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Hunan University
湖南大学
Hunan University.jpg
Motto 实事求是 敢为人先
Established 976 AD
Type National university
President Zhong Zhihua (钟志华)
Faculty 4,600
Students 46,000
Location Changsha (长沙), Hunan,  People's Republic of China
Former names Yuelu Academy
Website www.hunu.edu.cn

Hunan University (simplified Chinese: 湖南大学traditional Chinese: 湖南大學pinyin: Húnán Dàxué) located in Changsha, Hunan province, is one of the oldest and most important national universities in the People's Republic of China.

Contents

History

It traces its history back to the Yuelu Academy founded in the Song Dynasty, over 1,030 years ago (千年学府). It is arguable if this makes Hunan University the oldest university in the world since the original Yuelu Academy had no degree-granting mechanism, or other features of a Western university. Moreover, two North African universities predate Yuelu Academy. The Yuelu Academy was a venue for Chinese scholars and their students to meet and study deep issues very much like what Aristotle and his students did in ancient Greece.

Hunan University is among China's top universities in both education and research. Its Chemistry, Civil Engineering, Industrial Design, Software Engineering, and Business and International Trade programs are some of its strongest. The Chinese calligraph of Yuelu Academy was written by Emperor Zhenzong of Song in 1015, and the Chinese calligraph of Hunan University was written by Mao Zedong in 1950 as soon as the People's Republic of China was founded. Both events were considered as extremely prestigious in China.

Pond at Hunan University.
Sign at Hunan University.

For more than one thousand years, academic and educational activities have continued uninterrupted here. In the course of its development from Yuelu Academy to Hunan University, this time-honored institution has committed itself to fostering people of great talent for society and has produced large numbers of figures of outstanding scholarship. Among its prominent students are Wang Fuzhi, a celebrated philosopher in Chinese history; Wei Yuan, a reformist who first advocated the idea of learning from the West; Zeng Guofan, the first Chinese to initiate the Westernization Movement and to make arrangements for a modern factory in China; Zuo Zongtang, a national hero who arranged to build China’s first navy and took great pains to defend and develop Xinjiang; Guo Songtao, China’s first ambassador to a foreign country; Cai E, a major leader in defending the Republic of China; the first Chinese to set foot on the continent of Antarctica; and Ci Yungui, the chief designer of China's first super computer.

The 2008 Times Higher Education Supplement [THES] World University Rankings ranked Hunan University as follows:[1]

  • 34th in China

Administration

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Colleges and Departments

  • College of Civil Engineering
  • College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
  • College of Electrical and Information Engineering
  • College of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering
  • College of Computer and Communications
  • Software College
  • College of Business Administration
  • College of Mathematics and Econometrics
  • College of Material Science and Engineering
  • School of Design
  • College of Architecture
  • College of Mechanics and Aerospace
  • College of Environmental Science and Engineering
  • College of Physics and Microelectronics
  • College of Foreign Languages
  • College of Finance
  • College of Accounting
  • College of Statistics
  • College of Law
  • College of Economics and Trade
  • College of Journalism and Communications
  • College of Broadcasting, Film and Television Arts
  • College of Chinese Language and Literature
  • College of International Studies
  • Yuelu Academy
  • Institute of Educational Science
  • Institute of Life Science and Technology
  • College of Political Science and Public Administration
  • College of Marxist Studies
  • College of Physical Education

References

External links


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