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City of Houma
City
Terrebonne Parish Courthouse, Houma
Country United States
State Louisiana
Parish Terrebonne
Elevation 10 ft (3 m)
Coordinates 29°35′15″N 90°42′58″W / 29.5875°N 90.71611°W / 29.5875; -90.71611
Area 14.2 sq mi (36.8 km2)
 - land 14.0 sq mi (36 km2)
 - water 0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.7%
Population 32,393 (2000)
Density 2,308.5 /sq mi (891.3 /km2)
Founded 1834
 - Incorporated 1848
 - Re-Incorporated 1898
Government Consolidated City-Parish
Parish President Michel Claudet
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 70360, 70363-64
Area code 985
Location of Houma in Louisiana
Location of Louisiana in the United States
Website: http://www.tpcg.org

Houma (pronounced /ˈhoʊmə/ and /ˈhuːmə/ [1]) is a city in and the parish seat of Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana, United States,[2] and the largest principal city of the Houma–Bayou CaneThibodaux Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city's powers of government have been absorbed by the parish, which is now run by the Terrebonne Parish Consolidated Government. The population was 32,393 at the 2000 census. There are many unincorporated areas adjacent to the city of Houma; the largest, Bayou Cane, is an urbanized area commonly referred to by locals as Houma but is not included in the 2000 census count, and is in fact a separate census-designated place. The name Houma derives from the Houmas Indian tribe, not recognized by the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Contents

History

  • Houma was founded in 1834 and incorporated in 1848, and again in 1898.

Geography

Houma is located at 29°35′15″N 90°42′58″W / 29.5875°N 90.71611°W / 29.5875; -90.71611 (29.587614, -90.716108)[3] and has an elevation of 10 feet (3.0 m)[4]. BY SQ

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.2 square miles (37 km²), of which, 14.0 square miles (36.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.92%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 32,393 people, 11,634 households, and 8,283 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,308.5 people per square mile (891.4/km²). There were 12,514 housing units at an average density of 891.8/sq mi (344.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 67.46% White, 26.12% African American, 3.45% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 1.57% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.76% of the population.

There were 11,634 households out of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.8% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 29.2% from 25 to 44, 20.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 94.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,471, and the median income for a family was $40,679. Males had a median income of $35,897 versus $22,202 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,720. About 16.4% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.7% of those under age 18 and 17.3% of those age 65 or over.

Culture

Houma and the surrounding communities are steeped in Cajun tradition and culture. The area is famous for its food, fishing, swamps, music, and hospitality. Houma is also known, although not as well as New Orleans, for its Mardi Gras festivities. Downtown Houma offers many attractions such as an aquatic wildlife museum, monuments to local armed forces, and local eateries. Although Houma is quickly changing and developing, many of the residents in the surrounding small communities continue to make their living as their ancestors did. They are shrimpers, oystermen, crabbers, fishermen, and trappers although occupations of the oil industry and shipping are also becoming quite popular. Despite the rapidly changing face of the area, many long-standing traditions and lifestyles remain to remind one of the area's rich cultural history.

News\Media

The local newspaper is The Courier. It was founded in 1878 as Le Courrier de Houma by French-born Lafayette Bernard Filhucan Bazet. It first published in four-page, half-French half-English editions. It was sold to The New York Times Company in 1980 and is now part of the New York Times Regional Newspaper Group.[6]

The Tri-Parish Times is also located in Houma. The newspaper is a weekly publication with a daily-updated website. It serves the Terrebonne, Lafourche and St. Mary Parishes. It is owned by the Guidry Group, Inc. and has provided local news for almost 10 years.[7]

The statewide TV network LCN-TV produces original Louisiana programming which showcases Louisiana's entertainment, culture, talent and industry. LCN-TV is delivered by satellite to all media distributors. Debuted in 2007, LCN-TV continues to produce Louisiana TV shows for the U.S. promoting Louisiana.

Transportation

Houma is served by Houma-Terrebonne Airport, located 3 miles southeast of the central business district.

Hurricane Gustav

The Houma-Terrebonne area took the brunt of Hurricane Gustav on September 1, 2008. Houma was mentioned many times on national news channels such as MSNBC as the worst place to be during the storm. Many residents of Houma lost electricity for a few days and some residents had damage to homes.

Notable natives and residents

Bibliography

  • Houma, by Thomas Blum Cobb & Mara Currie, Arcadia Publishing, 2004. ISBN 978-0-7385-1631-8

References

External links

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