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R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, formerly the Black Singles Chart, is a chart released weekly by Billboard in the United States.

The chart, initiated in 1942, is used to track the success of popular music songs in urban, or primarily African American, venues. Dominated over the years at various times by jazz, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, doo wop, soul, and funk, it is today dominated by contemporary R&B and hip hop. It lists the most popular R&B and hip hop titled as follows:[1]

Date range Title
October 1942 – February 1945 The Harlem Hit Parade
February 1945 – June 1949 Race Records
June 1949 – October 1958 Rhythm & Blues Records (two or three separate charts—see below)
October 1958 – November 1963 Hot R&B Sides
November 1963 – January 1965 No chart published (see below)
January 1965 – August 1969 Hot Rhythm & Blues Singles
August 1969 – July 1973 Best Selling Soul Singles
July 1973 – June 1982 Hot Soul Singles
June 1982 – October 1990 Hot Black Singles
October 1990 – 1998 Hot R&B Singles
1998–2005 Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks
2005–2009 Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs
2009–present R&B/Hip-Hop Songs[2]

Between 1948 and 1955, there were separate charts published for Best Sellers and Juke Box plays, and in 1955 a third chart was added, the Jockeys chart based on radio airplay. These three charts were consolidated into a single R&B chart in October 1958.

From November 30, 1963 to January 23, 1965 there was no Billboard R&B singles charts. The chart was discontinued in late 1963 when Billboard determined it unnecessary because that there was so much crossover of titles between the R&B and pop charts in the light of the rise of Motown.[3] The chart was reinstated in early 1965 when differences in musical tastes of the two audiences, caused in part by the British Invasion in 1964, were deemed sufficient to revive it.

The chart's title was modified to Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks when, like the Hot 100, airplay-only tracks (album tracks) were allowed to enter the chart in 1998. Billboard modified the name further to its current title, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, in 2005. In 2009, it was again modified to its current title, R&B/Hip-Hop Songs.

Contents

Chart statistics and other facts

  • Artists with the most number-one Hot R&B hits:
1. Aretha Franklin - 20 (tie)
1 Stevie Wonder - 20 (tie)
3. Louis Jordan - 18
4. James Brown - 17
5. Janet Jackson - 16
6. Michael Jackson - 15
7. The Temptations - 14
8. Marvin Gaye - 13
9. R. Kelly - 11
10. Mariah Carey - 10 (tie)
10. Gladys Knight & the Pips - 10 (tie)
10. Kool & the Gang - 10 (tie)
10. The O'Jays - 10 (tie)
10. Usher- 10 (tie)
  • Aretha Franklin and Stevie Wonder have the most #1 hits on the R&B charts with 20 each.
  • Joe Liggins' "The Honeydripper" (1945) and Louis Jordan's "Choo Choo Ch'Boogie" (1946) all hold the record for the longest stay at the top of the charts: eighteen weeks.
  • Among more recent releases, Mary J. Blige's "Be Without You" (2006) has spent the longest time at number one: fifteen weeks. Billboard considered it the most successful song in the charts history staying on the chart from 2005-07, longer than any other song in the history of the 70 year old chart.
  • Michael Jackson holds the record of most Top 5 entries from one album with seven singles: (I Just Can't Stop Loving You, Bad, The Way You Make Me Feel, Man in the Mirror, Dirty Diana, Another Part of Me, and Smooth Criminal). He also had seven entries from his albums Thriller and Dangerous.
  • Janet Jackson and Michael Jackson hold the record for the most #1 singles from one album with both having five singles: (What Have You Done For Me Lately, Nasty, Control, Let's Wait Awhile, and The Pleasure Principle) all from her groundbreaking third studio album Control and (I Just Can't Stop Loving You, Bad, The Way You Make Me Feel, Man in the Mirror, and Dirty Diana) from his Bad album.

See also

References

  1. ^ Joel Whitburn, Top R&B Singles 1942-1995, ISBN 0-89820-115-2
  2. ^ http://www.billboard.com/charts/r-b-hip-hop-songs#/charts/r-b-hip-hop-songs
  3. ^ Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942-2004. Record Research. p. xiii. 

External links

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