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House of Assembly of South Africa
Volksraad van Suid-Afrika
Type Lower House(1910-1981)
White representative house(1981-1994)
Established 1910
Preceded by Cape House of Assembly
Succeeded by National Assembly of South Africa
Disbanded 1994
Leadership and Structure
Speaker of the House of Assembly Sir Christoffel Joseph Brand (First)
Gene Louw (Last),
Voting system First-past-the-post
Last election 6 September 1989
Meeting place
Houses of Parliament
Cape Town
Cape Province, South Africa

The House of Assembly (known in Afrikaans as the Volksraad, or "People's Council") was the lower house of the Parliament of South Africa from 1910 to 1994, when it was replaced by the current National Assembly. Throughout its history, it was exclusively constituted of white members who were elected to office by white, Coloured and Asian citizens; black members were not allowed to stand for election, and were mostly stripped of their right to vote as the Bantustan system was implemented.

Following the abolition of the Senate in 1981, the membership of the House of Assembly was enlarged, with many former Senators being appointed as members. Subsequently, political parties represented in the House of Assembly were allowed to nominate additional members.

In the Tricameral Parliament, the House of Assembly (by this time numbering 178 members) was retained as the whites-only chamber while the House of Representatives and House of Delegates were designated to Coloureds and Asians respectively.

The members were elected on a first-past-the-post basis from single-member constituencies. From 1948 to 1981, an additional number of seats (six seats in 1979) were given to members elected from South West Africa's white minority.

See also



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