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Ying Si (嬴駟)
Ancestral name (姓): Ying (嬴)
Given name (名): Si (駟)
King Huiwen of Qin (秦惠文王)
Dates of reign: 338 BC - 311 BC
Dates are in the proleptic Julian calendar

King Huiwen of Qin (Chinese: 秦惠文王), also known as Lord Huiwen of Qin ((Chinese: 秦惠文君) or King Hui of Qin (Chinese: 秦惠王), personal name Ying Si (Chinese: 嬴駟), was the ruler of the Qin state from 338 BC to 311 BC during the Warring States Period of Chinese history.



Early life

Ying Si was the son of Duke Xiao, and succeeded his father as ruler of Qin after the latter's death. When Ying was still in his adolescent years as the crown prince, he committed a crime and was severely punished for it. Shang Yang was implementing his reforms to the laws of Qin then, and he insisted that the crown prince should be punished for the crime, regardless of his royal status. Duke Xiao approved of the draconian punishments and Ying Si's tutors, Prince Ying Qian and Gongsun Jia, had their noses cut off, for neglecting their duties in educating the crown prince, while Ying Si was banished from the royal palace.

It was believed that Ying Si harboured a personal grudge against Shang Yang and when he came to the throne as King Huiwen of Qin, Ying Si had Shang Yang put to death on charges of treason. However, King Huiwen retained the reformed systems in Qin left behind by his father and Shang Yang.

During King Huiwen's reign, Qin became very powerful in terms of its military strength, and constantly invaded neighbouring states as part of its expansionism policy. The strategist Su Qin, a student of Guiguzi, managed to persuade the other six major states to form an alliance to deal with Qin. However, Su Qin's fellow student, Zhang Yi, came into the service of King Huiwen and he helped Qin break up the alliance by sowing discord between the six states.

King Huiwen ruled Qin for 27 years and died in 311 BC at the age of 46. He was succeeded by his son, King Wu of Qin.

Regnal titles
Huiwen of Qin
Preceded by
Duke Xiao
King of Qin
338 BC–311 BC
Succeeded by
King Wu


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