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Huelva
—  Municipality  —
Queen Victoria district, English style suburb

Flag

Coat of arms
Motto: Portus Maris et Terrae Custodia
Location of Huelva
Huelva is located in Spain
Huelva
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 37°15′N 6°57′W / 37.25°N 6.95°W / 37.25; -6.95Coordinates: 37°15′N 6°57′W / 37.25°N 6.95°W / 37.25; -6.95
Country  Spain
Autonomous community  Andalusia
Province Huelva
Comarca Comarca metropolitana de Huelva
Founded 10th century BC
Government
 - Alcalde Pedro Rodríguez González (PP)
Area
 - Total 149 km2 (57.5 sq mi)
Elevation 54 m (177 ft)
Population (2008)
 - Total 148,027
 - Density 993.5/km2 (2,573.1/sq mi)
 - Demonym onubense, (vulgarmente) choquero/a
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 21001 and otros
Official language(s)
Website Official website

Huelva is a city in southwestern Spain, the capital of the province of Huelva in the autonomous region of Andalusia. It is located along the Gulf of Cadiz coast, at the confluence of the Odiel and Tinto rivers. According to the 2005 census, the city has a population of 145,150 inhabitants. The town is home to Recreativo de Huelva, the oldest football club in Spain. Huelva is notable for being the site of landfall for Hurricane Vince, the only Tropical Cyclone ever to make landfall in Europe.

Contents

Location and history

Santuario de la Cinta

A maritime town between the rivers Anas (modern Guadiana) and Baetis (modern Guadalquivir), it was seated on the estuary of the River Luxia (modern Odiel), and on the road from the mouth of the Anas to Augusta Emerita (modern Mérida).[1]

The city may be the site of Tartessus; by the Phoenicians it was called Onoba. The Greeks kept the name and rendered it Ὄνοβα. It was in the hands of the Turdetani at the time of conquest by Rome, and before the conquest it issued silver coins with Iberian legends. It was called both Onoba Aestuaria[2] or Onuba (used on coinage) during Roman times, or, simply, Onoba.[3] The city was incorporated into the Roman province of Hispania Baetica. The Arabs then called it Walbah and ruled between 712-1250. It suffered substantial damage in the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.

There are still some Roman remains. The city had a mint; and many coins have been found there bearing the name of the town as Onuba.[4]

Modern Huelva

The local football club, Recreativo de Huelva, is the oldest in Spain and was founded in 1889 by workers of Rio Tinto Group, a British mining company.

Port

Port of Huelva

Nowadays the Port of Huelva is located like one of the Spanish ports of greater activity, competitiveness and growth. It is divided in two sectors: the inner port (in the city) and the outer port (the main one)

Inner Port (a wharf). Constructed in 1972, the East Wharf, replaced constructed harbour facilities of inferior quality between 1900 and 1910. At the moment it is the wharf of the city that smaller traffic has but, to the most centric being, is considered like the authentic port of Huelva. It emphasizes a small limited zone in which is the wharf of the canoes and that connects Huelva with Shady End in summer by means of a tourist boat and the English garages of locomotives. Also it is necessary to as much emphasize in this complex the market as the shipyards of Huelva, in the zone from the entrance to the city by the bridge siphon.

Outer Port (six wharves). In 1965, after the first concessions of the Industrial Pole the works of the Outer Port begin or New Port, to the south of the River Tinto. They began with the oil wharf of Tower River sand, culminating itself with the engineer wharf Juan Gonzalo, constructed between 1972 and 1975. At the end of the 1960s construction of the bridges of the Red (1967) and Siphon of Shady End (1969) was completed. The wharves of Tharsis and Río Tinto and the old fishing boat lost their old activity. In this way, the transference of activity towards the Outer Port experiences a decisive impulse and in 1975, agreeing with the extension of the industrial estate of the new port, in woods of the border, the port obtains an extension of its Zone on watch in the Outer Port, consolidating the character of that zone like present and future axis of the harbour activity of Huelva. This situation was confirmed still more with the construction in 1981 of the Dock Juan Carlos I. This same development has taken to the port towards the south and has modified the paper of the East Wharf, that it has now as main traffic the fishing and the movement of clean merchandise, like the paper paste, the copper anodes and cathodes and the tripolifosfatos. At the moment his President is D. Jose Antonio Marín Rite, before President of the Parliament Andalusian, and his director, prestigious engineer D. Enrique Perez

Demographics

Pablo Rada street

Huelva has a population of 146,173 (INE 2007). The city experienced a population boom in the 19th century, due to the exploitation of mineral resources in the area and another due to the construction of the Polo de Desarrollo in the 1960s. The city had only 5,377 inhabitants in 1787 which had only risen to 8,519 by 1857. From 1887, the city experienced rapid growth reaching 21,539 residents in 1900 and 56,427 forty years later. By 1970 this figure had risen to 96,689. Further rapid expansion occurred and the number of inhabitants had reached 144,479 by 1991.

In the last ten years, immigration both from abroad and from the surrounding area have caused continued growth in the city’s population. In 2007, the city reached the 145,000 mark whilst the metropolitan area was touching 221,000, encompassing the surrounding areas of Aljaraque, Moguer, San Juan del Puerto, Punta Umbría, Gibraleón and Palos de la Frontera. The 2006 census noted a foreign population of almost 5,000 people in the urban centre, the majority of whom were of Moroccan origin.

Climate

Weather data for Huelva
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 16.3
(61)
17.6
(64)
20.3
(69)
21.4
(71)
24.1
(75)
27.8
(82)
31.6
(89)
31.8
(89)
29.3
(85)
24.7
(76)
20.2
(68)
17.0
(63)
23.5
(74)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.4
(53)
12.7
(55)
14.6
(58)
16.0
(61)
18.8
(66)
22.2
(72)
25.4
(78)
25.5
(78)
23.5
(74)
19.4
(67)
15.3
(60)
12.6
(55)
18.1
(65)
Average low °C (°F) 6.6
(44)
7.7
(46)
9.0
(48)
10.7
(51)
13.4
(56)
16.6
(62)
19.2
(67)
19.3
(67)
17.7
(64)
14.2
(58)
10.4
(51)
8.1
(47)
12.7
(55)
Precipitation cm (inches) 7.3
(2.9)
4.3
(1.7)
3.6
(1.4)
4.6
(1.8)
3.0
(1.2)
0.9
(0.4)
0.3
(0.1)
0.4
(0.2)
2.1
(0.8)
5.6
(2.2)
7.4
(2.9)
9.5
(3.7)
49.0
(19.3)
Avg. precipitation days 7 6 5 6 4 1 0 0 2 5 6 8 50
Source: Agencia Estatal de Meteorología[5]

Christopher Columbus

Among the attractions to visit in this province are the Columbus sites. These sites include the city of Huelva itself, Moguer, Palos de la Frontera, and the Rábida Monastery. La Rábida is where Columbus sought the aid of the Franciscan brothers in advancing his project of discovery. They introduced him to local rich sailors (the Pinzón brothers), and, eventually, arranged a meeting in Seville with Ferdinand and Isabella.

Thanks to those meetings, Columbus was able to arrange his first voyage, using resources and local crew (including ship captains). There is a persistent legend that Columbus received advice on how best to undertake a western passage by speaking with Alonso Sánchez, a sailor from the city of Huelva.

In the Huelva area, Columbus exchanged ideas, explored competing theories, and, after a time, put together the political and economic support that had been previously denied to him by other European monarchies.

Artists

The most outstanding artists in Huelva have been: the poet and prize Nobel of Literature Juan Ramón Jiménez, the sculptor Antonio León Ortega, the writer Nicolas Tenorio Cerero and the painter Daniel Vázquez Díaz.
Other plastic outstanding artists of Huelva are painting José Caballero, Pedro Gómez y Gómez, Antonio Brunt, Mateo Orduña Castellano, Pablo Martínez Coto, Manuel Moreno Díaz, Juan Manuel Seisdedos Romero, Francisco Doménech, Esperanza Abot, José María Labrador, Sebastián García Vázquez, Pilar Barroso, Juan Carlos Castro Crespo, Lola Martín, Antonio Gómez Feu, Rafael Aguilera and Florencio Aguilera Correa.

Statue of the Pinzón Brothers in Palos de la Frontera, Huelva, Spain
Pinta, Niña and Santa María ship docked in the "Muelle de Carabelas" in Palos de la Frontera, Huelva

Events

  • Carnaval, fiesta
  • Festival de Cine [1]
  • Fiestas Colombinas, fiesta first week of August
  • Fiestas de la Cinta, between 3 - 8 September
  • San Sebastián, festival 20 January
  • Semana Santa (Easter Week)
  • Virgen de la Cinta, fiesta 8 September
  • El Rocio

Nearby

Near Huelva lay Herculis Insula, mentioned by Strabo (iii. p. 170), called Ἡράκλεια by Steph. B. (s. v.), now Isla Saltés.

Twin towns

Huelva is twinned with:

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ Antonine Itinerary p. 431.)
  2. ^ Greek: Ὄνοβα Αἰστουάρια, Ptolemy, ii. 4. § 5.
  3. ^ Strabo, iii. p. 143, Pomponius Mela, iii. 1. § 5.
  4. ^ Enrique Florez, Med. ii. pp. 510, 649; Théodore Edme Mionnet, i. p. 23, Suppl. p. 39; Sestini, Med. Isp. p. 75, ap. Friedrich August Ukert, vol. ii. pt. 1. p. 340.
  5. ^ "Valores Climatológicos Normales. Huelva". http://www.aemet.es/es/elclima/datosclimatologicos/valoresclimatologicos?l=4642E&k=and.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

Huelva is a city in Andalucia, Spain.

Get in

Theres a direct bus connection from Barcelona, and to Lagos. It's well connected by railway and major Andalusian road,just 70 kms. away from Seville. It's closed to Seville Inetrnational Airport (75kms.) and Faro (Portugal).

  • BEN Andalucia, Avda Alemania 30, across the bus station. 1€/h
  • Hotel Monte Conquero, [1]. 3 stars hotel set in an area with excellent communications, with direct access from the motorway and 10 minutes from the beach. The hotel has 165 spacious rooms with wooden floors. There are also special rooms for women executives, free WiFi, parking facilities and all the necessary services to ensure a pleasant stay. Online Bookings.
  • NH Luz Huelva, Alameda Sundheim, 26, +34.95.9250011 [2]. Located in midtown Huelva, a short distance from the Congress Hall and the railway station.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

There is more than one meaning of Huelva discussed in the 1911 Encyclopedia. We are planning to let all links go to the correct meaning directly, but for now you will have to search it out from the list below by yourself. If you want to change the link that led you here yourself, it would be appreciated.


Simple English

Huelva is a city in Andalusia, Spain and the capital of the province of Huelva. According to the Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), 149,310 live in Huelva. However, Huelva is the center of a metropolitan area that has 490,000 inhabitants.

File:Plaza de las Monjas
Plaza de las monjas








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