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Humaira Begum
Queen of Afghanistan
Born 1918
Died 27 June 2002
Place of death Rome
Consort 8 November 1933 - 17 July 1973
Consort to Mohammed Zahir Shah
Father Sardar Ahmad Shah Khan
Mother Zarin Begum
Afghan King Zahir Shah and queen Humaira with US President John F. Kennedy and his wife Jacqueline in New York.

Humaira Begum (1918  – 27 June 2002) was the wife of Mohammed Zahir Shah and the last Queen consort of Afghanistan

Contents

Marriage

Humaira Begum was the daughter of Sardar Ahmad Shah Khan and his first wife Zarin Begum. She married her cousin the Crown Prince of Afghanistan Mohammed Zahir on 7 November 1931. Together they had six sons and two daughters.

  1. Princess Bilqis Begum (born 17 April 1932)
  2. Crown Prince Muhammed Akbar Khan (4 August 1933 - 26 November 1942)
  3. Crown Prince Ahmad Shah (born 23 September 1934)
  4. Princess Maryam Begum (born 2 November 1936)
  5. Prince Muhammed Nadir Khan (born 21 May 1941)
  6. Prince Shah Mahmoud Khan (15 November 1946 - 7 December 2002)
  7. Prince Muhammed Daoud Pashtunyar Khan (born 14 April 1949)
  8. Prince Mir Wais Khan (born 7 January 1957)

Queen of Afghanistan

On 8 November 1933 after the assassination of her father in law Mohammed Nadir Shah her husband was proclaimed King and Humaira became Queen consort of Afghanistan.

In 1946 Queen Humaira created the Women's Society which was the first ever women's institute in Afghanistan. In 1959 she supported the call by the Prime minister Mohammed Daoud Khan for women to voluntary removal the veil by removing her own.[1]

Exile

In 1973, while her husband Mohammed Zahir Shah was in Italy undergoing eye surgery as well as therapy for lumbago, his cousin and former Prime Minister Mohammed Daoud Khan staged a coup d'état and established a republican government. Daoud Khan had been removed from office by Zahir Shah a decade earlier. In the August following this coup, Zahir Shah abdicated rather than risk an all-out civil war.

Humaira and Zahir Shah spent their twenty-nine years in exile in Italy living in a modest four-bedroom villa in the affluent community of Olgiata on Via Cassia, north of the city of Rome.

Death

Just weeks before she was to return to Afghanistan and be reunited with her husband who recently had returned, Begum was admitted to hospital with breathing problems and heart trouble and died two days later.[2]

Her body was returned to Afghanistan and was greeted at the airport by military personnel, tribal representatives in traditional robes, and cabinet ministers from Hamid Karzai's government. Memorial and funeral services were also held for her in two Kabul mosques. Her remains were buried in the Royal Mausoleum in Kabul.[3]

References

  1. ^ Morgan, Robin (1996). Sisterhood is Global. Feminist Press. pp. 40. ISBN 1558611606.  
  2. ^ "Afghan king's wife dies in Rome". BBC. 2002-06-27. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/2068848.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-24.  
  3. ^ "Ex-queen buried in Afghanistan". BBC. 2002-06-30. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/south_asia/2075756.stm. Retrieved 2008-08-24.  
Royal titles
Preceded by
Mah Parwar Begum
Queen Consort of Afghanistan
1933 – 1973
Monarchy abolished
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