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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hualien County
Tropic of Cancer in Hualian Taiwan.jpg
Tropic of Cancer monument
Traditional Chinese 花蓮縣
Hualien County emblem.gif
Hualien County
花蓮縣
Abbreviation(s): Hualien (花蓮)
Taiwan ROC political division map Hualien County.svg
County seat Hualien City
Region Eastern Taiwan
County Magistrate Hsieh Shen-shan (謝深山)
Cities 1
Townships 12
Area
- Total 4,628.57141 km²
(1 of 25)
- % water 1.0 %
Population
- Total 341,504 (Jan. 2009)
(20 of 25)
- Density 73.78/km²
Symbols
- County flower Lotus (Nymphaeaceae)
- County tree Peepul (Ficus religiosa)
- County bird Maroon Oriole (Oriolus traillii)
Official websites (Chinese)

Hualien County is the largest county in Taiwan and is located on the mountainous eastern coast of Taiwan. It contains the island's largest port. It is the starting point of the Hualien-Taitung Line and the terminal point of North-Link Line of TRA. For the Provincial highway System, Hualien has the connection of Suao-Hualien Highway, Hualien-Taitung Highway, Hualien-Taitung Coast Highway and the Central Cross-Island Highway. Hualien County also contains part of Taroko National Park and Yu Shan National Park.

Its capital is Hualien City.

Contents

History

Hualien was originally called Kilai(奇萊) by aborigines. In 1622, the Spaniard first arrived to mine for sand gold and called "Turumoan"(多羅滿).

Hualien was one of the last places on Taiwan to be settled by the Han Chinese during Qing Dynasty in 1851 because of its isolated location. The former name of Hualien was "Huilan"(洄瀾 "eddies") in official record during Qing Dynasty because the river in Hualien flows into the Pacific Ocean, creating a whirling effect.

During the period of Japanese Occupation of Taiwan, the Japanese discarded the name "Kilai" as its Japanese pronunciation sounded like "disgusting", changing the official title to "Hualien". Before the surrender of Japan at the end of World War II in 1945, the Governor-General of Taiwan migrated a large number of Japanese here for the improvement of agriculture and farming.

After the Taiwan Retrocession, the government of Republic of China reinstituted the political system followed by the Constitution of the Republic of China. In 1951, Hualien was the first county in Taiwan to carry out the local autonomy law.

It was mostly modernized in the 1960s. For now, Hualien is the most important region in eastern Taiwan as well as the one of five main life circle regions in Taiwan. (Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung)

A great white shark was caught off Hualien County on May 14, 1997. Reportedly almost 7 meters in length and weighing 2500 kg, it is the largest specimen ever recorded.

Population

Hualien County has 340,000 inhabitants and is divided into 1 city and 12 townships. Its late development means that many aboriginal cultures such as Ami, Atayal, Bunun, Truku, Sakizaya and Kavalan are well-preserved. Aborigines make up one-forth of the population of Hualien County (about 90,000). The Hakka people comprise about 30% of inhabitants.

Administration

Some towns have Japanese names because these towns were named by Japanese during the Japanese ruling period from 1895 to 1945.

English Hanzi Wade-Giles Hanyu Japanese Hakka Pha̍k-fa-sṳ
Hualien City 花蓮市 Hua-lien Huālián Karen Fâ-lièn-sṳ
Fenglin Township 鳳林鎮 Feng-lin Fènglín Fung-lìm-tsṳ́n
Yuli Township 玉里鎮 Yü-li Yùlǐ Tamasato Ngiu̍k-lî-tsṳ́n
Fengbin Township 豐濱鄉 Feng-pin Fēngbīn Toyohama Fûng-pîn-hiông
Fuli Township 富里鄉 Fu-li Fùlǐ Tomisato Fu-lî-hiông
Guangfu Township 光復鄉 Kuang-fu Guāngfù Kông-fu̍k-hiông
Ji'an Township 吉安鄉 Chi-an Jí'ān Yoshiyasu Kit-ôn-hiông
Ruisui Township 瑞穗鄉 Jui-sui Ruìsuì Mizuho Lui-sui-hiông
Shoufeng Township 壽豐鄉 Shou-feng Shòufēng Su-fûng-hiông
Wanrong Township 萬榮鄉 Wan-jung Wànróng Van-yùng-hiông
Xincheng Township 新城鄉 Hsin-ch'eng Xīnchéng Sîn-sàng-hiông
Xiulin Township 秀林鄉 Hsiu-lin Xiùlín Siu-lìm-hiông
Zhuoxi Township 卓溪鄉 Chuo-hsi Zhuóxī Cho̍k-hâi-hiông

Transportation

Education

According to the Department of Education of Hualien County Government, Hualien County has 6 universities (or colleges), 15 high schools, 35 junior high schools and 151 elementary schools. Some elementary schools have been closed for years due to low enrolments or their location in remote districts.

External links



Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Asia : East Asia : Taiwan : Eastern Taiwan : Hualien County
This article or section does not match our manual of style or needs other editing. Please plunge forward, give it your attention and help it improve!

Hualien County [2] is in located on the east-coast of Taiwan.

East Coast National Scenic Area

Image:Net.jpg

East Rift Valley National Scenic Area

Image:Riverbasin.jpg‎

Taroko National Park (Taroko Gorge)

  • New Central Cross-Island Highway
  • Southern Cross-Island Highway

Orchid Island

Image:Orchid.jpg

Get in

Go to the TaiPei Train Station (Not the MRT). Take the Zhi Chiang Train to Hualien. Schedule -> http://163.29.3.96/twrail_en/index.aspx Takes around 3hrs to reach Hualien from Taipei.

Get around

By Bus

The bus station heading south to Taitung is to the left as you come out of the Hualien Train Station. Buses travel down the scenic Highway 11, and usually transfer in Jing Pu, near Big Harbor and the famous Big Red Bridge. Try the homemade dumplings at the noodle shop in JingPu while your waiting!

By Train

Trains travel down the East Rift Valley National Scenic Area and are perhaps the most convient way to travel from Taitung to Hualien. Spend a few days slowly making your way down this area. The sightseeing is the best in Taiwan for those that love nature and beauty.

Tour Van

Pick up and return to Taitung or Hualien. American driver/tour operator.

Do

Image:rafting.jpg

  • Seawhale Ocean Tours English Website. Seawhale Ocean Tours is located at #96 Shi Ti Harbor, in the most pristine past of Taiwan about an hour south of Hualien on Highway 11. Our area is breaming with high adventure activity. We are the founder's of Whale and Dolphin Eco-Tours in Taiwan, and our clean azure oceans are the best for spotting these amazing creatures. Located on the mouth of the Siouguluan River basin, we also sport the best White Water River Rafting in Taiwan, from Rueisuei to Big Harbor. Or let us take you out deep sea night fishing for squid and flying fish! Would you like to get away from the big city crowds and the over-crowded tourist attractions? Come and experience a natural retreat with our American tour guide living in Taiwan 18 years and let him show you why Taiwan was once called Formosa, Beautiful Island! Check out this season's Triple X Tours on our website. We have pick up and return service to Hualien or Taitung.
  • MiNaDu Fresh Seafood Restaurant - located about an hour south of Hualien Near the Tropic of Cancer Marker in Shi Ti Bay #76-1. Prepared with fresh daily, local seafood. Mr. Wang's special sauces and years of experience with western dining will give you an unforgettable dining experience with very affordable prices. For reservations call: 09555-37142
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