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House of Yi
Korea-arms2.gif
Country Joseon, Korea
Parent house Jeonju Yi
Titles King of Korea, Emperor of Korea
Founder King Taejo
Final ruler Emperor Sunjong
Current head Prince Yi Chung
Founding year 1392
Deposition 1910: Korea annexed by Japan
Ethnicity Korean
Cadet branches 125 cadet branches (approximately 105 extant) including:
  • House of Grand Prince Royal Hyoryeong
  • House of Grand Prince Royal Gwangpyeong
  • House of Prince Royal Deokcheon
  • House of Prince Royal Milseong
  • House of Grand Prince Royal Yangnyeong

The House of Yi consists of the descendants of the Joseon Dynasty and the imperial family of the Korean Empire. All are members of the Jeonju Yi clan, and trace their descent from Taejo of Joseon.

After the annexation of the Korean Peninsula by Japan, some members were mediatized into the Korean royal family and the Korean peerage by the Japanese government[1] until 1947, just before the Japanese Constitution was promulgated[2]. Since then, their status as royalty has not been acknowledged by any country, however they continue to attract occasional media attention in South Korea. This happened most recently with the July 2005 funeral of Prince Gu, former head of the royal household.

At present, Prince Chung is the de jure genealogical heir to the heads of the imperial family, when male primogeniture is applied. However, he has not taken an active position on the debate between the leadership of the imperial family between his two relatives, Hereditary Prince Imperial Won (a first cousin and the son of the 9th son of Prince Ui) and Princess Haewon (aunt and second eldest daughter of Prince Ui).

A 2006 poll conducted by the Realmeter research company revealed just under 55% of South Koreans favor restoring the Korean monarchy of the Yi Royal Family of Korea[3].

Contents

History

In the 19th century tensions mounted between China and Japan, culminating in the First Sino-Japanese War. Much of this war was fought on the Korean peninsula. Japan, after the Meiji Restoration, acquired Western military technology, and had forced Joseon to sign the Kanghwa Treaty in 1876. Japan encroached upon Korean territory in search of fish, iron ore, and natural resources. It also established a strong economic presence on the peninsula, heralding the beginning of Japanese imperial expansion in East Asia.

The Chinese defeat in the 1894 war led to the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which officially guaranteed Korea's independence from China. The treaty effectively granted Japan direct control over Korean politics. The Joseon court in 1894, pressured by encroachment from larger powers, felt the need to reinforce national integrity and declared the Korean Empire. King Gojong assumed the title of Emperor in order to assert Korea's independence by putting himself on the same level as the Chinese Emperors. In addition, other foreign powers were approached for military technology, especially Russia, in order to fend off the Japanese. Technically, 1894 marks the end of the Joseon period, as the official name of the state was changed; however, the Joseon Dynasty would still reign, albeit perturbed by Japanese interventions. For example, the 1895 Japanese murder of Empress Myeongseong, apparently orchestrated by Miura Goro, because the Korean Empress was effective in keeping Japan at bay.

In 1910, the Japanese annexation of the Korean peninsula effectively ended Yi Dynasty rule. The collapse of the Russian navy in the historic battle of Port Arthur (in which the Russian Imperial Navy was destroyed in a decisive surprise attack), led to a great weakening of Korea's umbrella of protection. The combined effect on China of the opium wars in the south and Japanese naval strikes in the north increasingly led the Japanese to see Korea as a strategic foothold leading into northern China, just as Macau and Hong Kong had been Portuguese and English trade enclaves, respectively, in southern China.

Korean Imperial Family (Emperor Kojong in the center)
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Japanese Rule (1910-1945)

In a complicated series of manoeuvres and counter-manoeuvres, Japan pushed back the Russian fleet at the Battle of Port Arthur in 1905. Both the fleets of China and Russia had given Korea sufficient protection to prevent a direct invasion, but this ambuscade of the Russian fleet gave Japan free rein over north China, and Korea was left at the mercy of the new regional naval power: Japan. Korea became a protectorate of Japan in 1895 when Japan forced Emperor Gojong of Korea to abdicate his throne and assassinated his wife, Empress Myeongseong of Korea. Japan annexed the country in 1910 and Korea became a Japanese colony.

During the Japanese rule, the members of Yi family were mediatized into the royal family (Ōkōzoku, 王公族), or Korean nobles (Chosen-kizoku, 朝鮮貴族).

Eunists

Emperor Gojong of Korea had nine princes and four princesses, but only three princes and one princess survived childhood: the second son, Crown Prince Cheok; the sixth son, Prince Gang and the seventh son, Prince Eun. The second son, Cheok became Emperor Sunjong of Korea, the last monarch of Korean Empire. As Emperor Sunjong died without issue, his younger brother, Prince Eun became the crown prince. His elder brother Prince Gang should have taken the position but was passed over because Eun's mother Princess Sunheon had a higher status in the court than Gang's mother Lady Chang.

After Emperor Sunjong died in 1926, Crown Prince Eun was called "King Lee of Korea" a nominal title because Joseon had already lost its sovereignty to Japan. Crown Prince Eun married Princess Masako Nashimoto (later, Crown Princess Bangja of Korea), a member of Miyake family. Some Koreans accused Japan that Princess Bangja, once one of three candidates for then Japan's next empress, was instead designated as Eun's wife, as a medical test indicated she could be barren. Some media claimed that the arranged marriage was Japan's imperialist conspiracy to terminate the Korean imperial lineage. However, Princess Bangja gave birth to the eldest son, Prince Jin in 1921; the second son, Prince Gu in 1931.

After the liberation (1945 - )

After Korea's liberation in 1945, President Syngman Rhee suppressed the imperial family in order to prevent the restoration of the monarchy as he feared that the imperial family's return would challenge his emerging authority as the new republic's founding father. Syngman Rhee seized and nationalized most of the family's properties. The imperial family also had to shoulder the psychological and historical burden of their ancestors' responsibility for the "collapse of the nation". Stripped of most of their wealth and authority, many members of the family secluded themselves from the merciless world, and even from other family members. Some flew to the USA or Latin America in a desperate effort to disown their ancestors.

It was only in 1963 that a new president, Park Chung-hee, allowed the imperial family, including Princess Dukhye, their long-sought return to Korea. However, they could only stay at a small residence called Nakseon Hall in a corner of Changdeok Palace, Seoul. Crown Prince Eun died seven years later after a long illness resulting from strokes. Prince Gu was also forced by other family members to divorce his American wife, Julia Mullock, against their will in 1982 due to her sterility. A series of business failures left him without support and he died alone at the Akasaka Prince Hotel in Tokyo on July 16, 2005. The site of the hotel had been his birthplace 74 years prior.

Gangists

Emperor Gojong's sixth son, Prince Gang, fathered 13 sons and 9 daughters from 14 women. With an extremely wide range of historical evaluations over him - womanizer and behind the scene leader of the independent movement - the Japanese authorities tied the hands of the prince throughout the occupation. Unlike Crown Prince Eun, who spent most of his life in Japan and the United States, President Syngman Rhee's seizure of the imperial properties deprived Prince Gang of most of his wealth. Afterwards, many of the family members had to swallow the disgrace of working for a living. According to the prince's 11th son, Prince Seok, his mother Hong Chong-sun had to sell noodles as a street vendor. However, despite their suffering, most family members have not been able to adapt themselves to the new fast-changing capitalistic Korea. To make matters worse, many people swindled them.

In 1998, it was reported that Prince Gang's eighth son died alone in a social center in eastern Seoul, and the eleventh son Prince Seok works as a lecturer at the University of Jeonju as of 2005.

Among Prince Gang's surviving four sons and seven daughters, four have lost touch with the family after they left for the United States. The other family members hold an ancestral ritual two times a year for Prince Gang, but usually only two or three of the 11 surviving siblings attend the ceremonies.

Known Descendants Today

Yi Chung (1936-), is a member of the former Imperial Family of Korea and the genealogical male-line heir of Emperor Gojong. He is the eldest son of Prince Wu of Korea who inherited the title of Prince Heung with the 4th head of Unhyun Palace and his wife Princess Chanju, a granddaughter of Marquis Park Yeonghyo who was a son-in-law of King Cheoljong of Joseon.

At the age of nine, he inherited Unhyeon Palace, where Emperor Gojong was born, after his father died in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. In 1947, his father's elder brother, Prince Gun (Momoyama Ken'ichi), acquired Japanese citizenship, thereby renouncing his Korean legacy. This made Prince Chung the direct heir of his grandfather, Prince Imperial Ui, who died in 1955. On 1991, Prince Chung returned to his ancestral home of Unhyeon Palace to Seoul city government on the death of his mother.

At present, he is de jure genealogical heir to the headship of the Imperial family when male primogeniture is applied. However, he has not taken an active position on the debate between leadership of Imperial family between his two relatives, Hereditary Prince Imperial Won (a first cousin and the son of the 9th son of Prince Ui) and Princess Haewon (aunt of Prince Won and second eldest daughter of Prince Ui). Titularly reigning since the death of her predecessor Prince Hoeun on 16 July 2005, Princess Haewŏn was enthroned as the symbolic monarch of Korea on 29 September 2006 by the Korean Imperial Family Association, organized by about a dozen descendants of Joseon Dynasty. She lays claim to the title of the Empress of Korea and declared the restoration of Imperial House in her own succession ceremony. The private enthronement was not approved or supported by the republican government of South Korea.

House of Yi family tree

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
adoption
 
 
 
 
1335-1408
Taejo
1392-1398(1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1357-1419
Jeongjong
1399-1400(2)
 
1367-1422
Taejong
1400-1418(3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1397-1450
Sejong the Great
1418-1450(4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1414-1452
Munjong
1450-1452(5)
 
1417-1468
Sejo
1455-1468(7)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1441-1457
Danjong
1452-1455(6)
 
1438-1457
Crown Prince Uigyeong
 
1450-1469
Yejong
1468-1469(8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1457-1494
Seongjong
1469-1494(9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1476-1506
Yeonsangun
1494-1506(10)
 
1486-1544
Jungjong
1506-1544(11)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1515-1545
Injong
1544-1545(12)
 
1530-1559
Prince Deokheung
 
1534-1567
Myeongjong
1545-1567(13)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1552-1608
Seonjo
1567-1608(14)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1574-1641
Gwanghaegun
1608-1623(15)
 
1580-1619
Grand Prince Jeongwon
 
1598-1624
Prince Heungan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1595-1649
Injo
1623-1649(16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1612-1645
Crown Prince Sohyeon
 
1619-1659
Hyojong
1649-1659(17)
 
 
 
 
 
1622-1658
Grand Prince Inpyeong
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1641-1674
Hyeonjong
1659-1674(18)
 
 
 
 
 
복녕군 福寧君
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1661-1720
Sukjong
1674-1720(19)
 
 
 
 
 
義原君
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1688-1724
Gyeongjong
1720-1724(20)
 
1694-1776
Yeongjo
1724-1776(21)
 
 
 
 
 
安興君
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1719–1728
Crown Prince Hyojang
 
1735-1762
Crown Prince Sado
 
 
 
 
 
이진익(李鎭翼)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1752-1800
Jeongjo
1776-1800(22)
 
1754-1801
Prince Euneon
 
1755-1771
Prince Eunsin
 
이병원(李秉源)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1790-1834
Sunjo
1800-1834(23)
 
1785-1841
Prince Jeongye
 
 
 
 
 
1788-1836
Prince Namyeon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1809-1830
Crown Prince Hyomyong
 
1831-1863
Cheoljong
1849-1863(25)
 
 
 
 
 
1821-1898
Heungseon Daewongun
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1827-1849
Heonjong
1834-1849(24)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1852-1919
Gojong (Gwangmu)
King 1863-1897(26)
Emp. 1897-1907
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1874-1926
Sunjong (Yunghui)
Emp. 1907-1910(27)
[1910-1926]
 
1877-1955
Prince Uihwa
 
 
 
 
 
1897-1970
Crown Prince Euimin
[1926-1970](28)
 
1912-1989
Princess Deokhye
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1912-1945
Prince Wu
 
1919-
Princess Haewon
[2005- ]?
 
1938-
Prince Gap
 
1931-2005
Prince Hoeun
[1970-2005](29)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1936-
Prince Chung
[2005- ]?
 
 
 
 
 
1962-
Prince Won
[2005- ]?

Pretenders to the Korean throne since 1910

ROYAL HOUSE
House of Yi
Founding year: 1392
Preceded by
House of Wang
Ruling House of Korea
1392 – 1910
Vacant

Notes

See also


House of Yi
Imperial Household of the Korean Empire
Country Joseon Dynasty, Korean Empire
Ancestral house Jeonju Yi
Titles King of Korea, Emperor of Korea
Founder King Taejo
Final sovereign Emperor Sunjong
Current head Prince Yi Chung
Founding 1392
Deposition 1910: Korea annexed by Japan
Ethnicity Korean
Cadet branches

125 cadet branches (approximately 105 extant) including:

  • House of Grand Prince Royal Hyoryeong
  • House of Grand Prince Royal Gwangpyeong
  • House of Prince Royal Deokcheon
  • House of Prince Royal Milseong
  • House of Grand Prince Royal Yangnyeong

The House of Yi or Imperial Household of the Korean Empire consists of the descendants of the Yi Seong-gye, the founder of Joseon Dynasty. Yi Seong-gye is known as Taejo: The Great Ancestor. All his descendants are members of the Jeonju Yi clan, including the imperial family of the Korean Empire (1897-1910).

After the annexation of the Korean Peninsula by Japan in 1910, some members of the Yi clan were mediatized into the Korean royal family and the Korean peerage by the Japanese government[1] until 1947, just before the Japanese Constitution was promulgated[2]. Since then, their status as royalty has not been acknowledged by any country, however they continue to attract occasional media attention in South Korea. This happened most recently with the July 2005 funeral of Prince Gu, former head of the royal household.

At present, Prince Chung is the de jure genealogical heir to the heads of the imperial family, when male primogeniture is applied. However, he has not taken an active position on the debate over the leadership of the imperial family between his two relatives, Hereditary Prince Imperial Won (a first cousin and the son of the 9th son of Prince Ui) and Princess Haewon (his aunt and second eldest daughter of Prince Ui).

A 2006 poll conducted by the Realmeter research company revealed just under 55% of South Koreans favor restoring the Korean monarchy.[3].

Contents

History

In the 19th century tensions mounted between China and Japan, culminating in the First Sino-Japanese War. Much of this war was fought on the Korean peninsula. Japan, after the Meiji Restoration, acquired Western military technology, and forced Joseon to sign the Treaty of Ganghwa in 1876. Japan encroached upon Korean territory in search of fish, iron ore, and natural resources.[citation needed] It also established a strong economic presence on the peninsula, heralding the beginning of Japanese imperial expansion in East Asia.

The Chinese defeat in the 1894 war led to the Treaty of Shimonoseki, which officially guaranteed Korea's independence from China. The treaty effectively granted Japan direct control over Korean politics. The Joseon court in 1894, pressured by encroachment from larger powers, felt the need to reinforce national integrity and declared the Korean Empire. King Gojong assumed the title of Emperor in order to assert Korea's independence by putting himself on the same level as the Chinese Emperors. In addition, other foreign powers were approached for military technology, especially Russia, in order to fend off the Japanese. Technically, 1894 marks the end of the Joseon period, as the official name of the state was changed; however, the Joseon Dynasty would still reign, albeit perturbed by Japanese interventions. For example, the 1895 assassination of the emperor's consort, Queen Min, apparently orchestrated by Japanese general Miura Goro, because the Korean empress was effective in keeping Japan at bay.

In 1910, the Japanese annexation of the Korean peninsula effectively ended Joseon Dynasty rule. The collapse of the Russian navy in the historic battle of Port Arthur (in which the Russian Imperial Navy was destroyed in a decisive surprise attack), led to a great weakening of Korea's umbrella of protection. The combined effect on China of the opium wars in the south and Japanese naval strikes in the north increasingly led the Japanese to see Korea as a strategic foothold leading into northern China, just as Macau and Hong Kong had been Portuguese and English trade enclaves, respectively, in southern China.

, the 6th son of Gojong; Sunjong, the 2nd son and the last monarch of Joseon; Prince Yeong (Yeong chinwang 영친왕), the 7th son; Gojong, the former King; Queen Yoon (Yoon daebi), Queen Consort of Sunjong; Deogindang Gimbi, wife of Prince Ui; and Yi Geon, the eldest son of Prince Ui. The seated child in the front row is Princess Deokhye (Deokhye ongju 덕혜옹주), Gojong's last child.)]]

Japanese Rule (1910-1945)

In a complicated series of manoeuvres and counter-manoeuvres, Japan pushed back the Russian fleet in 1905. Both the fleets of China and Russia had given Korea sufficient protection to prevent a direct invasion, but this ambuscade of the Russian fleet gave Japan free rein over north China, and Korea was left at the mercy of the new regional naval power: Japan.

Korea became a protectorate of Japan in 1895 when Japan forced Emperor Gojong to abdicate and assassinated his consort, Myeongseong. Japan annexed the country in 1910, and Korea became a Japanese colony.

During the Japanese rule, the members of Yi family were mediatized into the royal family (Ōkōzoku, 王公族) or made Korean nobles (Chosen-kizoku, 朝鮮貴族).

Eunists

Emperor Gojong had nine sons and four daughters, but only three princes, as well as one princess: the second son, Crown Prince Cheok; the sixth son, Prince Gang and the seventh son, Prince Eun. The second son, Cheok became Emperor Sunjong of Korea, the last monarch of Korea. As Emperor Sunjong died without issue, his younger brother, Prince Eun became the crown prince. His elder brother Prince Gang should have taken the position but was passed over because Eun's mother, Princess Sunheon, had a higher status in the court than Gang's mother, Lady Chang.

After Emperor Sunjong died in 1926, Crown Prince Eun was called "King Lee of Korea", a nominal title because the country had already lost its sovereignty to Japan. Crown Prince Eun married Japanese noblewoman Princess Masako Nashimoto (later, Crown Princess Bangja of Korea), a member of Miyake family. Some Koreans accused Japan that Princess Bangja, once one of three candidates considered to be the bride of the Japanese emperor, was instead designated as Eun's wife because a medical test indicated she could be barren. As a result some media claimed the arranged marriage was Japan's imperialist conspiracy to terminate the Korean imperial lineage. However, Princess Bangja gave birth to Prince Jin in 1921 and Prince Gu in 1931.

After the liberation (1945 - )

After Korea's liberation in 1945, President Syngman Rhee suppressed the imperial family in order to prevent the restoration of the monarchy as he feared that the its return would challenge his emerging authority as the new republic's founding father. Rhee seized and nationalized most of the family's properties. The imperial family also had to shoulder the psychological and historical burden of their ancestors' responsibility for the "collapse of the nation". Stripped of most of their wealth and authority, some fled to the United States and Latin America. In addition, many of the former members of the Gaeseong branch of the family had their lands repossessed and were forced to leave Korea after the military/republican government took hold in the South. Known descendants currently reside in New Jersey and New York, one of which married the daughter of a former Italian Duchess.

It was only in 1963 that a new president, Park Chung-hee, allowed the imperial family, including Princess Dukhye, to return to Korea. However, they could only stay at Nakseon Hall, a small residence in a corner of Changdeok Palace in Seoul. Crown Prince Eun died seven years later after a long illness resulting from strokes. Prince Gu was forced by other family members to divorce his American wife, the former Julia Mullock, in 1982 due to her sterility (the couple, however, had an adopted daughter). A series of business failures left Prince Gu without support, and he died alone at the Akasaka Prince Hotel in Tokyo on July 16, 2005. The site of the hotel had been his birthplace 74 years prior.

Gangists

Emperor Gojong's sixth son, Prince Gang, fathered 13 sons and 9 daughters by 14 women. With an extremely wide range of historical evaluations over him - womanizer and behind the scene leader of the independent movement - the Japanese authorities limited the activities of the prince throughout the occupation. President Syngman Rhee's seizure of the imperial properties deprived Prince Gang of most of his wealth. According to the prince's 11th son, Prince Seok, his mother, Hong Chong-sun, was forced to sell noodles as a street vendor to make a living.

In 1998, it was reported that Prince Gang's eighth son died alone in a social center in eastern Seoul. The eleventh son, Prince Seok, works as a lecturer at the University of Jeonju as of 2005. Among Prince Gang's surviving four sons and seven daughters, four lost touch with the family after they left for the United States. The other family members hold an ancestral ritual two times a year for Prince Gang, but usually only two or three of the 11 surviving siblings attend the ceremonies.

Known Descendants Today

Yi Chung (1936-) is the genealogical male-line heir of Emperor Gojong. He is the eldest son of Prince Wu of Korea, who inherited the title of Prince Heung with the 4th head of Unhyun Palace and his wife Princess Chanju, a granddaughter of Marquis Park Yeonghyo, who was a son-in-law of King Cheoljong of Joseon.

At the age of nine, Prince Heung inherited Unhyeon Palace, where Emperor Gojong was born, after his father died in the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. In 1947, his father's elder brother, Prince Gun (Momoyama Ken'ichi), acquired Japanese citizenship. This change of citizenship made Prince Chung the direct heir of his grandfather, Prince Imperial Ui, who died in 1955. On 1991, after the death of his mother, Prince Chung returned his ancestral home of Unhyeon Palace to the Seoul city government.

At present, Prince Chung is de jure genealogical heir to the headship of the Imperial family when male primogeniture is applied. However, he has not taken an active position on the debate between leadership of Imperial family between his two relatives, Hereditary Prince Imperial Won (a first cousin and the son of the 9th son of Prince Ui) and Princess Haewon (aunt of Prince Won and second eldest daughter of Prince Ui). Titularly reigning since the death of her predecessor, Prince Hoeun, on 16 July 2005, Princess Haewŏn was enthroned as symbolic monarch of Korea on 29 September 2006 by the Korean Imperial Family Association, organized by about a dozen descendants of Joseon Dynasty. She lays claim to the title of Empress of Korea and declared the restoration of Imperial House in her own succession ceremony. The private enthronement was not approved or supported by the republican government of South Korea.

House of Yi family tree

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
adoption
 
 
 
 
1335-1408
Taejo
1392-1398(1)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1357-1419
Jeongjong
1399-1400(2)
 
1367-1422
Taejong
1400-1418(3)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1397-1450
Sejong the Great
1418-1450(4)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1414-1452
Munjong
1450-1452(5)
 
1417-1468
Sejo
1455-1468(7)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1441-1457
Danjong
1452-1455(6)
 
1438-1457
Crown Prince Uigyeong
 
1450-1469
Yejong
1468-1469(8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1457-1494
Seongjong
1469-1494(9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1476-1506
Yeonsangun
1494-1506(10)
 
1486-1544
Jungjong
1506-1544(11)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1515-1545
Injong
1544-1545(12)
 
1530-1559
Prince Deokheung
 
1534-1567
Myeongjong
1545-1567(13)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1552-1608
Seonjo
1567-1608(14)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1574-1641
Gwanghaegun
1608-1623(15)
 
1580-1619
Grand Prince Jeongwon
 
1598-1624
Prince Heungan
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1595-1649
Injo
1623-1649(16)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1612-1645
Crown Prince Sohyeon
 
1619-1659
Hyojong
1649-1659(17)
 
 
 
 
 
1622-1658
Grand Prince Inpyeong
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1641-1674
Hyeonjong
1659-1674(18)
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Boknyeong
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1661-1720
Sukjong
1674-1720(19)
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Uiwon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1688-1724
Gyeongjong
1720-1724(20)
 
1694-1776
Yeongjo
1724-1776(21)
 
 
 
 
 
Prince Anheung
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1719–1728
Crown Prince Hyojang
 
1735-1762
Crown Prince Sado
 
 
 
 
 
Yi Shin Ik
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1752-1800
Jeongjo
1776-1800(22)
 
1754-1801
Prince Euneon
 
1755-1771
Prince Eunsin
 
Yi Byeong Won
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1790-1834
Sunjo
1800-1834(23)
 
1785-1841
Prince Jeongye
 
 
 
 
 
1788-1836
Prince Namyeon
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1809-1830
Crown Prince Hyomyong
 
1831-1863
Cheoljong
1849-1863(25)
 
 
 
 
 
1821-1898
Heungseon Daewongun
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1827-1849
Heonjong
1834-1849(24)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1852-1919
Gojong (Gwangmu)
King 1863-1897(26)
Emp. 1897-1907
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1874-1926
Sunjong (Yunghui)
Emp. 1907-1910(27)
[1910-1926]
 
1877-1955
Prince Uihwa
 
 
 
 
 
1897-1970
Crown Prince Euimin
[1926-1970](28)
 
1912-1989
Princess Deokhye
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1912-1945
Prince Wu
 
1919-
Princess Haewon
[2005- ]?
 
1938-
Prince Gap
 
1931-2005
Prince Hoeun
[1970-2005](29)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1936-
Prince Chung
[2005- ]?
 
 
 
 
 
1962-
Prince Won
[2005- ]?

Pretenders to the Korean throne since 1910

Royal house
House of Yi
Founding year: 1392
Preceded by
House of Wang
Ruling House of Korea
1392 – 1910
Vacant

Notes

See also


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