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Horst Ludwig Störmer

Horst Ludwig Störmer
Born April 6, 1949 (1949-04-06) (age 60)
Frankfurt, Germany
Nationality Germany
Fields Physics
Known for Fractional quantum Hall effect
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physics (1998)

Horst Ludwig Störmer (born April 6, 1949 in Frankfurt, Germany) is a German physicist who shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics with Daniel Tsui and Robert Laughlin. The three shared the prize "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations" (the fractional quantum Hall effect).[1] He and Tsui were working at Bell Labs at the time of the experiment cited by the Nobel committee, though the experiment itself was carried out in a laboratory at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Laughlin did not participate in the experiment but was later able to explain its results).

Störmer studied physics at the J.W. Goethe-Universität at Frankfurt am Main and completed a PhD at the University of Stuttgart in 1977. After working at Bell Labs for 20 years, he became the I.I. Rabi professor of physics and applied physics at Columbia University in New York. Perhaps as important as the work for which he won the Nobel prize is his invention of modulation doping, a method for making extremely high mobility two dimensional electron systems in semiconductors. This enabled the later observation of the fractional quantum Hall effect.

References

  1. ^ Stormer; Tsui (1983), "The Quantized Hall Effect.", Science 220 (4603): 1241–1246, 1983 Jun 17, doi:10.1126/science.220.4603.1241, PMID:17769353, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17769353  

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Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikiquote

Horst Ludwig Störmer

Horst Ludwig Störmer (born April 6, 1949 in Frankfurt, Germany) is a German physicist who shared the 1998 Nobel Prize in Physics with Daniel Tsui and Robert Laughlin, "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations" (the fractional quantum Hall effect).

Sourced

  • In any case, one needs to accept nature's teachings.
    • The fractional quantum Hall effect, Nobel Lecture [1] (December 8, 1998)
  • It’s the boundaries where the excitement is and where we will be in the future.
    • Small Wonders – The World of Nanoscience. Honeywell-Nobel Laureate Lecture Series at Czech Technical University, Prague (Ocober 19, 2006), [2]

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