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Kamehameha
Coat of Arms of the Kingdom of Hawaii.svg
Country Hawaii
Parent house House of Keoua
Titles King, Queen, Prince, Princess, Aliʻi
Founder Kamehameha I
Final ruler Kamehameha V
Current head extinct
Founding year 1795
Dissolution 1903, exists as Bishop Estate
Ethnicity Native Hawaiian


The House of Kamehameha (Hale O Kamehameha), or the Kamehameha Dynasty, was the reigning family of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi between the unification of the islands by Kamehameha the Great in 1810 and the death of Kamehameha V in 1872. Their most important contributions were the institution of a constitutional form of government, abolition of ancient Hawaiian kapu systems in favor of westernized laws, proclamation of the Edict of Toleration giving all Hawaiians freedom of religion and the promulgation of the Great Mahele, appropriating lands to native Hawaiians who could for the first time in history own private property.

Contents

Origins

The dynasty developed from chiefs of Kona (seat at Kailua), as their chief Kamehameha (I) succeeded in subjugating gradually all other chiefdoms on the island of Hawaiʻi and then also other islands of the archipelago. Chiefs of Kona were rulers of only a part of their island, the earlier island-wide monarchy having some decades earlier (presumably as result of death of Kamehameha's great-grandfather the King Keaweikekahialiiokamoku) dissolved into smaller independent chieftainships.

Kamehameha the Great established his dynasty in 1810 upon unifying the islands of Hawai'i to become the Kingdom of Hawai'i.

His father was Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui the Chief of Kona and his mother Keku'i'apoiwa II the Chiefess of Kona and niece of the reigning Hawaiian King Alapa'i. Relations were wide: e.g. Kamehameha's mother had secondly married a king of Kauaʻi island, after his father, and his mother had many children from other chiefs.

Kamehameha himself descended also from Aliʻi Aimoku of Oʻahu, Maui, Kauaʻi, and Molokai since the princely or chief class (aliʻi) of the islands was rather intermarried, and legendarily all descended, chief Wākea the original star-born chief.

Expansion of realm

Kamehameha I started a series of wars of conquest and strategic alliances. Succeeding his brother as Aliʻi of Kohala and Kona in 1782, he set out to unify Hawaiʻi proper, and later to subdue the neighboring islands. He ultimately unified the whole of the Hawaiian, or Sandwich, islands into a single kingdom by 1810. His descendants ruled the United Hawaiian Kingdom, until the death of Kamehameha V on Dec. 11, 1872.

Kamehameha Monarchs

The influence of the foreigners took a toll on the Kamehamehas. Alcoholism and foreign diseases which the Native Hawaiians had no immunity to were the main reason for the demise of the Kamehamehas. No monarch except Kamehameha I lived past the age of 42. Kamehameha III ruled for 30 years only because he came to the throne as a child. He died in 1854 at the age of 41.

After the untimely death of Kamehameha V, and for not having officially named an Heir Apparent the dynasty ended. Kamehameha V had named his sister Princess Victoria Kamamalu Kaahumanu who had died 6 1/2 yrs earlier. On his deathbed, he offered the throne to Bernice Pauahi Bishop who replied to the offer “No, no, not me; don't think of me. I don't need it” and died an hour later without naming a successor. The Chiefs and Nobles nominated William Lunalilo who became the first elected monarch of the Hawaiian Kingdom. He was the son of Charles Kanaina (of very high royalty from Maui) and Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi, a niece of Kamehameha I through her father Kalaimamahu, Kamehameha I's half-brother.

Private existence

Bishop who had rejected the offer of becoming the ruling monarch, died in 1884. Her dying wishs to her husband, Charles Reed Bishop, were to use the estate for the betterment of the Hawaiian people particularly children and with education. He founded Bishop Museum and Kamehameha Schools. He made preparations for the estate to continue after his death which came in 1915. Bishop estate continues to be one of the largest land holder in Hawaii.

External links

References


Kamehameha
Country Hawaii
Ancestral house House of Keoua
Titles King, Queen, Prince, Princess, Aliʻi
Founder Kamehameha I
Final sovereign Kamehameha V
Current head extinct
Founding 1795
Dissolution 1903, exists as Bishop Estate
Ethnicity Native Hawaiian


The House of Kamehameha (Hale O Kamehameha), or the Kamehameha Dynasty, was the reigning family of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi between the unification of the islands by Kamehameha the Great in 1810 and the death of Kamehameha V in 1872. Their most important contributions were the institution of a constitutional form of government, abolition of ancient Hawaiian kapu systems in favor of westernized laws, proclamation of the Edict of Toleration giving all Hawaiians freedom of religion and the promulgation of the Great Mahele, appropriating lands to native Hawaiians who could for the first time in history own private property.

Contents

Origins

The dynasty developed from chiefs of Kona (seat at Kailua), as their chief Kamehameha (I) succeeded in subjugating gradually all other chiefdoms on the island of Hawaiʻi and then also other islands of the archipelago. Chiefs of Kona were rulers of only a part of their island, the earlier island-wide monarchy having some decades earlier (presumably as result of death of Kamehameha's great-grandfather the King Keaweikekahialiiokamoku) dissolved into smaller independent chieftainships.

established his dynasty in 1810 upon unifying the islands of Hawai'i to become the Kingdom of Hawai'i.]]

His father was Keoua Kalanikupuapa'ikalaninui the Chief of Kona and his mother Keku'i'apoiwa II the Chiefess of Kona and niece of the reigning Hawaiian King Alapa'i. Relations were wide: e.g. Kamehameha's mother had secondly married a king of Kauaʻi island, after his father, and his mother had many children from other chiefs.

Kamehameha himself descended also from Aliʻi Aimoku of Oʻahu, Maui, Kauaʻi, and Molokai since the princely or chief class (aliʻi) of the islands was rather intermarried, and legendarily all descended, chief Wākea the original star-born chief.

Expansion of realm

Kamehameha I started a series of wars of conquest and strategic alliances. Succeeding his brother as Aliʻi of Kohala and Kona in 1782, he set out to unify Hawaiʻi proper, and later to subdue the neighboring islands. He ultimately unified the whole of the Hawaiian, or Sandwich, islands into a single kingdom by 1810. His descendants ruled the United Hawaiian Kingdom, until the death of Kamehameha V on Dec. 11, 1872.

Kamehameha Monarchs

The influence of the foreigners took a toll on the Kamehamehas. Alcoholism and foreign diseases which the Native Hawaiians had no immunity to were the main reason for the demise of the Kamehamehas. No monarch except Kamehameha I lived past the age of 42. Kamehameha III ruled for 30 years only because he came to the throne as a child. He died in 1854 at the age of 41.

After the untimely death of Kamehameha V, and for not having officially named an Heir Apparent the dynasty ended. Kamehameha V had named his sister Princess Victoria Kamamalu Kaahumanu who had died 6½ yrs earlier. On his deathbed, he offered the throne to Bernice Pauahi Bishop who replied to the offer “No, no, not me; don't think of me. I don't need it” and died an hour later without naming a successor. The Chiefs and Nobles nominated William Lunalilo who became the first elected monarch of the Hawaiian Kingdom. He was the son of Charles Kanaina (of very high royalty from Maui) and Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi, a niece of Kamehameha I through her father Kalaimamahu, Kamehameha I's half-brother.

Private existence

Bishop who had rejected the offer of becoming the ruling monarch, died in 1884. Her dying wishes to her husband, Charles Reed Bishop, were to use the estate for the betterment of the Hawaiian people particularly children and with education. He founded Bishop Museum and Kamehameha Schools. He made preparations for the estate to continue after his death which came in 1915. Bishop estate continues to be one of the largest land holder in Hawaii.

External links

References


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