Hookah: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Hookah

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

An Egyptian hookah (shisha) with a wind cover over the bowl.
.A hookah (Hindustani: हुक़्क़ा (Devanagari), حقّہ (Nastaleeq) huqqā)[1] or waterpipe[2] is a single or multi-stemmed (often glass-based) instrument for smoking tobacco in which the smoke is cooled and filtered by passing through water.^ The water cools the smoke and filters out some of the carcinogen s (and nicotine ) from the smoke.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookah is a single or multi hose water pipe (with a glass base) used for smoking flavored tobacco (Shisha) .
  • Hookah - Buy Hookahs, Shisha, Hookah Accessories - HookahLounge.net 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahlounge.net [Source type: General]

^ If approved, patrons can share a hookah, a tobacco pipe with a tube connected to a container where the smoke is cooled by passing through water.
  • Hookah bar to open in W-B - News - Standard Speaker 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC standardspeaker.com [Source type: News]

[3] .Originally from the Middle East has gained popularity, especially in North America , Europe, Australia and Brazil.^ It became popular in the Middle East, especially, Iran and Turkey.
  • What is Hookah? : Medpundit Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.medpundit.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookahs have always been popular in the Middle East and North Africa.

^ Since its creation this device has grown in popularity, especially in the Middle East.

[1]

Contents

Names

.Depending on locality, hookahs or shishas may be referred to by many names: Arabic language use it as Shisha (شيشة) or Nargeela (نرجيلة) or Argeela (أركيلة) and they use it throughout the whole of the Arab World; Narguileh (but sometimes pronounced Argilah) is the name most commonly used in Lebanon, Palestine, Cyprus, Armenia, Turkey, Iraq, Jordan, and Syria.^ Arghile or Nargila is the name most commonly used in Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Turkey, Albania, Kosova, Greece, Israel, Bulgaria and Romania, though the initial "n" is often dropped in Arabic.
  • Best priced hookahs, hookah accessories, and shisha in the world. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahs-r-us.com [Source type: General]

^ Arab scarf How to use hookah?
  • Hookah water pipes. Sheesha tabacco huka. 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.westcoasthookahs.com [Source type: General]
  • Excellent hookah bong pipes. Smoke shispa pipes. Hukka. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.westcoasthookahs.com [Source type: General]

^ Depending on its locality, hookahs can be referred to by various names.
  • Personal 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hookahdepot.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Narghile derives from the Persian word nārghile, meaning coconut, which in turn is from the Sanskrit word nārikela (नारिकेला), suggesting that early hookahs were hewn from coconut shells.^ "Narghile" is from the Persian word "nargil" or "coconut", from Sanskrit narikela as the original hookahs were made out of coconut shells.
  • Best priced hookahs, hookah accessories, and shisha in the world. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahs-r-us.com [Source type: General]

^ The name - water pipe- which is an important part of eastern culture, derives from the Persian word ‘nargil’ which means coconut.
  • Hookah Online - Buy Syrian and Egyptian Hookah pipe online. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-online.com [Source type: General]

^ Although it is said that originally hookahs were hewn from coconut shells, today we enjoy beautiful masterpieces made out of acrylic, crystal and glass.
  • Personal 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hookahdepot.net [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4].
.In Albania, Bosnia, Croatia the hookah is called "Lula" or "Lulava" in Romani, meaning "pipe," the word "shishe" refers to the actual bottle piece.^ What they call that a hookah pipe?
  • Video: WTF: Lil Kid Smoking It Up & The Boy Was Up There! 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.worldstarhiphop.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Patrons can share a hookah, also called a waterpipe, which is a tobacco pipe with a tube connected to a container in which the smoke is cooled by passing through water.
  • Hookah bars in the works for Scranton and Wilkes-Barre - Business - The Times-Tribune 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC thetimes-tribune.com [Source type: News]

^ Hookah Lounge - You order a pipe with whatever flavored tobacco you want and 'smoke it', it's shared and the hookah 'hose' (not sure what it's called) is passed around.
  • Brownstoner: StreetLevel: Hookah Bar Takes Old Boutique Space on 7th 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.brownstoner.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.In Serbia, Srpska Republika od Bosna i Hercegovina, and in much of the eastern and southern former Yugoslavia, "Nargile" (Наргиле) or "Nagile" (Нагиле) is used to refer to the pipe.^ On the other hand, because hookah smoking is usually a social activity, those who use hookah pipes might not be smoking as often or as much as cigarette, cigar, and pipe smokers.
  • Go Ask Alice!: Hookah pipes — More or less harmful than cigarettes? 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.goaskalice.columbia.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A hookah is a water pipe that is used mainly by Middle Eastern countries for smoking tobacco, mainly flavored tobacco, such as shisha.
  • Hookah Blog - Hookah Pipes - Tobacco Water Pipes - Hookah For Sale 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahblog.com [Source type: General]

."šiša" (шиша) usually refers to the nicotine and tar free tobacco that is smoked in it.^ Our Soex Herbal Shisha , with absolutely no tar, no Tobacco and no Nicotine, is the most flavorful and the smoothest Herbal Shisha on the market.
  • Hookah Buzz - Where the best hookahs and Shisha can be found! 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahbuzz.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not only does water pipe smoking include the same substances as cigarette smoke such as carbon monoxide and tar, tobacco used for water pipe smoking contains two to four percent nicotine verses one to three percent for cigarettes.” .
  • Avoid The Hookah and Save Your Teeth 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.perio.org [Source type: Academic]

^ But indeed there are hooka bars out there that offer herbal alternatives to people who are worried about health, which include tobacco-free and nicotine-free.
  • Is hookah bad? - Yahoo! Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC answers.yahoo.com [Source type: General]

.The pipes there often have one or two mouth pieces.^ There is a ball bearing within which drops down to block the pipe when one draws on the mouthpiece, sealing the bottle.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ While no one country has right of ownership on the hookah, there is something that should still be said about the importance of the authenticity of the hookah pipe.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are hundreds of hookah pipes designs, every individual piece having distinctive decorative or functional features.

.They are usually shared between two people.^ For $6, two people can share up to 40 minutes of fruit-flavored tobacco in a relaxed Moroccan-inspired atmosphere.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ Food prices are what they SHOULD be, very reasonable, and the chicken hummus deluxe is perfect for two people at $6.95, less during happy hour.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

.The flavored tobacco is placed above the water and covered by pierced foil with hot coals placed on top, the smoke is drawn through cold water to cool and filter it.^ Blow on the charcoal until it is red hot and place on top of foil covered bowl.
  • Hookah Setup Guide and Beginner Instructions 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahshisha.com [Source type: General]
  • Hookah Setup - The Hookah Store 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.thehookahstore.com [Source type: General]

^ The air that is hot gets drawn through tobacco.
  • What is Hookah? : Medpundit Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.medpundit.com [Source type: General]

^ The resulting smoke is filtered through water before it is inhaled by the smoker.
  • What is Hookah? : Medpundit Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.medpundit.com [Source type: General]

.Shisha (شيشة), from the Persian word shīshe (شیشه), meaning glass, is the common term for the hookah in Egypt and the Arab countries of the Persian Gulf (including Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar, Oman, UAE, and Saudi Arabia), and in Morocco, Tunisia, Somalia and Yemen.^ "Hookah" is the most common term.
  • Hookah Culture - World's largest hookah culture resource and hookah lounge directory 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hookahculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turkish term ("arguileh" in Lebanon), while "shisha" remains the term popular from Egypt to Saudi Arabia.
  • Hookah Culture - World's largest hookah culture resource and hookah lounge directory 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hookahculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is more commonly used in Egypt, Morocco, Tunisia, Saudi Arabia and Somalia.
  • Hookah History - Fumari.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.fumari.com [Source type: General]

.In Iran, hookah is called غلیون "Ghalyoon". In Uzbekistan, hookah is called "Chillim". In India and Pakistan the name most similar to the English hookah is used: huqqa (हुक़्क़ा /حقّہ).^ In Iran it is called ghalyun and in India and Pakistan it is referred to as huqqa.
  • Best priced hookahs, hookah accessories, and shisha in the world. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahs-r-us.com [Source type: General]

^ Use of the device is common throughout the Middle East, where it is goes by a number of different names--shisha in Egypt, hookah in Pakistan and India, and narghile in a number of countries from Turkey to Israel--but has historically been “a habit of older men, usually of low socioeconomic level, in rural areas and in older parts of cities,” he said.
  • Department: Office of Communications (with news releases) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC explore.georgetown.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Hookahs originated in ancient Persia and India and have been used extensively for approximately 400 years.
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use :: Fact Sheet :: Hookahs :: Office on Smoking and Health (OSH) :: CDC 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.The commonness of the Indian word "hookah" in English is a result of the British Raj, the British dominion of India (1858–1947), when large numbers of expatriate Britons first sampled the water-pipe.^ Be the first to bid on the hookah pipes here.
  • Hookah Pipes — Hookah Store | Egyptian hookah | Glass Hookah | Hookah Coals 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hookahpipesonline.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookah water pipes.

^ Hookahs - water pipes .
  • My Hookah Forum - hookah, shisha, water pipes, bong 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.myhookah.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

William Hickey, shortly after arriving in Kolkata, India, in 1775, wrote in his Memoirs:
The most highly-dressed and splendid hookah was prepared for me. I tried it, but did not like it. .As after several trials I still found it disagreeable, I with much gravity requested to know whether it was indispensably necessary that I should become a smoker, which was answered with equal gravity, "Undoubtedly it is, for you might as well be out of the world as out of the fashion.^ (When you have to do it, you might as well do it in style.
  • Air Line Diving System | The Air Line by J. Sink 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.airlinebyjsink.com [Source type: General]

^ If you are after a working model, avoid the smaller ornamental pipes as they do not cool and filter the smoke as well as the metre high classics found in most cafes.

^ Non-smokers may be interested to know that hookah tobacco contains no tar and .5 percent nicotine, packing much less of a harmful whallop.
  • Guess Hookah on Centerstage Chicago - Guess Hookah : 3357 N. Lincoln Ave., Chicago, (773) 868-4837, Bar, Restaurant,Shops, BYO, Hookahs,Lounge,Private Parties,Shopping,Wi-Fi (Free) - Chicago City Life in Chicago, Illinois 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC centerstagechicago.com [Source type: General]

.Here everybody uses a hookah, and it is impossible to get on without" [...^ A prospective Hookah diver must realize that SCUBA regulators CANNOT be used for Hookah applications without special modifications.

^ Without a vase, smoking hookah on a trip becomes impossible because if your bowl breaks you can replace it with an apple head.
  • Buy Hookah, Hookahs, Shisha, Hookah Accessories - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

.I] have frequently heard men declare they would much rather be deprived of their dinner than their hookah.^ Conditions & Illness Is hookah worse than cigarettes They're about even; hookah smoke rs face the same or worse cancer and other di...
  • Hookah Smoke | ChaCha Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Just wish the food from Grain and Salt was available later in the night or if they had some other food options that would be great but other than that they are on point.
  • Sheesha Lounge - Allston, MA, 02134 - Citysearch 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC boston.citysearch.com [Source type: General]

^ The hookah is lit with a piece of charcoal (or, supposedly, camel dung ) left on top of the shisha, rather than lighting the tobacco directly (as is done in a pipe ).
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

[5]

History

The Hookah was invented in the Middle East , some say it might have originated in Palestine or Lebanon

Culture

Middle East

Arab world

Bedouin smoking hookah, locally called argileh, in a coffeehouse in Deir ez-Zor, near the Euphrates River, 1920s.
.In the Arab world, people smoke it as part of their culture and traditions.^ Smoking habits in the Arab world are changing.
  • Junior sheesha pipe. Small Kalian for all occasions! 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookah4less.com [Source type: General]

^ By Phil Dotree   |  Published 3/15/2007 Smoking Culture, the Hookah and Hookah Lounges "What in the world is a Hookah?", this article describes the hookah and the hookah experience as both an honored tradition and a growing trend.
  • A Guide to Smoking the Perfect Hookah - Associated Content - associatedcontent.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookah smoking migrated south into the Arab world from Turkey to Lebanon and Syria [ map ] where it got the name argile.

.Social smoking is done with a single or double hose, and sometimes even more numerous such as a triple or quadruple hose in the forms of parties or small get-togethers.^ More Social Smoke coupons » .
  • hookah coupon codes. Find and share coupons, discounts and promotion codes for hookah. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.retailmenot.com [Source type: General]

^ In the Arab world, social smoking is done with a single or double hose, and sometimes even more numerous such as a triple or quadruple hose in the forms of parties or small get-togethers.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Two long hoses protrude from a durable, solid metal base, making it easier to smoke together and more fun for everyone.
  • Double Hose Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.legalbuds.com [Source type: General]

.When the smoker is finished, either the hose is placed back on the table signifying that it is available, or it is handed from one user to the next, folded back on itself so that the mouthpiece is not pointing at the recipient.^ When the smoker is finished, either the hose is placed back on the table signifying that it is available, or it is handed from one user to the next, folded back on itself so that the mouthpiece is not pointing at the recipient.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A narghile is placed in the center of a group and smokers pass the hose to the next in the circle after smoking to their content, all the while exchanging words and sharing ideas in a pleasant manner.
  • Smoke Hookah Products Pipe Accessories SaharaSmoke 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.saharasmoke.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The back plate holds a "check valve," which acts as a "junction point" for the air hose and the regulator.

.It has been recorded that the Arabs are the biggest shisha smokers in the World and have the most shisha Cafes.^ Nakhla tobacco(shisha)is the oldest and most experienced hookah tobacco producers in the world.
  • Sheesha Flavors. Shisha tobacco. Hooka tombak 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookah4less.com [Source type: General]

^ It fell out of favor with the advent and spread of the cigarette , but can still be found in cafe s in the Middle East, as well as in Arab neighborhood s around the world.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ In the United Kingdom, as of 2007, Hookah cafes (sometimes known locally as "Shisha Bars") exist in most major cities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[citation needed]
.Most cafés (Arabic: مقهىً, transliteration: maqhah, translation: coffeeshop) in the Middle East offer shishas.^ Most cafés ) in the Middle East offer hookahs.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Middle East, from Turkey to India, there are shisha cafe where people gather to smoke and drink coffee or tea.
  • Hookah Tobacco, Hookahs Pipes Accessories and Shisha Tobacco 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-tobacco.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, hookah cafés are gaining popularity around the globe, including Britain, France, Russia, the Middle East, and the United States.
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use :: Fact Sheet :: Hookahs :: Office on Smoking and Health (OSH) :: CDC 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Cafés are widespread and are amongst the chief social gathering places in the Arab world (akin to public houses in Britain).^ Cafés are widespread and are amongst the chief social gathering places in the Arab world (akin to public houses have in Britain).
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the Arab world, social smoking is done with a single or double hose, and sometimes even more numerous such as a triple or quadruple hose in the forms of parties or small get-togethers.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some expatriate Britons arriving in the Middle East adopt shisha cafés to make up for the lack of pubs in the region, especially where prohibition is in place.^ In the Middle East, from Turkey to India, there are shisha cafe where people gather to smoke and drink coffee or tea.
  • Hookah Tobacco, Hookahs Pipes Accessories and Shisha Tobacco 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-tobacco.com [Source type: General]

^ Today, hookah cafés are gaining popularity around the globe, including Britain, France, Russia, the Middle East, and the United States.
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use :: Fact Sheet :: Hookahs :: Office on Smoking and Health (OSH) :: CDC 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

^ I recently visited New York City and I was in the mood for some Middle Eastern food and I was recommend to a restaurant located in East Village named Le Souk.
  • Buy Hookah, Hookahs, Shisha, Hookah Accessories - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

Iran

Persian woman, in Qajari dress seen here smoking the traditional Qalyan. (Around 1850)
.In Iran, the hookah is known as a ghalyun (Persian: قليان, قالیون, غلیون, also spelled ghalyan, ghalyaan or ghelyoon).^ WHAT IT IS As mentioned earlier, a hookah (also known as a shisha , a nargila , or a hubbly-bubbly , all with various spellings) is a fairly complex pipe used for smoking tobacco .
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.It is similar in many ways to the Arabic hookah but has its own unique attributes.^ In general, many hookah lounges are very classy and plush places with unique decor.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]
  • Hookah Culture - Hookah and Lounge Etiquette 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Each hookah bar serves its own unique blend of shisha.
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ In America, many Afghans own their own hookah set at home but do not smoke publicly.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.An example is the top part of the ghalyoun called 'sar' (Persian: سر=head), where the tobacco is placed, is bigger than the ones seen in Turkey.^ When the charcoal stops sparking, blow on it gently to make it red hot and then carefully place it on top of the covered hookah bowl to one side.
  • Hookah charcoal. How to light Hooka coal? 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-masters.com [Source type: General]

^ Rather than being lit directly, the tobacco is heated with a coal placed on top of the a foil screen Though less carcinogenic, shisha tobacco is still tobacco and the health risks remain.

^ There is this one place downtown I think it's called Ahwaz Hookah House or something.

.Also the major part of the hose is flexible and covered with soft silk or cloth while the Turkish make the wooden part as big as the flexible part.^ The key factors that make a good hose are flexibility, cleanliness, & airflow.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The main differences are in the top (the Turkish has a straight cylindrical bowl, the Syrian a more curvy one; the Syrian also has a tray) and in the mouthpiece (the Turkish usually has a more decorated, cloth -covered one).
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The hose's diameter (inside) is big, which makes it easier and smoothly when you inhale.
  • Single Hose Arum Hookah Blue Shisha Narghile Glass Hookah Charcoal - Mini Blue Glass Arum Hookah Sheesha With Case - Mini Hookah - Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Hookah Accessories , Hookah Charcoal MaharajaHookah 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.maharajahookah.com [Source type: General]

.Each person has his own personal mouthpiece (called an Amjid) (امجید), Amjid is usually made of wood or metal and decorated with valuable or other stones.^ Patrons would get their own personalized mouthpiece.
  • Hookah bars in the works for Scranton and Wilkes-Barre - Business - The Times-Tribune 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC thetimes-tribune.com [Source type: News]

^ The hookah is composed of 4 parts: Agizlik , the wooden mouthpiece ; Lüle , the bowl of the hookah (usually made of porcelain), which holds the tobacco (also, somewhat confusingly, often called shisha ); Marpuç , the metal stem ; and the Gövde , the glass bottle that serves as the base .
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ These are usually called “mouthpiece tips” or “mouth tips,” but “hookah condom is so much more memorable don’t you think?
  • Hookah & Shisha Blog – Hookahbowl.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahbowl.com [Source type: General]

Amjids are only used for their fancy look. .However, all the Hookah Bars have plastic mouth-pieces.^ More than likely, you've seen a hookah, although unless you are a regular at a hookah bar, you've probably forgotten all about it.
  • Hookah Smoking, how to smoke hooka - hookahhoopla.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hookahhoopla.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We opened this online hookah bar store for all your hookah smoking needs.
  • Hookah bar online! Shisha tobacco, hookah lounge smoking supplies 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-masters.com [Source type: General]

^ The hookah bars in ohio are all dedicated to the arabic theme, this one is decicated to Ohio State Buckeyes.
  • Hookah bar dedicated to OSU buckeyes « Columbus Underground Messageboard 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.columbusunderground.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Use of water pipes in Iran can be traced back to the Qajar period.^ Munckhof WJ, Konstantinos A, Wamsley M, Mortlock M, Gilpin C: A cluster of tuberculosis associated with use of a marijuana water pipe.
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hookah " is the word for the water pipe used to smoke flavor...
  • Hookah Smoke | ChaCha Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For those of you not 'au fait' with the shisha, it essentially is a water pipe used for smoking purposes, originating about 500 years ago.

In those days the hoses were made of sugar cane. .Iranians had a special tobacco called Khansar (خانسار, presumably name of the origin city).^ Hookahs —sometimes called water pipes—are used to smoke specially made tobacco.
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use :: Fact Sheet :: Hookahs :: Office on Smoking and Health (OSH) :: CDC 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

The charcoals would be put on the Khansar without foil. .Khansar has less smoke than the normal tobacco.^ But from what I understand, you get much more smoke from a hookah than a cigarette, however the smoke is not nearly as harmful (less nicotine) as the cigarette smoke.
  • HOOKAH TIPS_FAQ_hookah shisha and Accessories Manufacturer, for your Make Desirable Exclusive Hookahs Nargile. - Powered by ECShop 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC china-hookah-shisha.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookah smokers actually inhale more tobacco smoke than do cigarette smokers because of the massive volume of smoke they inhale.
  • Hookah smoking: Is it safer than cigarettes? - MayoClinic.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ While many hookah smokers may consider this practice less harmful than smoking cigarettes, hookah smoking carries many of the same health risks as cigarettes.
  • Smoking and Tobacco Use :: Fact Sheet :: Hookahs :: Office on Smoking and Health (OSH) :: CDC 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cdc.gov [Source type: Academic]

.Nasser al-Din Shah Qajar, Shah of Persia (1848-1896) is reputed to have considered a hookah mouthpiece pointed at him an insult.^ Some researchers contend that hookahs may have originated in Persia or even Africa and point to a variety of evidence to support their claims.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The smoking of hookahs is very popular with young people in Iran, and many young people can be seen smoking them in local tea shops.^ Hookah smoking is popular among college students.
  • No Ban Here: Some hookah bars are simply ignoring state's new no-smoking law 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www2.journalnow.com [Source type: News]

^ What once started as a family business to serve Mediterranean Food has evolved into a very popular hang out spot for college students and locals alike.
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ In Pakistan, although traditionally prevalent in rural areas for generations,[2] hookahs have become very popular in the cosmopolitan cities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The hookah was, until recently, served to all ages; Iranian officials have since passed a law forbidding its use by those under 20.

Israel

Nargilas for sale in Jerusalem at the souq.
.The Israeli the term for hookah is nargila.^ Word "hookah" is not popular in Poland, more common terms reffering to water-pipe are "shisha" and "nargila".
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Nargila-smoking is prevalent among Mizrahi Jewish immigrants from Iran, Iraq, Turkey, and Yemen, Morocco,(collectively known as Mizrahi Jews).^ WHAT IT IS As mentioned earlier, a hookah (also known as a shisha , a nargila , or a hubbly-bubbly , all with various spellings) is a fairly complex pipe used for smoking tobacco .
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Nargilas are becoming increasingly popular in Israel, particularly among tourists.^ Hookahs are also becoming increasingly popular in Moscow and other Russian cities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She said: “These cafes are becoming increasingly popular across London, but the legislation on smoking in public places wasn't framed with them in mind.
  • ASH Daily News for 03 July 2009 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.ash.org.uk [Source type: News]

.Shops selling paraphernalia can be found on most streets and markets.^ London's Edgware Road area is noted for a high distribution of shops which serve hookah, but hookah cafes can be found in most cities in the south.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In 2005, due to an increase in use among youth, a campaign was launched by The Israel Cancer Association warning of the hazards of nargila smoking, and the IDF has forbidden the use of nargilas by soldiers within its bases.^ One way I have found to increase the chances of having a quality smoke session is to use both a piece of foil and a reusable bowl screen.
  • Generation Hookah - Welcome to your World 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.generationhookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One public health concern with the increase in popularity of this type of tobacco use is the associated health effects.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ In that part of the world, liquor or juice is often used in the base of the hookah to "enhance" the flavor of the hookah smoke.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

South Asia

India

It was tremendously popular especially during Mughal rule. .The hookah has since become less popular; however, it is once again garnering the attention of the masses, and cafés and restaurants that offer it as a consumable are popular.^ In India, the hookah is becoming better known, and cafés and restaurants that offer it as a consumable are popular.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Pakistan, although traditionally prevalent in rural areas for generations,[2] hookahs have become very popular in the cosmopolitan cities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hookah lounges of all sorts have become popular in parts of Europe and North America in the last decade.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

.The use of hookahs from ancient times in India was not only a custom, but a matter of prestige.^ The use of hookahs from ancient times in India was not only a custom, but a matter of prestige.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hookah-Shisha-Arguila Club of Northern Virginia No matter what you call it and if you enjoy sharing some great time with friends, you are in the right place.
  • Hookah Meetup Groups - Hookah Meetups 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hookah.meetup.com [Source type: General]

^ In order to have multiple people smoke from the hookah, only one may draw at a time and all the others must cover the ends of their hoses for the device to work at all.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Rich and landed classes would smoke hookahs.^ Rich and landed classes would smoke hookahs.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a recent post, one Hookah user asked others on the GHookah.com site if smoking hookah would mean a failed employment drug test.

^ Tradition: The hookah rich in history and tradition is much more than a simple smoking device.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Tobacco is smoked in hookahs in many villages as per traditional customs.^ Do you smoke tobacco out of a hookah?
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]
  • Hookah | Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ Tobacco is smoked in hookahs in many villages as per traditional customs.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only tobacco is to be smoked from a hookah.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.Smoking a tobacco-molasses shisha is now becoming popular amongst the youth in India.^ Shisha tobacco, Buy sheesha now .

^ Shisha is tobacco mixed with molasses and fruit flavors and is smoked in a hookah.

^ Now, hookah bars and cafes are popping up across the United States — fueled by the growing popularity of hookah smoking among teens and young adults.
  • Hookah smoking: Is it safer than cigarettes? - MayoClinic.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: General]
  • Hookah smoking: Is it safer than cigarettes? - MayoClinic.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: General]

.There are several chain clubs, bars and coffee shops in India offering a wider variety of mu‘assels, including non-tobacco versions.^ There are several bars in Leeds and Bradford.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are several chain clubs, bars and coffee shops in India offering a variety of hookahs.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are a large number of cafes and restaurants offering a variety of hookahs.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Koyilandy, a small fishing town on the west coast of India, once made and exported hookahs extensively.^ Koyilandy, a small fishing town on the west coast of India, once made and exported these extensively.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hookah on the table… The Proud, Few HoboNargile Heros… Just a small town Hookah… We’re out of HoboNargiles HoboNargile Stock ALREADY Running Low!
  • Modern Hookah Pipe Made to Party | The HoBlog 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hobohookah.com [Source type: General]

^ Categories: Hookah Video , Shout Outs , Stories Join the Circle (No Comments) Just a small town Hookah… .
  • Modern Hookah Pipe Made to Party | The HoBlog 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC hobohookah.com [Source type: General]

.These are known as Malabar Hookhas or Koyilandy Hookahs.^ These are known as Malabar Hookhas or Koyilandy Hoohaks.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Today these intricate hookahs are difficult to find outside of Koyilandy and not much easier to find in Koyilandy itself.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Today these intricate hookahs are difficult to find outside of Koyilandy and not much easier to find in Koyilandy itself.^ Today these intricate hookahs are difficult to find outside of Koyilandy and not much easier to find in Koyilandy itself.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And while achieving a great smoke depends on more factors than simply the hookah itself, look for these traits in your new hookah for the best smoke possible.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The government looks down on hookah smoking.^ What to look for when buying a hookah (Which hookah smokes best?
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ And while achieving a great smoke depends on more factors than simply the hookah itself, look for these traits in your new hookah for the best smoke possible.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you're looking for a place to relax and just want to enjoy smoking a hookah, try some more traditional smoking locations.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

There have been numerous raids and bans recently on hookah smoking, especially in Gujarat[6]

Pakistan

.In Pakistan, although traditionally prevalent in rural areas for generations,[7] hookahs have become very popular in the cosmopolitan cities.^ Hookah lounges of all sorts have become popular in parts of Europe and North America in the last decade.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ In general, many hookah lounges are very classy and plush places with unique decor.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ Angrove said smoking tobacco from a hookah pipe has become a popular pastime among young urbanites.

.Many clubs and cafes are offering them and it has become quite popular amongst the youth and students in Pakistan.^ Many clubs and cafes are offering them and it has become quite popular amongst the youth and students in Pakistan.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Pakistan, although traditionally prevalent in rural areas for generations,[2] hookahs have become very popular in the cosmopolitan cities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Smoking molasses in a hookah is now becoming popular amongst the youth in India.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This form of smoking has become very popular for social gatherings, functions, and events.^ A popular Hookah line with Hookah cafes due to the great smoke they deliver and their superb functionality.

^ Angrove said smoking tobacco from a hookah pipe has become a popular pastime among young urbanites.

^ She said: “These cafes are becoming increasingly popular across London, but the legislation on smoking in public places wasn't framed with them in mind.
  • ASH Daily News for 03 July 2009 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.ash.org.uk [Source type: News]

.There are a large number of cafes and restaurants offering a variety of hookahs.^ This is mainly a restaurant that offers hookahs, but they do have a hookah lounge.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ Nice new hookahs, and a large variety of tobacco to smoke, but none to buy as of yet.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ This super-convenient, high quality hookah offers the modern design of a small sized hookah with all of the advantages of a large hookah, at a great price.
  • Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-smoking.com [Source type: General]

Karachi has seen a growth in this business.

Southeast Asia

Philippines

.In the Philippines, the Hookah or Shisha was particularly used within the minority Arab Filipino communities and Indian Filipino, although particularly among indigenous Muslim Filipinos, a historical following of social and cultural trends set in the Middle East led to the Hookah being a rare albeit prestige social-habit of noblemen in important trade cities such as Cotabato or Jolo.^ From the year 2000 to 2004, over 200 new hookah cafes opened for business, most of which are targeted at a young-adult age group,[10]and were particularly near college campuses or cities with large Middle-Eastern communities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The concept of Hookah smoking has its origin in the Middle East and later this ancient tradition became a popular trend in the Western countries as well.
  • Hookah - Hookah in India, Hukka Smoking in India, Indian Hukkah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.thecolorsofindia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ So, you want to buy a hookah and enjoy a centuries old Middle Eastern social activity?

.Hookah was virtually unknown by Christian Filipinos before the latter 20th century, yet the popularity among contemporary younger Christians is now vastly growing.^ Now, hookah bars and cafes are popping up across the United States — fueled by the growing popularity of hookah smoking among teens and young adults.
  • Hookah smoking: Is it safer than cigarettes? - MayoClinic.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mayoclinic.com [Source type: General]

^ In the last 10 years, hookah has become very popular amongst the younger generation, so a lot of cafes in the village have changed their business model to serve hookahs.
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ SUMMARY : Popularity of waterpipe smoking or hookah smoking in the United States has been growing for some time now among youth and young adults.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

.In the capital's most cosmopolitan city, Makati; various high-end bars and clubs offer hookahs to patrons.^ In Pakistan, although traditionally prevalent in rural areas for generations,[2] hookahs have become very popular in the cosmopolitan cities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Currently, many cities and states have exemptions that allow hookah bars to remain in operation despite the passage of clean indoor air legislation.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Most cafés ) in the Middle East offer hookahs.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Although hookah use has been common for hundreds of years and enjoyed by people of all ages, it has just begun to become a youth-oriented pastime in Asia in recent times.^ It is however undeniable that this tool is used daily, for hours on end, by over a hundred million men and women, in Asia, Europe and Africa, at the local coffee shop or at home.
  • The Sacred Narghile (Hookah, Shisha, Waterpipe, Water pipe, Narguilé, Chicha, Pipe à eau, Pipa de Agua, Cachimba) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.sacrednarghile.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Often, hookah lounges are owned and operated by people from the Muslim world or other regions where use of the hookah is a centuries-old tradition.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ Angrove said smoking tobacco from a hookah pipe has become a popular pastime among young urbanites.

.Hookahs are most popular with college students and young adults, who may be underage and thus unable to purchase cigarettes.^ Hookah smoking is popular among college students.
  • No Ban Here: Some hookah bars are simply ignoring state's new no-smoking law 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www2.journalnow.com [Source type: News]

^ What once started as a family business to serve Mediterranean Food has evolved into a very popular hang out spot for college students and locals alike.
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ From the year 2000 to 2004, over 200 new hookah cafes opened for business, most of which are targeted at a young-adult age group,[10]and were particularly near college campuses or cities with large Middle-Eastern communities.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[8]

South Africa

.In South Africa, hookah, colloquially known as a hubbly bubbly or an okka pipe, is popular amongst the Cape Malay and Indian populations, wherein it is smoked as a social pastime.^ For hundreds of years, Middle Eastern men have gathered around water pipes, also known as hookahs, to smoke fruit-flavored tobacco, talk, play chess, and discuss world events.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ Angrove said smoking tobacco from a hookah pipe has become a popular pastime among young urbanites.

^ Smoking molasses in a hookah is now becoming popular amongst the youth in India.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[9] .However, hookah is seeing increasing popularity with white South Africans, especially the youth.^ Smoking molasses in a hookah is now becoming popular amongst the youth in India.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Afganistan the hookah has been popular for some time, especially in Kabul where it is better known as a "chillam".
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Spain, the use of the hookah has recently increased in popularity.
  • Evolution of the Hookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC casahookah.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Bars that additionally provide hookahs are becoming more prominent, although smoking is normally done at home or in public spaces such as beaches and picnic sites.^ Wide Stable Base: Although this does not directly affect the hookahs ability to perform, a wide stable hookah base will make your hookah less susceptible to tipping or falling over and therefore make your smoking session more relaxing and enjoyable.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Angrove said smoking tobacco from a hookah pipe has become a popular pastime among young urbanites.

^ Rico Between 10th and 11th street on Avenue C, Manhattan New place - a new incarnation of Sahara East, but more of a club where argileh/hookah is incidental, but it is prominent.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

.In South Africa, the terminology of the various hookah components also differ from other countries.^ One thing for certain, is that the hookah had humble origins and was developed to its current state over hundreds of years and across varying continents, countries, people, and cultures.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Furthermore, just south of the Westwood Village on the Westwood Blvd nestles about 5 other small hookah bars.
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ With a vast collection of flavors to choose from and many other variables to manipulate, hookah smoking is truly an art.
  • Hookah | Hooka | Hookah Tobacco | Hookahs 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.tophatcigar.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The clay "head/bowl" is known as a "clay pot". The hoses are called "pipes" and the air release valve is known, strangely, as a "clutch".
Some scientists point to the dagga pipe as an African origin of hookah[10]

United States and Canada

A hookah and a variety of tobacco products are on display in a Harvard Square store window in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.
.Recently many cities, states and counties have implemented indoor smoking bans.^ Currently, many cities and states have exemptions that allow hookah bars to remain in operation despite the passage of clean indoor air legislation.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The state's Clean Indoor Air act, which bans smoking in most bars, doesn't mention hookah bars.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ Many hookah bars ignore new NC smoking ban .
  • Many hookah bars ignore new NC smoking ban - NewsFlash - NJ.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.nj.com [Source type: News]

.In some jurisdictions, hookah businesses can be exempted from the policies through special permits.^ Some hookah lounges are business modeled as such from their inception.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

.Some permits however, have requirements such as the business earning a certain minimum percentage of their revenue from alcohol or tobacco.^ Some hookah lounges are business modeled as such from their inception.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

.In cities with indoor smoking bans, hookah bars have been forced to close or switch to tobacco-free mu‘assel.^ Do you smoke tobacco out of a hookah?
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookah Bars in Paris Fight Smoking ban.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hookah Bars in Paris Fight Smoking ban .
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

.In many cities though, hookah lounges have been growing in popularity.^ Hookah lounges of all sorts have become popular in parts of Europe and North America in the last decade.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ In general, many hookah lounges are very classy and plush places with unique decor.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ Currently, many cities and states have exemptions that allow hookah bars to remain in operation despite the passage of clean indoor air legislation.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

.From the year 2000 to 2004, over 200 new hookah cafes opened for business, most of which are targeted at a young-adult age group,[11] and were particularly near college campuses or cities with large Middle-Eastern communities.^ Any type of tobacco should only be smoked by adults over 18 years of age.

^ For hundreds of years, Middle Eastern men have gathered around water pipes, also known as hookahs, to smoke fruit-flavored tobacco, talk, play chess, and discuss world events.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ "This is particularly significant in view of the downtown college town focus group study, which calls for businesses similar to what Michael is opening," Frank Pasquini said.
  • Hookah bars in the works for Scranton and Wilkes-Barre - Business - The Times-Tribune 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC thetimes-tribune.com [Source type: News]

This activity continues to grow in popularity within the post-secondary student demographic.

Structure and operation

Components

.Excluding grommets, a hookah is usually made of five or six components, four of which are essential for its operation.^ The conversion can be made by installing a set of low tension springs which will give maximum efficiency when operated at low Hookah pressures.

^ After the bowl is made, moisten the bowl grommet and place the bowl on the top of the hookah pipe.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The bowl

.Also known as the head of the hookah, the bowl is a container, usually made out of clay or marble, that holds the coal and tobacco during the smoking session.^ Do you smoke tobacco out of a hookah?
  • Buy Hookah, Shisha, Hookahs Accessory - Hookah Genie 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahgenie.com [Source type: General]

^ Only tobacco is to be smoked from a hookah.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ The coal, of the quick-lighting type, of unknown chemical composition, was kept in the same place over the tobacco-molasses mixture during the whole session, that is, almost one hour, versus 45 min [ 11 ].
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

.The bowl is loaded with tobacco then covered in a small piece of perforated aluminum foil or a glass or metal screen.^ If you place aluminum foil along the inside of the bowl you can just pull out all the burnt, sticky shisha and not have to wash the head.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ OPTIONAL : Cover the top with aluminum foil , and poke holes in the foil.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ Concerning heavy metals, the new quick-lighting charcoal might be a source but also the tobacco itself, the aluminium foil an even the metal coating (particularly of the bowl).
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

.Lit coals are then placed on top, which allows the tobacco to heat to the proper temperature.^ Rather than being lit directly, the tobacco is heated with a coal placed on top of the a foil screen Though less carcinogenic, shisha tobacco is still tobacco and the health risks remain.

^ The hookah is lit with a piece of charcoal (or, supposedly, camel dung ) left on top of the shisha, rather than lighting the tobacco directly (as is done in a pipe ).
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

.There is also a variation of the head which employs a fruit rather than the traditional clay bowl.^ KA-CHING! This café also offers shisha pipes fitted with fresh fruit in the place of the traditional clay bowl; watermelon, cantaloupe, apple lemon, orange are available for $20-$30.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

.The fruit is hollowed out and perforated in order to achieve the same shape and system a clay bowl has, then it is loaded and used in the same manner.^ This beautiful hookah is a work of art It consists of a beautiful silver shaped shaft and a perfectly matching red glass base and Clay Bowl .
  • Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-smoking.com [Source type: General]

^ They don't mix their fruit flavors with their mint or grape and they keep the bowls, hookahs, and hoses color coded as not to mix the flavors with subsequent uses.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

Windscreen (optional)

.A Hookah Cover windscreen is a cover which sits over the bowl area, with some form of air holes.^ Hookah rentals: $7.95, up to 3 people, includes bowl, no cover charge.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ Characteristics Hookah lounges are mostly found in college towns and urban areas and are regarded by some as a novel and chic way to socialize and embrace multiculturalism.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

.This prevents wind from increasing the burn rate and temperature of the coal, and prevents ash and burning embers from being blown onto the surrounding environment.^ It is important to move the coals around the head to ensure that all tobacco is used evenly and to prevent it from burning.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This may also offer some limited protection from fire as it may prevent the coal from being ejected if the hookah is bumped.^ Some researchers contend that hookahs may have originated in Persia or even Africa and point to a variety of evidence to support their claims.
  • Hookah Guide @ Hookaholic Hookah and Shisha Online 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookaholic.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If you are a dependent cigarette user thinking of quitting this way, you may be wrong in some cases and all you might succeed in is to become a hookah chain smoker.
  • The Sacred Narghile (Hookah, Shisha, Waterpipe, Water pipe, Narguilé, Chicha, Pipe à eau, Pipa de Agua, Cachimba) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.sacrednarghile.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hose

Technically if the pipe has a hose it is not "hookah"—the term historically referred to a straight-neck tube. .Today the hose (one or more) is a slender flexible tube that allows the smoke to be drawn for a distance, cooling down before inhalation.^ Second, the hot smoke is allowed to cool off more before reaching the surface.
  • LongHorn Hookah » LongHornHookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC longhornhookah.com [Source type: General]

^ Smokers heat tobacco and flavoring and use a tube to draw the smoke through a bowl of water to cool it.
  • Many hookah bars ignore new NC smoking ban - NewsFlash - NJ.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.nj.com [Source type: News]

^ In order to have multiple people smoke from the hookah, only one may draw at a time and all the others must cover the ends of their hoses for the device to work at all.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

The end is typically fitted with a metal, wooden, or plastic mouthpiece of various shape, size, color or material type.

Body and gaskets

The body of the hookah is a hollow tube. The bowl is attached to the top. .Sometimes an ice bucket is attached between the body and the bowl to cool the smoke.^ Smokers heat tobacco and flavoring and use a tube to draw the smoke through a bowl of water to cool it.
  • Many hookah bars ignore new NC smoking ban - NewsFlash - NJ.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.nj.com [Source type: News]

^ Place ice in your base water for cool and fresh puffs If you have experience coughing or shortness of breath during your smoking session, you should pick the charcoals off the bowl to let the bowl and tobacco cool.
  • Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-smoking.com [Source type: General]

At the bottom is a thin tube (the downstem) that is submerged in water. The point where the body meets the water jar is sealed with a gasket. .Near there are at least two holes that open into the space above the water.^ It was early in the evening ( I think they just opened) and there were two couples on the patio smoking the good stuff while we were the only diners for a short while.
  • Casa Hookah - Inner Richmond - San Francisco, CA 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.One or more may accept a hose.^ If more than one diver is connected to an air system, or if diving at greater than normal depths, more air volume at higher pressures may be required.

Purge valve (optional)

.Many hookah are equipped with a purge valve connected to the airspace in the water jar to purge stale smoke which has been sitting unused in the jar for too long.^ There are many things that need to get perfected in order to get a hookah to smoke the...  .

^ HookaH-HookaH 5 Assorted 50g Jars Hookah-Hookah Tobacco is like no other smoke you've ever tasted before.
  • HookaH-HookaH :: PRODUCTS :: Tobacco 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahhookah.com [Source type: General]

^ This asshole of a manager made the 7 of us get 4 hookahs at $15 each and the rest of the 4 who aren't smoking pay at least $10 for just sitting there.
  • Casa Hookah - Inner Richmond - San Francisco, CA 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.This one-way valve is typically a simple ball bearing sitting over a port which seals the port by gravity alone and will open if positive pressure is created by blowing into the hose.^ A typical Hookah compressor operates in an average pressure range of 30 to 50 p.s.i., which is not enough pressure to drive the spring loaded downstream valve of a SCUBA regulator.

^ There is a ball bearing within which drops down to block the pipe when one draws on the mouthpiece, sealing the bottle.
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

The bearing will be held captive with a screw-on cover. .The cover should be opened and the bearing and seat cleaned of residue and corrosion regularly to ensure proper sealing.^ Then she insists I should cover some dudes drinks because he sat by the bar close to our seats.
  • Paaeez - Lounge, College Street, Clubs in Toronto 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.martiniboys.com [Source type: General]

Water jar

Damascene woodworkers creating wood for hookahs, 19th century.
The body of the hookah sits on top of the water jar. The downstem hangs down below the level of the water in the jar. .Smoke passes through the body and out the downstem where it bubbles through the water.^ When the user inhales, smoke travels through the water and out through a tube.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ First off, the smaller bubbles allow for the smoke to filter more efficiently through the water.
  • LongHorn Hookah » LongHornHookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC longhornhookah.com [Source type: General]

^ Even after passing through water, tobacco smoke still contains high levels of toxic compounds, including carbon monoxide, heavy metals and cancer-causing chemicals (carcinogens).
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

This cools and humidifies the smoke. Liquids such as fruit juice may be added to the water or used in substitution. Pieces of fruit, mint leaves, and crushed ice may be added.

Plate

.A plate or ashtray sits just below the bowl to catch ashes falling off the coals.^ There is also usually a tray that fits on the stem under the bowl; this holds the tongs (for manipulating the charcoal) and possibly ash and other coals .
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

Grommets

.Grommets in a hookah are usually placed between the bowl and the body, the body's gasket and the water jar and between the body and the hose.^ Rico Between 10th and 11th street on Avenue C, Manhattan New place - a new incarnation of Sahara East, but more of a club where argileh/hookah is incidental, but it is prominent.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ The waitstaff aren't hookah-hip AT ALL. Missing hose grommet.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

.The reason for the usage of grommets although not essential (the use of paper or tape has become common) will help to seal the joints between the parts, therefore decreasing the amount of air coming in and maximizing the smoke breathed in.^ The purpose of this paper is to discuss smoke-free air legislation in relation to hookah use, the public health implications of exempting hookah bars from current smoke-free legislation, and implications for the public health nurse in protecting the public from the dangers of second-hand smoke, and limiting this new form of tobacco use.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ It packed fairly well and lit pretty easily, not really harsh as I thought it would be, although it can come up and bite the tongue if smoked to fast.
  • Dan Tobacco - Da Vinci pipe tobacco reviews 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.tobaccoreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ HookaH-HookaH Shot The most convenient way to smoke your Hookah - A single serving of your favorite hookah tobacco sealed in an air-tight, easy to use single shot serving.
  • HookaH-HookaH :: PRODUCTS :: Tobacco 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahhookah.com [Source type: General]

Operation

Hookah cross-section view
.The jar at the bottom of the hookah is filled with water sufficient to submerge a few centimetres of the body tube, which is sealed tightly to it.^ Hookahs work by placing fruit-flavored tobacco, and sometimes honey or spices, on a metal plate with a hole in the bottom that connects to a water-filled metal container below and is heated by charcoal.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

Deeper water will only increase the inhalation force needed to use it. .Tobacco is placed inside the bowl at the top of the hookah and a burning charcoal is placed on top of the tobacco.^ Hookahs work by placing fruit-flavored tobacco, and sometimes honey or spices, on a metal plate with a hole in the bottom that connects to a water-filled metal container below and is heated by charcoal.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ The hookah menu features 25 flavors of tobacco for $8 a bowl.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ The report states (page 2) that " the tobacco that is placed into the head is very moist (and often sweetened and flavoured): it does not burn in a self-sustaining manner ".
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

.Some cultures cover the bowl with perforated tin foil or a metal screen to separate the coal and the tobacco, which minimizes inhalation of coal ash with the smoke.^ Those tested, smoked bowls of 60-120g of shisha with no foil on-top.
  • LongHorn Hookah » LongHornHookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC longhornhookah.com [Source type: General]

^ If you can manage to smoke this entire tin, the reward comes in the last 5-10 bowls.
  • Dan Tobacco - Da Vinci pipe tobacco reviews 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.tobaccoreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ Concerning heavy metals, the new quick-lighting charcoal might be a source but also the tobacco itself, the aluminium foil an even the metal coating (particularly of the bowl).
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

This may also reduce the temperature the tobacco is exposed to, in order to prevent burning the tobacco directly.
.When one inhales via the hose, air is pulled through the charcoal and into the bowl holding the tobacco.^ The average smoking time for your water pipe is around 45 min (it may vary by size of the tobacco bowl) Blow into the hose gently to clear stale smoke.
  • Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-smoking.com [Source type: General]

^ Concerning heavy metals, the new quick-lighting charcoal might be a source but also the tobacco itself, the aluminium foil an even the metal coating (particularly of the bowl).
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Hookah Accessory Reviews This section is dedicated to reviews of hookah accessories such as hoses, bowls, mods, etc… Hookah Charcoal Reviews This section is dedicated to reviews and discussion of hookah charcoal.

.The hot air, heated by the charcoal evaporates (not burns) the tobacco, thus producing smoke, which is passed down through the body tube that extends into the water in the jar.^ When the user inhales, smoke travels through the water and out through a tube.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ Hookahs work by placing fruit-flavored tobacco, and sometimes honey or spices, on a metal plate with a hole in the bottom that connects to a water-filled metal container below and is heated by charcoal.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ The average smoking time for your water pipe is around 45 min (it may vary by size of the tobacco bowl) Blow into the hose gently to clear stale smoke.
  • Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-smoking.com [Source type: General]

.It bubbles up through the water, losing heat, and fills the top part of the jar, to which the hose is attached.^ First off, the smaller bubbles allow for the smoke to filter more efficiently through the water.
  • LongHorn Hookah » LongHornHookah 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC longhornhookah.com [Source type: General]

.When a smoker inhales from the hose, smoke passes into the lungs, and the change in pressure in the jar pulls more air through the charcoal, continuing the process.^ Hookah Lounge - You order a pipe with whatever flavored tobacco you want and 'smoke it', it's shared and the hookah 'hose' (not sure what it's called) is passed around.
  • Brownstoner: StreetLevel: Hookah Bar Takes Old Boutique Space on 7th 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.brownstoner.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most animals run at the smell of smoke, yet we concentrate it into a cigarette and breath direct hits and fill our lungs with poison,because we are so "intelligent".
  • Hookah Bars - Catholic Answers Forums 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC forums.catholic.com [Source type: General]

^ Moreover, there are also other important parameters that could change the amount and nature of the substances absorbed by the smoker: aspiration speed, pressure, water solubility of certain substances, volume of bowl, amount and temperature of water, added substances, length of the aspiration hose and others...
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

.If the hookah has been lit and smoked but has not been inhaled for an extended period, the smoke inside the water jar may be regarded as "stale" and undesirable.^ A critique of recent hypotheses on oral (and lung) cancer induced by water pipe (hookah, shisha, narghile) tobacco smoking .
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Cigarette smoking is not allowed inside hookah bars.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ HookaH-HookaH 10 Assorted 50g Jars Hookah-Hookah Tobacco is like no other smoke you've ever tasted before.
  • HookaH-HookaH :: PRODUCTS :: Tobacco 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahhookah.com [Source type: General]

Stale smoke may be exhausted through the purge valve, if present. .This one-way valve is opened by the positive pressure created from gently blowing into the hose.^ The average smoking time for your water pipe is around 45 min (it may vary by size of the tobacco bowl) Blow into the hose gently to clear stale smoke.
  • Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-smoking.com [Source type: General]

.It will not function on a multiple-hose hookah unless all other hoses are plugged.^ The waitstaff aren't hookah-hip AT ALL. Missing hose grommet.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ Hookah all night Wednesdays, $10.00 other days.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ Published: September 16, 2009 Posted in: General Hookah News Tags: I am looking for a multiple Hose hookah to share with my friends.

Sometimes one-way valves are put in the hose sockets to avoid the need to manually plug hoses.

Health effects

.A common belief among users is that the smoke is significantly less dangerous than that from cigarettes.^ For instance, the results for the lead levels are not in agreement with a previous study by Salem concluding that the content of this metal was significantly higher in cigarette than in water pipe [ 22 ].
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

^ This is true for cigarette smoke, so that one should stop printing on cigarette packs the smoking machine tar yield, which gives the smoker a fallacious information about the real danger.
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Belly Dancing More Dangerous than Hookah Smoking !
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

[12] .The water moisture induced by the hookah makes the smoke less irritating and may give a false sense of security and reduce concerns about true health effects.^ Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking .
  • Hookah-smoking.com - Hookah tips ' learn more about Hookah smoking 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-smoking.com [Source type: General]

^ One public health concern with the increase in popularity of this type of tobacco use is the associated health effects.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Another concern is that hookah smoke produces a sweet smelling aroma making it less obvious that patrons and employees of hookah bars are inhaling noxious fumes from mainstream smoke, as well as the toxins from the charcoal that is used to heat the tobacco.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

[13] .Doctors at institutions including the Mayo Clinic have stated that use of hookah is equally detrimental to a person's health as smoking cigarettes,[14][15] and a study by the World Health Organization also confirmed these findings.^ According to a World Health Organization advisory, a typical one-hour session of hookah smoking exposes the user to 100 to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a single cigarette.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ Often, hookah lounges are owned and operated by people from the Muslim world or other regions where use of the hookah is a centuries-old tradition.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ Official “Experts” who were appointed by WHO (the World Health Organization) to prepare reports on hookah (narghile, shisha, “waterpipe”™) smoking could not distinguish between a burning and a heating process ( 1st Erroneous Report ), between smoking products ( 2nd Erroneous Report ) and even between hookah and cigarette smoke ( American Lung Association Erroneous Report )...
  • The Sacred Narghile (Hookah, Shisha, Waterpipe, Water pipe, Narguilé, Chicha, Pipe à eau, Pipa de Agua, Cachimba) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.sacrednarghile.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16]
.Each hookah session typically lasts more than 40 minutes, and consists of 50 to 200 inhalations that each range from 0.15 to 0.50 liters of smoke.^ The staff is excellent, more than 50 hookah flavors.
  • HookahCulture.com - The World's Largest Hookah Bar & Lounge & Cafe Directory 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.hookahculture.com [Source type: General]

^ According to a World Health Organization advisory, a typical one-hour session of hookah smoking exposes the user to 100 to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a single cigarette.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ A hookah costs $10 per person and lasts about 45 minutes.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

[17][18] .Reports by the World Health Organization and the American Cancer Society have shown that, in a one-hour hookah session, users consume about 100 to 200 times the smoke and about 70 times the nicotine as they do in one cigarette.^ According to a World Health Organization advisory, a typical one-hour session of hookah smoking exposes the user to 100 to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a single cigarette.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ US Public Health Organizations Myths about Hookah Smoking (Lung Cancer, etc.
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Context of the Hookah Cancer Wa r : The US-American University of Beirut (the teams who prepared the WHO report and on which the whole world relies : 1 hookah = 200 cigarettes, you know how the song goes, folks...
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

[19]
.A 2005 study found that water pipe smokers were five times more likely than non-smokers to show signs of gum disease.^ Not for a more serious pipe smoker.
  • Dan Tobacco - Da Vinci pipe tobacco reviews 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.tobaccoreviews.com [Source type: General]

^ For instance, the results for the lead levels are not in agreement with a previous study by Salem concluding that the content of this metal was significantly higher in cigarette than in water pipe [ 22 ].
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Minus 1 star because they never check ID. One time we saw kids that looked no more than 17 getting tipsy.
  • Casa Hookah - Inner Richmond - San Francisco, CA 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.yelp.com [Source type: General]

.People who smoked water pipes had five times the risk of lung cancer as non-smokers.^ A younger customer adds: "The important thing is not what you put in the pipe, but who is with you while you're smoking...it's a complete experience...in a cafe like this one, you find the good people, the old people, the interesting people.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ History The hookah lounge has clear antecedents in the tradition of coffee houses in the Middle East and Turkey where people smoke tobacco from hookahs or other styles of water pipe provided by the establishment.
  • Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locations - Locate Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Near You with Mapmuse's Hookah Lounges or Shisha Bar Locator 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC find.mapmuse.com [Source type: General]

^ Fire Chief Doug Angrove said an investigation has concluded the group of university students had been smoking tobacco from the water pipe on the evening of Aug.

[20]
The water used to filter the chemicals does not work efficiently to remove all the harmful chemicals.[21]
A study on hookah smoking and cancer in Pakistan was published in 2008.[22] Its objective was "to find serum CEA levels in ever/exclusive hookah smokers, i.e. those who smoked only hookah (no cigarettes, bidis, etc.), prepared between 1 and 4 times a day with a quantity of up to 120 g of a tobacco-molasses mixture each (i.e. the tobacco weight equivalent of up to 60 cigarettes of 1 g each) and consumed in 1 to 8 sessions". Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is a marker found in several forms of cancer. .Levels in exclusive hookah smokers were lower compared to cigarette smokers although the difference was not statistically significant between a hookah smoker and a non-smoker.^ If you are a dependent cigarette user thinking of quitting this way, you may be wrong in some cases and all you might succeed in is to become a hookah chain smoker.
  • The Sacred Narghile (Hookah, Shisha, Waterpipe, Water pipe, Narguilé, Chicha, Pipe à eau, Pipa de Agua, Cachimba) 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.sacrednarghile.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hookah smoking also delivers significant levels of nicotine — the addictive substance in tobacco.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ As for nicotine, despite the above mentioned strain parameters, the nicotine yield, compared to that found in a single cigarette, is far from scaring the "hookah addicts" or even suggesting an explanation to their behaviour.
  • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

.Also the study concluded that heavy hookah smoking (2–4 daily preparations; 3–8 sessions a day ; 2 hrs to 6 hours) substantially raises CEA levels.^ According to a World Health Organization advisory, a typical one-hour session of hookah smoking exposes the user to 100 to 200 times the volume of smoke inhaled from a single cigarette.
  • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

^ Our Case of HookaH-HookaH Tobacco includes all of our Fifty-One distinct flavors so you can change it up every smoke session!
  • HookaH-HookaH :: PRODUCTS :: Tobacco 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahhookah.com [Source type: General]

^ By chance, this took place immediately after the release of the dangerously popular study on hookah smoking and cancer byPakistani and French doctors...
  • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

References

  1. ^ a b "Hookah". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/HIG_HOR/HOOKAH_the_English_spelling_of_.html. Retrieved 2008-04-08. 
  2. ^ WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (TobReg) an advisory note "Waterpipe tobacco smoking:health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators", 2005
  3. ^ The History and Mystery of Tobacco. Harper's. June 1855. 
  4. ^ "Nargile". mymerhaba. http://www.mymerhaba.com/en/main/content.asp_Q_id_E_1124. 
  5. ^ Memoirs of William Hickey (Volume II ed.). London: Hurst & Blackett. 1918. pp. 136. 
  6. ^ "Hookah". Indian Express. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/-Ban-on-public-smoking-up-in-smoke-in-Gujarat-/465845/. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ Use of Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Among Students Aged 13-15 Years - Worldwide, 1999-2005
  9. ^ Hubble-bubble as cafes go up in smoke
  10. ^ "The Mysterious Origins of the Hookah (Narghile) The Sacred Narghile
  11. ^ Lyon, Lindsay "The Hazard in Hookah Smoke". (28 January 2008)
  12. ^ JARED MISNER (November 18, 2009). "UF study finds more teens smoke hookah". The Independent Florida Alligator. http://www.alligator.org/news/campus/article_744a0e26-d403-11de-b968-001cc4c03286.html. 
  13. ^ Barry Knishkowy and Yona Amitai (2005). Water-Pipe (Narghile) Smoking: An Emerging Health Risk Behaviour. Pediatrics; journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. http://www.pediatrics.org/cgi/content/full/116/1/e113. 
  14. ^ Hookah smoking: Is it safer than cigarettes? - MayoClinic.com
  15. ^ Water pipe smoking a significant TB risk - IRIN News, March 2008
  16. ^ Egyptians warned on pipe smoking | The Australian
  17. ^ Alan Shihadeh, Sima Azar, Charbel Antonios, Antoine Haddad (September, 2004). Towards a topographical model of narghile water-pipe café smoking: a pilot study in a high socioeconomic status neighbourhood of Beirut, Lebanon. Elsevier Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, Volume 79, Issue 1. doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2004.06.005. 
  18. ^ Mirjana V. Djordjevic, Steven D. Stellman, Edith Zang (January 19, 2000). Doses of Nicotine and Lung Carcinogens Delivered to Cigarette Smokers. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, Vol. 92, No. 2. doi:10.1093/jnci/92.2.106. 
  19. ^ Hookah smoking poses health risks. Rocky Mountain Collegian. November 20, 2008. http://media.www.collegian.com/media/storage/paper864/news/2008/11/20/News/Hookah.Smoking.Poses.Health.Risks-3554476.shtml. 
  20. ^ Hookah trend is puffing along. USA Today. December 28, 2005. http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2005-12-28-hookah-trend_x.htm. 
  21. ^ WHO warns the hookah may pose same risk as cigarettes. USA Today. May 29, 2007. http://www.usatoday.com/news/health/2007-05-29-WHO-hooka_N.htm. 
  22. ^ Hookah smoking and cancer: carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels in exclusive/ever hookah smokers. Harm Reduction Journal. May 24, 2008. http://www.harmreductionjournal.com/content/5/1/19. 

External links

.
  • The Sacred Narghile, a site containing transdisciplinary anthropological (including on origins) and biomedical information and discussions of the above cited scientific studies
  • WHO Report on water pipe (hookah), by WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation (TobReg).
  • Critique of the WHO Report on water pipe (hookah) by Chaouachi Kamal.^ TobReg is the WHO study group on Tobacco product Regulation.
    • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ WHO TobReg (Study Group for Tobacco product REGulation): More Democratic than the UN Insecurity Council...
    • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ Hookahs work by placing fruit-flavored tobacco, and sometimes honey or spices, on a metal plate with a hole in the bottom that connects to a water-filled metal container below and is heated by charcoal.
    • In Bryn Mawr, café patrons are hooked on hookahs | Philadelphia Inquirer | 01/13/2010 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

    .A Critique of WHO's TobReg "Advisory Note" titled: "Waterpipe Tobacco Smoking: Health Effects, Research Needs and Recommended Actions by Regulators.^ TobReg is the WHO study group on Tobacco product Regulation.
    • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ WHO Study Group on Tobacco Product Regulation [ http://www.who.int/tobacco/global_interaction/tobreg/en/index.html ] webcite Guiding principles for the development of tobacco product research and testing capacity and proposed protocols for the initiation of tobacco product testing World Health Organization; 2004.
    • Journal of Negative Results in BioMedicine | Full text | A critique of the WHO TobReg's "Advisory Note" report entitled: "Waterpipe tobacco smoking: health effects, research needs and recommended actions by regulators" 17 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.jnrbm.com [Source type: Academic]

    ^ TABLE OF CONTENTS: Pick a title below or from Labels (left-hand column) ““Waterpipe””™ Millionaire Experts Become an Emerging Health Crisis in the United States of America Support the Juggling Gypsy's Smoking Show against Pseudo-Scientific Tobacco Prohibition !
    • OBSERVATORY on HOOKAH or HEALTH : Hazards Cancer Narghile Shisha "Waterpipe" 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC narghile.blogspot.com [Source type: Academic]

    Journal of Negative Results in Biomedicine 2006 (17 Nov); 5:17 (Highly Accessed)
  • Scientific Evidence of the Health Risks of Hookah Smoking (University of Maryland, College Park: June 9, 2008, vol 17, issue 23

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

.HOOKAH (the English spelling of the Persian and Hindustani huqqu, an adaptation of the Arabic huqqah, a vase or casket, and by transference a pipe for smoking, probably derived from the Arabic huqq, a hollow place), a pipe; with a long flexible tube attached to a large bowl containing water, often scented, and resting upon a tripod or stand.^ Hookah " is the word for the water pipe used to smoke flavor...
  • Hookah Smoke | ChaCha Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Addiction & Drug Abuse What is "smoking hookah '' A hookah often glass-based water pipe for smoking.
  • Hookah Smoke | ChaCha Answers 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.chacha.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HOOKAH (the English spelling of the Persian and Hindustani huqqu, an adaptation of the Arabic huqqah, a vase or casket , and by transference a pipe for smoking, probably derived from the Arabic huqq, a hollow place), a pipe; with a long flexible tube attached to a large bowl containing water, often scented, and resting upon a tripod or stand.

.The smoke of the tobacco is made to pass through the water in the bowl, and is thus cooled before reaching the smoker.^ This is where the tobacco passes through before it gets to the hose.

^ Smokers heat tobacco and flavoring and use a tube to draw the smoke through a bowl of water to cool it.
  • Many Hookah Bars Ignore Smoking Ban 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.witn.com [Source type: News]
  • Many NC hookah bars ignore new smoking ban - 1/11/10 - Raleigh News - abc11.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC abclocal.go.com [Source type: News]
  • Many Hookah Bars Ignore New NC Smoking Ban - Wake County - MyNC.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC wake.mync.com [Source type: General]
  • Many hookah bars ignore new NC smoking ban | HAMPTON ROADS NEWS | WVEC.com | News for Hampton Roads, Virginia | Local News 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.wvec.com [Source type: News]
  • Many hookah bars ignore new NC smoking ban law - WTKR 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.wtkr.com [Source type: News]
  • Many hookah bars ignore new NC smoking ban law - WGHP 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.myfox8.com [Source type: News]
  • The Rocky Mount Telegram 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.rockymounttelegram.com [Source type: News]
  • | BlueRidgeNow.com | Times-News Online | Hendersonville, NC 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.blueridgenow.com [Source type: News]

^ The smoke passes through the hookah, which contains water to filter and cool it before it reaches the smoker.

.The narghile of India is in principle the same as that of the hookah; the word is derived from nargil, an Indian name for the coco-nut tree, as when the narghile was first made the water was placed in a coco-nut.^ The narghile of India is in principle the same as that of the hookah; the word is derived from nargil, an Indian name for the coco-nut tree , as when the narghile was first made the water was placed in a coco- nut .

^ It can be used for smoking many substances, such as herbal fruits and tobacco .” Depending on locality, hookahs are known as other names, such as a shisha/sheesha , water pipe , nargeela/nargile/ .

^ The name - water pipe- which is an important part of eastern culture, derives from the Persian word ‘nargil’ which means coconut.
  • Hookah Online - Buy Syrian and Egyptian Hookah pipe online. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-online.com [Source type: General]

.This re- ceptacle is now often made of porcelain, glass or metal.^ This re- ceptacle is now often made of porcelain , glass or metal .

^ The hookah is composed of 4 parts: Agizlik , the wooden mouthpiece ; Lüle , the bowl of the hookah (usually made of porcelain), which holds the tobacco (also, somewhat confusingly, often called shisha ); Marpuç , the metal stem ; and the Gövde , the glass bottle that serves as the base .
  • hookah@Everything2.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC everything2.com [Source type: General]

^ After constantly gaining popularity, porcelain and silver body water pipes appeared, followed by the tile, silver plated and glass made water pipes.
  • Hookah Online - Buy Syrian and Egyptian Hookah pipe online. 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookah-online.com [Source type: General]
  • Wholesale Hookahs - Hookahco 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.hookahco.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In the hubble-bubble the pipe is so contrived that the water in the bowl makes a bubbling noise while the pipe is being smoked.^ In the hubble-bubble the pipe is so contrived that the water in the bowl makes a bubbling noise while the pipe is being smoked.

^ I started smoking for a while and had lots of water pipes.
  • Hookah Hookahs | Cigar Steward 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cigarsteward.com [Source type: General]

^ It's the top 3 of water pipes, I smoke!
  • Hookah Hookahs | Cigar Steward 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.cigarsteward.com [Source type: General]

.This pipe is common in India, Egypt and the East generally.^ This pipe is common in India, Egypt and the East generally.



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Hookah, which are similar to those in the above article.








Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message