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HUBLI - ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ
Unkal lake view
HUBLI - ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ
Location of HUBLI - ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ
in Karnataka and India
Coordinates 15°21′42″N 75°05′06″E / 15.3617°N 75.0849°E / 15.3617; 75.0849
Country  India
State Karnataka
District(s) Dharwad district
Mayor
Population
Density
15 lakhs (2008)
4,292 /km2 (11,116 /sq mi)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Area
Elevation
200.23 km2 (77 sq mi)
670.75 m (2,201 ft)

Hubballi (Formerly Hubli, Kannada: ಹುಬ್ಬಳ್ಳಿ) is a major city in the state of Karnataka of India. Together, twin cities of Hubballi and Dharwad, collectively referred to as "Hubli-Dharwad", is the second-largest conurbation in Karnataka after Bangalore. While Dharwad is the administrative headquarters, the city of Hubballi, situated about 20 km south-east of Dharwad, is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka. crops like Cotton and peanuts are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural areas, and Hubballi is a major trading center for both commodities. It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, being the headquarters for South Western Railway Zone and the Hubballi Railway Division. On the occasion of celebration of golden jubilee of formation of Karnataka state, called Suvarna Karnataka (translates to "Golden Karanataka" in Kannada ), the Hubli city was officially named as Hubballi on 1st November 2006 by the state government. The name Hubballi literally means "flowering creeper" in Kannada.

Contents

Demographics

The population of the twin cities is 786,000, as per 2001 census and it is estimated more than 1100,000 now. Hubli-Dharwad's population increased 22.99% between 1981 and 1991, from 527,108 to 648,298, and by 21.2% between 1991 and 2001. In terms of population Hubli - Dharwad city is the Third-largest city in Karnataka after Bangalore and Mysore. The municipality covers 191 km². Hubli-Dharwad is located 425 km northwest of Bangalore, on the National Highway 4 between Bangalore and Pune. The City is governed by the Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation , having an elected council. Kannada is the major language of communication.

Climate

The climate of the city is extremely good throughout the year and especially Dharwad is known for its salubrious climate.

The M.S.L. of Hubli is 626.97 meters and that of Dharwad is 696.97 meters. The average yearly rainfall is 838 mm.

History

Rayara Hubli, also called 'Eleya Puravada Halli' or 'Purballi' was the old Hubli, where there is a Bhavani Shankara temple and Jaina basti. Under Vijayanagara Rayas, Rayara Hubli grew as a commercial centre, famous for trade in cotton, saltpetre and iron.

The British opened a factory here when it came under the Adilshahis. Shivaji looted the factory in 1673. The Mughals conquered it and the place came under the Savanur Nawab who built a new extension named Majidpura and trader Basappa Shetty built new Hubli around the Durgadabail (fort maidan).

There is the famous Moorusavira Matha, and the Matha authorities claim that it was begun by a Sharana of Basaveshwara's period.

Hubli was conquered by the Marathas from the Savanur Nawab in 1755-56. Later Haider conquered it, but it was recaptured by the Marathas in 1790, and the old town was administered by one Phadke under the Peshwa and the new town by Sangli Patwardhan.

British took old Hubli in 1817 and the new town with 47 other villages was handed over to the British by the Sangli Patwardhan in lieu of the subsidy in 1820. Hubli is a prosperous handloom weaving centre and has a Textile Unit.

The Railway Workshop started here in 1880, made it a reckonable industrial centre.

The Bhavanishankar temple in old Hubli and the impressive Chandramauleshwara / Chaturlinga temple in Unakal are of Chalukyan times. Kundgol, 15 km. south of Hubli, has the huge Shambhu Linga temple of Chalukyan times.

Industrial & Business development

Hubli is one of the fastest developing industrial hub in Karnataka after Bangalore, with more than 1000 allied small and medium industries already established basically located in Gokul Road[1] & Tarihal[2] regions of Hubli. There are machine tools industries, electrical, steel furnitures, food products, rubber and leather industries and tanning industries. With the establishment of K.E.C, Bhoruka textile Mill, Universal Group of Industries, Microfinish Group, N.G.E.F, K.M.F, BDK Group of Industries[3] and Murudeshwar Ceramics[4][5]. It has gathered momentum in industrial development. Hotel industry got the critical revival when '3 star' hotels were established, the first one was Naveen hotel[1] & then Hans hotel [2], and with respect to restaurant chain business Kamat groups are the most significant restaurant groups in Hubli-Dharwad region.

To promote the overall economic development of varied industries, institutions and business houses "Karnataka Chamber of Commerce & Industry" [6] was formed, it's one of the premier association, which has been gaining momentum in achieving potential growth and prosperity in Hubli region[3].And one more key aspect of industrialisation for Hubli-Dharwad was foundation of Agricultural Produce Market Committee, which aimed at providing hassle free market conditions for farmers, to establish regulated & stimulated production of various agricultural related commodities & goods.[7][8][4]

Establishment of new generation EMD locos shed in Hubli by Indian railways[5] was another major boost for development of Industries in this region as this was first of its kind in Indian Railways history, this has created a lot of job opportunities for Diploma & Engineering students of this region.

IT Park Hubli - situated in the heart of the City and is promoted by the Government of Karnataka IT Department and KEONICS acts as the modal agency for maintaining and marketing of IT Park Hubli.Inetsystems Hubli is a Web solutions provider in its infancy and thriving hard to put Hubli on world map. Sankalp Semiconductor and Aalpha Information Systems India Pvt. Ltd. are well known companies in the field of software & semiconductor and chip design currently operational in BVB Engineering College campus. STPI-HubliSoftware Technology Parks of India(Organization under the Dept of IT,Govt of India)has been operational from May 2001 and it is located in the 4th Floor of IT Park, to provide the Data communication, Industry promotion and Incubation services to IT/ITES industry.

IT Park in Hubballi

Culture and Education

Kundgol, den for renowned Hindustani classical music singers, is a town situated about 20 km south-east of Hubballi. Panchakshri Gavai, Pandit Putturaj Gawai, Pandit Sawai Gandharva, Pandit Mallikarjun Mansoor, Pandit Basavaraj Rajguru, Pandit Kumar Gandharva, Gangubai Hangal, Pandit Arjunsa Nakod and Pandit Bhimsen Joshi are some of those exponents from this part of the region who have enriched the Hindustani music with their contributions. To continue the tradition of Guru-Shishya parampara, endorsed by such legendaries, the government will set up a Rs 5-crore centre for excellence in the field of Hindustani music — Centre for Hindustani Music — on a sprawling 5-acre (20,000 m2) serene land near Unkal Lake.

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation

Hubli-Dharwad Municipal Corporation (HDMC) was constituted in the year 1962 by combining two cities separated by a distance of 20 kilometers. This is a unique experiment in urban development history. The area of this Corporation is 181.66 km². spread over 45 revenue villages. The population of the city as per the 1991 Census was 7 lakhs. The present population is more than 11 lakhs.

  • Hubli: Under the Government of India Act of 1850, the Hubli-Municipal council was established on August 15, 1855.
  • Dharwad: The Dharwad Municipal Council first came into existence on 1 January 1856. The first non-official President of the Council was S.K. Rodda in 1907, and Shri S.V. Mensinkai, was nominated in the following year. But the credit of being the first elected President goes to Shri S.G. Karigudari, who took office in 1920.

Hubli is well known as a commercial as well as industrial centre, where as Dharwad is seat of learning. Popularly believed that, it is this diversity and geographical positions that the state government amalgamated the two cities. The twin-city Corporation occupies unique place in Karnataka State. After the capital city of Bangalore, this is the largest city Corporation in the State. Off late, HDMC has seen numerous positive changes. The administration has become more transparent and public-friendly. The processes have been streamlined and developmental projects have been taken up on all fronts. With all the standards and policies set, HDMC has been awarded with ISO certification.

Trade

The city is situated in the dividing line between Malenadu and planes. The Malenadu is well known for its forests and forest based industries and the other three side region are known for their agricultural products like cotton, groundnut, oilseeds manganese ore and granite stones. The value of agricultural products coming into Hubli market runs into multiple crores. The Cotton Market of Hubli is one among the five biggest markets in India.

Transportation

Hubli is well connected by road, rail and air. NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation) is a state run corporation headquarted at Gokul Road, Hubli. There is excellent inter-city transportation between Hubli and Dharwad as NWKRTC and Bendre Nagara Sarige (a consortium of private bus-owners) healthily compete to cater to the large number of commuters between Hubli and Dharwad daily. Bus services from the twin-cities exist to every part of Karnataka and neighbouring states and other popular destinations. There are many private bus operators who render services for overnight travel between Hubli and Bangalore, Mangalore, Pune, Mumbai.

Several express and passenger trains ply between Hubli and Bangalore everyday. Hubli being an important railway junction has daily trains to Bangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Delhi, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Vijayawada, Mysore and weekly services to Chennai, Howrah and Thiruvanantapuram.

Kingfisher Airlines provides daily flights to Bangalore, Hyderabad and Mumbai. With night-landing facilities being constructed at Hubli Airport, the traffic is expected to grow.

Culture

See Main Article Notable people from Hubli Dharwad

Carnatic music, also known as karnātaka sangītam is one of the two styles of Indian classical music, the other being Hindustani music. Even though the earlier writers Matanga, Sarangadeva and others also were from Karnataka, the music tradition was formally named Karnataka Sangeetha for the first time only in the 13th Century when the Vijayanagara empire was founded. Around the 12th century.

Hindustani classical music diverged from the principle which eventually came to be identified as Carnatic classical music. Karnataka is unique in the sense that it offers rich traditions in both Hindustani as well as Carnatic music. Carnatic music being prevalent in Old mysore, Hoysala Karnataka and parts of Dakshin and Uttara Kannada regions.

Hindustani music is patronized in the regions of Hubli-Dharwad, Hyderabad Karnataka, Belgaum region.

Kundgol, den for renowned Hindustani classical music singers, is a town situated about 20 km south-east of Hubli. Sawai Gandharva, Kumar Gandarva, Gangubai Hangal, Bhimsen Joshi, etc. have had their birth as singers from the very place.

Tourism

Chandramouleshwara Temple, Hubli, North Karnataka

main article Chandramouleshwara temple Unkal (Hubli-Dharwad)

A temple of chalukya times, dedicated to god Chandramouleshvara (another name of Shiva), with impressive architecture can be seen in Hubli.

Bhavanishankar Temple This Chalukyan temple with the image of Sri Narayana is flanked by the ten incarnations of God.

Asar It was built by Mohammed Ali Shah in about 1646 to serve as a hall of justice. The building was also used to house two holy hairs from the Prophet's beard. Women are not allowed inside.

Nrupatunga Hill This is a beautiful Hilly picinic spot in the Hubli

Sayed Fateh Shah Vali The Shrine of great sufi, The place of worship for both Hindu and Muslims in Hubli Dharwad

Siddharoodha Math is the eminent religious institution, a centre of Advaita philosophy as preached by Swami Siddharoodha,

Sidharoodha Math Old-Hubli

is located at near outskirts of Hubli

Unkal Lake

A pictorial water spot with a magnificent sunset view, this perfect picnic spot has green garden, recreational facilities for the children, boating facilities, etc. The lake is 3 km away from Hubli.

Unkal Lake

Glass House As the name suggests, this is a palace of glass, inaugurated by the former Indian Prime Minister, Smt.Indira Gandhi.

Banashankari Temple Amargol Between Hubli and Dharwad, Conservation and restoration work is in progress

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Hubli-Dharwad region Tourism

See also

Notes

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Hubli - Dharwad [1] - population 850,000 (2007 estimate) - is a city in Karnataka State.

Get in

The twin cities of Hubli and Dharwad are actually two cities, unified by single Municipal Corporation. Hubli-Dharwad is the second biggest Conurbation of Karnataka. Hubli has been renamed as as Hubballi on the occasion of the Golden Jubilee of formation of Karnataka state. The name Hubballi literally means "Hu" - flower and "Balli" - creeper in Kannada. In reality however, the city is a bustling trading centre of little scenic beauty. On the other hand Dharwad is a charming quaint town spread across seven little hills.

Hubli is the commercial centre and business hub of North Karnataka. It is also a noted industrial town. This historic town was known as Raya Hubli and also as Elaya Puravada Halli during the ancient times. This city metamorphosed into an important commercial centre for trade in cotton and iron during the reign of the Vijaynagara empire. The city is noted for its handloom textile units and has many cotton ginning and processing mills. Cotton and groundnuts (peanuts for the Americans) are grown aplenty in the surrounding rural areas, and Hubli serves as a major trading centre for both commodities. Sea It is also an important city for the Indian Railways, being the headquarters for South Western Railway Zone and the Hubli Division. It also has a century-old railway wagon workshop.

Dharwad, on the contrary is the seat of learning with two universities, plenty of colleges and some very progressive schools. Hubli-Dharwad are also the renowned seat of Hindustani Music. Dharwad is also emerging as hub for Automobile industry with big plants like Tata Construction (TELCON) & Tata Motors.

  • Kingfisher Airlines connect the city with Bangalore, Hyderabad and Mumbai. With night-landing facilities being constructed at Hubli Airport, the traffic is expected to grow in comming days.

By train

Hubli is well connected to all major parts of India

  • To Bangalore: InterCity Express (2726)(Departure at 6.20AM), Jan Shatabdi Express (2080)(Departure at 2.00PM), Rani Chennamma Express (6590), Hampi Express (6591)
  • To Mysore:Dharwad-Mysore Express
  • To Mumbai & Pune: Chalukya Express (1018), Sharavati Express (1036)
  • To New Delhi: Sampark Kranti (2629); Link/Goa Express
  • To Kolkata/Vijayawada: Vasco Howrah Express (2848)
  • To Chennai: Hubli Chennai (7314), Vasco Chennai (7312)
  • To Hyderabad: Haripriya Express (7416)
  • To Ahmedabad & Rajasthan: Jodhpur Express (6508), Ajmer Express (6510), Garib Nawaz Express (6532), Gandhidham Express (6506)

Hubli-Dharwad Local

By bus

Hubli is well connected to Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Mangalore,Mysore and Goa by bus, both by private carriers and the state owned NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation). Some prominent private carriers are:

  • VRL: Offers Sleeper coaches and sitting to Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai, Mangalore
  • Kamat: Offers Sleeper coaches and sitting to Bangalore, Pune, Mumbai

VOLVO buses being operated by many of the private and state carriers are much faster and comfortable than normal deluxe buses.

  • There are various options available to travel within the city. There is a good suburban city bus service connecting various parts of Hubli and Dharwad. Local Rickshaws are also available,though you will have to bargain hard as they refuse to ply by the meter. Totravel around best option would be to hire a local taxi from any of the travel agents.

By car (Local)

You can easily visit Hubli by car. There are many car rental companies available.

  • Enterprises Car Rental
  • Savaari Car Rental [2].
  • Hertz Car Rental
  • Nuggikeri Hamuman Temple in Dharwad
  • Unkal Lake and the Bund Gardnen (needs further upkeep)
  • Nrupatunga Betta - promising panoramic view of the expanse of Hubli City
  • Gayatri Tapovan
  • Gokul Gardens
  • Siddharodh Math
  • Glass House Garden
  • Water Park
  • Disney Land

Nearby attractions

  • Magoda Falls
  • Satoda Falls
  • Sogalla - Water Fall
  • Hebballi Math
  • Sai Mandir in Unkal
  • Dharwad Peda - a sweet cake made from milk and khoa. This sweet is world famous for its taste and purity. Defnite no miss if you visit Dharwad or Hubballi
  • Big Bazaar - A shopping mall has recently openend on Gokul Road and one can find all the requried items here.
  • M,G , market as name as brodawy there as long as one kilometer long maket & you can buy each & everything as low price as low
  • .. VISHAL Mega Mart - A shopping mall at Gokul Road......... Reliance Fresh -- Has its branch all over Hubli....... More. - A Aditya Birla group has its retail Out let all over Hubli & Dharwad....... other retail shops are Ambika Bazzar, Harsha, Pai, Giriyas, Pick N Pay, Smart etc...  edit...
  • Jawar Rotti
  • Badanikai Palya
  • Red Chilli Chutney
  • Biryani Paradise, Unkal Cross
  • Ground Nut Powder etc
  • Chat
  • Smoking Joes Pizzas
  • Good North Indian and South Indian restuarants are in plenty
  • Do visit the local KHANAVALIs (Kannada name of "Hotel")which provide authentic North Karnataka food, they are plenty and aptly priced around Rs.30 to Rs.50 per meals.

Other good restaurants include:

Sagar Palace

Ananth Residency

Hotel Picolo (Amazing Hookas!)

Hotel Travel Inn

Hotel Hans

Hotel Tirumala

Hotel Swathi

Hotel Trupti International

Hotal Edan Gardens

  • Lassi
  • Butter milk
  • The juice shop opposite Janata Bazar sells delicious juices
  • The juice of sugar cane all seson you can drink in all over hubli or dharwar,
  • Hotel Naveen, Unkal, P.B.Road.
  • Hotel Hans, Vidyanagar, P.B.Road.
  • Travel Inn, Sattur, Dharwad (Beside SDM Dental College)
  • Hotel Hoysala, P.B. Road, Dharwad
  • Mandar ResidencyCollege Road, Dharwad

Get out

Hubli has all the necessary infrastucture to emerge as an ideal base for exploring North Karnataka historical places. It can serve is the best pit stop for tourists visiting the world heritage monuments of Vijayanagar at Hampi, the Chalukyan temples at Aihole, Badami and Pattadkal and the Kadamba temples at Banavasi. Dandeli Wild Life sanctuary, which offers river rafting in Kalinadi and India's highest waterfall at Jog Falls are also located nearby. Also not to miss are the Tibetan Monasteries and temples in Mundgod. A little bit of state support and plenty of private initiative (which is yet to manifest)can pitchfork Hubli as an important base centre for tourism.

  • The city has an advantageous location being surrounded by a number of important historical and mythological places within a radius of about 200 km. There are important tourist and historical places such as Ghataprabha, Gokak Falls, Soundati Yellamma Temple, Kittur, Badami, Pattadkal, Aihole, Kudalasangam, Bijapur, Bagewadi, Basavakallyan on northern side, on the western and southern sides there are Dandeli, Port-town of Karwar, Gokarn, Magod falls, Ulavi, Banavasi, Jog-falls, Shimoga and Bhadravathi, Laxmeshwar and Tungabhadra Dam and on eastern side Hampi, Lakkundi and Mantralaya.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HUBLI, a town of British India, in the Dharwar district of Bombay, 15 m. S.E. of Dharwar town. Pop. (1901) 60,214. It is a railway junction on the Southern Mahratta system, where the lines to Bangalore and Bezwada branch off south and west. It is an important centre of trade and of cotton and silk weaving, and has two cotton mills and several factories for ginning and pressing cotton. Hubli was in early times the seat of an English factory, which, with the rest of the town, was plundered in 1673 by Sivaji, the Mahratta leader.


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