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Areas with ethnic Hungarian majorities in the neighboring countries of Hungary, according to László Sebők.[1]

Hungarian diaspora (Magyar diaspora) is a term that encompasses the total ethnic Hungarian population located outside of current-day Hungary, which means approximately 5-6 million people.

There are two main groups of the diaspora. In the first one are those, who are autochthonous to their homeland, and live outside Hungary since the border changes of the post-World War I Treaty of Trianon of 1920[note 1]. The victorious forces redrew the borders of Hungary so that it runs through Hungarian majority areas. As a consequence, 3.3 million Hungarians found themselves outside the new borders. These Hungarians are usually not counted into the term "Hungarian diaspora", regardless, they are listed in this article. The other main group are the emigrants, who left Hungary at various times (e.g., the Hungarian Revolution of 1956).

Contents

Distribution by country

Country Hungarian population Note Article
Neighbor countries of Hungary
Romania Romania 1,434,377 (2002)[2] (not including Csángós[3]) Autochthonous in Transylvania[4], Csángó people in Moldavia Hungarians in Romania
Slovakia Slovakia 520,528 (2001)[5] Autochthonous[6] Hungarians in Slovakia
Serbia Serbia 293,299 (2002)[7] Autochthonous in Vojvodina Hungarians in Vojvodina
Ukraine Ukraine 156,600 (2001) Autochthonous in Zakarpattia Oblast Hungarians in Ukraine
Austria Austria 40,583 (2001)[8] Autochthonous in Burgenland Hungarians in Austria
Croatia Croatia 16,595 (2001)[9] Autochthonous in Croatia, except Istria and Dalmatia.
Slovenia Slovenia 6,243 (2001) Autochthonous in Eastern Slovenia
Other countries
United States USA 1,563,081 (2006)[10] Immigrants Hungarian American
Canada Canada 315,510 (2006)[11] Immigrants Hungarian Canadians
Israel Israel 200,000 to 250,000 (2000s) Immigrants
Germany Germany 120,000 (2004)[12] Immigrants Hungarians in Germany
France France 100,000 to 200,000 (2000s) Immigrants
United Kingdom United Kingdom 80,135 (2001) Immigrants Hungarians in the United Kingdom
Brazil Brazil 80,000 (2002)[13] Immigrants Hungarian Brazilian
Russia Russia 76,500 (2002) Immigrants
Australia Australia 55,000 (2002)[14] Immigrants Hungarian Australian
Argentina Argentina 40,000 to 50,000 (2000s) Immigrants Hungarians in Argentina
Chile Chile 40,000 (2008) Immigrants Hungarians in Chile
Switzerland Switzerland 20,000 to 25,000 (2000s) Immigrants
Czech Republic Czech Republic 14,672 (2001) Immigrants
Turkey Turkey 6,800 (2001) Immigrants
Republic of Ireland Ireland 3,328 (2006)[15] Immigrants
New Zealand New Zealand 1,476 (2006) Immigrants Hungarian New Zealander
Hungary TOTAL 5.2 - 5.6 million

Hungarian immigration patterns to Western Europe increased in the 1990's and especially since 2004, after Hungary's admission in the European Union. Thousands of Hungarians from Hungary sought available work through guest-worker contracts in the United Kingdom, Ireland, Finland, Sweden, Spain and Portugal.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ During World War II, some areas were regained by Hungary, but lost with the 1947 Treaty of Paris

References

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