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Coordinates: 51°03′42″N 0°19′29″W / 51.0618°N 0.3246°W / 51.0618; -0.3246

Horsham
Horsham bandstand april 2009.JPG
The bandstand in the centre of the Carfax
Horsham is located in West Sussex
Horsham

 Horsham shown within West Sussex
Population 47,804 
OS grid reference TQ175305
District Horsham
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Horsham
Postcode district RH12, RH13
Dialling code 01403
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Horsham
List of places: UK • England • West Sussex

Horsham is a market town situated on the River Arun in the centre of the Weald, in the county of West Sussex, England with a population of 55,657 (2008). It lies 31 miles (50 km) south southwest from London, 18.5 miles (30 km) northwest from Brighton and 26 miles (42 km) northeast from the county town of Chichester. Nearby towns include Crawley to the northeast and Haywards Heath and Burgess Hill to the southeast. It is the administrative and market centre of Horsham District Council area.

Contents

History

Prehistory

The 'Horsham Point' - a Mesolithic arrowhead - is sometimes claimed as the birth of distinctly British culture[citation needed] since it is the earliest known artefact that postdates the separation (due to glacial meltwater filling the Channel) of Britain from the continent[citation needed]

Middle Ages

The first mention of Horsham was in King Eadred's land charter of AD 947. The town had connections to the sale of horses and the name is believed to be derived from "Horse Ham", a settlement where horses were kept.

An alternative explanation is that "Horsham" is a contraction of "Horsa's Ham" named after the Saxon warrior who was said to have been given lands in the area.

Despite having been in existence for some 140 years at the time of the survey, Horsham is not mentioned in the Domesday Book[1] either because it was never visited by inspectors, or was simply 'left out' of the final version. It lies within the ancient Norman administrative division of the Rape of Bramber.

In ancient times Horsham was controlled by the powerful de Braose family.[2] Later the Eversfield family, which had risen from Surrey County obscurity into a powerhouse of ironmasters and landowners, built Denne Park House, their seat.[3] The family later represented Horsham in Parliament, and controlled the Eversfield Estate in St. Leonards-on-Sea, where the seaside promenade is named for the family.[4]

Horsham had two weekly markets in the Middle Ages[5], and was noted locally for its annual fairs.

Modern era

Despite a local iron industry which stayed until the 17th century and a prosperous brewing industry, Horsham remained primarily a market town serving the many farms in the area until the early 20th century, when other industry and residential development began to proliferate. One of the most important of these was the manufacture of bricks from the Wealden clay on which Horsham sits. Warnham and Wealden Brickworks still operate two miles north of Horsham and there are disused workings throughout the area, notably at Southwater which is now developed as an education centre and leisure park.

Horsham prospered during the Victorian era and early 20th century. The town, along with others, has been well documented photographically by Francis Frith. The pictures record many of the landmarks that are still in place today, although some, such the war memorial, Jubilee Fountain and Carfax Bandstand, have been moved.

Horsham remained a prominent brewery town until 2000, when the King and Barnes Brewery was closed on merger with Hall & Woodhouse, brewers of Dorset. King & Barnes was formed in 1906 from the merger of King & Sons, maltsters existing from 1850 and G H Barnes & Co., brewers whose origins date back to 1800. The brewery remained in the King family hands until the merger in 2000 when production ceased permanently. Their most famous brews included: Sussex Ale, Wealden Ale, Broadwood, Festive and the seasonal Old and Christmas Ales. The last member of the King family involved in the company still brews in Horsham as W J King & Co (Brewers) and supplies real ales to local pubs. There are two other small brewers currently operating in Horsham: Hepworth's is run by a former head brewer at King & Barnes, and Welton's, a company who were formed in Capel, Surrey, about fifteen years ago, and have been in Horsham since 2004 (?).

The town has grown steadily over recent years to a population of over 50,000. This has been facilitated by the completion of both an inner and outer town bypass. The location of any new growth is the subject of intense debate. Certainly, the town will fight hard to retain the 'strategic housing gap' between itself and its large neighbour Crawley. However, the latest plans by the District Council include a large neighbourhood directly adjacent to Crawley, potentially eating into that gap.

Legal history

The last man to die of pressing in the whole of England was John Weekes of Horsham. He was charged with robbery and murder of a woman along with three accomplices, one of whom was a small boy used to sneak inside the woman's house and open access for the other three. When police found stolen property in the possession of the men, they easily persuaded the boy into turning King's evidence. Two of the other accomplices were convicted, but when John Weekes had his turn to plead, he refused to say anything. Once the judges brought in eight witnesses who swore Weekes could talk and was not dumb, they gave him time in the cells. When he refused further to say a single word, the judges were forced to find him not guilty of murder. Instead, he was convicted of 'standing mute through malice'. Weekes was placed under three hundredweight boards, and the sixteen stone gaoler jumped on top of him. Local folklore continues the story, extending it to include the death of his executioner days later, sometimes in the same spot where the execution was carried out. Some think that he was a mute.

Public executions generally took place at a place called North Heath, now a suburb of Horsham. The road to the execution site was known for many years as Gibbet's Road but was later renamed Giblet's Road with an extension now called Giblet's Way. The last man to be put to death for homosexuality in England was in Horsham in 1834[citation needed]

Governance

Horsham is the largest town in the Horsham District Council area. The second tier of local government is by West Sussex County Council, based in Chichester. In addition there are various Parish Councils.

The town is the centre of the parliamentary constituency of Horsham, recreated in 1983. Francis Maude has served as Member of Parliament for Horsham since 1997. Maude is also Shadow Minister for the Cabinet Office and Shadow Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster.

Geography

Topography

Horsham has an elevation of 50 metres above sea level[6], it is situated in the centre of the Weald in the Low Weald, at the very western edge of the High Weald, with the Surrey Hills of the North Downs to the north and the Sussex Downs of the South Downs to the south[7]. The River Arun rises from ghylls (streams) in the St Leonard's Forest area, to the east of Horsham, cuts through the south of the town then makes its way through Broadbridge Heath.It is joined by a number of streams flowing down from the northern rising around Rusper.

Town centre

Horsham has grown up around the Carfax, which is a meeting area place of five roads. To the south of the Carfax is the Causeway. This tranquil, little altered street is lined with ancient houses, and leads to the Norman parish church of St. Mary (Anglican). Beyond the church is the River Arun, Prewett's Mill and the town's cricket field. A short walk along the banks of the Arun in a south easterly direction is Chesworth Farm, an area of open public access.

To the north of the Carfax is a large park, known locally as Horsham Park, the remnant of what was formerly the Hurst Park Estate. The park has numerous football pitches, a wildlife pond and tennis courts. Various leisure facilities, including a modern swimming complex, have been built on land around the park.

To the east along Brighton Road is Iron Bridge named after the railway bridge that carries the railway from London to the South Coast. The area consists of mainly Victorian and Edwardian houses to the north of Brighton Road, whilst to the south there are areas of inter- and post-war housing. This area is known as New Town.

Suburbs

Horsham has developed beyond the original boundaries to incorporate some of the smaller hamlets which now form part of the outer neighbourhoods.

Holbrook

An area of Horsham named after a feeder stream of the River Arun. It consists of residential housing, the majority of which is of late twentieth century origin. The suburb is substantial enough for two council wards. The hamlet around Old Holbrook House is immediately to the north of the A264 which abuts Holbrook. Holbrook House was previously the home of Sir William Vesey-Fitzgerald, Governor of Bombay and M.P. for Horsham (1852–1875) The Tithe Barn at Fivens Green is the most notable building in the district.

Littlehaven

This hamlet dates back to the late 18th Century, when a small number of houses were in existence, with an inn opening in the early part of the 19th Century. A station opened in the area in 1907, originally known as Rusper Road Crossing halt, but later as Littlehaven Halt.[8]

Needles estate

South-west of the town the Needles estate was laid out from c. 1955, with a mixture of privately owned and council-built houses and bungalows. Land around Hills Farm nearby was sold for development in 1972 and further development took place in the 1980s[9] The Needles are named after a local farmhouse, called so as it was built using timbers from ships wrecked on The Needles formation.[10]

New Town

In keeping with many other towns, new developments to the east of the town centre were rapid in the early Victorian era, and that area of town became known, as it is today, as New Town. The area contains the Iron Bridge, a steel structure that carries the railway to the south of Horsham.[8]

North Heath

Originally used as a label to describe the northern part of the parish of Horsham (compared to Southwater to describe that part south of the River Arun), this area was developed as a neighbourhood in the latter part of the 20th Century.[8]

Oakhill

This area was originally known as Grub Street, and developed south of Depot Road in the 19th century.[8]

Roffey

Roffey is north east of the centre of Horsham and as a hamlet dates back to at least the 13th Century, with taxation records of 1296 showing 18 liable people in the area.[8] Kelley's Post Office Directory for 1867 describes 'Roughey' as consisting 'of a few farmhouses and cottages. Here is an iron church, capable of accommodating 80 persons'.[11] Maps of the 1880s show Roffey Corner (still spelt Roughey), but appear to label the hamlet as Star Row, with Roffey in use again by the turn of the century.[8][12] A railway station opened as Roffey Road Halt in 1907, closing in 1937. The station is shown as being in the location now at Wimland Road.[12]

Tower Hill

Tower Hill is a hamlet that lies one mile south of Horsham on a ridge of land containing a sandstone known as Horsham Stone rising above the town.A quarry existed here from 1830 to 1876[13]. Tower Hill consists of housing dating from mid Victorian to late 20th Century. It contains a pub called The Boar's Head (formerly known as The Fox and Hounds)and little else of historical interest. The economic importance of quarrying Horsham Stone to Horsham in the 19th century has left a legacy of field names such as:Stone Pit Field, Stone Barn, Stonyhurst and Stone Pit Wood.

Economy

Horsham is market town formerly trading in cattle, sheep and corn. Its former industries include brewing, brickmaking, iron-smelting and printing[14]. Nowadays the important industries are financial services, pharmaceuticals and technology. Horsham is also a commuter town serving London and Brighton[15].

St Mark's Court registered office of the RSA Insurance Group

RSA Insurance Group[16], an insurance company, has its registered office in Horsham. The company first came to the town in 1965 as Sun Alliance, becoming the town's biggest employer, at its peak it employed 2,500 people. Since the peak the company has steadily been reducing its workforce in the town. In 1992 Sun Alliance demolished its 1960s tower block, Stocklund House and built St Leonard's House and St Mark's Court. The latter requiring the demolition of St Mark's Church except for the spire[17]. Sun Alliance merged with Royal Insurance in 1996 to form Royal & Sun Alliance Insurance Group, then renamed RSA Insurance Group in 2008. Another employer in the town is Novartis a Swiss based multinational pharmaceutical company formerly called Ciba-Geigy before a 1996 merger.The site houses the firm's gastro-intestinal research centre and respiratory research centre employing over 300 people[18]. The RSPCA[16], an animal welfare charity, has a £16 million headquarters near Horsham, built to replace its former headquarters in the centre of the town[19].

Horsham's town centre has many national chain stores, and is suffering the loss of small and independent retailers[20]. In 1992 the town centre was redesigned to greatly reduce the flow of traffic through the town's main shopping streets. West Street was pedestrianised. Much of The Carfax was pedestrianised to create a town square. On the Northwest side of this square is Swan walk, a typical shopping centre[21]. A further shopping area and public square, the Forum, opened in 2003[22] to the south of West Street. There is a partially covered shopping area Piries Place and a shopping street still open to traffic, East Street.

Landmarks

The Shelley fountain fenced off for repairs in April 2009

At the west end of the town centre stands a controversial water sculpture known as the 'Rising Universe' fountain, more commonly known locally as 'The Shelley Fountain'. It was designed by Angela Connor, and erected to commemorate the poet Percy Bysshe Shelley who was born at Warnham Place near Horsham. The design is based on a fountain planned for the city of Cambridge which was rejected due to public protest. The County Times wrote "Its appearance and quality as a public work of art has attracted widespread derision and distress. Just how long it will survive is the burning question of the moment.". At its opening the mayor of Lerici, Horsham's twin town where the poet drowned, described the memorial as "very brave". The fountain is designed to release a torrent of six and a half tons of water periodically, it is 45 ft across at its base, standing 28 ft high.[23] It carries a plaque bearing one of his poems.

The Old Town Hall

The fountain was turned off in the spring of 2006 to save water. Despite recycling it used 180 gallons a day to cover evaporation and filtration losses. However, the council has made water saving efficiencies elsewhere and the fountain was turned on again on November 13, 2006, its tenth birthday but was turned off again after that Christmas. In May 2008 the fountain was turned off again due to the failure of its main hydraulic cylinder[24]. On 19 January 2009 the fountain was fenced off for repairs[25].

The Old Town Hall in the Market Square is a much adapted and restructured building dating from c 1648 when it was referred to as a 'Market House'.[26] In 1721 a new construction of Portland Stone was built containing a poultry and butter market. The building fell into disrepair and was substantially rebuilt around 1812.It was only as late as 1888 that it became the property of Horsham Council.The building was again largely rebuilt and is essentially of late Victorian origin with a Norman facade preserving some aspects of the older buildings.It has been used as council offices and as a magistrates court in the proceeding years. The ground floor is still used as an occasional market place and the upper floors contain the Horsham Registry.

Transport

Road

Horsham lies at the junction of three routes:

Railway

Horsham's recently developed bus station.

The town has one main railway station, Horsham railway station, on the Arun Valley Line from Chichester to Crawley, Gatwick and London Victoria. Sutton & Mole Valley line services continue north to Dorking, Epsom, Sutton and London Bridge. There is also Littlehaven Station (previously named Littlehaven Halt), in the north east of the town on the Crawley line.

Other

Cyclists, pedestrians and horseriders can reach Guildford and Shoreham via the Downs Link, a long distance bridleway and cycle route which follows the now disused Horsham-Guildford, and Horsham-Shoreham railway lines and passes through Southwater, just to the south of Horsham. Most bus services are run by Metrobus, with other routes operated by Arriva, Compass Bus and Stagecoach. Horsham is 20 km (12 miles) from Gatwick Airport[16].

Newspapers

The West Sussex County Times is a paid-for newspaper that has served the town since 1869. It has a free newspaper the Horsham Advertiser. Another free newspaper, the Horsham Resident, was set up in 2008

Education

The entrance to The Forest School.

The main secondary schools in Horsham are:

Horsham is also home to the well-known:

  • College of Richard Collyer, (sixth form) founded in 1532, and known more commonly as "Collyer's", on Hurst Road. This road also has on it the Arun House adult education centre (a constituent institution of the Central Sussex College).
  • Christ's Hospital, To the south of the town is the 'Bluecoat School', a public school founded in 1552, with strong links to the City of London. It moved to the area in 1902.
  • Farlington School for Girls, An independent girls school at Strood Green about three miles from Horsham travelling towards Rudgwick
  • Horsham YMCA provides programmes of training for young people entering the workforce. This is supported by accommodation for up to 44 homeless young people

Sports

Horsham Cricket Club's, play their home matches at Cricketfield which is used twice a season by Sussex CCC for matches. Although cricket was played in Horsham before 1768, the first recorded game of a town side was on 8 August 1771, which is when Horsham Cricket Club was created. The Club has played various locations over the years, before settling at the present ground in 1851. Horsham Cricket Club were national champions in 2005.

Horsham F.C. are the town's senior football club and currently (2008–09) play in the Isthmian League Premier Division. This is currently the highest division the club have ever played in. They have had some success in recent seasons, reaching the final of the Sussex Senior Cup in 2007. They reached the 2nd round of the F A Cup in 07-08, losing in a replay to Swansea City. The team currently play at the Horsham YMCA ground (see below) whilst they seek a new ground in Horsham. The dedicated followers of the team are known as the 'Lardy Boys'.

Horsham YMCA FC, founded in 1898, are playing their 2008/9 season in the Sussex County League Division One. They are nick-named 'The YMs', and play their home games at Gorings Mead in the Iron Bridge part of Horsham. [1]

Horsham RUFC who play at the Coolhurst Ground, are the town's premier Rugby Union team. They were founded in 1928 with their first headquarters at the Station Hotel opposite Horsham Station. Initially the team played on farmland adjacent to the Warnham Park Estate but from 1930 until 1968 they were settled at Horsham Cricket Club. The club grew considerably after the war with further pitches rented in Horsham Park. In 1972 they moved to their present home. At present Horsham 1st XV are in London 4 South East. The club runs teams at every level starting with u7s [2]

Holbrook RUFC are a smaller rugby club, based at The Holbrook Club in north Horsham. It was originally formed in 1971 as Sunallon RFC, which was the name of the then Sun Alliance Sports & Social Club. This then developed into Sun Alliance RFC and following a merger with the Liverpool based Royal Insurance in 1996 into Royal & Sun Alliance RFC (RSA). Holbrook RFC now have two teams as of the 2008/09 season, with the 1sts in Sussex League 1 following promotion, and 2nds in Sussex League 3. [3]

Horsham Chess Club is one of the oldest chess clubs in the country[citation needed] and was first mentioned in the local press in 1879. Continuing to field several teams in the Mid-Sussex League, it continues to win this tough league periodically. [4]

Horsham Gymnastic Club have a national reputation for producing top female gymnasts,[citation needed] a number of whom have progressed to the England and Great Britain national squads.

Public services

Horsham Community Hospital, is open weekdays, and is located on Hurst Road. The town also has its own law courts, ambulance station, fire station and police station also located on Hurst Road. The Statutory emergency fire and rescue service is provided by the West Sussex Fire and Rescue Service. Home Office policing in Horsham is provided by the Sussex Police.[27]

The Registry of births, deaths and marriages is located in the Old Town Hall in central Horsham.

Community facilities

Pavilions In The Park

Horsham Park immediately to the north of central Horsham is 24 hectares of open space for the use of the people of Horsham. It contains an 18th century country house used in part by the Horsham District Council and contains formal gardens and a maze. At the eastern side is The Pavilions In The Park leisure centre with a gym and a 25m swimming pool run by a private company for Horsham District Council.[28]. A BMX and Skate park is located on the Hurst Road side of Horsham Park[29]. The remaining space is used extensively for leisure pursuits such as tennis, football and rugby.

Horsham Museum is located on the picturesque Causeway in a half timbered medieval house. It has local history objects displayed in twenty-six galleries[30]. Situated on North Street is 'The Capitol'[31], the venue (formally Horsham Arts Centre) features a theatre, 2 full-time cinema screens, a studio and gallery. On Lower Tanbridge Way is two storey modernised library run by West Sussex Libraries[32].

Cultural references

Sir Arthur Conan Doyle had the fictitious Openshaw family, in the Sherlock Holmes story, The Five Orange Pips residing in the town.

Douglas Maddon's book The English Department's Whores,[33] is a thinly-veiled satire of life in Horsham.

The first illustrated history of Horsham was written in 1836 by Howard Dudley at the age of 16. It includes descriptions of St Mary's Church and other buildings along with lithographs and wood-cut images of the town. The book entitled The History and Antiquities of Horsham has been reproduced in full to enable research on line.

Notable deceased residents

  • John Roland Abbey (1894–1969), book collector.[34]
  • George Bax Holmes (1803–1887),palaeontologist[35]
  • Robert Blatchford (1851–1943), author and socialist.[36]
  • Wilfred Brown (1922–1971) singer[37]
  • Henry Burstow (1826–1916), singer and bell-ringer, important to the early twentieth-century folk-song revival, and for his 'Reminiscences of Horsham', published in 1911.[38]
  • Edward Bainbridge Copnall (1903–1973), artist and president of the Royal Society of British Sculptors. He was born and lived in Horsham. One of his works, a sculpture titled 'The Astronomer' was presented to the College of Richard Collyer in the town, by his sister Phyllis Millar and is on display in the upper quadrangle. Other examples of his work are kept by Horsham Museum.[39]
  • John Copnall (1928–2007) artist and teacher, a leading English abstract painter and teacher at the London Central School of Art and Design.[40]
  • Walter Crane (1845 - 1915) artist and book illustrator died at Horsham[41]
  • Walter Dendy Sadler (1854–1923) artist and painter, was brought up in Horsham.[42]
  • Frederick Gough MC TD (1901–1977), an army major at the Battle of Arnhem, served as Horsham's Member of Parliament from 1951 to 1964.[43]
  • Catherine Howard (c.1520-1542), one of King Henry VIII's wives, lived in Horsham.
  • Hammond Innes (1913–1998), author, was born in Clarence Road.
  • Thomas Medwin (1788–1869), poet and biographer of Lord Byron and his cousin Percy Bysshe Shelley.[44]
  • John Guille Millais (1865–1931), painter, naturalist and author, son of the Pre-Raphaelite painter John Everett Millais,.[45]
  • Raoul Millais (1901–1999), artist, son of John Guille Millais..[46]
  • Edward Mote (1797–1874), Writer of the hymn 'My hope is built on nothing less' and was minister of Rehoboth Baptist Church in New Street for 26 years where he is buried.[47]
  • John Pilford(1769–1834) Royal Navy officer most noted for his command of the HMS Ajax at the battle of Trafalgar.[48]
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792–1822) was born at Field Place,Warnham two miles from Horsham,.[49]
  • Lt.-Col. George Styles GC (1928–2006), army bomb-disposal expert, was educated at Collyer's School.[50]
  • Eric Thompson (1929–1982), narrator of the British version of The Magic Roundabout, was educated at Collyer's School.[51]
  • William Vesey-Fitzgerald (1818–1885), Governor of Bombay, M.P.for Horsham lived at Holbrook.[52]
  • Howard Vincent (1849–1908),Conservative Party Member of Parliament, barrister and police official who was born at Slinfold [53]

Notable living residents

Recent comments about Horsham

An emblem on the side of an Arriva bus celebrating Horsham's win of the Britain in Bloom contest.

On the 26 October 2006 Horsham was pronounced the second best place to live in the UK, beating off the likes of Epsom and Tunbridge Wells and only beaten by Winchester. This was claimed by a Channel 4 show, 'The 10 best and worst places to live in the UK'. The programme mentioned that:

  • Horsham was in the top 15% for low crime;
  • about 70% of students gained 5 A* _ C grades at GCSE;
  • over 85% of the workforce is economically active;
  • Horsham has a high life expectancy of 76 years for men and 83 for women;
  • there are no official homeless people living in Horsham.

In 2007 a Reader's Digest poll put Horsham as the 25th best place in mainland Britain to bring up a family.[54]

On 27 September 2007 Horsham was awarded as the overall winner of Britain in Bloom in the Large town / small city category in the whole of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland with a Gold Award. It also has the honour of being presented with the Royal Horticultural Society’s ‘Bloomin’ Wild’ award which reflected the theme for year’s national judging.

Horsham is placed number 27 in the book 'Crap Towns: The 50 Worst Places To Live In The UK'. The humorous book describes Horsham as "a No Fun Zone run by old conservatives for old conservatives." [55] This award was given because of the Horsham Council refused to build a Night Club in the town, then carried on to say said that "the weekly disco at the Roffey youth centre would be enough".

Twinning

Horsham District twinnings:

Horsham Town twinnings:

References

  1. ^ Albery, W. (1947) A Millennium of Facts in the History of Horsham and Sussex. 947-1947., Horsham, Horsham Museum Society
  2. ^ A Compendious History of Sussex, Vol. I, Mark Antony Lower, George P. Bacon, Lewes, 1870
  3. ^ A Handbook for Travellers in Sussex and Kent, R.J. King, John Murray, London, 1858
  4. ^ Eversfield Family of Denne Park, Horsham, Manorial Records and Deeds, 1430-1903, Hastings Museum and Art Gallery, National Register of Archives, The National Archives, nationalarchives.gov.uk
  5. ^ Interview with Miss M. Page, Horsham resident 1933-2006, for many years Auctioneer's Clerk at the weekly livestock market: Horsham Museum Society Archive
  6. ^ Landranger 187. Ordnance Survey. ISBN 0-319-22187-3. 
  7. ^ http://www.highweald.org/images/regionalaonbmap.jpg
  8. ^ a b c d e f Hudson, T.P. (1986). "Horsham: General history of the town". A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 6 Part 2: Bramber Rape (North-Western Part) including Horsham. Victoria County History Series. pp. 131–156. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=18350. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  9. ^ From: 'Horsham: General History of the Town', A History of the County of Sussex: Volume 6 Part 2: Bramber Rape (North-Western Part) including Horsham (1986), pp. 131-156.
  10. ^ "Murder investigation - Needles' bizarre past". Sussex Express. 26 March 2008. http://www.sussexexpress.co.uk/horsham-news/Murder-investigation--Needles39-bizarre.3917470.jp. Retrieved 2 March 2010. 
  11. ^ Kelly's Post Office Directory of Essex, Herts, Middlesex, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, 1867
  12. ^ a b "Old map of Horsham area". Ordnance Survey / www.old-maps.co.uk. 1880. http://www.old-maps.co.uk/. Retrieved 2009-04-17. 
  13. ^ A History of Sussex Volume 6 Part 2, T P Hudson (Editor), A P Baggs, C R J Currie, C R Elrington, S M Keeling, A M Rowland, 1986
  14. ^ "Business and Industrial". Horsham Official Guide. c. 1993. 
  15. ^ "Results & Constituencies". BBC News. 2001. http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/static/vote2001/results_constituencies/constituencies/326.stm. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "Horsham Town Guide". Burrows. http://www.burrows.co.uk/horshamguide/. Retrieved 9 April 2009. 
  17. ^ Stainer, Gina (23 June 2006). "Insurance firm to axe 1,000 job". West Sussex County Times. 
  18. ^ "About Novartis". http://www.novartis.co.uk/about/. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  19. ^ "RSPCA millions go on politics and HQ". http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/1402352/RSPCA-millions-go-on-politics-and-HQ.html. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  20. ^ Maude, Francis. "Foot note for small and independent retailers". http://francismaude.org/record.jsp?type=article&ID=117. Retrieved 2009-04-19. 
  21. ^ County Guide West Sussex. Philips. ISBN 0-540-01267-X. 
  22. ^ Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II officially opens the Forum on October 24th 2003
  23. ^ Moyes, Jojo (27 January 1997). "Hail to thee, blithe spirit (But not if you live in Middle England)". The Independent group. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/hail-to-thee-blithe-spirit-1285416.html. Retrieved 2009-09-07. 
  24. ^ Christie-Miller, Alex (12 June 2008). "Broken fountain will rise again". West Sussex County Times. http://www.wscountytimes.co.uk/news/Broken-fountain-will-rise-again.4178542.jp. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  25. ^ "Repairs to Horsham fountain". West Sussex County Times. 9 January 2009. http://www.wscountytimes.co.uk/news/Repairs-to-Horsham-fountain.4861180.jp. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  26. ^ http://www.hiddenhorsham.co.uk/35/oldtownhall.htm
  27. ^ "Nieghbourhood policing". Sussex police. http://www.sussex.police.uk/npt/local_police_stations.asp?id=local&stationID=horsham. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  28. ^ "Pavilions In The Park". D C Leisure Management Ltd. http://www.dcleisurecentres.co.uk/Centres/West+Sussex/Pavilions+In+The+Park/Pavilions+In+The+Park. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  29. ^ "Horsham District Skate Park". Horsham District Council. http://horshamskatepark.co.uk/. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  30. ^ "Welcome to Horsham Museum". Horsham Museum. http://www.horshammuseum.org/. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  31. ^ "The Capitol, Horsham". Horsham District Council. http://www.thecapitolhorsham.com/. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  32. ^ "HORSHAM LIBRARY". Horsham District Council. http://www.horsham.gov.uk/council_services/council_services_1914.asp. Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  33. ^ The English Department’s Whores by Douglas Maddon , iUniverse.com (2001), ISBN 0595205941
  34. ^ "Oxford DNB article:Abbey, John Roland". http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/30315. Retrieved 2008-10-15. 
  35. ^ Horsham's Dinosaur Hunter: George Bax Holmes, John A Coper,Horsham Museum Society
  36. ^ Robert Blatchford: Portrait of an Englishman Victor Gollancz, Laurence Thompson, London, 1951
  37. ^ Obituary by John Stevens in The Musical Times, Vol. 112, No. 1539. (May, 1971)
  38. ^ 'Reminiscences of Horsham, Henry Burstoe, 1911
  39. ^ Cycles: An Autobiography - The Life and Work of a Sculptor, E B Copnall
  40. ^ Guardian obituary by Simon Fenwick July 12th 2007
  41. ^ Walter Crane, Isobel Spencer. New York: Macmillan, 1975
  42. ^ Mary Chamot, Dennis Farr and Martin Butlin, The Modern British Paintings, Drawings and Sculpture, London 1964, II
  43. ^ Obituary, The Times, 22 September, 1977
  44. ^ Captain Medwin: Friend of Byron and Shelley by Ernest J Lovell Jr. University of Texas 1962
  45. ^ John Guille Millais obituary in Geographical Journal Vol 77 6th June 1931
  46. ^ The Independent Obituary of Raoul Millais 23/11/2008
  47. ^ Terry, Lindsay L., "The Day the Cabinet Shop was Closed," in Stories Behind Popular Songs and Hymns (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1990), 178
  48. ^ The Life and Times of Captain John Pilfold, Hawkins, Desmond, A Horsham Museum Society Monograph, 1998
  49. ^ The Life of Percy Bysshe Shelley, Thomas Medwin (London, 1847)
  50. ^ Obituary, The Times, 2 August 2006
  51. ^ Eric Thompson Biography (1929-1982)
  52. ^ Source A Parliamentary History of Horsham 1295 - 1885 Author William Albery, 1926
  53. ^ Debretts Guide to the House of Commons 1886
  54. ^ Best Places in Britain to Bring Up a Family, Reader's Digest, 2007
  55. ^ Jordison S. & Kieran D.: "Crap Towns: The 50 Worst Places To Live In The UK" page 55. Boxtree, 2003. ISBN 0 7255 1582 5
  56. ^ a b "Horsham District Twinning Association". Horsham District Council. http://www.horsham.gov.uk/your_area/your_area_3280.asp. Retrieved 13 June 2007. 

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Horsham is a town in West Sussex, near Surrey, in the South East of England.

Understand

Horsham is, at heart, a traditional English market town. West Sussex is a relatively rural county in southern England, and Horsham provided a focus for people to gather and trade in times gone by.

Over recent years, Horsham has grown significantly, being a commutable distance from London and Gatwick Airport, while still having the benefits of the countryside.

Horsham is also the site for Novartis-UK Affiliate of the Swiss based company Novartis AG [1]. The R&D here focuses on Metabolic disorders, GI tract diseases and such.

In its recent history Horsham has been one of the main headquarters for the international firm Royal & SunAlliance which still opens and operates in some of the towns largest buildings. The recent Yes! Car Credit which went bankrupt was also based in Horsham.

Get in

By plane

The closest airport to Horsham is London Gatwick (LGW) which is only 20 minutes by car or train (the station is right in the airport). London Heathrow (LHR) is about an hour by car (depending on traffic) or two and a half hours by train via London - change at Hammersmith and London Victoria. London Stansted (STN) is about an hour and a half by car (depending on traffic) or two and a half hours by train - change at Tottenham Hale and London Victoria.

By train

Horsham can be reached easily by train. There are four trains per hour from London. Two trains from London Victoria via Croydon and Crawley. There is an hourly service (not Sundays) from London Victoria via Sutton & Dorking and an hourly stopping service from London Bridge. There are two trains an hour from the Sussex coast; Bognor Regis and Chichester. Be aware that most coastal trains 'divide' en route so listen carefully to the announcements.

By car

Horsham can also be easily reached by car as it lies on the junction of three main routes. Follow the A24 from London (SW) via Dorking, the M23/A264 from London (SE) via Crawley, the A23/A281 from Brighton via Cowfold, the A24 from Worthing, the A29 from Chichester or the A281 from Guildford.

Get around

The town centre is compact and walkable. A small number of bus services are available to the residential areas. All services run via the bus station and the central square, the Carfax.

See

Horsham's town centre is its main charm. The town is based around a central square (that isn't square) called the Carfax. This is pedestrianised and often features music on the bandstand in the summer. There is also an element of European cafe culture with a couple of street cafes. The rest of the centre is no more than five minutes walk from the Carfax.

To the north is a large park, accessed via an underpass. The park has a small wildlife pond,a leisure complex with indoor/outdoor (heated) pool and a gym. There's an excellent children's playground alongside with slides and swings, very popular at the weekend.

To the South is The Causeway, a conservation area with a real feeling of history about it. At the bottom of The Causeway is St.Marys church and the River Arun. Horsham Museum is also located on The Causeway.

Also, the town's shopping centre, Swan Walk, is an attractive area for shopping, and eating in one of the many cafes in the the mall.

Eat

Horsham has a range of restaurants covering most of the various styles found in England, with Italian being particularly common. Most town centre restaurants are on East Street, although there are some in the Carfax and West Street. About a mile from the centre of town is the American/Tex/Mex style 'Smith and Western' which has become a definite destination for special events.

There are numerous take-away food outlets near the town centre. Most are located just to the west, in the Bishopric and Springfield Road. Including Mr Li's, a highly popular chinese resturant, renowened locally for its food

Perhaps one of Horshams best restaurants is the Indian Tree curry house. Located in a traditional tudor style listed building, the Indian Tree, formerly the Nisam, offers excellent cuisine while maintaining a family atmosphere.

Drink

Horsham has a reasonable selection of pubs in the town centre. There is also the locally legendary Chameleon, popularlly known as its former name,'Shelleys' - a small club, that draws students, regulars and newbies alike.

  • Bar Vin, just off the Carfax. Always packed, despite question marks over the ability to get served.
  • Black Jug, in North Street, two mins walk from the station. Good ambience and generally more mature clientele. Was non-smoking for some time before the smoking ban. Has a good reputation for its food.

Sleep

Horsham itself has relatively few hotels, and none at the higher end of the market. Some of the villages surrounding Horsham do have quality hotels however.

  • Premier Travel Inn, opposite the Station, about £50 per room per night (2004), really the only hotel in the town centre http://www.travelinn.co.uk

Get out

There are many possible day trips from Horsham, here are some suggestions:

  • Leith Hill and the Surrey Hills, 20 minutes north-northwest via the A24 and B2126, one of the most beautiful stretches of the North Downs, with the highest point in south east England. There is a lot of good mountain biking to be found here.
  • Leonardslee Gardens, Lower Beeding, via the A281
  • Wakehurst Place, 25 minutes east at Ardingly on the B2028, a nationally important garden maintained by Kew
  • Petworth House, 30 minutes southwest at Petworth, a large country house set in acres of parkland

Many other locations are within easy reach, taking about 45 minutes to Arundel, Brighton or Guildford, and an hour to Chichester, Lewes or Tunbridge Wells.

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
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From LoveToKnow 1911

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Simple English

Horsham is a market town in West Sussex, England with a population of roughly 50,000. It is the administrative and market centre of the district of Horsham.








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