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Humphrey Bland
1686 – 8 May 1763
Allegiance United Kingdom Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank Lieutenant General
Commands held Scotland
Gibraltar
Battles/wars Battle of Culloden

Lieutenant General Humphrey Bland (1686 – 8 May 1763) was a British Army general who commanded the cavalry at the Battle of Culloden.

Contents

Military career

Bland was commissioned as an ensign in 1704.[1] He was involved in operations against the Jacobite Rising of 1715.[1]

He became a leading military theoretician and military writer: among his books, was A Treatise of Military Discipline: In Which is laid down and Explained the Duties of Officer and Soldier which was published in 1727[1] and "considered the bible of the British Army". A first edition was owned by George Washington who encouraged his officers in the Continental Army to "study Bland and other treatises."

In 1742 he was appointed Quartermaster-General to the Forces,[2] a post he held until his death.[1]

Present at Battle of Dettingen in 1743, he had his horse shot out from him.[3] He was Commander of a Cavalry Brigade in the Low Countries between 1744 and 1745.[1] Following the Jacobite Rising of 1745 he was Commander of the Cavalry at the Battle of Culloden in 1746.[1]

In 1747 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief for Scotland, and although he was Governor of Gibraltar between 1749 and 1754, he resumed his role as Commander-in-Chief for Scotland from 1953 to 1956.[1]

He was Colonel of the 1st Dragoon Guards.[1]

He lived at Blandsfort, Abbeyleix, County Laois, Ireland.[4]

Family

In 1755 he married Elizabeth Dalrymple: there were no children.[1]

References

Bibliography

  • Ward , Harry. George Washington's Enforcers: Policing the Continental Army. Carbondale, Il: Southern Illinois University Press, 2006. Print.
  • Culloden Moor 1746, Osprey Books
Military offices
Preceded by
John Armstrong
Quartermaster-General to the Forces
1742–1763
Succeeded by
George Morrison
Government offices
Preceded by
William Hargrave
Governor of Gibraltar
1749–1755
Succeeded by
Thomas Fowke
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