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Bayview-Hunters Point
—  Neighborhood of San Francisco  —
A birds-eye view of the Bayview/Hunters Point neighborhood of San Francisco. Football Stadium Candlestick Park is in the foreground.
Nickname(s): The Point, The Port, Bayview, HP
Government
 - Board of Supervisors Sophie Maxwell
 - State Assembly Tom Ammiano D)
 - State Senate Mark Leno (D)
 - U.S. House Nancy Pelosi (D)
Area
 - Total 14.3 km2 (5.516 sq mi)
 - Land 14.3 km2 (5.516 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 - Total 25,310
 - Density 2,288/km2 (5,926/sq mi)
ZIP Code 94124
Area code(s) 415
[1][2]

Hunters Point (The Point) or Bayview-Hunters Point or The Bayview is a neighborhood in the southeastern part of San Francisco, California. It is also known as the Port because of its proximity to the Hunters Point Naval Shipyard, and is also adjacent to the Candlestick Park football Stadium, the current home of the San Francisco 49ers).

Contents

Location

Bayview-Hunters Point is located in the extreme southeastern part of San Francisco, strung along the main artery of Third Street from India Basin to Candlestick Point. The boundary to the west is Interstate 280 and to the south Highway 101. The entire eastern portion of the neighborhood is the San Francisco Bay and the former naval base of Hunters Point. Most of it landfill from the Bay. The entire southern half of the neighborhood is the Candlestick Point State Recreation Area as well as the Candlestick Park Stadium.

History

Derelict building at the Hunters Point Shipyard

Hunters Point received its name from a wealthy landowner than once owned land there. The construction of the Hunters Point Dry Dock and Naval Yard in the early to mid 20th Century led to the development of the residential area of the neighborhood which was settled by large amounts of African Americans taking part in the Great Migration who worked in the Naval Yards. This migration doubled during and after World War 2 and also racial segregation that prohibited African Americans from owning homes elsewhere in the city. Between 1940 and 1950, the population leaped from 16,500 to 147,000. Urban Renewal happening in other predominately African American sections of the city such as the Western Addition and Fillmore District led to more African Americans living in the area.

De-industrialization of the city, state, and country as a whole from the 1970s through the 2000s as well as the closure of the Hunters Point Naval Base, devastated the neighborhood, bringing urban blight, high unemployment, poverty, and high crime. Because the areas around the former Naval Yard, factories, and power plant were not fully de-contaminated following their closure, many of the residents there began to suffer from diseases such as Asthma, Cancer, and high infant mortality rates.

Citywide gentrification during the late 1990s through the 2000s affected the neighborhood as many of its long time residents moved to the suburbs of the East Bay Area, leaving only the very poor as well as new coming mostly Chinese and Korean immigrants and few young urban professionals.

Sporadic redevelopment came to the area in the form of the Third Street Light Rail Project and attempts to rebuild Candlestick Park. In 2006, an effort spurred by Mayor Gavin Newsom to bring the 2016 Summer Olympics, saw plans to completey rebuild Bayview-Hunters Point into the Olympic Village. Such plans fell through.[3] In 2009, another plan was developed to re-develop the neighborhood as part of a wider plan to build a new Stadium for the 49ers. [4] [5]

Attractions & Characteristics

The Gilman Street MUNI station in the Bayview.

Bayview-Hunters Point, is predominantly African-American. The neighborhood has a population of 20,322 and is roughly 60% African-American. The highest concentration of that ethnic group in San Francisco. The neighborhood's predominance of African-Americans is a legacy of the restrictive housing practices of the past. [3]

Bayview-Hunters Point is home to many family businesses, community organizations, home recording studios, and churches that have thriving congregations. Most of which are located along the Third Street Commercial Strip. Several rap groups such as Cold World Hustlaz and RBL Posse are originally from Hunters Point.

Many consider Bayview-Hunters Point a marginalized community because it contains nearly one-third of San Francisco's toxic waste sites. Additionally, the area is plagued with crime, prostitution, gang and drug activity, as well as a high murder rate.[6] Until the late 2000s the neighborhood had no supermarket chains, as many corporate chains have avoided the area. [7] but community gardening is increasingly popular in the area. UK supermarket chain Tesco is proposing to build its new Fresh and Easy store there in the future. A Home Depot was approved by the city to be built in the area, but the Home Depot Corporation abandoned its plans following the late 2000s economic crisis. [4]

Because of such characteristics, the neighborhood is ignored and avoided outright by many in the city. [8]

Many community groups, such as the India Basin Neighborhood Association[9], the Quesada Gardens Initiative [5], Literacy for Environmental Justice [6], and the Bayview Footprints Collaboration of Community-Building Groups [7] work with community members, other organizations and city-wide agencies to strengthen and improve this diverse part of San Francisco. Bayview-Hunters Point is also home to 2 of the most notorious gangs in the San Francisco Bay Area, the Westmob (located on West Point and Middle Point Roads) and Big Block (located on Harbor Road) gangs.[10]

The neighborhood was the feature of a documentary by Kevin Epps called Straight Outta Hunters Point as well as for a Spike Lee film Sucka Free City.[11]

References

External links

37°43′37″N 122°23′19″W / 37.72687°N 122.38873°W / 37.72687; -122.38873

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