hydrogen peroxide is destroyed by heating and exposure to light, unpasteurised honey should be used, and it should be stored in a cool place and protected from light.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.It becomes active only when honey is diluted, requires oxygen to be available for the reaction (thus it may not work under wound dressings, in wound cavities or in the gut), is active only when the acidity of honey is neutralised by body fluids, can be destroyed by the protein-digesting enzymes present in wound fluids, and is destroyed when honey is exposed to heat and light.^ Advantages of using Honey as a Wound Dressing .
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Others have packed cavities of wound directly with honey and then covered the wound (10, 21, 23).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Excellent results were achieved in all the cases treated with honey, thus avoiding the need to resuture which would have required general anae sthesia.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[67] .Honey chelates and deactivates the free ion, which starts the formation of oxygen free radicals produced by hydrogen peroxide and the antioxidant constituents in honey help clean up oxygen free radicals present.^ It is uncertain at this time whether the Chinese are producing contaminate free honey or at what levels.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ It also provides a supply of glucose for leucocytes, essential for the 'respiratory burst' that produces hydrogen peroxide, the dominant component of the antibacterial activity of macrophages (64).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Others have reported that honey is effective in cleaning up infected wounds (21, 44).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[69]
C6H12O6 + H2O + O2C6H12O7 + H2O2
When used topically (as, for example, a wound dressing), hydrogen peroxide is produced by dilution with body fluids. As a result, hydrogen peroxide is released slowly and acts as an antiseptic.
In diabetic ulcers
.Topical honey has been used successfully in a comprehensive treatment of diabetic ulcers when the patient cannot use other topical antibiotics.^ Mutalik S. Comment: The use of honey and sugar for the treatment of ulcers in leprosy.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Honey in the treatment of bacterial corneal ulcers.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Editorial (1982) Hospitals using honey as a fast new antibiotic.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[70]

Acidity

.The pH of honey is commonly between 3.2 and 4.5.[66] This relatively acidic pH level prevents the growth of many bacteria.^ Clearly American beekeepers all over the nation are talking about this and are concerned to prevent circumvention and allow business in honey to be conducted on a level playing field.
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^ Honey provides a moist healing environment yet prevents bacterial growth even when wounds are heavily infected.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Many foreign producers also are concerned to bring stability and a level playing field that will eliminate the circumvention of Chinese honey in the American honey market.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

Methylglyoxal

.The non-peroxide antibiotic activity is due to methylglyoxal (MGO) and an unidentified synergistic component.^ It also provides a supply of glucose for leucocytes, essential for the 'respiratory burst' that produces hydrogen peroxide, the dominant component of the antibacterial activity of macrophages (64).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The antibacterial activity of honey is due primarily to hydrogen peroxide generated by the action of an enzyme that the bees add to the nectar, but there are some floral sources that provide additional antibacterial components.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.Most honeys contain very low levels of MGO, but manuka honey contains very high levels.^ The honey market as we all know has tumbled from very high levels.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Argentina raw honey prices are at historically high levels.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ This honey will most likely be snapped up quickly, prices will be high and may even still continue to escalate until the supply chain is completely full.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

.The presence of the synergist in manuka honey more than doubles MGO antibacterial activity.^ Molan PC. The antibacterial activity of honey.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ A 'UMF' rating ('Unique Manuka Factor', equivalent to the % phenol with the same activity against Staphylococcus aureus) is being used by producers of manuka honey to show the potency of this antibacterial component, as more than half of the manuka honey on sale does not have any significant amount of this component present.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ US raw honey will still be more expensive than imported honey, but is of much higher quality.
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[67]

Nutraceutical effects

.Antioxidants in honey have even been implicated in reducing the damage done to the colon in colitis.^ Even China is utilizing more of its' honey crop for its' own needs and reducing exports.
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[71] .Such claims are consistent with its use in many traditions of folk medicine.^ Honey was also widely used in traditional medical systems as a food, wound dressing, and preservative for herbal medicines.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Honey is one of the oldest known medicines that has continued to be used up to present times in folk-medicine.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[72]

For throats

.Honey has also been used for centuries as a treatment for sore throats and coughs, and according to recent research may in fact be as effective as many common cough medicines.^ The use of honey as a wound dressing material, an ancient remedy that has been rediscovered, is becoming of increasing interest as more reports of its effectiveness are published.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Honey was also widely used in traditional medical systems as a food, wound dressing, and preservative for herbal medicines.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Emarah MH. A clinical study of the topical use of bee honey in the treatment of some occular diseases.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[73] It is important to remember however that this is an initial study with a small sample size.

Other medical applications

.Some studies suggest that the topical use of honey may reduce odors, swelling, and scarring when used to treat wounds; it may also prevent the dressing from sticking to the healing wound.^ Mostly this was in reference to reports of the use of honey as a wound dressing.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Advantages of using Honey as a Wound Dressing .
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ There is also an economical advantage to using honey as a wound dressing.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[66]
.Honey has been shown to be an effective treatment for conjunctivitis in rats.^ There is much anecdotal evidence to support its use, and randomised controlled clinical trials that have shown that honey is more effective than silver sulfadiazine and polyurethane film dressings (OpSite) for the treatment of burns.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[74]
.Though widely believed to alleviate allergies, commercial honey has been shown to be no more effective than placebos in controlled studies of ocular allergies.^ US raw honey will still be more expensive than imported honey, but is of much higher quality.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Europe will probably rely more heavily on Chinese honey imports rather than South American honey.
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^ More diseases have been described for honey bees than any other insects.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[75] .However, a recent study has shown pollen collected by bees to exert an anti allergenic effect, mediated by an inhibition of IgE immunoglobulin binding to mast cells.^ An anti-inflammatory action and a stimulatory effect on angiogenesis and on the growth of granulation tissue and epithelial cells have been observed clinically and in histological studies.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

This inhibited mast cell degranulation and thus reduced allergic reaction.[76]
Honey mixed with water and vinegar was also used as a vermifuge. The concoction was called Oxymellin.[77]
.A review in the Cochrane Library suggests that honey could reduce the time it takes for a burn to heal - up to four days sooner in some cases.^ While the price disparity of good versus bad honey has temporarily softened some honey prices, prices could firm up again when Europe, who is shying away from Asian honey starts bidding for South American honey early in 2009.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Honey packers have scrambled to buy whatever honey is available on the international market, as some suppliers could not deliver honey that had been previously contracted for.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

^ This could again firm up or even raise raw honey prices.
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The review included 19 studies with 2,554 participants. .Although the honey treatment healed moderate burns faster than traditional dressings did, the author recommends viewing the findings with caution, since a single researcher performed all of the burn studies.^ "Speeding up the healing of burns with honey.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Several authors have commented on the rapidity of healing seen with honey dressings.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Wounds dressed with honey-impregnated gauze showed significantly faster healing compared with those dressed with OpSite (means 10.8 versus 15.3 days: p < 0.001).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[78]

Potential health hazards

.Because of the natural presence of botulinum endospores in honey,[79] children under one year of age should not be given honey.^ Unless the crop is extremely small, prices should soften somewhat under imported honey price pressure.
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^ As far as China, it is always hard to gauge China's honey crop, but it should be better than last year's poor crop.
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^ Processed honey prices should continue to decline modestly through the rest of the year, with some possible firming at that time.
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The more developed digestive systems of older children and adults generally destroy the spores. .Infants, however, can contract botulism from honey.^ But the use of honey as a wound dressing has been argued against, however, on the grounds that the risk of it possibly causing wound botulism is unacceptable (59).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[80] .Medical grade honey can be treated with gamma radiation to reduce the risk of botulinum spores being present[81].^ This objection can be overcome by the use of honey that has been treated by gamma-irradiation, which kills clostridial spores in honey (60, 61) without loss of any of the antibacterial activity (60).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Postmes T, van den Bogaard AE, Hazen M. The sterilization of honey with cobalt 60 gamma radiation: a study of honey spiked with Clostridium botulinum and Bacillus subtilis.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Honey sometimes contains spores of clostridia, which poses a small risk of wound botulism.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

.Gamma radiation evidently does not affect honey's antibacterial activity, whether or not the particular honey's antibacterial activity is dependent upon peroxide generation [82].^ This objection can be overcome by the use of honey that has been treated by gamma-irradiation, which kills clostridial spores in honey (60, 61) without loss of any of the antibacterial activity (60).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It also provides a supply of glucose for leucocytes, essential for the 'respiratory burst' that produces hydrogen peroxide, the dominant component of the antibacterial activity of macrophages (64).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ But the large volume of published literature from in vitro studies that has established that honey has significant antibacterial activity will not be included in this review as it has been comprehensively reviewed elsewhere (30, 31).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Infantile botulism shows geographical variation. .In the UK, there have only been six cases reported between 1976 and 2006[83], yet the USA has much higher rates 1.9 per 100,000 live births, 47.2% of which are in California.^ In countries like Germany where the per capita consumption level is much higher than in the U.S.A., honey is part of daily consumption.
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[84] .Although honey has been implicated as a risk factor for infection, it is household dust that is the major source of spores.^ Europe, whose insatiable appetite for honey has slowed a little, still is a major factor in world honey market pricing.
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^ Drought seems to be the major factor in an ongoing struggle to increase world raw honey supply.
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^ There are about 6 or 7 major floral sources including rubber, coffee, lychee, longan and cashew honeys.
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.Therefore the risk honey poses to infant health is small, if uncertain.^ Honey sometimes contains spores of clostridia, which poses a small risk of wound botulism.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

[85]
.Honey produced from the flowers of oleanders, rhododendrons, mountain laurels, sheep laurel, and azaleas may cause honey intoxication.^ According to May Berenbaum in her book "Bugs in the System", it takes 130,000 loads of nectar or about 10 million flower visits to produce one kilogram of honey (about 2.2 pounds).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Symptoms include dizziness, weakness, excessive perspiration, nausea, and vomiting. .Less commonly, low blood pressure, shock, heart rhythm irregularities, and convulsions may occur, with rare cases resulting in death.^ That could be the mild case of low blood sugar talking here, though.
  • Honey Nut Lo 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC honeynutlo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Honey intoxication is more likely when using "natural" unprocessed honey and honey from farmers who may have a small number of hives.^ The use of honey as a wound dressing material, an ancient remedy that has been rediscovered, is becoming of increasing interest as more reports of its effectiveness are published.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Until comparative clinical trials are carried out to determine which type of antibacterial activity is the more effective, it may be best to use manuka honey, as this contains hydrogen peroxide activity as well as the component that comes from the nectar.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Mongolia - Like the Ukraine, they are getting more honey into the market, and much of this honey is highly suspect as being circumvented from China.
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.Commercial processing, with pooling of honey from numerous sources, generally dilutes any toxins.^ If spores germinated, any vegetative cells of clostridia, being obligate anaerobes, would be unlikely to survive in the presence of the hydrogen peroxide that is generated in diluted honey.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Circumvented Chinese honey is muddying up the honey pools of some countries that were once very good sources of quality honey.
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[86]
.Toxic honey may also result when bees are proximate to tutu bushes (Coriaria arborea) and the vine hopper insect (Scolypopa australis).^ More diseases have been described for honey bees than any other insects.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Also it has been suggested that the decreased turgor resulting from the application of honey may increase oxygenation of tissues (7).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Both are found throughout New Zealand. Bees gather honeydew produced by the vine hopper insects feeding on the tutu plant. This introduces the poison tutin into honey.[87] .Only a few areas in New Zealand (Coromandel Peninsula, Eastern Bay of Plenty and the Marlborough Sound) frequently produce toxic honey.^ Honey bees are not native to the Americas, Australia or New Zealand.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The raw honey market has been very fickle in the last few months as honey producers throughout the world try to determine what effect the world wide economic crisis will have on honey consumption.
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^ Honey, Hsin-Yi, and Paul, I just heard that there is a tsunami heading for New Zealand after a big earthquake :-O I hope you guys are going to be ok!
  • Honey the Great Dane 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC bighoneydog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Symptoms of tutin poisoning include vomiting, delirium, giddiness, increased excitability, stupor, coma, and violent convulsions. .To reduce the risk of tutin poisoning, humans should not eat honey taken from feral hives in the risk areas of New Zealand.^ New crop India honey should enter the market in January helping to supplement the Extra Light Amber and White honey supply.
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^ Honey bees are not native to the Americas, Australia or New Zealand.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Reduced bee populations due to Colony Collapse Disorder should have minimal impact on the size of the honey crop as some beekeepers have been able to increase their colonies.
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.Since December 2001, New Zealand beekeepers have been required to reduce the risk of producing toxic honey by closely monitoring tutu, vine hopper, and foraging conditions within 3 km of their apiary.^ In recent Honey developments, domestically the report is mixed but good new is that there are areas that have produced well especially in the Dakotas.
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^ The FDA is finally starting to more closely monitor honey coming into this country from Canada and other countries.
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^ IMPORTS : Import raw honey prices have shown a steady strengthening since December.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

Honey producing countries

Honey output in 2005
China is the world's largest producer of honey[88]
.In 2005, China, Argentina, Turkey and the United States were the top producers of natural honey, reports the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).^ It is still too early to project the crop in the prime clover honey producing states of the West and Midwest, but spring rains have given an improved outlook for an average crop.
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^ Raw honey from the Southern part of the U.S., which produces much of the nations Light Amber honey, was also short.
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^ China's 2008 honey crop is reported to have declined.
  • Welcome to our Market Information Page 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC skamberg.com [Source type: News]

[89]
.The largest volume of honey in Europe is produced in Turkey (ranked 3rd worldwide) and in Ukraine (ranked 5th worldwide).^ Europe will need to import large volumes of honey for its needs.
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^ Virtually no Chinese honey is being imported into the U.S., but large volumes of honey are being imported from countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Taiwan, Ukraine and Mongolia?
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^ Europe is buying large volumes of honey in the world market, but shying away from Chinese honey as much as possible.
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[90]
.Mexico is also an important producer of honey, providing about ten percent of the world's supply.^ It also provides a supply of glucose for leucocytes, essential for the 'respiratory burst' that produces hydrogen peroxide, the dominant component of the antibacterial activity of macrophages (64).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Much of this (about one-third) comes from the Yucatán Peninsula. .Honey production began there when the Apis mellifera and the A. mellifer ligustica were introduced there early in the 20th century.^ In almost all of these reports honey is referred to generically, there being no indication given of any awareness of the variability that generally is found in natural products.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Most of Mexico's Yucatán producers are small, family operations who use original traditional techniques, moving hives to take advantage of the various tropical and sub-tropical flowers. .The honey-producing cycle depends on the rainy season.^ Many beekeepers opted to rebuild colonies instead of producing honey this season to be ready for the now more lucrative pollination business.
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The first and best harvest takes place in the dry season between February and May. Many species flower at this time. .After the rainy season begins, there are still plenty of flowers but the bees have a difficult time traveling for nectar and producing the honey because of the weather conditions.^ According to May Berenbaum in her book "Bugs in the System", it takes 130,000 loads of nectar or about 10 million flower visits to produce one kilogram of honey (about 2.2 pounds).
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It is still too early to project the crop in the prime clover honey producing states of the West and Midwest, but spring rains have given an improved outlook for an average crop.
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^ Honey bees have been closely associated with human beings for a long time.
  • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

Bees may not make enough for sale and what may be produced is of lower quality.[91]
Honey is also one of the gourmet products of the French island of Corsica. Corsican honey is certified as to its origin (Appellation d'origine contrôlée) just as French wines, like Champagne, are.[92]

Gallery of the honey harvesting process

See also

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d National Honey Board. "Carbohydrates and the Sweetness of Honey". Last accessed May 5, 2008. http://www.honey.com/downloads/carb.pdf
  2. ^ Oregon State University. "Sugar Sweetness". Last accessed May 5, 2008. http://food.oregonstate.edu/sugar/sweet.html
  3. ^ Lansing Prescott, John P. Harley, Donald A. Klein (1999). Microbiology. Boston: WCB/McGraw-Hill. ISBN 0-697-35439-3. 
  4. ^ Shapiro, MD, Roger L.; Hatheway, PhD, Charles; Swerdflow, MD, David L. (August 1, 1998). "Botulism in the United States: A Clinical and Epidemiologic Review". Annals of Internal Medicine 129 (3): 221. doi:10.1059/0003-4819-129-3-199808010-00011 (inactive 2010-01-09). PMID 9696731. http://www.annals.org/cgi/content/full/129/3/221?ijkey=c514a628626a9f1057d85950e01fae76bc9f4b2c. Retrieved June 2, 2007. 
  5. ^ Vaughn M. Bryant, Jr. "Pollen Contents of Honey". CAP Newsletter 24(1):10–24, 2001.
  6. ^ Mercuri AM, Porrini C. (1991). "Melissopalynological analysis applied to air pollution studies in urban areas of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italy)". Aerobiologia 7 (1): 38–48. doi:10.1007/BF02450016. 
  7. ^ Tonelli D, Gattavecchia E, Ghini S, Porrini C, Celli G, Mercuri AM. (1990). "Honey bees and their products as indicators of environmental radioactive pollution". Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry 141 (2): 427–436. doi:10.1007/BF02035809. 
  8. ^ a b c d National Honey Board. "Honey and Bees." Last accessed January 10, 2010. http://www.honey.com/nhb/about-honey/honey-and-bees/
  9. ^ Val Whitmyre. "The Plight of the Honeybees." University of California. Last accessed April 14, 2007. http://groups.ucanr.org/mgnapa/Articles/Honeybees.htm
  10. ^ a b Roger Hoopingarner. B-Plus: Beekeeping Report from Michigan State University. No. 18 Spring-Summer, 1990. cyberbee.net/Archive/bplus/pdf/bplus18.pdf
  11. ^ Standifer LN. "Honey Bee Nutrition And Supplemental Feeding". Excerpted from "Beekeeping in the United States." Last accessed April 14, 2007. http://maarec.cas.psu.edu/bkCD/HBBiology/nutrition_supplements.htm
  12. ^ [The Archaeology of Beekeeping, Eva Crane (1983)]
  13. ^ Larry Gonick The Cartoon History of the Universe Vol.2
  14. ^ a b Enchanted heart
  15. ^ Stingless bee#Mayan stingless bees of Central America
  16. ^ Sahih Bukhari vol. 7, book 71, number 584, 585, 588 and 603.
  17. ^ Translation of Quran 16:68–69
  18. ^ [1][2]
  19. ^ The American Bear Association
  20. ^ Africas National Honey Board
  21. ^ Gov.au/reports
  22. ^ USDA Nutrient Data Laboratory "Honey." Last accessed August 24, 2007. http://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/foodcomp/search/
  23. ^ a b () Questions Most Frequently Asked About Sugar. American Sugar Alliance. http://www.sugaralliance.org/desktopdefault.aspx?page_id=97. 
  24. ^ Martos I, Ferreres F, Tomás-Barberán F (2000). "Identification of flavonoid markers for the botanical origin of Eucalyptus honey". J Agric Food Chem 48 (5): 1498–502. doi:10.1021/jf991166q. PMID 10820049. 
  25. ^ Gheldof N, Wang X, Engeseth N (2002). "Identification and quantification of antioxidant components of honeys from various floral sources". J Agric Food Chem 50 (21): 5870–7. doi:10.1021/jf0256135. PMID 12358452. 
  26. ^ Last accessed 23 Dec. 2009. url = http://www.beesource.com/resources/usda/honey-composition-and-properties/
  27. ^ Rainer Krell, (1996). Value-Added Products from Beekeeping (Fao Agricultural Services Bulletin). Food & Agriculture Organization of the UN. ISBN 92-5-103819-8. 
  28. ^ "Canadian Honey Council - The detection of C4 sugars in honey". http://www.honeycouncil.ca/users/folder.asp@FolderID=4846.HTM. 
  29. ^ http://www.fao.org/docrep/w0076E/w0076e04.htm
  30. ^ "Definition of Honey and Honey Products" (PDF). National Honey Issac Board. http://www.honey.com/downloads/honeydefs.pdf. Retrieved 2007-11-10. ""Blended Honey: A homogeneous mixture of two or more honeys differing in floral source, color, flavor, density or geographic origin."" 
  31. ^ "Honey Floral Source Guide" (PDF). National Honey Board. http://www.honey.com/honeyindustry/resources/FS_FloralSourceGuide.pdf. Retrieved 2008-12-06. "Wildflower honey is often used to describe honey from miscellaneous and undefined flower sources." 
  32. ^ "Varieties of honey: Polyfloral honey". The Honey Book. http://www.honeybook.net/polyfloral_honey.shtml. Retrieved 2007-11-10. "Honey that is from wild or commercialized honeybees that is derived from many types of flowers is a resulting Polyfloral honey." 
  33. ^ Wildflower honey
  34. ^ Honey colours
  35. ^ Honeydew honey
  36. ^ Gounari, Sofia (2006). "Studies on the phenology of Marchalina hellenica (gen.) (Hemiptera: coccoidea, margarodidae) in relation to honeydew flow". Journal of apicultural research (Cardiff: International Bee Research Association) 45 (1): 8–12. ISSN 0021-8839. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=17873761. Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  37. ^ http://www.beeworks.com/informationcentre/honey_processing.html
  38. ^ Organic honey
  39. ^ a b TheOrganicReport.com
  40. ^ http://taylorandfrancis.metapress.com/index/K1P2LW881884HUM0.pdf
  41. ^ http://www.honey.com/downloads/honeydefs.pdf
  42. ^ http://www.hielscher.com/ultrasonics/honey_01.htm
  43. ^ High quality honey can also be purchased on the market. An article. http://20minut.ua/news/69702
  44. ^ a b Which honey is better. Beekeeping in Ukraine. http://beekeeping.com.ua/user/agrosvitukr/articles/2007_10_jakyimed.html
  45. ^ [Wine: From Neolithic Times to the 21st Century Stefan K. Estreicher]
  46. ^ An Interview by "Rivenska Gazeta" with Hryhoriy Deputat, Head of the Brotherhood of Beekeepers of Ukraine in Rivenska Oblast http://www.gazeta.rv.ua/?n=7574
  47. ^ Veterinary and Sanitary Expertize of bee honey in the contemporary ecological conditions of Ukraine. PhD Dissertation by Melnyk, Maria Vasylivna. National Agrarian University of Ukraine. http://www.lib.ua-ru.net/inode/14366.html
  48. ^ My tender sweet honey. Experience of a famous beekeeper-scientist Vasyl Solomka. "Halytski Kontrakty" Ukrainian Business Weekly Magazine. http://www.kontrakty.com.ua/ukr/gc/nomer/2003/20/29.html
  49. ^ Acacia honey
  50. ^ Honey will cure and improve the health of a child. An article by Borys Skachko, chief of the phytotherapy and systematic prevention and rehabilitation methods department of the scientific and production company "Yustas". "Vashe Zdorovya" (Your Health). A Medical Newspaper of Ukraine. A newspaper of the Ministry of Health Protection of Ukraine. http://www.vz.kiev.ua/pop/13-06/1.shtml
  51. ^ "The Key Relevance Factors for Grading Honey". Culinary Musings. http://www.culinarymusings.com/2008/10/the-key-relevance-factors-for-grading-honey/. Retrieved 2008-10-22. "In order to standardize the sale of honey, the USDA developed a set of standards for grading honey. As of 1985, these Standards are now in their fifth issue. According to the National Honey Board, honey is graded, on a voluntary basis, using these USDA standards. There are 6 relevant factors in evaluating the honey’s grade (5 quality factors and color): Total Soluble Solids, Water Content, Flavor and Aroma, Clarity, Absence of Defects, and Color." 
  52. ^ a b Honey production
  53. ^ Basic Honey Processing
  54. ^ a b www.honey.com/downloads/crystallization.pdf
  55. ^ http://www.rawhoneybest.com/
  56. ^ Honey spoil
  57. ^ Honey answers
  58. ^ Chemical & Engineering News Vol. 86 No. 35, 1 September 2008, "Keeping Tabs on Honey", p. 43
  59. ^ http://www.vegsource.com/jo/essays/namegame.htm
  60. ^ http://www.vegetus.org/honey/honey.htm
  61. ^ http://compassionatespirit.com/is-honey-vegan.htm
  62. ^ http://www.madhavasagave.com/AboutAgave.aspx
  63. ^ http://ecam.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/full/6/2/165
  64. ^ Knox, Angie (June 8, 2004). "Harnessing honey's healing power". BBC News. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/health/3787867.stm. Retrieved June 2, 2007. 
  65. ^ Wahdan H (1998). "Causes of the antimicrobial activity of honey". Infection 26 (1): 26–31. doi:10.1007/BF02768748. PMID 9505176. 
  66. ^ a b c Honey as an Antimicrobial Agent. Waikato Honey Research Unit. November 16, 2006. http://bio.waikato.ac.nz/honey/honey_intro.shtml. Retrieved June 2, 2007. 
  67. ^ a b c What's special about Active Manuka Honey?
  68. ^ ScienceDaily. (2008). Honey Effective In Killing Bacteria That Cause Chronic Sinusitis.
  69. ^ Honey as a topical antibacterial agent for treatment of infected wounds
  70. ^ Jennifer Eddy of UW Health's Eau Claire Family Medicine Clinic, "UW STUDY TESTS TOPICAL HONEY AS A TREATMENT FOR DIABETIC ULCERS", University of Wisconsin-Madison, 5/2/07
  71. ^ Bilsel, Y.; D. Bugra, S. Yamaner, T. Bulut, U. Cevikbas, and U. Turkoglu (January 16, 2002). "Could Honey Have a Place in Colitis Therapy" (PDF). Digestive Surgery 29: 306–312. doi:10.1159/000064580. http://content.karger.com/ProdukteDB/produkte.asp?Aktion=ShowPDF&ProduktNr=223996&Ausgabe=228557&ArtikelNr=64580&filename=64580.pdf. 
  72. ^ Molan, Peter C. (1992). "Honey for the treatment of infections" ( – Scholar search). The New Zealand Beekeeper (Waikato Honey Research Unit) 216: 19–20. http://members.tripod.com/~Bee_Mann/honey1.html. Retrieved 2007-06-03. 
  73. ^ The Guardian Society 04/12/2007 "Honey 'beats cough medicine'". http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2007/dec/04/health.medicalresearch. 
  74. ^ Al-Waili, N.S. (2004). "Investigating the antimicrobial activity of natural honey and its effects on the pathogenic bacterial infections of surgical wounds and conjunctiva". Journal of medicinal food 7(2) (2004 Summer): 210–22. doi:10.1089/1096620041224139. PMID 15298770. 
  75. ^ "RE: Studies of honey treatment effects on allergies". Alternative Medicine. Allergy & Asthma Disease Management Center. May 26, 2006. http://www.aaaai.org/aadmc/ate/category.asp?cat=988. Retrieved June 3, 2007. 
  76. ^ Ishikawa, Yasuko; Tokura, T; Nakano, N; Hara, M; Niyonsaba, F; Ushio, H; Yamamoto, Y; Tadokoro, T et al. (2008). "Inhibitory Effect of Honeybee-Collected Pollen on Mast Cell Degranulation In Vivo and In Vitro". Journal of Medicinal Food 11 (1): 14–20. doi:10.1089/jmf.2006.163. PMID 18361733. http://www.liebertonline.com/doi/abs/10.1089/jmf.2006.163. 
  77. ^ http://rbmarticles.com/Beekeeping/article/Health-Benefits-of-Honey-and-Other-Bee-Products.html
  78. ^ Honey Holds Some Promise for Treating Burns Newswise, Retrieved on October 7, 2008.
  79. ^ Snowdon JA, Cliver DO. Microorganism in honey. Int J Food Microbiol. 1996 Aug;31(1-3):1-26
  80. ^ National Honey Board Fact Sheet. [Access date 23 Dec. 2009 url = http://www.honey.com/nhb/about-honey/frequently-asked-questions/category/honey-properties/"]
  81. ^ http://www.springerlink.com/content/w263201n74440512/
  82. ^ http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=2518778
  83. ^ Report on Minimally Processed Infant Weaning Foods and the Risk of Infant Botulism [3]
  84. ^ Botulism [www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/diseaseinfo/files/botulism.PDF]
  85. ^ Infant Botulism and Honey
  86. ^ FDA Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition's Foodborne Pathogenic Microorganisms and Natural Toxins Handbook."Grayanotoxin"
  87. ^ National Beekeepers Association, New Zealand - Toxic Honey "Toxic Honey"
  88. ^ China continues to dominate world honey production (accessed 17 April 2009)
  89. ^ FAO.org
  90. ^ Ukrainian honey - world congress triumpher, Ukrinform (September 23, 2009)
  91. ^ Lavin Tierra, Mariely (February 2008). "Yucatán y su miel". México Desconocido 372: 78–83. http://www.mexicodesconocido.com.mx/index.php?p=nota&idNota=8259. 
  92. ^ Miel de Corse mele di Corsica, la gamme variétale AOC AOP

References

The Hive: The Story Of The Honeybee. London, Great Britain: John Murray (Publishers). ISBN 0 7195 6598 7

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Bible wiki

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From BibleWiki

  1. Heb. ya'ar, occurs only .1Sam 14:25, 27, 29; Song 5:1, where it denotes the honey of bees.^ Debash denotes bee-honey (Judg.
    • Honey Definition | Definition of Honey at Dictionary.com 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]

    ^ Manuka Honey with Bee Venom and Glucosamine: 500g - $29.00(CAD) .
    • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ In many of the reports the honey is spread on the wound then covered with a dry dressing, mostly gauze (5, 8-10, 13, 14, 17-21, 29, 37-40).
    • raw honey as medicine: the medicinal value of raw honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.drgrotte.com [Source type: Academic]

    .Properly the word signifies a forest or copse, and refers to honey found in woods.
  2. Nopheth, honey that drops (Ps 1910; Prov 5:3; Song 4:11).
  3. Debash denotes bee-honey (Jdg 14:8); but also frequently a vegetable honey distilled from trees (Gen 43:11; Ezek 27:17).^ Honey bees gather propolis from trees and other vegetation.
    • Insecta Inspecta World - Honey Bees 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.insecta-inspecta.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ The pollen is sometimes referred to as "bee-bread", and when mixed with honey forms the diet of the next cycle of brood being raised in the hive.
    • How bees make honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.beeswaxco.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    ^ He found that when honey comes into contact with body moisture the glucose oxidase enzyme introduced to the honey by the bee, slowly releases the antiseptic hydrogen peroxide.
    • Active Manuka Honey Medical,Wound and Ulcer Treatment 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC umfactivemanukahoney.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    In these passages it may probably mean "dibs," or syrup of grapes, i.e., the juice of ripe grapes boiled down to one-third of its bulk.
  4. Tsuph, the cells of the honey-comb full of honey (Prov 16:24; Ps 1910).
  5. "Wild honey" (Mt 3:4) may have been the vegetable honey distilled from trees, but rather was honey stored by bees in rocks or in trees (Deut 32:13; Ps 8116; 1Sam 14:25-29).
.Canaan was a "land flowing with milk and honey" (Ex 3:8).^ S PRING is the season that recalls the biblical image of a perfect land so fertile its green hills flow with honey dripping from its hives, like liquid gold in the sunlight.
  • Why Milk and Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.umc.sunysb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The phrase "flowing with milk and honey" is understood to be hyperbolically descriptive of the land's richness; hence, its current use to express the abundance of pure means of enjoyment.
  • Why Milk and Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.umc.sunysb.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ We generally accept the received definition of "milk and honey" as a metaphor meaning all good things God's blessings; and that the Promised Land must have been a land of extraordinary fertility.
  • Why Milk and Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.umc.sunysb.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Milk and honey were among the chief dainties in the earlier ages, as they are now among the Bedawin; and butter and honey are also mentioned among articles of food (Isa 7:15).^ In fact, it is mentioned in the bible in the Old Testament indicating that the best place to live is in a "land of milk and honey."
  • Honey! Cartoon, History, Info & Recipes from Brownielocks. 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.brownielocks.com [Source type: General]

^ Due to the risk of infant botulism, a rare but serious form of food poisoning, never give honey to a child younger than age 1.
  • Honey: An effective cough remedy? - MayoClinic.com 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ FOOD PRESERVATIVE If you replace the sugar in cake and cookie recipes with honey, they'll stay fresher longer due to honey's natural antibacterial properties.
  • The healing power of honey: From burns to weak bones, raw honey can help 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.naturalnews.com [Source type: General]

.The ancients used honey instead of sugar (Ps 119103; Prov 24:13); but when taken in great quantities it caused nausea, a fact referred to in Prov 25:16, 17 to inculcate moderation in pleasures.^ I use honey instead of sugar in a lot of my meals.

^ Because honey causes baked goods to brown faster than sugar, you need to reduce the oven temperature called for in the original recipe by 25-degrees.
  • Sweet Choice of Honey | Fitness and Freebies 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.fitnessandfreebies.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Honey is actually a great source of energy for people that have digestive problems because of the fact that it's a natural sugar.
  • Honey - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

.Honey and milk also are put for sweet discourse (Song 4:11).^ Honey and milk also are put for sweet discourse (Cant.
  • Honey Definition | Definition of Honey at Dictionary.com 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC dictionary.reference.com [Source type: Reference]

^ "Tawari Honey is the sweetness of their song".
  • Honey World - UMF Manuka; Leatherwood; Lavender; Rata Honey� 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.honeyworld.ca [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is not merely sensuous, but very sensual, as in the erotic love poetry of the "Song of Solomon," where the fertility figure of milk and honey suggests the paradise of a woman's body.
  • Why Milk and Honey 14 January 2010 8:58 UTC www.umc.sunysb.edu [Source type: Original source]

This article needs to be merged with HONEY (Jewish Encyclopedia).
This entry includes text from Easton's Bible Dictionary, 1897.
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Simple English

File:Runny
Liquid honey.

Honey is a solid or liquid food that is made by honeybees by transforming nectar. Then, they put the honey into a honeycomb. Honey is sweet and can be used instead of sugar. Honey is first mentioned in the Book of Exodus, and is often associated with pleasant and comfortable things. "Land of Milk and honey". It is also referenced in the Qur'an, with similar associations to good and evil being. Much like wine, there are several varieties of honey with different tastes, colors and textures. Some common types are derived from bees who use the clover flower's pollen. It is thick and has a medium color. It tends to crystallize/granulate more quickly when exposed to air. Acacia flowers produce another common variety. Some flowers, such as azaleas, and rhododendron, lend toxic properties to the honey, that are harmful to humans, but does not affect the bees. The resulting feeling is similar to using hallucinogens, producing erratic and uncontrollable behaviors.

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 20, 2010

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