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Houttuynia: Wikis

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Houttuynia cordata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Magnoliids
Order: Piperales
Family: Saururaceae
Genus: Houttuynia
Thunb.
Species: H. cordata
Binomial name
Houttuynia cordata
Thunb.

Houttuynia cordata (simplified Chinese: traditional Chinese: 魚腥草pinyin: yúxīng cǎo; literally "fishy-smell herb"; Vietnamese: giấp cá; Korean: 약모밀; English lizard tail and chameleon plant; Japanese: 十薬 or どくだみ), the sole species in the genus Houttuynia, is a flowering plant native to Japan, Korea, southern China and Southeast Asia, where it grows in moist, shady places.

Contents

Growth

Houttuynia is a herbaceous perennial plant growing to between 20 and 80 cm. The proximal part of the stem is trailing and produces adventitious roots, while the distal part of the stem grows vertically. The leaves are alternate, broadly heart-shaped, 4-9 cm long and 3-8 cm broad. Flowers, growing usually in Summer, are greenish-yellow, borne on a terminal spike 2-3 cm long with 4-6 large white basal bracts.

Cultivation

Houttuynia cordata Chameleon

The plant grows well in moist to wet soil and even slightly submerged in water in partial or full sun. Plants can become invasive in gardens and difficult to eradicate. Propagation is via division.

Houttuynia in temperate gardens is usually in one of its cultivated forms, including: Chameleon (synonymous with H.c. 'Court Jester', H.c. 'Tricolour', H.c. 'Variegata') this variety is slightly less vigorous than the species and has leaves broadly edged in yellow and flecked with red; Flore Pleno has masses of white bracts and the vigour of the parent species.

Usage

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Culinary use

Houttynia cordata Leaf.jpg
Houttuynia roots vegetable china.jpg

Grown as a leaf vegetable, particularly in Vietnam, where it is called giấp cá or diếp cá and is used as a fresh herbal garnish. The leaf has an unusual taste that is often described as fishy (earning it the nickname "fish mint"), so it is not enjoyed as universally as basil, mint, or other more commonly used herbs.

In the southwestern Chinese provinces of Yunnan, Guizhou, and Sichuan, roots are used as a root vegetable. English names include heartleaf, lizardtail, and fishwort.

Medicinal use

Houttuynia is also used in herbal medicine. The beverage dokudami cha (Japanese: ドクダミ茶; literally "Houttuynia cordata tea") is an infusion made from Houttuynia cordata leaves, Oolong tea leaves, and Job's Tears.[1]

Invasive weed

Heartleaf or Lizard Tail is an alien invasive species in many areas in the United States and Australia.[2] Even the less vigorous forms will spread beyond an apt gardener's control if planted in any moderately moist soil.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Beverage". KATAGIRI & CO.INC.. http://www.katagiri.com/ctlg/le.html. Retrieved 2006-10-04.  
  2. ^ Global Invasive Species Database: Houttuynia cordata, accessed 2008-07-06

External links


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