From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- For contemporary styles see Pantyhose, Hosiery
Florentine particolored hose, c. 1470
in paned trunk hose and cannions, and his son in loose
Hose are any of various styles of men's clothing for the legs and
lower body, worn from the Middle Ages through the seventeenth
century, when the term fell out of use in favor of breeches and stockings. (See also trousers.) The plural for
"hose" is hosen.
Early hose were fitted to the leg, and fifteenth century hose
were often particolored, having each leg a different color, or even
one leg made of two colors. These early hose were footed, in the
manner of modern tights, and
were open from the crotch to the leg. When very short doublets
were in fashion, codpieces
were added to cover the front opening.
By the sixteenth century, hose had separated into two garments:
upper hose or breeches and nether hose
From the mid-sixteenth to early seventeenth centuries, a variety
of styles of hose were in fashion. Popular styles included:
- Trunk hose or round hose, short padded hose.
Very short trunk hose were worn over cannions, fitted hose
that ended above the knee.
- Slops or galligaskins, loose hose reaching
just below the knee.
- Trunk hose and slops could be paned or
pansied, with strips of fabric (panes) over a
full inner layer or lining.
- Pluderhosen, a Northern European form of pansied slops
with a very full inner layer pulled out between the panes and
hanging below the knee.
- Venetians, semi-fitted hose reaching just below the
Patterns of Fashion: the cut and construction of clothes for
men and women 1560-1620, Macmillan 1985. Revised edition 1986.