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Hood River, Oregon
—  City  —
Hood River and the Columbia River, facing east.

Seal
Nickname(s): Windsurfing Capital of the World[1]
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 45°42′24″N 121°31′18″W / 45.70667°N 121.52167°W / 45.70667; -121.52167Coordinates: 45°42′24″N 121°31′18″W / 45.70667°N 121.52167°W / 45.70667; -121.52167
Country United States
State Oregon
County Hood River
Incorporated 1895
Government
 - Mayor Arthur Babitz
Area
 - Total 2.9 sq mi (7.5 km2)
 - Land 2.0 sq mi (5.3 km2)
 - Water 0.8 sq mi (2.2 km2)
Elevation 160 ft (48.8 m)
Population (2006)
 - Total 6,580
 Density 3,240/sq mi (1,222.64/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97031
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-34900[2]
GNIS feature ID 1136388[3]
Website www.ci.hood-river.or.us

The city of Hood River is the seat of Hood River County, Oregon, United States. It is a port on the Columbia River, and is named for the nearby Hood River. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 5,831. In 2006, the population is estimated to have reached 6,580.[4]

Contents

History

Hood River post office was established at the site of the present city in September 30, 1858,[5] and the city itself was incorporated in 1895.[6]

Geography

Hood River is located on the Columbia River directly opposite White Salmon, Washington.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), of which 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) is land and 0.8 square miles (2.1 km2) (28.97%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 5,831 people, 2,429 households, and 1,442 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,839.4 people per square mile (1,098.2 per km²). There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 1,288.0 per square mile (498.2 per km²). The racial makeup of the city was:

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1880 200
1890 201 0.5%
1900 766 281.1%
1910 2,331 204.3%
1920 3,195 37.1%
1930 2,757 −13.7%
1940 3,280 19.0%
1950 3,701 12.8%
1960 3,657 −1.2%
1970 3,991 9.1%
1980 4,329 8.5%
1990 4,632 7.0%
2000 5,831 25.9%
Est. 2007 6,736 15.5%
source:[7][8]

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.17% of the population.

There were 2,429 households out of which 32.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.6% were non-families. 32.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.06.

In the city the population was spread out with:

  • 26.2% under the age of 18
  • 9.7% from 18 to 24
  • 32.6% from 25 to 44
  • 18.5% from 45 to 64
  • 13.1% 65 years of age or older

The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 88.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,580, and the median income for a family was $35,568. Males had a median income of $31,583 versus $24,764 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,609. About 12.1% of families and 17.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 28.7% of those under age 18 and 14.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Windsurfing and kitesurfing on the Columbia River at Hood River, Oregon.

Hood River's economy has traditionally been based on three industries: agriculture, tourism, and sports recreation, but since the late 1990s, high-tech industries (e.g. Insitu) have become one of the largest tax falls for the county [9]. Long an agricultural center of the Pacific Northwest, Hood River is home to numerous apple and pear orchards, as well as many wineries.[10] Hood River first experienced a boom in tourism after being discovered as a site for world-class windsurfing, and more recently kiteboarding.[11] Hood River County also has some of the best kayaking, mountain biking, skiing, and hiking areas in the United States.[12] These unique factors have combined to help the city place in many "best city" and "top town" competitions in the media, including Outside, Men's Journal, Skiing Magazine, Progressive Farmer, and on BudgetTravel.com [1].[13]

Situated in the Columbia Gorge, and surrounded by fields, orchards, and at the foot of Mount Hood, Hood River is gaining popularity as a tourism destination.[14]

Hood River is also home to industries like the employee-owned Full Sail Brewing Company, a major Oregon microbrewery, the clothing and sports equipment manufacturer DaKine, and vegetarian food manufacturer Turtle Island Foods.

Arts and culture

Annual cultural events

Main Street circa 1920

Annual events include the Hood River Valley Blossom Festival, which takes place in April,[15] and the Hood River Hops Fest[16] and the Hood River Valley Harvest Fest, both in October.[17]

Museums and other points of interest

Hood River is home to the History Museum of Hood River County, the International Museum of Carousel Art, and the Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum (WAAAM).

Hood River has over two dozen sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Columbia Gorge Hotel, built in 1920 by Portland timber baron and Columbia Gorge booster Simon Benson.

Parks and recreation

Hood River is the western gateway to the Mount Hood Scenic Byway and to a major section of the Historic Columbia River Highway. The city has built a protected harbor for learning windsurfing.[citation needed]

Education

Hood River Middle School, listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Public primary and secondary schools in Hood River are part of the Hood River County School District. The city is also served by an extension campus of Columbia Gorge Community College, based in The Dalles. Horizon Christian School is a private school serving grades kindergarten through twelfth grade (K-12). Horizon competes at the 1A level of the Oregon School Activities Association, while the public Hood River Valley High School competes at the 6A level.

Media

Newspapers

The Hood River News is a biweekly paper published by Eagle Newspapers on Wednesday and Saturday.[18]

Radio

Television

  • K40AM translator for KGW Portland, NBC affiliate
  • K53EI translator for KOIN Portland, CBS affiliate

Infrastructure

The Hood River Bridge

Transportation

Air

Hood River has one airport, the Ken Jernstedt Airfield.

Highway

Interstate 84 and Oregon Route 35 pass through Hood River.

Rail

Hood River is the northern terminus of the Mount Hood Railroad, which is a heritage railway that offers passenger excursions as well as shipping a small amount of freight. The Union Pacific Railroad provides freight service to the city.[19]

Marine

The Port of Hood River, founded in 1933, manages a public marina and waterfront economic development projects.[20] The port commission also manages the airport and the Hood River-White Salmon Interstate Bridge.

Utilities

Water and wastewater treatment are supplied by the City of Hood River.[19] Natural gas is provided by NW Natural and electricity comes from PacifiCorp.[19]

Healthcare

Hood River has one hospital, Providence Hood River Memorial Hospital.[19]

Notable residents

Sister cities

Hood River has two sister cities,[21] as designated by Sister Cities International:

References

  1. ^ "Windsurfing and Kiteboarding the Columbia River Gorge". TravelOregon.com. http://www.traveloregon.com/Explore-Oregon/Mt-Hood-Columbia-River-Gorge/Attractions/Family-Fun/Windsurfing-and-Kiteboarding-the-Columbia-River-Gorge.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Population Research Center". Portland State University. http://www.pdx.edu/media/p/r/PRC_Certified_Cities_2006.pdf. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  5. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (7th ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 477. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  6. ^ "Hood River Community Profile". Oregon Economic Development Department. 2006. http://info.econ.state.or.us:591/FMPro?-db=Community.fp4&-Format=forms.htm&-lay=webpage&-op=eq&sort%20name=Hood%20River&-script=hit%20count&-Find. Retrieved 2006-11-28. 
  7. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 211.
  8. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. http://www.census.gov/popest/cities/files/SUB-EST2007-41.csv. Retrieved 2009-05-03. 
  9. ^ "…It Came From The Gorge". Willamette Week Newspaper. http://wweek.com/columns/coverstory#36.17. Retrieved March 03, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Mount Hood & The Gorge". TravelOregon.com. http://www.traveloregon.com/Explore%20Oregon/Mt%20Hood%20Columbia%20River%20Gorge.aspx. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  11. ^ "Gorge Games spotlight Hood River as a multisport mecca". The Seattle Times. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/outdoors/2008041825_nwwgorgegames100.html. Retrieved 2008-11-08. 
  12. ^ http://gonw.about.com/od/attractionswa/ss/hoodriver_2.htm
  13. ^ "Is Hood River on Your List, Too?". Hood River County Chamber of Commerce. http://www.hoodriver.org/HRCCC_ArticleTemplate.asp?ArticleINDX=294&CategoryINDX=19. Retrieved March 25, 2009. 
  14. ^ http://www.hoodriver.org/HRCCC_ArticleTemplate.asp?ArticleINDX=294&CategoryINDX=24
  15. ^ "Hood River Valley Blossom Festival". traveloregon.com (Oregon Tourism Commission). http://www.traveloregon.com/Explore%20Oregon/Mt%20Hood%20Columbia%20River%20Gorge/Upcoming%20Events/Fairs%20and%20Festivals/Hood%20River%20Valley%20Blossom%20Festival.aspx. Retrieved March 9, 2009. 
  16. ^ http://www.hopsfest.com/
  17. ^ "Hood River Valley Harvest Fest". traveloregon.com (Oregon Tourism Commission). http://www.traveloregon.com/Explore-Oregon/Mt-Hood-Columbia-River-Gorge/Upcoming-Events/Fairs-and-Festivals/Hood-River-Valley-Harvest-Fest.aspx. Retrieved March 9, 2009. 
  18. ^ Hood River News
  19. ^ a b c d Hood River profile from Oregon Economic & Community Development Department
  20. ^ Port of Hood River
  21. ^ http://www.sister-cities.org/icrc/directory/usa/OR

External links








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