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Hugh Lawson White


In office
October 28, 1825 – January 13, 1840
Preceded by Andrew Jackson
Succeeded by Alexander O. Anderson

Born October 30, 1773
Iredell County, North Carolina, USA
Died April 10, 1840 (aged 66)
Knoxville, Tennessee, USA
Political party Democratic-Republican, Whig, Democratic
Profession Politician, Lawyer, Judge, Banker

Hugh Lawson White (October 30, 1773 – April 10, 1840) was a prominent American politician during the first third of the 19th century. He succeeded General Jackson and served in the United States Senate, representing Tennessee, from 1825 until his resignation in 1840, and was a Whig candidate for President in 1836.

Military service and law

He had served in Tennessee in 1792-93 against the Native Americans. He began to practice law in Knoxville, Tennessee in 1796, and became a judge in 1801. From 1809-1815, he was an associate justice of the Tennessee Supreme Court. In 1829-30, Senator White was the author of the bill to remove the Native Americans west of the Mississippi. His independent nature and his stern rectitude earned for Judge White the appellation "The Cato of the United States."

Politics

He was at first a strong supporter of President Jackson, but their relationship floundered after the Legislature of Tennessee nominated him for President in 1835. In the election of 1836, he won in Tennessee by more than 10,000 votes. Altogether, he won a total of 26 electoral votes.

Senator White resigned on January 13, 1840 after the General Assembly of Tennessee instructed him to vote for the Sub Treasury Bill, or Independent Treasury Bill. He had been a banker and the president of the Bank of Tennessee from 1812 to 1827. Alexander O. Anderson replaced him in the Senate on February 26, 1840. On April 20, 1840, in the Senate, Senator Anderson announced the death of Hugh L. White. He is interred at First Presbyterian Church Cemetery in Knoxville.

White County, Arkansas was named in his honor.

External links

United States Senate
Preceded by
Andrew Jackson
United States Senator (Class 2) from Tennessee
October 28, 1825 – January 13, 1840
Served alongside: John Eaton, Felix Grundy, Ephraim H. Foster and Felix Grundy
Succeeded by
Alexander O. Anderson
Political offices
Preceded by
Littleton W. Tazewell
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
December 3, 1832 – December 15, 1833
Succeeded by
George Poindexter
Party political offices
Preceded by
(none)
Whig Party presidential candidate
1836 (lost)(1)
Succeeded by
William Henry Harrison
Notes and references
1. The Whig Party ran regional candidates in 1836. White ran in the Southern states, William Henry Harrison ran in the Northern states, and Daniel Webster ran in Massachusetts.
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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

HUGH LAWSON WHITE (1773-1840), American statesman, was born in Iredell county, North Carolina, on the 30th of October 1773. In 1787 he crossed the mountains into East Tennessee (then a part of North Carolina) with his father James White (1737-1815), who was subsequently prominent in the early history of Tennessee. Hugh became in 1790 secretary to Governor William Blount, and in1792-1793served under John Sevier against the Creek and Cherokee Indians, and in the battle of Etowah (December 1793), according to the accepted tradition, killed with his own hand the Cherokee chief Kingfisher. He studied in Philadelphia and in 1796 he was admitted to the bar at Knoxville. He was a judge of the Superior Court of Tennessee in 1801-1807, a state senator in 1807-1809, and in1809-1815was judge of the newly organized Supreme Court of Errors and Appeals of the state. From 1812 to 1827 he was president of the State Bank of 'Tennessee at Knoxville, and managed it so well that for several years during this period it was the only western bank that in the trying period during and after the War of 1812 did not suspend specie payments. In1821-1824he was a member of the Spanish Claims Commission, and in 1825 succeeded Andrew Jackson in the United States Senate, serving until 1840 and being president pro tem. in 1832-1834. In the Senate he opposed internal improvements by the Federal government and the recharter of the United States Bank, favoured a protective tariff and Jackson's coercive policy in regard to nullification, and in general supported the measures of President Jackson, though his opposition to the latter's indiscriminate appointments caused a coolness between himself and Jackson, which was increased by White's refusal to vote to expunge the resolutions of a former Senate censuring the president. In 1830, as chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs, he secured the passage of a bill looking to the removal of the Indians to lands west of the Mississippi. He was opposed to Van Buren, Jackson's candidate for the presidency in 1836, was himself nominated in several states as an independent candidate, and received the twenty-six electoral votes of Tennessee and Georgia, though President Jackson made strong efforts to defeat him in the former state. About 1838 he became a Whig in politics, and when the Democratic legislature of Tennessee instructed him to vote for Van Buren's sub-treasury scheme he objected and resigned (Jan. 1840). His strict principles and his conservatism won for him the sobriquet of "The Cato of the United States Senate." He died at Knoxville on the 10th of April 1840.

See Nancy N. Scott (ed.), A Memoir of Hugh Lawson White (Philadelphia, 1856).


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