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Peru

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Politics and government of
Peru



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Several issues were brought to Peruvian justice courts recently in 2000, to address several human rights violations during the Internal conflict in Peru during the 1980s, these constituted one of the largest processes of systematic violence in all of Peru's history. Still today many concerns exist over the lack of human rights to Andean men and women given by the government. The Shining Path continues to kill civilians. For example, in December 2007, a family of four was killed by presumed Shining Path militants in retaliation for the death of Comrade Clay. The security forces of Peru were also blamed for civilian deaths in 2007 during various protests and strikes.

Background

According to the Constitution of Peru a person is granted certain rights as life, welfare, moral, psychic and physic integrity (art.1). Furthermore, equality before the law Art.2), freedom of thought (art.3), and freedom of expression (art.4).Peru is a party to the American Convention on Human Rights and the Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the area of Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights, and thus is subject to the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights. Peru is also a party to the Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture‎.

In June 2001 the Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established to investigate human rights abuses that took place in the 1980s and 1990s.

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