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Hooghly
Hooghly
Location of Hooghly
in West Bengal and India
Coordinates 22°54′N 88°14′E / 22.90°N 88.24°E / 22.90; 88.24
Country  India
State West Bengal
Headquarters Chinsura
Population
Density
5,041,976
1,601 /km2 (4,147 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166-2 HG
Website hooghly.nic.in

Hooghly district (Bengali: হুগলী জেলা) is one of the districts of the state of West Bengal in India. It can alternatively be spelt Hoogli or Hugli. The district is named after the Hooghly River.

The headquarters of the district is at Chinsura. There are 4 subdivisions to the district: Chinsura Sadar, Chandannagar, Serampore and Arambag.

Contents

History

The district of Hooghly got its name from the town of Hooghly situated on the west bank of Hooghly River about 40 km north of Kolkata. This town was a river port in the fifteenth century. The first European to reach this area was the Portuguese sailor Vasco-Da-Gama. In 1536 Portuguese traders got a permit from Sultan Mahmud Shah to trade in this area. In those days the Hooghly River was the main way for transportation and Hooghly served as an excellent trading port. Within a few decades the town of Hooghly turned into a major commercial center and the largest port in Bengal. Later in 1579-80 emperor Akbar gave permission to a Portuguese captain Pedro Tavares to establish a city anywhere in the Bengal province. They normally chose Hooghly and thus Hooghly became the first European settlement in Bengal. In 1599 the Portuguese traders built a convent and a church in Bandel. This is the first Christian church in Bengal known as ‘Bandel Church’ today.

But the Portuguese traders started misusing their power. They started slave-trading, robbery and converting natives into Christians by pressure. At a time they even stopped paying taxes to the Mughal Empire. As a result Emperor Shah Jahan ordered the then ruler of Bengal province, Qasim Khan Juvayni to block the city of Hooghly. This eventually led to war in which the Portuguese completely lost their ground here and were unable to rise again.

Antpur Radhagovindjiu Temple
Hooghly Imambara

Among other European powers that came to Hooghly were Dutch, Danish, British, French, Belgians and Germans. Dutch traders centered their activities in the town Chuchura which is just south to Hooghly. Chandannagar became the base of the French and remained under their control from 1816 to 1950. Similarly the Danish settled in Srirampur. All of these towns are situated on the west bank of the Hooghly River and served as ports. But among these nations the British ultimately became most powerful.

Initially they were based in and around the city of Hooghly like traders from other countries but in 1690 an agent of the British East India Company named Job Charnock decided to shift their trading center from the city of Hooghly to Kolkata. The reason behind this decision was the strategically safe location of Kolkata and its proximity to the sea (Bay of Bengal). As a result the center of gravity of trade and commerce in Bengal province shifted from the city Hooghly to Kolkata and Hooghly subsequently lost its importance as Kolkata prospered. After the Battle of Buxar this region was under direct British rule until India’s independence in 1947. After independence this district merged into the state of West Bengal.

Though the city of Hooghly is more than 500 years old; the district of Hooghly was formed in 1795 with the city of Hooghly as its headquarters. Later the headquarters shifted to the town of Chuchura. In 1843 the Howrah district was created from the southern portion of this district. And in 1872, the south-west portion of this district was merged into the Medinipur district. The last change in area occurred in 1966. Antpur is a tourist spot in this district.

Geography

The district is a completely flat land with no place having more than an elevation of 200 meters. The River Hooghly borders it to the east. Another major river is 'Damodar'. The district is bordered by Howrah District to the south, Bardhaman District to the north, and to the east by the River Hooghly. Bankura District lies to the north-west, with Medinipur District to the south-west.

Economy

Hooghly is the one of the most economically developed districts in West Bengal. It is also the main jute cultivation, jute industry, and jute trade hub in the state. There are also a number of industrial complexes including one of the largest car manufacturing plants in India, the 'Hindustan Motors' plant located in Uttarpara. The jute mills are located along the banks of the river Hooghly in Tribeni, Bhadreswar, Champdani and Sreerampur.

Hooghly District Police Administration

Hooghly District comes under Burdwan Police Range.
The Police Chief of the district is the Superintendent of Police. His office is located at Chinsurah.
For the functioning of 23 Police Stations of the district, District Intelligence Branch, District Enforcement Branch and District Reserve Police Force SP, Hooghly is assisted by three Additional Superintendents of Police.
1. Additional Superintendent of Police (HQ): Having his office at Chinsurah, looks after the Sadar Sub-Division and District Police Force, being assisted by Dy.S.P. (HQ) and Dy.S.P. (D&T).
2. Additional Superintendent of Police (Industrial): He is located at Serampore. He is the supervising officer for Serampore and Chandernagore Sub Divisions; being assisted by SDPO: Serampore and SDPO: Chandernagore.
3. Additional Superintendent of Police (Rural): He is located at Arambagh. He is the supervising officer for Arambagh Sub Division; being assisted by SDPO: Arambagh.

Subdivisions

Hooghly district of West Bengal

The district comprises four subdivisions: Chinsurah, Chandannagore, Srirampore and Arambagh. Chinsurah subdivision consists of two municipalities (Hugli-Chuchura and Bansberia) and five community development blocs: Balagarh, Chinsurah–Mogra, Dhaniakhali, Pandua and Polba–Dadpur. Chandannagore subdivision consists of Chandannagar municipal corporation and three municipalities (Bhadreswar, Champdani and Tarakeswar) and three community development blocs: Haripal, Singur and Tarakeswar. Srirampore subdivision consists of five municipalities (Serampore, Uttarpara Kotrung, Konnagar, Rishra and Baidyabati) and four community development blocks: Chanditala–I, Chanditala–II, Jangipara and Sreerampur Uttarpara. Arambagh subdivision consists of Arambag municipality and six community development blocks: Arambag, Khanakul–I, Khanakul–II, Goghat–I, Goghat–II and Pursurah.[1]

Hugli-Chuchura is the district headquarters. There are 23 police stations, 18 development blocks, 12 municipalities and 210 gram panchayats in this district.[1][2]

Other than municipality area, each subdivision contains community development blocks which in turn are divided into rural areas and census towns. In total there are 40 urban units: 12 municipalities and 28 census towns.[2][3]

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Chinsurah subdivision

  • Two municipalities: Hugli-Chuchura and Bansberia
  • Balagarh community development block consists of rural areas with 13 gram panchayats and one census town: Badhagachhi.
  • Chinsurah–Mogra community development block consists of rural areas with 10 gram panchayats and nine census towns: Kodalia, Raghunathpur, Madhusudanpur, Amodghata, Shankhanagar, Chak Bansberia, Kulihanda, Simla and Dharmapur.
  • Dhaniakhali community development block consists of rural areas only with 18 gram panchayats.
  • Pandua community development block consists of rural areas with 16 gram panchayats and one census town: Pandua.
  • Polba–Dadpur community development block consists of rural areas only with 12 gram panchayats.

Chandannagore subdivision

  • Chandannagar municipal corporation
  • Three municipalities: Bhadreswar, Champdani and Tarakeswar
  • Haripal community development block consists of rural areas only with 15 gram panchayats.
  • Singur community development block consists of rural areas with 16 gram panchayats and one census town: Singur.
  • Tarakeswar community development block consists of rural areas only with 10 gram panchayats.

Srirampore subdivision

Arambagh subdivision

  • One municipality: Arambag.
  • Arambag community development block consists of rural areas only with 15 gram panchayats.
  • Khanakul–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 13 gram panchayats.
  • Khanakul–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 11 gram panchayats.
  • Goghat–I community development block consists of rural areas only with 7 gram panchayats.
  • Goghat–II community development block consists of rural areas only with 9 gram panchayats.
  • Pursurah community development block consists of rural areas only with 8 gram panchayats.

Assembly constituencies

The district is divided into 19 assembly constituencies:[4]

  1. Jangipara (assembly constituency no. 177),
  2. Chanditala (assembly constituency no. 178),
  3. Uttarpara (assembly constituency no. 179),
  4. Serampore (assembly constituency no. 180),
  5. Champdani (assembly constituency no. 181),
  6. Chandernagore (assembly constituency no. 182),
  7. Singur (assembly constituency no. 183),
  8. Haripal (assembly constituency no. 184),
  9. Tarakeswar (assembly constituency no. 185),
  10. Chinsurah (assembly constituency no. 186),
  11. Bansberia (assembly constituency no. 187),
  12. Balagarh (SC) (assembly constituency no. 188),
  13. Pandua (assembly constituency no. 189),
  14. Polba (assembly constituency no. 190),
  15. Dhaniakhali (SC) (assembly constituency no. 191),
  16. Pursurah (assembly constituency no. 192),
  17. Khanakul (SC) (assembly constituency no. 193),
  18. Arambagh (assembly constituency no. 194) and
  19. Goghat (SC) (assembly constituency no. 195).

Balagarh, Dhaniakhali, Khanakul and Goghat constituencies are reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with two assembly constituencies from Howrah district, Jangipara, Chanditala, Uttarpara, Serampore and Champdani constituencies form the Serampore (Lok Sabha constituency). Chandernagore, Singur, Haripal, Chinsurah, Bansberia, Polba and Dhaniakhali constituencies form the Hooghly (Lok Sabha constituency). Tarakeswar, Pursurah, Khankul, Arambag and Goghat constituencies are part of the Arambagh (Lok Sabha constituency), which also contains two assembly segments in Paschim Medinipur district. Balagarh and Pandua constituencies are part of the Katwa (Lok Sabha constituency), which also contains five assembly constituency from Bardhaman district.

Impact of delimitation of constituencies

As per order of the Delimitation Commission in respect of the delimitation of constituencies in the West Bengal, the district will be divided into 18 assembly constituencies:[5]

  1. Uttarpara (assembly constituency no. 185),
  2. Sreerampur (assembly constituency no. 186),
  3. Champdani (assembly constituency no. 187),
  4. Singur (assembly constituency no. 188),
  5. Chandannagar (assembly constituency no. 189),
  6. Chunchura (assembly constituency no. 190),
  7. Balagarh (SC) (assembly constituency no. 191),
  8. Pandua (assembly constituency no. 192),
  9. Saptagram (assembly constituency no. 193),
  10. Chanditala (assembly constituency no. 194),
  11. Jangipara (assembly constituency no. 195),
  12. Haripal (assembly constituency no. 196),
  13. Dhanekhali (SC) (assembly constituency no. 197),
  14. Tarakeswar (assembly constituency no. 198),
  15. Pursurah (assembly constituency no. 199),
  16. Arambag (SC) (assembly constituency no. 200),
  17. Goghat (SC) (assembly constituency no. 201) and
  18. Khanakul (assembly constituency no. 202).

Balagarh, Dhanekhali, Arambag and Goghat constituencies will be reserved for Scheduled Castes (SC) candidates. Along with two assembly constituencies from Howrah district, Uttarpara, Sreerampur, Champdani, Chanditala and Jangipara constituencies will form the Sreerampur (Lok Sabha constituency). Singur, Chandannagar, Chunchura, Balagarh, Pandua, Saptagram and Dhanekhali constituencies will form the Hooghly (Lok Sabha constituency). Haripal, Tarakeswar, Pursurah, Arambag, Goghat and Khankul constituencies will be part of the Arambag (Lok Sabha constituency), which will also contain one assembly segments in Paschim Medinipur district.

Railway Of Hooghly

The railway communication of the district,especially at the suburban area is very developed. Bandel Jn. is the railway head quarter of the district. Bandel is the largest and the busiest rail station of the district and also a vital Jn. station of India. There are 4 junction stations in Hooghly and they are: 1.Bandel Jn. 2.Dankuni Jn. 3.Kamarkundu Jn. 4.Seoraphuli Jn. The railway of the district is under Howrah Division. The frist train of ER started its journey from Howrah to Hooghly. Hooghly station was announced as the heritage station.

See also

References

External links


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can..
colspan="2" style="background-color:#EAEFEF
font-size
1.25em; text-align:center;" |Hooghly
colspan="2" align="center" bgcolor=#EAEFEF Coordinates: (find coordinates)
Country  India
State West Bengal
Headquarters Chinsura
Population
Density
5,040,047
1,601 /km2 ({{rnd/cExpression error: Unexpected < operatordec0|Expression error: Unrecognised punctuation character ","|0}} /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166-2 HG
Website hooghly.nic.in

Hooghly is one of the districts of the state of West Bengal in India. It can alternatively be spelt Hoogli or Hugli. The district is named after the Hooghly River.

The headquarters of the district is at Chinsura. There are 4 subdivisions to the district: Chinsura Sadar, Chandannagar, Serampore and Arambag.

Contents

History

The district of Hooghly got its name from the town of Hooghly situated on the west bank of Hooghly River about 40 km north of Kolkata. This town was a river port in the fifteenth century. The first European to reach this area was the Portuguese sailor Vasco-da-gama. In 1536 Portuguese traders got a permit from Sultan Mahmud Shah to trade in this area. In those days the Hooghly River was the main way for transportation and Hooghly served as an excellent trading port. Within a few decades the town of Hooghly turned into a major commercial center and the largest port in Bengal. Later in 1579-80 emperor Akbar gave permission to a Portuguese captain Pedro Tavares to establish a city anywhere in the Bengal province. They normally chosed Hooghly and thus Hooghly became the first European settlement in Bengal. In 1599 the Portuguese traders built a convent and a church in Bandel. This is the first Christian church in Bengal known as ‘Bandel church’ today.

But the Portuguese traders started misusing their power. They started slave-trading, robbery and converting natives into Christians by pressure. At a time they even stopped paying taxes to the Mogul emperors. As a result emperor Shah Jahan ordered the then ruler of Bengal province, Kashim Khan Juini to block the city of Hooghly. This eventually led to war in which the Portuguese completely lost their ground here and didn’t become able to rise again.

Hooghly Imambara

Among other European powers that came to Hooghly were Dutch, Danish, British, French, Belgians and Germans. Dutch traders centered their activities in the town Chuchura which is just south to Hooghly. Chandannagar became the base of the French and remained under their control from 1816 to 1950. Similarly the Danish settled in Srirampur. All of these towns are situated on the west bank of the Hooghly River and served as ports. But among these nations the British ultimately became most powerful. Initially they were based in and around the city of Hooghly like traders from other countries but in 1690 an agent of the British East India Company named Job Charnock decided to shift their trading center from the city of Hooghly to Kolkata. The reason behind this decision was the strategically safe location of Kolkata and its proximity to the sea (Bay of Bengal). As a result the center of gravity of trade and commerce in Bengal province shifted from the city Hooghly to Kolkata and Hooghly subsequently lost its importance as Kolkata prospered. Since the ‘Buxar war’ this region was under direct British rule until India’s independence in 1947. After independence this district merged into the state of West Bengal.

Though the city of Hooghly is more than five hundred years old the district of Hooghly was formed in 1795 with the city of Hooghly as its headquarters. Later the headquarters shifted to the town of Chuchura. In 1843 the district of Howrah was created from the southern portion of this district. And in 1872 the south-west portion of this district was merged into the district of Medinipur. The last change in area occurred in 1966.

Antpur is a tourist spot in this district.

Geography

Chandannagore Strand: A unique place along the bank of Ganga

The district is a completely flat land with no place having more than an elevation of 200 meters. The River Hooghly borders it to the east. Another major river is 'Damodar'. The district is bordered by Howrah District to the south, Bardhaman District to the north, and to the east by the River Hooghly. Bankura District lies to the north-west, with Medinipur District to the south-west.

Economy

Hooghly is the one of the most economically developed districts in West Bengal. It is also the main jute cultivation, jute industry, and jute trade hub in the state_name. There are also a number of engineering farms including one of the largest car manufacturing plants in India, the 'Hindustan Motors' plant located in Hindmotor. The jute mills are located along the banks of the river Hooghly in Tribeni, Bhadreswar, Champdani and Sreerampur.

External links


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Hooghly district. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Hooghly districtRDF feed
County of country India  +
County of subdivision1 West Bengal  +
Short name Hooghly  +

This article uses material from the "Hooghly district" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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