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Botswana

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Politics and government of
Botswana



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The House of Chiefs (Setswana: Ntlo ya Dikgosi) of Botswana is an advisory body of the country's Parliament.

Composition

The House of Chiefs consists of 15 members. Eight members are hereditary chiefs from Botswana's principal tribes (baKgatla, baKwêna, baMalete, bamaNgwato, baNgwaketse, baRôlông, baTawana, and baTlôkwa). The other seven members are indirectly elected and serve five-year terms. Of these, four are chosen from sub-chiefs in the districts of North-East, Chobe, Ghanzi, and Kgalagadi. The remaining three members are elected by the aforementioned twelve members. They must be at least 21 years of age, proficient in the English language, and have not participated in active politics in the past five years. Chiefs may not belong to political parties.

Powers

The House of Chiefs acts as a purely advisory body to the Parliament and has no legislative or veto power. All bills affecting tribal organization and property, customary law, and the administration of customary courts go through the house before being discussed. Members must also be consulted when the constitution is being reviewed or amended. The body has the power to summon members of government.

See also


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