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Note also the House of Elders of Somaliland
Afghanistan

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Politics and government of
Afghanistan



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Mesherano Jirga (Pashto: مشرانوجرګه) or the House of Elders, is the upper house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the Wolesi Jirga ("people's assembly" or lower house, the main legislature).

It has 102 members. One-third of it (34) are elected by district councils (one per province) for 3-year terms, one-third (34) by provincial councils (one per province) for 4-year terms, and one-third (34) are nominated by the president for 5-year terms. However, elections for the district councils were not held in the 2005 parliamentary elections. As such, each provincial council also selected one of its elected members to temporarily hold seats in the house until district council elections are held. Half of the presidential nominees have to be women, two representatives from the disabled and impaired and two from the Kuchis.[1]

This house forms more of an advisory role rather than a maker of law. Still, the house has some veto power.

Reserved seats for female MP's

Having been absent from the decision-making process for centuries, Afghan women for the first time entered the political arena in 2001, after the overthrow of Taliban. With the introduction of reserved seats provision in the 2002 Emergency Loya Jirga, when 10% of 1600 seats were reserved for women, the ground was laid for participation of Afghan women in parliament.

The new 2004 constitution secured reserved seats for women and minorities in both houses of parliament. In the 2005 parliamentarian elections, Afghan women won 89 seats. According to the Inter-Parliamentary Union, in 2009 they are holding 67 seats (27.7%) in Wolesi Jirga (lower house) and 22 (21.6%) in Meshrano Jirga (upper house). This representation is above the worldwide average of 18.5% and above the average of the United States at 16.8% for the House and 15.4% for the Senate.

Members of Meshrano Jirga[2]
incumbent nature
of
term
notes
Professor Hazrat Sebgatullah Mojadeddi
Sayed Hamed Gailani
Doctor Borhanullah Shinwari
“Poehiali” Aminuddin Mozafari
Abdul Khaliq Hussaini
Marshal Mohammad Qasim Fahim
Ahmadshah Ramazan
Maolawy Arsalan Rahmani
Bakhtar Aminzai
Bilqis Kochi
Torday Akhon
Qazi Soraya Ahmadyar
“Pohanmal” Homayrah Nemati
Hyatullah
Haji Khadim Hussain Khodayar
Khan Mohammad Khagy
Khadija Husseini
Haji Khairo Jan
Haji Raz Muhammad
Roshan Arah Alkozai
Ryda Azimi
Doctor Zalmay
Sarah Sorkhabi
Haji Sakhy Moshwani
Amer Sahedullah
Qazi Sahedullah Aboaman
Peer Sayed Ibrahim Gylani
Sultan Jan Khaksar
Al-Haj Suliman Yari
Samih Jan Shirzada
Sohilah Sharifi
Sayed Hamed Agha
Haji Sayed Dawood Nasseri
Sayed Saleh Muhammad Saleh
Abdul Basir Ahmadi
Haji Mullah Sayed Muhammad Akhund
Sayed Muhammad Mohsen
Doctor Shah Bi Bi
Wakeel Shah Nawaz
Al-Haj Mullah Sheer Mohammad Akhundzada
Haji Sheer Muhammad Nooristani
Haji Sabir Khan
Sediqah Balkhi
Safar Muhammad Kakar
Tayba Zahedi
Hallya Qazizada Qardash
Ebadullah Naqshbandi
Doctor Abdulahmad Zahdi
Abdul Baqi Baryal
Maolawy Abdul Hafiz Zahir
Haji Abdul Hameed Aimaq
Qazi Abdul Hay Khadim
Maolana AbdulRahman Hakimi
Abdul Satar
Ostad Abdul Sabor Farid
Abdul Qader Dostum
“Pohand” Abdullah Haqani
Abdul Wali Ahmadzai
Attahullah
Abdul Wahed Karizwal
Ghulam Farooq Farahi
Fazel Karim Mohammadi
Haji Faqeer Muhammad
Qurban Ali Orfani
Qamer Khosti
Kubra Aman
Kubra Mostafawoi
Gongarem
Haji Mahbob Khan
“Pohanwal” Mahboba Hoqoqmal
Mohtrama Habibi
Moslema Hussaini
Muhammad Afzal Ahmadzai
Muhammad Akbar Wahedat
Muhammad Anwar Muradi
Muhammad Baqir Sharifi
Muhammad Hassan Hotak
Muhammad Hassan Qazizada
Muhammad Hanif Hanifi
Muhammad Rangin Moshkwani
Doctor Muhammad Zaman Mohebi Bahlol
Engineer Muhammad Harif Sarwari
Al-Haj Muhammad Halam Eizedyar
Muhammad Omar Shirzad
Al-Haj Doctor Muhammad Omar Asim
Muhammad Eysa Khan Shinwari
Muhammad Kabir Marzban
Muhammad Naser Attahy
Engineer Muhammad Hashim Ortaq
Muhammad Yunos Sheerin Agha
Khwaja Mahmmood Rashed
Mokaram Khan Nasseri
Mirbat Khan Mangal
Najeebah Hussaini
Najeebah Rokhshani Balooch
Nasereen Parsah
Haji Nazar Muhammad
Nafas Gul Khedmat
Bi Bi Haji Nafisa Sultani
Noorullah Mehmar
Kafeel Noor Muhammad
Haji Wakeel Muhammad Laiq
Hedayetullah Rehay

References

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