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Hot Bird Official Logo

Hot Bird is the name of a popular family of satellites operated by Eutelsat, located at 13°E over the Equator (orbital position) and with a transmitting footprint over Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.

Both digital and analogue radio and television channels are transmitted by the HOT BIRD constellation, both free-to-air and encrypted. In addition there are a few interactive and IP services. The satellites currently at 13° East are numbered 6, 8 & 9.

HOT BIRD 1 (inactive) was launched in 1995, the 13° East slot predates the launch, with Eutelsat 1F1 having been located there as early as 1983, and Eutelsat 2F1 having also served time at the location. It has reached end-of-life.

HOT BIRD 2 (inactive) was re-located to 9°E and renamed Eurobird 9. HOT BIRD 2 services were transferred in the night of March 14 2007 to HOT BIRD 8.

HOT BIRD 3 (active) was intended to be moved to 10°E to become Eurobird 10. During the drift from 13°E to 10°E, the satellite suffered loss of power from one solar array. It was nevertheless successfully moved to 10°E, but could only operate at a reduced capacity. Since then, it is operating at 4°E under the name EUROBIRD 4.

HOT BIRD 4 (active) was redeployed to 7°W in July 2006, becoming Atlantic Bird 4 / Nilesat 103

HOT BIRD 5 (active) was re-located to 25.5°E and renamed Eurobird 2. Six transponders are leased to Arabsat under the name Badr 3, after having been called Arabsat 2D.

HOT BIRD 6 (active) was launched in 21 July 2002. Starting on 12 June 2009, the day of Iranian elections, deliberate interference affecting this satellite was traced to Iran. Hot Bird 6 is the primary carrier for BBC Persian Television.[1]

HOT BIRD 7 (active) was lost in December 2002 during the Ariane 5 ECA launch. Its replacement, Hot Bird 7A (a Spacebus 3000B3) was successfully launched on 11 March 2006.

HOT BIRD 8 (active) was launched in 5 August 2006. With a launch mass of 4.9 tonnes, HOT BIRD 8 is the largest and most powerful broadcast satellite serving Europe.

HOT BIRD 9 (active) was launched in December 2008. Its entry into service enabled the HOT BIRD 7A satellite to be redeployed to 9° East and rebranded EUROBIRD 9A, increasing capacity to 38 Ku band transponders at this orbital position.

HOT BIRD 10 (active) was launched in February 2009. It will support Eutelsat's expansion at 7° West, a key video neighbourhood for the Middle East, until its final deployment at 13° East after the redeployment of HOT BIRD 6.

Contents

Packages Broadcasting on HOT BIRD

Free-To-Air Channels

Up to 1000 TV and radio channels are available Free-To-Air.

References

External links

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Hot Bird
Industry Satellite communication
Founded 1995
Headquarters Paris, France
Website www.eutelsat.com

Hot Bird is the name of a popular family of satellites operated by Eutelsat, located at 13°E over the Equator (orbital position) and with a transmitting footprint over Europe, North Africa and the Middle East.

Only digital radio and television channels are transmitted by the Hot Bird constellation, both free-to-air and encrypted. In addition there are a few interactive and IP services. The satellites currently operates at 13° East and are numbered 6, 8 and 9.

Contents

List of satellites

Name[1] Launch Location Current Location Launch date Status
Hot Bird 1 Kourou Junk orbit 28 March 1995 Inactive
Hot Bird 2 (Eurobird 9) Cape Canaveral 9°E 21 November 1996 Inactive
Hot Bird 3 (Eurobird 4) Kourou 4°E 2 September 1997 Active
Hot Bird 4 (Atlantic Bird 4) Kourou 7°W 27 February 1998 Active
Hot Bird 5 (Eurobird 2) Cape Canaveral 25.5°E 9 October 1998 Active
Hot Bird 6 Cape Canaveral 13°E 21 August 2002 Active
Hot Bird 7 Kourou 13°E 11 November 2002 Active
Hot Bird 7A Kourou 13°E 12 March 2006 Active
Hot Bird 8 Baikonur 13°E 4 August 2006 Active
Hot Bird 9 Kourou 13°E 20 December 2008 Active
Hot Bird 10 Kourou 13°E February 2009 Active

Satellite details

Hot Bird 1

Hot Bird 1 was launched in 1995, the 13° East slot predates the launch, with Eutelsat 1F1 having been located there as early as 1983, and Eutelsat 2F1 having also served time at the location. It has reached end-of-life.

Hot Bird 2

Hot Bird 2 was re-located to 9°E and renamed Eurobird 9. Hot Bird 2 services were transferred in the night of March 14 2007 to Hot Bird 8.

Hot Bird 3

Hot Bird 3 was intended to be moved to 10°E to become Eurobird 10. During the drift from 13°E to 10°E, the satellite suffered loss of power from one solar array. It was nevertheless successfully moved to 10°E, but could only operate at a reduced capacity. Since then, it is operating at 4°E under the name Eurobird 4.

Hot Bird 4

Hot Bird 4 was redeployed to 7°W in July 2006, becoming Atlantic Bird 4 / Nilesat 103

Hot Bird 5

Hot Bird 5 was re-located to 25.5°E and renamed Eurobird 2. Six transponders are leased to Arabsat under the name Badr 2, after having been called Arabsat 2D.

Hot Bird 6

Hot Bird 6 was launched in 21 July 2002. Starting on 12 June 2009, the day of Iranian elections, deliberate interference affecting this satellite was traced to Iran. Hot Bird 6 is the primary carrier for BBC Persian Television.[2]

Hot Bird 7/7A

Hot Bird 7 was lost in December 2002 during the Ariane 5 ECA launch. Its replacement, Hot Bird 7A (a Spacebus 3000B3) was successfully launched on 11 March 2006.

Hot Bird 8

Hot Bird 8 was launched in 5 August 2006. With a launch mass of 4.9 tonnes, Hot Bird 8 is the largest and the most powerful broadcast satellite serving Europe.

Hot Bird 9

Hot Bird 9 was launched in December 2008. Its entry into service enabled the Hot Bird 7A satellite to be redeployed to 9° East and rebranded Eurobird 9A, increasing capacity to 38 Ku band transponders at this orbital position.

Hot Bird 10

Hot Bird 10 was launched in February 2009. It will support Eutelsat's expansion at 7° West, a key video neighbourhood for the Middle East, until its final deployment at 13° East after the redeployment of Hot Bird 6.

Packages broadcast on Hot Bird

Free-To-Air channels

Up to 1000 television and radio channels are available Free-To-Air.

References

External links

Official
Channel lists
Footprints

Coordinates: 0°0′N 13°00′E / 0°N 13°E / 0; 13


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