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Hummus
Hummus from The Nile.jpg
Hummus with olive oil, lemon juice, cumin and za'atar (with sumac)
Origin
Place of origin Levant
Dish details
Course served Meze
Serving temperature Cold
Main ingredient(s) chickpeas, olive oil
.Hummus (a transliteration of the Arabic: حمّص‎; also spelled hamos, houmous, hommos, hommus, hummos, hummous or humus; see romanization of Arabic) is a Levantine Arab[1] dip or spread made from cooked, mashed chickpeas, blended with tahini, olive oil, lemon juice, salt and garlic.^ Hummus is a dip made mainly from chickpeas or garbanzo beans.
  • Recipe for Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC hubpages.com [Source type: General]

^ Mix together hummus, tahini, garlic, and lemon juice.
  • ISO: Your favorite hummus recipe! [Archive] - CookingLight.com Community 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC community.cookinglight.com [Source type: General]

^ Popular as an appetizer in the Middle East and Greece , hummus is a creamy dip made from chickpeas , combined with tahini , lemon juice, garlic and other spices .
  • Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

.It is a popular food throughout the Middle East.^ Hummus is popular appetizer, or meze , throughout the Middle East.
  • Hummus bi Tahina Recipe (Middle Eastern chickpea and sesame dip) | Egypt, Israel, Lebanon, Palestine | Whats4Eats 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.whats4eats.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hummus is a folklore dish, and one of the oldest known prepared foods with a long history in the Middle East.

^ Flat breads are staple foods in the Middle East and are dipped in "hummus," and olive oil or filled with lamb or beef, onions and a yogurt sauce.
  • Pita Bread and Hummus from the Seasoned with Love Cookbook 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.seasonedwithlove.com [Source type: General]

Contents

Etymology

.The word comes from Arabic: حمّصḥummuṣ[2] 'chickpeas'. Like other Arabic loanwords, its spelling in English is inconsistent.^ Hummus is a transliteration of the Arabic word for chickpeas.
  • Lebanese Group Seeks to Reclaim Hummus in Israel Trade Tiff - Bloomberg.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.bloomberg.com [Source type: News]

^ Place them in a food processor until the chickpeas become paste-like and then mix in your other ingredients.
  • Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ There are numerous different spellings of hummus in English, it being a transcription of an Arabic word meaning 'chickpeas'.
  • Hummus Recipe 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC duramecho.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2] .The earliest use of the word hummus in English noted by the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) was in 1955.[3] Among the common spellings for this word as transliterated into English are hummus, hommos and hoummos.^ Hummus is also spelt as hommos and hoummos.
  • Hummus Recipes with Videos | ifood.tv 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.ifood.tv [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hummus is a transliteration of the Arabic word for chickpeas.
  • Lebanese Group Seeks to Reclaim Hummus in Israel Trade Tiff - Bloomberg.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.bloomberg.com [Source type: News]

^ The Oxford English Dictionary says the word was first absorbed into English from Turkish.
  • Lebanese Group Seeks to Reclaim Hummus in Israel Trade Tiff - Bloomberg.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.bloomberg.com [Source type: News]

.The spelling humus is avoided in English due to its having the same spelling as another English word, though this is the most common Turkish spelling[2] and the OED indicates the word entered the English language from Turkish.^ There are numerous different spellings of hummus in English, it being a transcription of an Arabic word meaning 'chickpeas'.
  • Hummus Recipe 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC duramecho.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From Falafel to mixed grill and stew (Yakhne a Turkish word which we imported to the Arabic language) its almost the same with few exceptions on the sauce and spices.
  • Lebanon Claiming Only It Owns Hummus, Falafel, Tabouleh And Baba Gannouj | Techdirt 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC techdirt.com [Source type: General]

^ English translations on Israeli-tahina use this spelling (with an "a"), so one cannot claim that Israel is using the same word.
  • Lebanon Claiming Only It Owns Hummus, Falafel, Tabouleh And Baba Gannouj | Techdirt 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC techdirt.com [Source type: General]

[3] .The full Arabic name of the prepared spread is حُمُّص بطحينة (ḥummuṣ bi ṭaḥīna) which means chickpeas with tahina.^ Hummus is Arabic for chickpea so you may occasionally see this called hummus with tahini or hummus with tahina.

^ There are numerous different spellings of hummus in English, it being a transcription of an Arabic word meaning 'chickpeas'.
  • Hummus Recipe 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC duramecho.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hummus bi tahina is made from pureed chickpeas (called garbanzo beans in America) and tahini, a paste made from crushed sesame seeds.

Historical origins

Hummus with pine nuts and olive oil
.Many cuisine-related sources carry forward a folklore which describes hummus as one of the oldest known prepared foods[4][5][6] with a long history in the Middle East stretching back to antiquity, but its historical origins are unknown.^ Hummus has been aroundfor too long, in too many forms, and the origin is lost in antiquity.
  • Calories in Hummus Calories and Nutrition Facts 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.peertrainer.com [Source type: General]

^ Hummus has been around for too long, in too many forms, and the origin is lost in antiquity.
  • The Straight Dope: Who invented hummus? 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.straightdope.com [Source type: General]

^ Hummus is a folklore dish, and one of the oldest known prepared foods with a long history in the Middle East.

[7][8] .The historical enigma is such that the origins of hummus-bi-tahini could be much more recent than is widely believed.^ Could add ¾ c tahini for a traditional hummus.

^ Depending on preferences, hummus can also be made with a wide variety of other ingredients, such as: Cumin Chili powder Parsley Cilantro Yogurt Roasted red peppers Pine nuts See the variations section for more hummus recipes.
  • How to Make Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ Notes Add Olive Oil, more Tahini or hot H 2 O for smoother hummus Habanero Hummus: add 1/2 habanero pepper (roughly chopped) .

.One of the earliest verifiable descriptions of hummus comes from 18th-century Damascus and the same source claims it was unknown elsewhere.^ I know you weren’t a fan of Trader Joe’s but I love their hummus - theirs is the only one that comes close to homemade.
  • Hummus: Quick and Easy | Ordering Disorder | Work It, Mom! 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.workitmom.com [Source type: General]

^ English translations on Israeli-tahina use this spelling (with an "a"), so one cannot claim that Israel is using the same word.
  • Lebanon Claiming Only It Owns Hummus, Falafel, Tabouleh And Baba Gannouj | Techdirt 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC techdirt.com [Source type: General]

[9]
.Meanwhile some cookbooks repeat the legend that hummus was first prepared in the 12th century by Saladin.^ In the 12th Century, hummus was eaten during the Salah Al-Din period.

^ Hummus is a dip or a spread that you can eat with a meat preparation or on breads.I first had Hummus with chicken Shawarma in Dubai.The chicken tastes exceptionally well when had with Hummus .
  • Hummus Recipes with Videos | ifood.tv 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.ifood.tv [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some 300 chefs were involved in preparing Saturday's massive ceramic plate of hummus in a huge tent set up in downtown Beirut.
  • Lebanese to Israel: Hands off our hummus! 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.azcentral.com [Source type: News]

[10] .Sources such as Cooking in Ancient Civilizations by Cathy K. Kaufman[11] carry speculative recipes for an ancient Egyptian hummus, substituting vinegar for lemon juice, but acknowledge we do not know how the Egyptians ate their chick-peas.^ Cooking.com: Hummus Recipe .
  • Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ I just substitute tangerine juice for the lemon juice.
  • What hummus flavors do you create? - Home Cooking - Chowhound 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC chowhound.chow.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ HUMMUS (CHICK PEA DIP) Soak the chick ...
  • Cooks.com - Recipes - Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.cooks.com [Source type: General]
  • Cooks.com - Recipes - Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.cooks.com [Source type: General]

.Similarly, no recipe for hummus has been identified among the many books on cooking surviving from ancient Rome.^ Cooking & Recipes Glossary sieve A utensil that has many small meshed or perforated openings; used to strain solids from liquids.
  • Hummus - For Dummies 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.dummies.com [Source type: General]

^ Cooking & Recipes Glossary vegetarian A person who eats no meat, fish, or poultry.
  • Hummus - For Dummies 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.dummies.com [Source type: General]

^ Blender, Part of Menu, Others, Quick, Classic Hummus , cooking recipes, Home, How to, hummus ) By: cookingwithcaitlin1 0 Comments 13551 Views [+] Favorite .
  • Hummus Recipes with Videos | ifood.tv 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.ifood.tv [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Charles Perry, co-author of Medieval Arab Cookery notes that owing to hummus bi tahina being an everyday staple, and because of the lack of Arab recipe books published between the 14th and 20th centuries, no recipes documenting this food's early ingredients have been found.^ But no matter how you spell hummus, it still refers to a middle eastern food that has grown common throughout the world.
  • Hummus videos - by Video Site 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.dvbs.eu.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She is the co-author of True Food (National Geographic) and has edited and written for regional and international books and periodicals, including The New York Times Magazine.
  • Black Bean Hummus Recipe | Care2 Healthy & Green Living 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.care2.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Nutritionists say hummus is a healthy food for many reasons, not the least of which is its main ingredient, chickpeas or garbanzo beans, a good source of fiber.
  • This hummus hums: Public appetite grows for local brand | Philadelphia Daily News | 03/05/2009 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

.He says the nearest medieval example recorded in a 13th century Arab cookbook, Kitab Wasf al-Atima al-Mutada is Hummus kasa, which substitutes vinegar for lemon, includes extra herbs and adds walnuts, hazelnuts, almonds and pistachios.^ Bulk up with extra cucumber and tomato; add sweet pepper, fennel, zucchini, even chickpeas (if you’re not making hummus) and pepperoncini.
  • Kitchen Parade: Chicken Greek Salad 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC kitchenparade.com [Source type: General]

^ Tahini adds a few extra calories to the hummus, but it’s the best for an authentic hummus recipe.
  • Recipe: How to Make Authentic and Low Fat Hummus | Squawkfox 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.squawkfox.com [Source type: General]

^ Tags: easy , extra virgin olive oil , hummus , potluck , preserved lemon .
  • Hummus | Healthy Eating Tips - Upgrade Your Healthstyle | Summer Tomato 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC summertomato.com [Source type: General]

[12][13]

History of the ingredients

.Chickpeas and sesame, the crops from which hummus's main ingredients are taken, were known and cultivated in the ancient Mediterranean and Middle Eastern worlds.^ It is not, however, the true Middle Eastern Hummus.
  • Cookus Interruptus - How to Make Hummus - Fresh Local Organic Whole Foods 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.cookusinterruptus.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ You can easily prepare hummus, a Middle Eastern chickpea dip.

^ Hummus is a Middle Eastern style dip made of chickpeas.
  • Hummus | Healthy Eating Tips - Upgrade Your Healthstyle | Summer Tomato 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC summertomato.com [Source type: General]

.Hummus's principal ingredient, chickpeas, have been a human food item for over 10,000 years.^ Hummus is a middle-eastern food composed of chickpeas, or garbanzo beans, and Tahini, a paste similar in texture to peanut butter that is made from sesame seeds.
  • WikiAnswers - What is hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

^ To make this homemade hummus, simply combine all of the ingredients in the food processor, and turn it on for some time until the hummus has reached a desirable consistency.
  • Easy Homemade Hummus Recipe: How to Make Hummus with Chickpeas, Parsley, and Garlic at Home 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC middleeasterncuisine.suite101.com [Source type: General]

^ Nutritionists say hummus is a healthy food for many reasons, not the least of which is its main ingredient, chickpeas or garbanzo beans, a good source of fiber.
  • This hummus hums: Public appetite grows for local brand | Philadelphia Daily News | 03/05/2009 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.philly.com [Source type: News]

[14] .They were eaten by people in Palestine before 4000 BC, were one of the earliest crops cultivated in Mesopotamia and were a common street dish in ancient Rome.^ Those people will agree on who gets Jerusalem before they agree on who invented falafel.
  • Matthew Yglesias » A Friendlier Kind of Middle East Conflict 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC yglesias.thinkprogress.org [Source type: General]

^ Most people point their finger at the quality of the oil itself, accusing the chef of using a cheap brand that was bitter before they included it in their recipe.
  • Hummus | Healthy Eating Tips - Upgrade Your Healthstyle | Summer Tomato 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC summertomato.com [Source type: General]

[11] The Roman orator Cicero was named for an ancestor who had a wart on his nose shaped like a chickpea. .Archeological evidence identifies chickpeas in the Sumerian diet before 2500 BC.[15] They are noted in a 13th century work by Muhammad bin Hasan al-Baghdadi of Persia for a "simple dish" of meat, pulses and spices.^ On a side note, I tried a lasagna in Florence with a bit of hummus in it (apparently they use a lot of chickpeas in their regional dishes) and it was deeeelish.
  • Cabbagetown Hummus Recipe - David Lebovitz 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.davidlebovitz.com [Source type: General]

^ One of the dishes was based on raw, ground, heavily spiced goat meat, a kind of Middle Eastern version of steak tartare.

^ A very versatile legume, they are a noted ingredient in many Middle Eastern and Indian dishes such as hummus, falafels and curries.
  • WHFoods: Garbanzo beans (chickpeas) 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[16] It is unknown whether chickpeas were commonly mashed in any of these cultures. .Tahini (sesame paste) likewise lacks any clear historical context.^ Tahini sesame paste .
  • Hummus Place Menu - West Village - New York Magazine Restaurant Guide 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC nymag.com [Source type: General]

^ Tahini is sesame paste.
  • New Years Resolutions and Hummus Recipe (Humus Recipe) | Food Storage Made Easy 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC foodstoragemadeeasy.net [Source type: General]

^ Also, "sesame seed paste" is called Tahini.

Sesame was grown as a crop in ancient Assyrian and Babylonian gardens and is mentioned by Columella.[17] .It was common in Roman and Persian kitchens in the form of sesame oil but not as the tahini paste of hummus-bi-tahini.^ Tahini is sesame paste.
  • New Years Resolutions and Hummus Recipe (Humus Recipe) | Food Storage Made Easy 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC foodstoragemadeeasy.net [Source type: General]

^ Magpies tahini is the sesame seed paste .
  • How To Make Hummus Recipe (Food & Drink: Dips) 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.videojug.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hummus (pronounced HUM-us) consists of chickpeas blended with garlic, olive oil, tahini (sesame paste), lemon, salt and pepper into a thick spread that's perfect for scooping with veggies or spreading on pita.

[18]
.Other ingredients are used in sundry recipes of hummus-bi-tahini.^ Do all the hummus recipes have tahini in them?
  • eat, drink & be vegan: White Bean Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC vivelevegan.blogspot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ever heard of using zucchini in a hummus recipe?
  • Light Zucchini Hummus Recipe — Wasabimon! 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.wasabimon.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In particular, is it raw tahini that is used in hummus recipes?
  • Best Hummus Recipe | The Hummus Blog 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC humus101.com [Source type: General]

.The olive originated in Syria and Palestine, where it was being cultivated by the fourth millennium BC. A variety may have been indigenous to Crete, where olives were being cultivated by 2500 BC. The Bible mentions olive oil many times and it was exported to places such as Egypt.^ Hummus is a dip made of chickpea paste with various additions, such as olive oil, fresh garlic, lemon juice, paprika, and tahini (sesame seed paste).

^ It may be garnished with chopped or thinly-sliced tomato, cucumber, cilantro, sautéed mushrooms, whole chickpeas, olive oil and hard-boiled egg.
  • Hummus recipe Video – 5min.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.5min.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Improve ] Hummus origin is Middle-Eastern , and by that I mean "Palestine,Lebanon,Syria,Turkey", although it's not that much known nowadays in Turkey.
  • WikiAnswers - Where did hummus originate 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC wiki.answers.com [Source type: General]

.Several Roman writers indicate that salt was used in extracting the oil.^ I knew this wasn’t true because it has happened to me several times, and I always use excellent olive oil.
  • Hummus | Healthy Eating Tips - Upgrade Your Healthstyle | Summer Tomato 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC summertomato.com [Source type: General]

^ We used 5 chickpeas, 1 teaspoon tahini, 1cc lemon juice, 9 drops olive oil and VERY little salt and garlic.
  • The Hummus Blog 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC humus101.com [Source type: General]

[19] Garlic was grown in the gardens of King Merodach-Baladan II of Babylon and probably was in Greece by the early Bronze Age.[20] .The lemon was last to arrive in the Middle East and Mediterranean world, originating in India.^ It’s especially popular in the Middle East where it originated.
  • Hummus world record | Geo Quiz | PRI's The World 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.theworld.org [Source type: General]

^ Hummus _ made from mashed chickpeas, sesame paste, olive oil, lemon juice, salt and garlic _ has been eaten in the Middle East for centuries.
  • Hummus War Looms Between Israel And Lebanon 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Eaten in the Middle East for centuries, its exact origin is unknown, though it's generally seen as an Arab dish.
  • Hummus war looms between Lebanon, Israel - USATODAY.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.usatoday.com [Source type: News]

However, depictions of lemons have been found at Pompeii and Tusculum, so this fruit must have reached the Roman world, at least as a luxury import, by the first century.[21]

Nutritional information

Lebanese hummus, garnished with whole chickpeas, on a Yemeni serving dish
.Hummus is high in iron and vitamin C, and also has significant amounts of folate and vitamin B6.^ Hummus Kitchen’s hummus is filled with protein, vitamin B6, vitamin C, potassium, manganese and a ton of flavor.
  • Hummus Kitchen - New York City - Order food online | Ordering Food delivery, takeout, and view restaurants menus | HummusKitchenMidtownWest.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC hummuskitchenmidtownwest.com [Source type: General]

^ Garbanzos' contribution to heart health lies not just in their fiber, but in the significant amounts of folate and magnesium these beans supply.
  • WHFoods: Garbanzo beans (chickpeas) 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.whfoods.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22] .The chickpeas make it a good source of protein and dietary fiber; the tahini consists mostly of sesame seeds, which are an excellent source of the amino acid methionine, complementing the proteins in the chickpeas.^ Tahini is ground-up sesame seeds.
  • Hummus: Quick and Easy | Ordering Disorder | Work It, Mom! 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.workitmom.com [Source type: General]

^ It’s also an excellent source of vegetarian protein.

^ Hummus (pronounced HUM-us) consists of chickpeas blended with garlic, olive oil, tahini (sesame paste), lemon, salt and pepper into a thick spread that's perfect for scooping with veggies or spreading on pita.

.Depending on the recipe, hummus carries varying amounts of monounsaturated fat.^ This recipe makes a good amount of hummus.
  • Sweet Potato Hummus | Macheesmo 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.macheesmo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Depending on preferences, hummus can also be made with a wide variety of other ingredients, such as: Cumin Chili powder Parsley Cilantro Yogurt Roasted red peppers Pine nuts See the variations section for more hummus recipes.
  • How to Make Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ It is a nutritious food, containing a large amount of protein, dietary fiber, monounsaturated fat, and iron, and is suitable for vegetarians and vegans.

[23] .Hummus is useful in vegetarian and vegan diets and like other combinations of grains and pulses, when eaten with bread it serves as a complete protein.^ Hummus is a staple in a cheap vegan diet..
  • Hummus recipe Video – 5min.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.5min.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I eat a primarily vegetarian/vegan diet.

^ Hummus serves as a complete protein , an essential part of a healthy kids’ daily diet.
  • Cool Vegetable Hummus Pizza: Healthy Recipe for Kids to Cook and Eat 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC kids-cooking.suite101.com [Source type: General]

Serving methods

.As an appetizer and dip, hummus is scooped with flatbread (such as pita).^ As an appetizer and dip hummus is scooped with flatbread (such as pita).
  • Hummus recipe Video – 5min.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.5min.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Middle Eastern dips, such as hummus, once seemed exotic, but now they’re familiar old friends.
  • Hummus - Appetizer Recipe - Delish.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC chron.delish.com [Source type: General]

^ Serve with crackers, raw dip vegetables such as carrots or celery, or with pita bread.
  • Hummus Recipe | Simply Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

.It is also served as part of a meze or as an accompaniment to falafel, grilled chicken, fish or eggplant.^ Hummus is also used as part of a meze, as a dressing for dishes such as falafel, grilled chicken, fish or eggplant.
  • Hummus recipe Video – 5min.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.5min.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hummus makes a great appetizer at parties, is delicious as a meat alternative in sandwiches or wraps, and is an amazing side dish served with grilled meats (chicken or salmon) and a salad.
  • Recipe: How to Make Authentic and Low Fat Hummus | Squawkfox 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.squawkfox.com [Source type: General]

.Garnishes include chopped tomato, cucumber, cilantro, parsley, caramelized onions, sautéed mushrooms, whole chickpeas, olive oil, hard-boiled eggs, paprika, ful, olives and pickles.^ Garnish with chopped raw onions.
  • paula wolfert’s hummus | smitten kitchen 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC smittenkitchen.com [Source type: General]

^ Garnishes such as chopped green onions, chopped olives and chopped tomato (optional) .

^ Garnish with paprika and drizzle with extra virgin olive oil.
  • Hummus Recipe | Simply Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

.Outside the Middle East, it is sometimes served with tortilla chips or crackers.^ Outside the Middle East it may be eaten with tortilla chips and crackers of various kinds.
  • Hummus recipe Video – 5min.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.5min.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Serve with fresh veggies, crackers or chips.
  • Hummus: Quick and Easy | Ordering Disorder | Work It, Mom! 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.workitmom.com [Source type: General]

^ Hummus is enjoyed throughout the Middle East and typically is served in a shallow bowl with warm wedges of pita bread for dipping.
  • Hummus - For Dummies 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.dummies.com [Source type: General]

.Hummus ful (pronounced /fuːl/) is topped with a paste made from fava beans boiled until soft and then crushed.^ "Is hummus made from beans or peas?"
  • I want to make hummus but I don't have any tahini... 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC askville.amazon.com [Source type: General]

^ Hummus _ made from mashed chickpeas, sesame paste, olive oil, lemon juice, salt and garlic _ has been eaten in the Middle East for centuries.
  • Hummus War Looms Between Israel And Lebanon 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.huffingtonpost.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Bring to a boil; reduce heat, cover and simmer 2 hours or until beans are very tender.
  • Hummus recipe - RetouchPRO 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.retouchpro.com [Source type: General]

.Hummus masubha/mashawsha is a mixture of hummus paste, warm chickpeas and tahini.^ See Reviews • Low Calorie • Low Fat This Middle Eastern chickpea dip contains tahini, a sesame seed paste.

^ Hummus is Arabic for chickpea so you may occasionally see this called hummus with tahini or hummus with tahina.

^ There are a couple of key ingredients that can't be substituted if you're making hummus: chickpeas and tahini.
  • How to Make Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

In Vegetarian Dishes from the Middle East, Arto der Haroutunian calls hummus "one of the most popular and best-known of all Syrian dishes" and "a must on any mezzeh table."[24] Syrians in Canada's Arab diaspora prepare and consume hummus along with other dishes like falafel, kibbe and tabouleh, even among the third and fourth-generation offspring of the original immigrants.[25]
Hummus topped with whole chickpeas and olive oil.
.For Palestinians, hummus has long been a staple food, garnished with olive oil and "nana" mint leaves, paprika, parsley or cumin.^ Place the avocado hummus in a bowl and top it with olive oil and paprika.
  • Lebanese Recipes - Avocado Hummus - MonkeySee 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.monkeysee.com [Source type: General]

^ Garnish with paprika and drizzle with extra virgin olive oil.
  • Hummus Recipe | Simply Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ It comes sprinkled with parsley, paprika and a squirt of olive oil.

[26] .A related dish popular in the region of Palestine and Jordan is laban ma' hummus ("yogurt and chickpeas"), which uses yogurt in the place of tahini and butter in the place of olive oil.^ Place the avocado hummus in a bowl and top it with olive oil and paprika.
  • Lebanese Recipes - Avocado Hummus - MonkeySee 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.monkeysee.com [Source type: General]

^ About.com's peanut butter hummus uses peanut butter instead of tahini.
  • How to Make Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ Chickpeas, garlic, lemon juice, tahini, and olive oil.
  • Real Hummus - All Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC allrecipes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The chickpeas are first boiled alone before the other ingredients are added and it is served hot.^ I drained the can of chickpeas before adding them to the mixture.
  • Hummus Recipe : Food Network Kitchens : Food Network 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.foodnetwork.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • Hummus Recipe : Food Network Kitchens : Food Network 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC search.foodnetwork.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Place them in a food processor until the chickpeas become paste-like and then mix in your other ingredients.
  • Hummus 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.mahalo.com [Source type: General]

^ Can I use them for my first experament, or will I be wasting my other ingredients?
  • Best Hummus Recipe | The Hummus Blog 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC humus101.com [Source type: General]

[27]
.Hummus is a common part of everyday meals in Israel.^ Since ”hummusiot“ – restaurants which specialize in hummus – are very common in Israel, it is relatively easy to replace the industrial substitute with the original dish.
  • Best Hummus Recipe | The Hummus Blog 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC humus101.com [Source type: General]

^ The point of the Asssociation of Lebanese Industrialist in claiming hummus as exclusivly Lebanese is an atempt to paint Israel (and it’s jewish inhabitants) as not being a natural part of the region.
  • Hummus world record | Geo Quiz | PRI's The World 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.theworld.org [Source type: General]

^ A Big Plate of Hummus, Mud Massage and Happy Hour Everyday, it’s Good to be a Tourist in Israel .
  • Hummus | ISRAELITY 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC israelity.com [Source type: General]

[28] .Many restaurants run by Mizrahi Jews and Arab citizens of Israel are dedicated to hot hummus, which may be served as chick peas softened with baking soda along with garlic, olive oil, cumin and tahini.^ Hummus is just so easy — chickpeas, tahini, olive oil, garlic and lemon juice.
  • Cookthink: My hummus revelation 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.cookthink.com [Source type: General]

^ With the machine running drizzle in the olive oil.
  • Whipped Chickpea Hummus Recipe - 101 Cookbooks 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.101cookbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ Chickpeas, garlic, lemon juice, tahini, and olive oil.
  • Real Hummus - All Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC allrecipes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.One of the fancier hummus versions available is traditional hummus masabacha, made with lemon-spiked tahini garnished with whole chick peas, a sprinkling of paprika and a drizzle of olive oil.^ Garnish with paprika and drizzle with extra virgin olive oil.
  • Hummus Recipe | Simply Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC simplyrecipes.com [Source type: General]

^ We used 3/4 of a can of juice from one can of the chick peas.
  • Hummus III - All Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC allrecipes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It comes sprinkled with parsley, paprika and a squirt of olive oil.

[29] .Hummus is sold in restaurants, supermarkets and hummus-only shops called humusiot.^ The first Hummus Bar and Grill Restaurant is conveniently located in Tarzana Village Shopping Center on Ventura Boulevard in Tarzana, and boasts plentiful parking.
  • Hummus Bar & Grill Restaurant 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.opentable.com [Source type: General]

^ SIMPLE HUMMUS Hummus is the chickpea (also called garbanzo bean) paste served with pita rounds in Greek restaurants.
  • Kitchen Parade: Chicken Greek Salad 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC kitchenparade.com [Source type: General]

^ I was wondering if you ever experimented with a pumpkin hummus recipe since many recipes call for only 3/4-1 cup pumpkin and the average can holds ~1 3/4 cups so there is always leftover pumpkin.
  • Shiny Happy Hummus | Recipe from FatFree Vegan Kitchen 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC blog.fatfreevegan.com [Source type: General]

Packaged product

.In November 2009, Gadi Lesin, President & CEO of the Israeli Strauss group food manufacturer revealed that market share of co-owned Sabra Dipping Company reached 40% in the United States making it the largest hummus dip manufacturer in the world.^ This was my first reaction to the accusation from Fadi Abboud, the president of the Lebanese Industrialist’s Association, that Israelis have taken credit for their national dishes, like hummus and falafel.
  • The Wandering Chickpea - Bitten Blog - NYTimes.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC bitten.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ Chickpeas, with their subtle nutty flavor and buttery texture, are used as a main ingredient in hummus, a rich garlicky dip that's growing in popularity here in the United States, and falafel, ground chickpeas and spices that are fried and eaten as a street food or fast food in much of the Middle East.
  • The Six Healthiest Staple Foods in Middle Eastern Cuisine 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.sixwise.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hummus (also spelled hamos, houmous, hommos, hommus, hummos, hummous or humus, WHEW!) is a popular food throughout the Middle Eastern world.
  • Recipe: How to Make Authentic and Low Fat Hummus | Squawkfox 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.squawkfox.com [Source type: General]

[30]

Controversy

Lebanese produced hummus in a can, sold in Sweden.
.In October 2008 the Association of Lebanese Industrialists[1] petitioned to the Lebanese ministry of Economy to request protected status from the European Commission for hummus as a uniquely Lebanese food, similar to the Protected Geographical Status rights held over regional food items by various European Union countries.^ Tagged as: hummus , Lebanese Food , tabbouleh .

^ Laura October 8, 2008 I LOVE love love hummus...
  • Hummus en Fuego Recipe - 101 Cookbooks 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.101cookbooks.com [Source type: General]

^ Hummus is a dish that has so many regional variations.
  • Real Hummus - All Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC allrecipes.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31][32][33] .Fadi Abboud (president of the Lebanese Industrialists Association), stated that "Israelis have usurped several Lebanese and oriental products",[2].^ "'It is not enough the Israelis are stealing our land," said Faid Abboud, President of the Lebanese Industrialists Association.
  • Hummus Is New Battle Ground In Lebanon | World News | Sky News 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC news.sky.com [Source type: News]

^ This was my first reaction to the accusation from Fadi Abboud, the president of the Lebanese Industrialist’s Association, that Israelis have taken credit for their national dishes, like hummus and falafel.
  • The Wandering Chickpea - Bitten Blog - NYTimes.com 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC bitten.blogs.nytimes.com [Source type: General]

^ The latest story , showing up in “Oddly Enough” news feeds around the globe, concerns a lawsuit being filed against Israel by Fadi Abboud, president of the Lebanese Industrialists Association.
  • hummus « Qifa Nabki | A Lebanese Political Blog 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC qifanabki.com [Source type: News]

.As a response, food critic Janna Gur wrote: "The success of certain brands of Israeli hummus abroad may have been what brought about Abboud's anger", leading him to claim that Israel has been "stealing" their country's national dishes, like hummus, falafel, tabbouleh and baba ghanouj.^ Hummus, falafel, tabbouleh and baba ghanoush are not, in fact, infinite goods.
  • Lebanon Claiming Only It Owns Hummus, Falafel, Tabouleh And Baba Gannouj | Techdirt 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC techdirt.com [Source type: General]

^ Israeli Hummus is just Hummus made in Israel.
  • FARK.com: (4724140) The Hummus Wars II: Lebanon's Revenge 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I also make baba ghanouj (eggplant hummus) too!
  • Easy Tasty Hummus Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.squidoo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[34] .Shooky Galili (an Israeli journalist specialising in food who writes a blog dedicated to hummus),[3] claimed in reply that “Hummus doesn’t belong to the country that invented it, but the people who love it”.^ Who doesn't love guacamole?
  • Vegan Appetizer Recipes 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.vegancoach.com [Source type: General]

^ So it really doesn't belong to any one country.
  • FARK.com: (4724140) The Hummus Wars II: Lebanon's Revenge 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.fark.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since I love sharing frugal, delicious, and healthful foods with you, here are three recipes for making heart-healthy protein-packed hummus.
  • Recipe: How to Make Authentic and Low Fat Hummus | Squawkfox 22 January 2010 0:50 UTC www.squawkfox.com [Source type: General]

[35]
Interviewed on the BBC program Cooking in the Danger Zone, Israeli food editor Gil Hovav stated that hummus is so popular in Israel such that "even during the intifada years Jews would sneak in to risk their lives, sneak into the Muslim quarter just to have a vital, really genuine good humous ...".[36]

See also

References

  1. ^ Sami Zubaida, "National, Communal and Global Dimensions in Middle Eastern Food Cultures" in Sami Zubaida and Richard Tapper, A Taste of Thyme: Culinary Cultures of the Middle East, London and New York, 1994 and 2000, ISBN 1-86064-603-4, p. 35.
  2. ^ a b c Pam Peters (2007), The Cambridge Guide to Australian English Usage, Cambridge University Press, pp. 370, ISBN 0521878217 
  3. ^ a b Oxford English Dictionary (Second Edition) CD-ROM Version 3.1.1 (2007), Oxford, Oxford University Press
  4. ^ mideastfood.about.com, Hummus 101, retrieved 28 February 2008
  5. ^ choice.com, More about hummus, "Hummus has existed for thousands of years." retrieved 5 May 2008
  6. ^ insidehookah.com Food - Hummus, "...it is evident that it’s been a Middle Eastern/Mediterranean favorite, and sometimes staple, for thousands of years." retrieved 5 May 2008
  7. ^ www.straightdope.com, Who invented hummus?, 21 March 2001, "Hummus has been around for too long, in too many forms, and the origin is lost in antiquity... There's no way of knowing where it started...", retrieved 5 May 2008
  8. ^ Jaffe, Jody, bethesdamagazine.com, Scrumptious Hummus, 2007, "...hummus has been around since humans have been hunting and gathering... the history of hummus is murky, with several cultures claiming origin." retrieved 05 May 2008
  9. ^ James Grehan, Everyday Life and Consumer Culture in Eighteenth-Century Damascus ISBN 029598676X
  10. ^ Percival, Jenny, Lebanon to sue Israel for marketing hummus as its own, guardian.co.uk, 7 October 2008, retrieved 9 November 2009
  11. ^ a b Brothwell & Brothwell pp. 105-7
  12. ^ Alice Fordham (October 10, 2008), Middle Eats: What are Lebanon’s chances of legally laying claim to hummus?, NOW Lebanon, http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArticleDetails.aspx?ID=62188 
  13. ^ Perry and Rodinson, 1998, p. 383.
  14. ^ Tannahill p. 25
  15. ^ Tannahill p. 61
  16. ^ Tannahill p. 174
  17. ^ Brothwell & Brothwell pp. 157, 146
  18. ^ Tannahill p. 176
  19. ^ Brothwell & Brothwell pp. 154-7
  20. ^ Brothwell & Brothwell p. 109
  21. ^ Brothwell & Brothwell pp. 140, 269
  22. ^ Bricklin, 1994, p. 115.
  23. ^ Hummus NutritionData.com
  24. ^ Arto der Hartoiunian Vegetarian Dishes from the Middle East, London 1983, p.33.
  25. ^ Paul R. Magocsi (1999), Encyclopedia of Canada's Peoples, University of Toronto Press, pp. p. 1244, ISBN 0802029388, http://books.google.ca/books?id=dbUuX0mnvQMC&pg=PA1244&dq=falafel+history&lr=&as_brr=3&sig=o6O7x6z91yzlNhE_6Ao7YetKQjQ 
  26. ^ Ibrahim, Lailie, Institute for Middle East Understanding, Hummus, a Palestinian staple, 31 March 2006, retrieved 9 March 2008.
  27. ^ Salloum and Peters, 1996, p. 204.
  28. ^ Even mentioned by the Israel Defense Force Cookbook, see Houston Chronicle "Diversity in the dining room helps ring in Israel's new year"
  29. ^ Food & Wine, May 2008; On the Hummus Hunt in Israel by Jen Murphy, p. 66,
  30. ^ זינוק במכירות חומוס שטראוס בארה"ב: כבשה 40% מהשוק, Globes, 25 November 2009, http://www.globes.co.il/news/article.aspx?QUID=1055,U1259186350557&did=1000517051, retrieved 25 November 2009 (Hebrew)
  31. ^ Karam, Zeina, "Hummus war looms between Lebanon and Israel", Associated Press, 7 October 2008, retrieved 10 December 2008.
  32. ^ Carolynne Wheeler (11 Oct 2008), "Hummus food fight between Lebanon and Israel", The Daily Telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/middleeast/3178040/Hummus-food-fight-between-Lebanon-and-Israel.html 
  33. ^ "Whose hummus is it anyway?", The Times of South Africa, Nov 09, 2008, http://www.thetimes.co.za/PrintEdition/Lifestyle/Article.aspx?id=877641 
  34. ^ Gur, Janna (cited as 'Jana'), Santa Fe New Mexican, "Hummus History: Tales of a Wandering Chickpea", 21 October 2008, retrieved 11 December 2008
  35. ^ Lebanon aims for Guinness records as part of bid to lay claim to hummus, tabouleh
  36. ^ BBC Cooking in the Danger Zone: Israel and Palestinian Territories, Page 6

Bibliography

  • Afzal-Khan, Fawzia; Seshadri-Crooks, Kalpana (2000), The Pre-occupation of Postcolonial Studies, Duke University Press, ISBN 0822325217, 9780822325215 
  • Amster, Linda; Sheraton, Mimi (2003), The New York Times Jewish Cookbook: More Than 825 Traditional and Contemporary Recipes from Around the World, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0312290934, 9780312290931 
  • Bricklin, Mark (1994), Prevention Magazine's Nutrition Advisor: The Ultimate Guide to the Health-Boosting and Health-Harming Factors in Your Diet, Rodale, ISBN 0875962254, 9780875962252 
  • Brothwell, C. D.; Brothwell, B. (1998), Food in Antiquity: A survey of the Diet of Early Peoples, Expanded Edition, John Hopkins University, ISBN 0801857406 
  • Rodinson, Maxime; Perry, Charles (1998), Medieval Arab Cookery, Prospect Books (UK), ISBN 0907325912, 978-0907325918 
  • Salloum, Habeeb; Peters, James (1996), From the Lands of Figs and Olives: Over 300 Delicious and Unusual Recipes, I.B.Tauris, ISBN 1860640389 
  • Tannahill, Reay (1973), Food in History, Stein and Day, ISBN 0517571862 

Simple English

Hummus is a food that includes chick peas. Its origins are unknown, and it is popular in the Middle East.


Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 18, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Hummus, which are similar to those in the above article.








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