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Houghton County, Michigan
Map of Michigan highlighting Houghton County
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the U.S. highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the U.S.
Seat Houghton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,502 sq mi (3,890 km²)

490 sq mi (1,269 km²), 32.62%
Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

36,016
36/sq mi (14/km²)
Founded March 19, 1845 [1]
Website www.houghtoncounty.net

Houghton County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 36,016. The county seat is Houghton[1].

Houghton County is part of the Houghton micropolitan area, which also includes Keweenaw County. Part of the county is sometimes locally called Copper Island.

The County was set off in 1843, organized in 1846 and reorganized in 1848. It is named for geologist Douglass Houghton.[2]

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,502 square miles (3,889 km²), of which, 1,012 square miles (2,620 km²) of it is land and 490 square miles (1,269 km²) of it (32.62%) is water.

The Portage Lift Bridge crosses Portage Lake, connecting Hancock and Houghton, Michigan, by crossing over Portage Lake, which is part of the river and canal system that crosses the entire peninsula. The Portage Lift Bridge is the world's heaviest and widest double-decked vertical lift bridge. Its center span "lifts" to provide 100 feet (30 m) of clearance for ships. Since rail traffic was discontinued in the Keweenaw, the lower deck is used to accommodate snowmobile traffic in the winter. This is the only land based link between the north and south section of the Keweenaw peninsula, and is crucial.[3]

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Highways

US Highways

Michigan State Trunklines

Federal Forest Highways

  • Forest Route 16.svg Federal Forest Highway 16 (FFH-16)

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 36,016 people, 13,793 households, and 8,137 families residing in the county. The population density was 36 people per square mile (14/km²). There were 17,748 housing units at an average density of 18 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.52% White, 0.94% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.8% were of Finnish, 12.4% German, 6.8% English, 6.6% French and 5.7% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.1% Finnish as their first language.

There were 13,793 households out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.50% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.00% were non-families. 32.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 19.10% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 113.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,817, and the median income for a family was $38,635. Males had a median income of $30,200 versus $22,468 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,078. About 9.90% of families and 16.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

The Houghton County Courthouse “..stood high upon the bluff on Houghton Village facing North and pleasantly overlooking Portage Lake.” (Sawyer 110), and has been inducted in the U.S. Registry of Historic Districts and Buildings of the Upper Peninsula. Construction began in spring 1886. The building had its first addition to the north wing, the addition of a larger jail wing, in 1910, and that was the only renovation until the jail wing was condemned in 1961. A new jail was built in its present location, adjacent to the original. According to the Mining Gazette of July 25, 1886, “The materials used with the exception of the facing brick are the product of the Upper Peninsula”(p.3). Kathryn Eckert, in her Buildings of Michigan, wrote:

“The courthouse is composed of the original structure, a rectangular block from which project central pavilions with parapeted dormers, a four-story tower, and north and west wing additions. The curbed mansard roof, the grouping of windows beneath red sandstone lintels connected by bands that encircle the structure, and the decorative entablature unite the composition. Porches supported with posts and Gothic-arch brackets…The interior is richly finished with wood; red, rich brown, and light yellowish brown floor tiles; ornamental plaster; and oak staircase; and stone fireplaces.” (p. 464)

The building section that was once the jail wing now house offices for various government offices such as the clerk of court.

Houghton County elected officials

(information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Houghton County.
  3. ^ Virtual Keweenaw Peninsula.
  4. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

Coordinates: 46°59′N 88°39′W / 46.98°N 88.65°W / 46.98; -88.65


Genealogy

Up to date as of February 01, 2010

From Familypedia

This article requires significantly more historical detail on the particular phases of this location's historical development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there..
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Houghton County, Michigan
Map
File:Map of Michigan highlighting Houghton County.png
Location in the state of Michigan
Map of the USA highlighting Michigan
Michigan's location in the USA
Statistics
Founded March 19, 1845 [1]
Seat Houghton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

 sq mikm²)
 sq mi ( km²)
 sq mi ( km²), 32.62%
wikipedia:Population
 - (2000)
 - Density

36016
Website: www.houghtoncounty.net

Houghton County is a county in the U.S. state of Michigan. As of the 2000 census, the population was 36,016. The county seat is Houghton6.

Houghton County is part of the Houghton micropolitan area, which also includes Keweenaw County.

Contents

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,889 km² (1,502 sq mi). 2,620 km² (1,012 sq mi) of it is land and 1,269 km² (490 sq mi) of it (32.62%) is water.

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

As of the census² of 2000, there were 36,016 people, 13,793 households, and 8,137 families residing in the county. The population density was 14/km² (36/sq mi). There were 17,748 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (18/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 95.52% White, 0.94% Black or African American, 0.54% Native American, 1.79% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, and 1.02% from two or more races. 0.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 34.8% were of Finnish, 12.4% German, 6.8% English, 6.6% French and 5.7% Italian ancestry according to Census 2000. 94.0% spoke English and 3.1% Finnish as their first language.

There were 13,793 households out of which 26.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.50% were married couples living together, 8.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.00% were non-families. 32.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 21.80% under the age of 18, 19.10% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 20.90% from 45 to 64, and 15.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 113.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,817, and the median income for a family was $38,635. Males had a median income of $30,200 versus $22,468 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,078. About 9.90% of families and 16.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.10% of those under age 18 and 13.40% of those age 65 or over.

File:HoughtonCourthouse.jpg
Roy Drier Collection, MTU Archives

Government

The county government operates the jail, maintains rural roads, operates the major local courts, keeps files of deeds and mortgages, maintains vital records, administers public health regulations, and participates with the state in the provision of welfare and other social services. The county board of commissioners controls the budget but has only limited authority to make laws or ordinances. In Michigan, most local government functions — police and fire, building and zoning, tax assessment, street maintenance, etc. — are the responsibility of individual cities and townships.

The location of the Houghton County Courthouse during the mining boom, which is the same today, “..stood high upon the bluff on Houghton Village facing North and pleasantly overlooking Portage Lake.” (Sawyer 110), and has been inducted into the U.S. Registry of Historic Districts and Buildings of the Upper Peninsula, and Construction began in spring 1886. The building had its first addition on the north wing which was the addition of a larger jail wing in 1910, and that was all the renovations they made until the jail wing’s condemnation in 1961. A new jail plan was designed and later built adjacent to the original where it still stands today. According to the Mining Gazette of July 25, 1886, “The materials used with the exception of the facing brick are the product of the Upper Peninsula”(Gazette 3). This shows the progress of that time period; that this area, Houghton County specifically such as the Quincy mine was producing much economically. In Buildings of Michigan, written by Kathryn Eckert, she discusses the architectural make up of the Building. “The courthouse is composed of the original structure, a rectangular block from which project central pavilions with parapeted dormers, a four-story tower, and north and west wing additions. The curbed mansard roof, the grouping of windows beneath red sandstone lintels connected by bands that encircle the structure, and the decorative entablature unite the composition. Porches supported with posts and Gothic-arch brackets…The interior is richly finished with wood; red, rich brown, and light yellowish brown floor tiles; ornamental plaster; and oak staircase; and stone fireplaces” (Eckert 464). Along with the picture shown this should well describe the architecture of the Houghton courthouse building. As of now the building section that was once the jail wing are now offices for various governmental subsidiaries such as the clerk of court. The jail of today briefly explained earlier was designed adjacent to the courthouse building, and looks nothing like it, with a flat and square uninteresting governmental building look.

Houghton County elected officials

(information as of September 2005)

Cities, villages, and townships

Cities

Villages

Unincorporated communities

Townships

External links

Coordinates: 46°59′N 88°39′W / 46.98, -88.65

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Houghton County, Michigan. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.
Facts about Houghton County, MichiganRDF feed
County of country United States  +
County of subdivision1 Michigan  +
Short name Houghton County  +

This article uses material from the "Houghton County, Michigan" article on the Genealogy wiki at Wikia and is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License.

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