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Hsinbyushin
ဆင်ဖြူရှင်
King of Burma
Prince of Myedu
Reign 28 November 1763 - 10 June 1776 (&0000000000000012.00000012 years, &0000000000000164.000000164 days)[1]
Coronation 16 May 1764
Predecessor Naungdawgyi
Successor Singu
Consort Me Hla
15 queens in total
Issue
20 sons, 20 daughters including: Singu
Full name
Maung Ywa
မောင်ရွ
House Konbaung
Father Alaungpaya
Mother Me Yun San
Born 12 September 1736(1736-09-12)
Moksobo
Died 10 June 1776 (aged 39)
Ava
Burial Ava
Religion Theravada Buddhism
This article contains Burmese script. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Burmese characters.

Hsinbyushin (Burmese: ဆင်ဖြူရှင်, Thai: มังระ; 12 September 1736 – June 10, 1776) was the third king of the Konbaung dynasty of Burma. He was the second son of King Alaungpaya and succeeded his brother King Naungdawgyi.[1]

Hsinbyushin is best known for his invasion of the Siamese kingdom of Ayutthaya. In 1764, he went eastward, claiming the cities of Chiang Mai and Vientiane. The Ayutthaya capital fell again into Burmese hands on April 1767, when he sent thousands of prisoners back to Burma. The wanton destruction wrought by the invading Burmese army this time moved one Thai chronicler to comment that "the king of Hanthawaddy (Bayinnaung) waged war like a monarch, but the king of Ava (Hsinbyushin) like a robber".[2] This conquest began the tradition of absorbing Thai elements into Burmese culture, which is most pronounced in music and literature. However, Burmese reign of Ayutthaya was brief; Paya Taksin (later King of Siam), an Ayutthaya general, drove out the Burmese who had another battlefront in the north against an invading Chinese army of the Qing Dynasty. The Burmese were struggling with two wars, one invasive and another defensive, and could not control Ayutthaya for long.[3]

Nevertheless, the Burmese army's defensive campaign successfully penetrated southern China if only to be stopped by a peace parley offered by their Chinese counterparts. After waging four unsuccessful wars against the Konbaung Dynasty (1765 - 1769) and losing three of his Viceroys including his son-in-law Ming Jui in the process, the Qianlong Emperor eventually established diplomatic relations with the Burmese. In 1770, a treaty was negotiated between the generals of the two countries, establishing formal trade and diplomatic missions.[2] The negotiations were conducted by the Burmese commanders but the terms of the treaty were not referred to Hsinbyushin for royal sanction. King Hsinbyushin was furious at his generals who signed the Treaty of Kaungton. In order to appease his anger, the Burmese generals invaded the Indian kingdom of Manipur, an action seen as a threat by the British. [2]

The French officer Pierre de Milard was the Captain of the Guard and a key counsellor to Hsinbyushin.[4] In 1769, Hsinbyushin also negotiated a treaty with the ambassador of the French East India Company, M. Feraud, allowing the French to have an establishment in Rangoon.[5]

Hsinbyushin died after a long illness in Ava on 10 July 1776 and was succeeded by his son Singu.[6] The Kingdom of Ava, as it was known at the time, continued to politically dominate the Shan States, Laos, and the Lanna Kingdom.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Christopher Buyers. "The Konbaung Dynasty Genealogy: King Hsinbyushin". royalark.net. http://www.royalark.net/Burma/konbaun2.htm. Retrieved 2009-10-03.  
  2. ^ a b c D. G. E. Hall (1960). Burma. London: Hutchinson University Library. pp. 87, 89, 90. http://mission.itu.ch/MISSIONS/Myanmar/Burma/bur_history.pdf.  
  3. ^ Terwiel, B. J. (2005). Thailand's political history: from the fall of Ayutthaya in 1767 to recent times. River Books. ISBN 978-9749863084
  4. ^ Findlay Ronald; O'Rouke, Kevin H. (2007). Power and plenty: trade, war, and the world economy in the second millennium. Princeton University Press. p. 277. ISBN 978-0691118543
  5. ^ Koenig, William J. (1990). The Burmese polity, 1752-1819: politics, administration, and social organization in the early Kon-baung period. Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies, the University of Michigan. ISBN 978-0891480563
  6. ^ Seekins, Donald M. (2006). Historical dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). Scarecrow Press. p. 257. ISBN 978-0810854765

External links

Hsinbyushin
Born: 12 September 1736 Died: 10 June 1776
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Naungdawgyi
King of Burma
28 November 1763 - 10 June 1776
Succeeded by
Singu
Royal titles
Preceded by
Naungdawgyi
Heir to the Burmese Throne
1760-1763
Succeeded by
Singu
Preceded by
'
Prince of Myedu
1754-1763
Succeeded by
'
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