Hoorn: Wikis

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Hoorn
—  Municipality  —

Flag

Coat of arms
Coordinates: 52.65°0′0″N 5.07°0′0″E / 52.65°N 5.07°E / 52.65; 5.07
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Area (2006)
 - Total 52.24 km2 (20.2 sq mi)
 - Land 19.31 km2 (7.5 sq mi)
 - Water 32.93 km2 (12.7 sq mi)
Population (1 August, 2009)
 - Total 70,000
 - Density 3,625/km2 (9,388.7/sq mi)
  Source: CBS, Statline.
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Website www.hoorn.nl
The Hoofdtoren (harbour) from the lake
This is in the old city centre, where the port used to be. Most of the old port disappeared with the building of the Afsluitdijk

Hoorn (About this sound pronunciation ) is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of Noord Holland. It is located on the IJsselmeer, 35 kilometres north of Amsterdam, and acquired city rights in 1357. Hoorn has 68,152 inhabitants (CBS: 1 January, 2007). The area of the municipality is 52.49 km² (32.62 km² consists of water, mainly the Markermeer), and consists of the following villages and/or districts: Blokker, Hoorn, Zwaag, and parts of Bangert and De Hulk.

Cape Horn, the most southerly point of the Americas, was named after the town by Willem Schouten, who rounded it in 1616.

Contents

History

Founded in 716, Hoorn rapidly grew to become a major harbour town. During Holland's 'Golden Age' (or 'Golden Century'), Hoorn was an important home base for the Dutch East India Company (VOC) and a very prosperous centre of trade. The Hoorn fleet plied the seven seas and returned laden with precious commodities. Exotic spices such as pepper, nutmeg, cloves, and mace were sold at vast profits. With their skill in trade and seafaring, sons of Hoorn established the town's name far and wide. Jan Pieterszoon Coen (1587-1629) is famous for his violent raids in Dutch Indies (now Indonesia), where he "founded" the city of Batavia in 1619 (now Jakarta). He has a big statue on the Rode Steen square in the center of Hoorn.

In 1618 Willem Ysbrandtsz Bontekoe (1587-1657) undertook his first and only voyage for the VOC. His story of his travel and hardship found its way into the history books when he published his adventures in 1646 under the title Journael ofte gedenckwaerdige beschrijvinge van de Oost-Indische reyse van Willem Ysbrantsz. Bontekoe van Hoorn, begrijpende veel wonderlijcke en gevaerlijcke saecken hem daer in wedervaren. In 1616, the explorer Willem Corneliszoon Schouten braved furious storms as he rounded the southernmost tip of South America. He named it Kaap Hoorn (Cape Horn) in honour of his home town.

Hoorn's fortunes declined somewhat in the eighteenth century. The prosperous trading port became little more than a sleepy fishing village on the Zuiderzee. Following the Napoleonic occupation, there was a period during which the town gradually turned its back on the sea. It developed to become the market for the entire West Frisian agricultural region. Stallholders and shopkeepers devoted themselves to trading in dairy produce and seeds. When the railway and metalled roads came to Hoorn in the late nineteenth century, the town rapidly took its rightful place as a conveniently located and readily accessible centre in the network of towns and villages which make up the province of Noord-Holland. In 1932, the Afsluitdijk, or Great Enclosing Dyke, was completed and Hoorn was no longer a seaport.

The years after the Second World War saw a period of renewed growth. At the centre of a flourishing horticultural region, Hoorn developed an extremely varied economy. During the 1960s, Hoorn was designated an 'overflow' city to relieve pressure on the overcrowded Randstad region. Thousands of people swapped their cramped little apartments in Amsterdam for a family house with garden in one of Hoorn's modern new developments.

On 26 March 2007, Hoorn celebrated 650 years as a city. In 1357 Hoorn was awarded city rights by the Count of Holland after a lump sum payment of 1500 "schilden" to the Count.

Local government

The municipal council of Hoorn consists of 33 seats, which are divided as follows:

  • PvdA - 11 seats
  • V.O.C. Hoorn - 6 seats
  • CDA - 4 seats
  • VVD - 4 seats
  • GroenLinks - 4 seats
  • Hoornse Senioren Partij - 2 seats
  • D66 - 1 seat
  • Hoorns Belang - 1 seat

Railway connections

Hoorn is connected to the Dutch railway network, and has two stations: Hoorn and Hoorn Kersenboogerd. Also, it is the starting point of the historical railway between Hoorn and Medemblik.

Twin cities

The City Of Hoorn has a twin city status with:

Closest cities, towns and villages

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Cities (within 100 km)

Towns (within 50 km)

Villages

Hoorn is approximately latitudinal with the towns of Norwich (England) and Berlin (Germany).

References

External links

Coordinates: 52°38′28″N 5°03′36″E / 52.641°N 5.06°E / 52.641; 5.06


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Hoorn [1] is an old city in the Dutch province of North-Holland.

Understand

In late medieval times, Hoorn became rich through sea trade and fishing, making possible the construction of many of the picturesque buildings that can be seen today. Its maritime past is also reflected in the fact that Cape Horn is named after it.

Get in

By car

From Amsterdam or Schiphol Airport, Hoorn can be reached by taking the A10, the A8 and then the A7.

By train

Direct train services connect Hoorn with both Amsterdam and Schiphol Airport. In both cases the journey will take about 45 minutes.

See

Hoorn's compact medieval centre is home to too many beautiful late medieval buildings to mention. Within walking distance of each other you can find:

  • Main Tower, 2 Hoofd. Beautiful tower with clock, from the 1530s  edit
  • East Church, 60 Grote Oost.  edit
  • East Gate, 41 Kleine Oost. In rich manierist style, from the 1570s  edit
  • Former City Hall, 23 Nieuwstraat. From 1613  edit
  • Westfries Museum, Roode Steen 1, +31 229 280022, [2]. M-F 11AM-5PM, Sa-Su 1PM-5PM. €5.  edit
  • Museum of the Twentieth Century (Museum van de Twintigste Eeuw), Bierkade 4, +31 229 214 001, [3]. Tu-F 10AM-5PM, Sa-SU noon-5PM, M closed. €4,50.  edit

Get out

About 15 km east of Hoorn lies the equally picturesque city of Enkhuizen. A little farther to the north is Medemblik.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HOORN, a seaport in the province of North Holland, Holland, on a bay of the Zuider Zee called the Hoornerhop, and a junction station 231 m. by rail N. by E. of Amsterdam, on the railway to Enkhuizen, with which it is also connected by steam tramway. Pop. (1900) 10,647. Hoorn is distinguished by its old-world air and the beauty and interest of its numerous gabled houses. of the 16th and 17th centuries. Many of these are decorated with inscriptions and bas-reliefs, some of which commemorate the battle on the Zuider Zee in 1573, in which the Beggars defeated the Spaniards under Count Bossu. Walks and gardens now surround the town in the place of the old city walls, but a few towers and gateways adorned with various old coats of arms are still standing. The fine Gothic bastion tower overlooking the harbour was built in 1532; the East gate not later than 1578. Among the public buildings of special interest are the picturesque St John's hospital (1563), now used for military 2 This indeed is denied by Naumann, but by him alone; and the statement in the text is confirmed by many eye-witnesses.

Under the name of Dukipath, in the authorized version of the Bible translated "lapwing" (Lev. xi. 19, Deut. xiv. 18), the hoopoe was accounted unclean by the Jewish law. Arabs have a great reverence for the bird, imparting to it marvellous medicinal and other qualities, and making use of its head in all their charms (cf. Tristram, Nat. Hist. of the Bible, pp. 208, 209).

The genera Rhinopomastus and Irrisor are generally placed in the Family Upupidae, but Dr Murie, after an exhaustive examination of their osteology, regards them as forming a group of equal value.

purposes; the old mint; the hospital for aged men and women (beginning of 17th century); the weigh-house (1609); the town hall, in which the states of West Friesland formerly met; and the old court-house, which dates from the beginning of the 17th century, though parts of it are older, containing a modern museum and some early portraits. There are also various charitable and educational institutions, Protestant and Roman Catholic churches and a synagogue. The extensive foreign commerce which Hoorn carried on in the 16th and 17th centuries has almost entirely vanished, but there is still a considerable trade with other parts of the Netherlands, especially in cheese and cattle. The chief industries include gold and silver work, and there are also tobacco factories, saw-mills and some small boat-building yards, a considerable number of vessels being engaged in the Zuider Zee fisheries.

Hoorn, latinized as Horna or Hornum, has existed at least from the first part of the 14th century, as it is mentioned in a document of the year 1311, five years earlier than the date usually assigned for its foundation. In 1356 it received municipal privileges from Count William V. of Holland, and in 1426 it was surrounded with walls. It was at Hoorn in 1416 that the first great net was made for the herring fishery, an industry which long proved an abundant source of wealth to the town. During the 15th century Hoorn shared in the troubles occasioned by the different contending factions; in 1569 the Spanish forces entered the town; but in 1572 it cast in its lot with the states of the Netherlands. In the 16th century it was a commercial centre, important for its trade, fisheries and breweries. A company of commerce and navigation was formed at Hoorn in 1720, and the admiralty offices and storehouses remained here until their removal to Medemblik in 1795. The English under Sir Ralph Abercromby took possession of the town in 1799, and in 1811 it suffered severely from the French. Among the celebrities of Hoorn are William Schouten, who discovered in 1616 the passage round Cape Horn, or Hoorn, as he named it in honour of his birthplace; Abel Janszoon Tasman, whose fame is associated with Tasmania; and Jan Pietersz Coen, governorgeneral of the Dutch East Indies.


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Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

Hoorn is a city and municipality in West Friesland, North Holland, the Netherlands

Contents

Births in Hoorn

Birth year Father Mother
Geertje Beentjes (1907-1991) 24175771907 Johannes Beentjes (?-?) Maria Catharine de Boer (?-?)
Maria Blokdijk (1962-) 24376661962 Pieter Blokdijk (?-) Ittje van der Heide (?-)
Thekela Breed (1851-1889) 23971241851 Arie Breed (1820-1864) Eefje Brakeboer (c1820-?)
Anna Maria Dekker (1917-) 24212301917 Jan Willem Dekker (?-?) Naatje Post (?-?)
Jan Bijl (1892-1973)
Anna Keizer (1909-1963) 24183081909 Jacob Keizer (1879-?) Eva Bos (1879-?)
Aafje Mooy (1849-1890) 23963941849 Klaas Mooy (?-?) Trijntje Fokke (?-?)
Gerard Roos alias Tol (?-?) Jan Roos (1890-1965) Anna Tol (1894-1930)
Jan Roos (1890-1965) 24113691890 Jan Roos (1838-?) Antje Swart (1851-?)
Anna Tol (1894-1930) 24128301894 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Antonius Tol (1938-) 24289001938 Paulus Tol (1909-1976) Dora Peereboom (1914-)
Henny Tol (1959-) 24365701959 Nicolaas Tol (1931-2007) Sjaan de Jong (1936-)
Jaap Tol (1937-) 24285351937 Jan Tol (1904-1992) Alida Keizer (1905-1953)
Jacob Tol (1899-?) 24146561899 NN Niesje Tol (1862-1940)
Jacobus Tol (1896-1958) 24135601896 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Jaap Tol (1927-1992) 24248821927 Jaap Tol (1902-1958) Marijtje Tool (1902-1993)
Jacobus J.M. Tol (1947-) 24321871947 Piet Tol (1915-1984) Petronella J. van der Molen (1922-1997)
Jacobus P.J. Tol (1944-) 24310911944 Piet Tol (1915-1984) Petronella J. van der Molen (1922-1997)
Jan Tol (1904-1992) 24164811904 Jacob Tol (1870-1920) Marijtje Spek (1872-1949)
Johannes Tol (1900-1953) 24150211900 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Johannes H. Tol (1956-) 24354741956 Piet Tol (1915-1984) Petronella J. van der Molen (1922-1997)
Johannes J. Tol (1937-) 24285351937 Nicolaas Tol (1902-1960) Geertje Beentjes (1907-1991)
J.N. Ronald Tol (1968-) 24398571968 Nicolaas H. Tol (1939-) Martha C.M. Korver (1941-)
Kees Tol (1911-?) 24190381911 Jacob Tol (1870-1920) Marijtje Spek (1872-1949)
Nicolaas Tol (1902-1960) 24157511902 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Nicolaas Tol (1931-2007) 24263431931 Nicolaas Tol (1902-1960) Geertje Beentjes (1907-1991)
Co Tol (1958-) 24362051958 Nicolaas Tol (1931-2007) Sjaan de Jong (1936-)
Nicolaas A. Tol (1935-) 24278041935 Paulus Tol (1909-1976) Dora Peereboom (1914-)
Paulus Tol (1909-1976) 24183081909 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Petrus Tol (1907-1940) 24175771907 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Petrus J. Tol (1951-) 24336481951 Piet Tol (1915-1984) Petronella J. van der Molen (1922-1997)
Piet Tol (1915-1984) 24204991915 Jacob Tol (1870-1920) Marijtje Spek (1872-1949)
Pieter Tol (1928-1999) 24252471928 Jacobus Tol (1896-1958) Anna Klinkert (1897-1976)
Richard S.J. Tol (1969-) 24402231969 Nicolaas H. Tol (1939-) Martha C.M. Korver (1941-)
Yvonne A.A.M. Tol (1966-) 24391271966 Nicolaas H. Tol (1939-) Martha C.M. Korver (1941-)
Hortense Wagemaker (1939-) 24292651939 Cornelis Wagemaker (1914-) Adriana A.A. Bel (1913-)
Bertha de Zwart (1912-) 24194031912 Antonius M.H. de Zwart (?-?) Maria B.G. Bonneamy (?-?)
Petronella J. van der Molen (1922-1997) 24230561922 Jacob van der Molen (1885-?) Catharine Pukkel (1885-?)

Men married in Hoorn

Spouse Spouse2
Arie Breed (1820-1864)
Nicolaas Korver (1847-?)
Dirk Tol (1850-?)
Henny Tol (1959-)
Jacobus Tol (1896-1958)
Johannes Tol (1900-1953)
Kees Tol (1911-?)
Klaas Tol (1857-1919)
Nicolaas Tol (1931-2007)
Nicolaas Tol (1902-1960)
Petrus Tol (1907-1940)
Petrus J. Tol (1951-)
Piet Tol (1915-1984)

Women married in Hoorn

Spouse Spouse2
Geertje Beentjes (1907-1991)
Maria Blokdijk (1962-)
Thekela Breed (1851-1889)
Anna Maria Dekker (1917-)
Anna Klinkert (1897-1976)
Aafje Mooy (1849-1890)
Nel Slagter (1947-)
Heleen Tekens (1951-)
Anna Tol (1894-1930)
Marijtje Tool (1902-1993)
Marijtje Visser (1853-?)
Sjaan de Jong (1936-)
Bertha de Zwart (1912-)
Petronella J. van der Molen (1922-1997)

Deaths in Hoorn

Death year Father Mother Spouse Spouse2
Afra Bakker (1912-1965) 24387621965 Nicolaas Bakker (1882-1959)
Geertje Beentjes (1907-1991) 24482581991 Johannes Beentjes (?-?) Maria Catharine de Boer (?-?)
Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920) 24223251920 Jan Bergen (?-?) Hillegonda Ursem (?-?)
Arie Breed (1820-1864) 24018721864 Jan Breed (1792-1848) Aafje de Jong (c1794-1854)
Dirk Bijl (1860-1894)
Alida Keizer (1905-1953) 24343791953 Jacob Keizer (1879-?) Eva Bos (1879-?)
Simon Korver (1913-1983) 24453361983 Jacobus Korver (1886-1954) Martha van der Gulik (1888-1960)
Aafje Mooy (1849-1890) 24113691890 Klaas Mooy (?-?) Trijntje Fokke (?-?)
Pieter Rembrantsz van Nierop (1658-1708)
Marijtje Spek (1872-1949) 24310911944 Floris Spek (1844-?) Aafje Brandsen (1849-1889)
Anna Tol (1894-1930) 24259781930 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Jaap Tol (1902-1958) 24362051958 Jacob Tol (1870-1920) Marijtje Spek (1872-1949)
Jacob Tol (1874-1943) 24307261943 Pieter Tol (1845-1916) Trijntje Rood (1839-1907)
Jan Tol (1904-1992) 24486231992 Jacob Tol (1870-1920) Marijtje Spek (1872-1949)
Kees Tol (1911-?) Jacob Tol (1870-1920) Marijtje Spek (1872-1949)
Klaas Tol (1857-1919) 24219601919 Jacob Tol (1818-1875) Teetje Brugman (1825-1904)
Nicolaas Tol (1902-1960) 24369351960 Klaas Tol (1857-1919) Marijtje Bergen (1869-1920)
Piet Tol (1915-1984) 24457011984 Jacob Tol (1870-1920) Marijtje Spek (1872-1949)
Marijtje Tool (1902-1993) 24489891993 Jan Tool (?-?) Pietertje Oostinje (?-?)
Catharina van der Lee (1846-1889) 24146561899 Matthijs van der Lee (?-?) Geertje Louter (?-?)
Petronella J. van der Molen (1922-1997) 24504501997 Jacob van der Molen (1885-?) Catharine Pukkel (1885-?)

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Births, marriages, and deaths

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This article uses material from the "Hoorn" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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