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House of Karađorđević
Coat of Arms
Country Serbia, Yugoslavia
Titles Prince of Serbia, King of Serbia, King of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, King of Yugoslavia
Founder Karađorđe Petrović
Final ruler Peter II of Yugoslavia
Current head Alexander, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia
Founding year 1804
Dissolution 1945
Ethnicity Serbian

The House of Karađorđević (Serbian: Карађорђевићи, Karađorđevići; English: House of Karageorgevich) is a noble Serbian dynasty, descended from Karađorđe. The family had a long blood feud with the Obrenović dynasty. The dynasty lost the throne in November 1945 when the Communist party seized power in Yugoslavia. Peter II of Yugoslavia never abdicated.

Contents

History

The House of Karađorđević comes from Đorđe Petrović, a merchant, known to his followers as Karađorđe. In 1804, the Serbs revolted against the Ottoman Empire that controlled the Balkans at that time. The First Serbian Uprising was successful and Karađorđe established a government in Belgrade. In 1811 he was recognised as ruler with the right of succession vested in his family. However, in 1813 the Ottomans returned, and Karađorđe and his family fled. His son Prince Alexander, however, returned to rule Serbia in 1842 and reigned until 1858.

When Karađorđe was killed by Miloš Obrenović, a feud between the two houses of Karađorđević and the Obrenović developed which lasted until the Obrenović King Alexander I was killed with his family and the Karađorđević returned to the throne.

In 1903 the Serbian Parliament requested that Prince Peter - grandson of George Petrović (Karađorđe) - come to the throne of the Kingdom of Serbia, following the murder of King Aleksander Obrenović and his wife, Draga Mašin, by the Black Hand. Peter was duly crowned as King Peter I. Shortly before the end of the World War I, representatives of the three peoples proclaimed a Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes under King Peter I.

The senior branch of the family became extinct in 1920 with the death of Prince Alexis Karageorgevich

Ruling Members

The ruling members of the family were:

Current non-ruling members:

  • Alexander Karađorđević, Crown Prince of Yugoslavia and Serbia, Head of the Royal Family
  • HRH Prince Nikola Karadjordjevic, Head of the Kraljevic Tomislav Branch
  • HRH Prince Vladimir Karadjordjevic, Head of the Kraljevic Andrej Branch
  • HRH Prince Alexander, son of Prince Paul), head of the Prince Paul Branch which has no dynastic rights
  • HRH Prince Wilhelm Forshufvud, son of Prince Vlado, second-cousin of Prince Nikola Karadjordevic.

Current claims to the throne

The Karađorđevics are very active in Serbia, in various ways. Politically, they support the view that constitutional parliamentary monarchy would be the ultimate solution for stability, unity and continuity. In addition, they support Serbia as a democratic country with a future in the European Union.

Crown Prince Alexander II has been living in Belgrade in the Royal Palace since 2001. As son of the last King, Peter II, who never abdicated, he has the full right to claim the Serbian throne. However, he often says Serbia must crown democracy before it can crown the King. Crown Prince Alexander is known for his democratic views and tolerance. He personally united the opposition on several big congresses prior to the fall of Slobodan Milosevic. In the Palace, he receives all religious leaders and always demonstrates his desire for human rights and democracy on a regular basis.

The Karađorđevics are very much engaged in humanitarian work. Crown Princess Katherine has a humanitarian Foundation while Crown Prince Alexander has his Foundation for Culture and Education, whose activities include student scholarships, summer camps for children etc. The Karađorđevics are also involved in sports.

Their ancestry among medieval monarchs of the Balkans is presented at Nemanjic pedigree of the Royal House of Yugoslavia.

"Serbia and Yugoslavia"

The Karađorđevic family initially was a Serbian Royal House, then the Royal House of the Serbs, Croats and Slovenes and then the Royal House of Yugoslavia. When they last reigned they were called the Royal House of Yugoslavia.

Crown Prince Alexander II was born in London but on the territory that was declared Yugoslav territory by the United Kingdom Government. Therefore, by right he is the Crown Prince of Yugoslavia. In 2006 Yugoslavia dissolved in such a way that it ceased to exist after a long series of situations that started in 1990 with Serbia inheriting the rights and obligations of the former state of Yugoslavia. Therefore, Crown Prince Alexander II is the Crown Prince of Yugoslavia by right and claims the throne of Serbia as the head of the Serbian dynasty and male great-grandson of the last King of Serbia, prior to its inclusion in Yugoslavia. However, his use of the title of the Crown Prince of Serbia is somewhat controversial because he was born Crown Prince of Yugoslavia and held that title when the monarchy was abolished; as usual with the former ruling families, he continued to use his title as a courtesy title but the change of style after the dissolution of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro was problematic since there was no legal base for this change as Serbia is a republic.

See also

dorde karadjordevicc dorde karadjordevic

External links

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