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James Howard McGrath


In office
July 27, 1949 – April 3, 1952
President Harry Truman
Preceded by Tom C. Clark
Succeeded by James P. McGranery

In office
January 3, 1947 – August 23, 1949
Preceded by Peter G. Gerry
Succeeded by Edward L. Leahy

In office
January 7, 1941 – October 6, 1945
Preceded by William Henry Vanderbilt III
Succeeded by John O. Pastore

Born November 28, 1903(1903-11-28)
Woonsocket, Rhode Island
Died September 2, 1966 (aged 62)
Narragansett, Rhode Island
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Providence College
Boston University

James Howard McGrath (November 28, 1903 – September 2, 1966) was an American politician and attorney from the U.S. state of Rhode Island.

McGrath, a Democrat, served as U.S. Attorney for Rhode Island before becoming Governor, U.S. Solicitor General, U.S. Senator, chairman of the Democratic National Committee and Attorney General of the United States.

McGrath was born in Woonsocket, Rhode Island. He graduated from La Salle Academy in 1922, from Providence College in 1926, and from Boston University in 1929. From 1930 to 1934 he was the city solicitor of Central Falls, Rhode Island. During this time he was also interested in the real estate, insurance, and banking industries. He served as United States Attorney for the District of Rhode Island from 1934 to 1940.

From 1940 until 1945, he was Governor of Rhode Island, reorganizing the juvenile court system while sponsoring a workers' compensation fund and a labor relations board, but he resigned in the middle of his third term to accept appointment as Solicitor General of the United States (1945-46).

McGrath was elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate from Rhode Island in 1946, joining an 80th Congress (1947-49) that had unaccustomed Republican majorities in both houses. He was briefly chairman of the U.S. Senate Committee on the District of Columbia for the 81st Congress (to which the 1948 election had returned Democratic majorities). In the Senate, McGrath opposed reducing wartime economic controls and taxes, wishing to spend the latter instead on Social Security, national health insurance and education.[1]

McGrath (middle) with Theodore Francis Green (middle left) and Harry S. Truman (far right).

He was chairman of the Democratic National Committee from 1947 to 1949. In managing President Harry Truman's successful 1948 election campaign, McGrath alienated white Southerners but won over crucial black constituencies by integrating the Democratic national headquarters staff.[2]

President Truman appointed Sen. McGrath Attorney General of the United States on August 24, 1949. He resigned on April 3, 1952, after he had refused to cooperate in a corruption investigation initiated by his own department. Truman asked for and received McGrath's resignation.[3]

McGrath entered the private practice of law in Washington, D.C., and Providence. In 1960, he was an unsuccessful candidate to succeed the retiring U.S. Sen. Theodore Francis Green (Democrat of Rhode Island), losing the Democratic primary (also contested by former Gov. Dennis J. Roberts) to Claiborne Pell.

McGrath died in Narragansett, Rhode Island, in 1966, aged 62, and is buried in St. Francis Cemetery, Pawtucket, Rhode Island.

Notes

  1. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/j-howard-mcgrath "J. Howard McGrath" in West's Encyclopedia of American Law (1998)
  2. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/j-howard-mcgrath "J. Howard McGrath" in West's Encyclopedia of American Law (1998)
  3. ^ Marcus, Truman and the Steel Seizure Case: The Limits of Presidential Power, 1977, p. 35-36.

References

  • "J. Howard McGrath, Ex-Attorney General, Dies." New York Times. September 3, 1966.
  • Levieros, Anthony. "Upsets Come Fast; Resignation of McGrath Follows Quickly His Ousting of Morris." New York Times. April 4, 1952.
  • Marcus, Maeva. Truman and the Steel Seizure Case: The Limits of Presidential Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1977. ISBN 0231041268

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
William H. Vanderbilt
Governor of Rhode Island
1941–1945
Succeeded by
John O. Pastore
United States Senate
Preceded by
Peter G. Gerry
United States Senator (Class 1) from Rhode Island
1947–1949
Served alongside: Theodore F. Green
Succeeded by
Edward L. Leahy
Legal offices
Preceded by
Charles H. Fahy
Solicitor General
1945–1946
Succeeded by
Philip B. Perlman
Preceded by
Tom C. Clark
United States Attorney General
1949–1952
Succeeded by
James P. McGranery
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