Huntington Beach, California: Wikis

  
  
  
  
  

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City of Huntington Beach
—  City  —
Huntington Beach Pier
Nickname(s): Surf City USA
Location of Huntington Beach within Orange County, California.
Coordinates: 33°41′34″N 118°0′1″W / 33.69278°N 118.00028°W / 33.69278; -118.00028
Country United States United States
State California California
County Orange
Incorporated February 17, 1909
Government
 - Type Council-Manager
 - City Council Cathy Green, Mayor
Keith Bohr
Joe Carchio
Gil Coerper
Don Hansen
Jill Hardy
Devin Dwyer
 - City Treasurer Shari L. Freidenrich, CCMT, CPFA, CPFIM [1]
 - City Clerk Joan L. Flynn
Area
 - Total 81.7 km2 (31.6 sq mi)
 - Land 68.3 km2 (26.4 sq mi)
 - Water 13.4 km2 (5.2 sq mi)
Elevation 12 m (39 ft)
Population (2008)[2]
 - Total 192,620
 Density 2,817.1/km2 (7,296.2/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 92605, 92615, 92646-92649
Area code(s) 714
FIPS code 06-36000
GNIS feature ID 1652724
Website huntingtonbeachca.gov

Huntington Beach is a seaside city in Orange County in Southern California. According to the 2008 census estimate, the city population was 192,620.[2] It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean on the southwest, by Seal Beach on the northwest, by Costa Mesa on the east, by Newport Beach on the southeast, by Westminster on the north, and by Fountain Valley on the northeast.

It is known for its long 8.5-mile (13.7 km) beach, mild climate, and excellent surfing. The waves are a unique natural effect caused by edge-diffraction of ocean swells by the island of Catalina, and waves from distant hurricanes.

Contents

History

Huntington Beach, pre-incorporation, 1904.

The area was originally occupied by the Tongva people. European settlement can be traced to a Spanish soldier, Manuel Nieto, who in 1784 received a Spanish land grant of 300,000 acres (1,200 km2), Rancho Los Nietos, as a reward for his military service and to encourage settlement in Alta California. Nieto's western area was reduced in 1790 because of a dispute with the Mission San Gabriel, but he retained thousands of acres stretching from the hills north of Whittier, Fullerton and Brea, south to the Pacific Ocean, and from today's Los Angeles River on the west, to the Santa Ana River on the east.

The main thoroughfare of Huntington Beach, Beach Boulevard, was originally a cattle route for the main industry of the Rancho. Since its time as a parcel of the enormous Spanish land grant, Huntington Beach has undergone many incarnations. One time it was known Shell Beach, the town of Smeltzer, and then Gospel Swamp for the revival meetings that were held in the marshland where the community college Golden West College can currently be found. Later it became known as Fairview and then Pacific City as it developed into a tourist destination. In order to secure access to the Red Car lines that used to criss-cross Los Angeles and ended in Long Beach, Pacific City ceded enormous power to railroad magnate Henry Huntington, and thus became a city whose name has been written into corporate sponsorship, and like much of the history of Southern California, boosterism.

Huntington Beach incorporated on February 17, 1909 under its first mayor, Ed Manning. Its original developer was the Huntington Beach Company (formerly the West Coast Land and Water Company), a real-estate development firm owned by Henry Huntington. The Huntington Beach Company is still a major land-owner in the city, and still owns most of the local mineral rights.

An interesting hiccup in the settlement of the district occurred when an encyclopedia company gave away free parcels of land, with the purchase of a whole set for $126, in the Huntington Beach area that it had acquired cheaply.[3] The lucky buyers got more than they had bargained for when oil was discovered in the area, and enormous development of the oil reserves followed. Though many of the old wells are empty, and the price of land for housing has pushed many of the rigs off the landscape, oil pumps can still be found to dot the city.

Huntington Beach was primarily agricultural in its early years with crops such as celery and sugar beets. Holly Sugar was a major employer with a large processing plant in the city that was later converted to an oil refinery.

The city's first high school, Huntington Beach High School was built in 1906. The school's team, the Oilers, is named after the city's original natural resource.

Meadowlark Airport, a small general aviation airport, existed in Huntington Beach from the 1950s until 1989.

Geography

Huntington Beach at Sunset

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 81.7 square kilometres (31.5 sq mi). 68.3 km2 (26.4 sq mi) of it is land and 13.4 km2 (5.2 sq mi) of it (16.38%) is water.

The entire city of Huntington Beach lies in area codes 657 and 714, except for small parts of Huntington Harbour (along with Sunset Beach, the unincorporated community adjacent to Huntington Harbour), which is in the 562 Area Code.

Climate

Huntington Beach has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb). The climate is generally sunny, dry and cool, although evenings can be excessively damp. In the morning and evening, there are often strong breezes, 15 mph (24 km/h). Ocean water temperatures average 55 °F (13 °C) to 65 °F (18 °C). In the summer, temperatures rarely exceed 85 °F (29 °C). In the winter, temperatures rarely fall below 40 °F (4 °C), even on clear nights.[4] There are about 14 inches (360 mm) of rain, almost all in mid-winter. Frost occurs only rarely on the coldest winter nights. The area is annually affected by a marine layer caused by the cool air of the Pacific Ocean meeting the warm air over the land. This results in overcast and foggy conditions in May and June.

Climate data for Huntington Beach
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 87
(31)
89
(32)
91
(33)
98
(37)
90
(32)
102
(39)
106
(41)
94
(34)
107
(42)
96
(36)
94
(34)
94
(34)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 64
(17.8)
64
(17.8)
64
(17.8)
66
(18.9)
66
(18.9)
68
(20)
71
(21.7)
73
(22.8)
73
(22.8)
71
(21.7)
68
(20)
64
(17.8)
68
(20)
Average low °F (°C) 48
(8.9)
50
(10)
51
(10.6)
54
(12.2)
57
(13.9)
60
(15.6)
63
(17.2)
64
(17.8)
63
(17.2)
59
(15)
52
(11.1)
48
(8.9)
56
(13.3)
Record low °F (°C) 29
(-2)
28
(-2)
33
(1)
38
(3)
40
(4)
48
(9)
49
(9)
52
(11)
49
(9)
32
(0)
34
(1)
32
(0)
28
(-2)
Precipitation inches (mm) 2.60
(66)
2.54
(64.5)
2.25
(57.2)
.70
(17.8)
.18
(4.6)
.08
(2)
.02
(0.5)
.09
(2.3)
.30
(7.6)
.28
(7.1)
1.02
(25.9)
1.59
(40.4)
11.65
(295.9)
Source: Weather Channel [5] 2009-03-29

Natural resources

Bolsa Chica Wildlife Refuge

Construction of any kind on the beach is prohibited without a vote of the people, allowing Huntington Beach to retain its natural tie to the ocean rather than having the view obscured by residential and commercial developments.

Between Downtown Huntington Beach and Huntington Harbour lies a large marshy wetland, much of which is protected within the Bolsa Chica Ecological Reserve. A $110 million restoration of the wetlands was completed in 2006.[6] The Reserve is popular with bird watchers and photographers.

South of Downtown, the Talbert, Brookhurst and Magnolia Marshes, which lie across the street from Huntington State Beach, had restoration completed in 2010.[7]

The northern and southern beaches (Bolsa Chica State Beach and Huntington State Beach, respectively) are state parks. Only the central beach (Huntington City Beach) is maintained by the city. Camping and RVs are permitted here, and popular campsites for the Fourth of July and the Surfing Championships must be reserved many months in advance. Bolsa Chica State Beach is actually a sand bar fronting the Bolsa Bay and Bolsa Chica State Ecological Reserve.

Huntington Harbour from the air

The Orange County run Sunset Marina Park next to Huntington Harbour is part of Anaheim Bay.[8] It is suitable for light craft, and includes a marina, launching ramp, basic services, a picnic area and a few restaurants. The park is in Seal Beach, but is only reachable from Huntington Harbour. The Sunset/Huntington Harbour area is patrolled by the Orange County Sheriff's Harbor Patrol.[9]

The harbor entrance for Anaheim Bay is sometimes restricted by the United States Navy, which loads ships with munitions at the Seal Beach Naval Weapons Station to the north of the main channel.

Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1910 815
1920 1,687 107.0%
1930 3,690 118.7%
1940 3,738 1.3%
1950 5,237 40.1%
1960 11,492 119.4%
1970 115,960 909.0%
1980 170,505 47.0%
1990 181,519 6.5%
2000 189,594 4.4%
Est. 2008[2] 192,620 1.6%

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 189,594 people, 73,657 households, and 47,729 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,773.9/km² (7,183.6/mi²). There were 75,662 housing units at an average density of 1,107.0/km² (2,866.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 79.22% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.65% Native American, 9.34% Asian, 0.24% Pacific Islander, 5.81% from other races, and 3.94% from two or more races. 14.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 73,657 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.7% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.2% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.08.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.2% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 34.9% from 25 to 44, 24.0% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.6 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $81,112, and the median income for a family was $101,023.[11] Adult males had a median income of $52,018 versus $38,046 for adult females. The per capita income for the city was $36,964. About 4.3% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.2% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

The 2009 population estimated by the California Department of Finance was 202,480.[12]

The unemployment rate in Huntington Beach is one of the lowest among large (over 100,000) cities in the United States at 1.9%.[13]

Economy

According to Huntington Beach's 2008 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[14] the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Boeing 4,352
2 Quiksilver 1,337
3 Cambro Manufacturing 909
4 Verizon 723
5 Hyatt Regency Huntington Beach 670
6 C & D Aerospace 600
7 Huntington Beach Hospital 503
8 Fisher & Paykel 441
9 Rainbow Disposal 408
10 Home Depot (including Expo) 386

Huntington Beach sits above a large natural fault structure containing oil. Although the oil is mostly depleted, extraction continues at a slow rate, and still provides significant local income. There are only two off-shore extraction facilities left, however, and the day is not far off when oil production in the city will cease and tourism will replace it as the primary revenue source for resident industry.

The city is discussing closing off Main Street to cars from PCH through the retail shopping and restaurant areas, making it a pedestrian zone only. Other shopping centers include Bella Terra, built on the former Huntington Center site, and Old World Village, a German-themed center.[15]

Huntington Beach has an off-shore oil terminus for the tankers that support the Alaska Pipeline. The terminus pipes run inland to a refinery in Santa Fe Springs. Huntington Beach also has the Gothard-Talbert terminus for the Orange County portion of the pipeline running from the Chevron El Segundo refinery.

Several hotels have been constructed on the inland side of Pacific Coast Highway (State Route 1) within view of the beach, just southeast of the pier.

Huntington Beach contains a major installation of Boeing, formerly McDonnell-Douglas. A number of installations on the Boeing campus were originally constructed to service the Apollo Program, most notably the production of the S-IVB upper stage for the Saturn IB and Saturn V rockets, and some nearby telephone poles are still marked "Apollo Dedicated Mission Control Line."

Huntington Beach contains the administrative headquarters of Sea Launch, a commercial space vehicle launch enterprise whose largest stockholder is Boeing.

Huntington Beach contains a small industrial district in its northwest corner, near the borders with Westminster and Seal Beach.

Surf City USA trademarks

While Huntington Beach retains its 15-year trademark of Surf City Huntington Beach, the Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau filed four applications to register the "Surf City USA" trademark in November 2004. The idea was to market the city by creating an authentic brand based on Southern California's beach culture and active outdoor lifestyle while at the same time creating a family of product licensees who operate like a franchise family producing a revenue stream that could also be dedicated to promoting the brand and city. A ruling by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office released on May 12, 2006 awarded three trademark registrations to the Bureau; nine additional trademark registrations have been granted since this time and ten other Surf City USA trademarks are now under consideration.[16] One of the first products the Bureau developed to promote its brand was the Surf City USA Beach Cruiser by Felt Bicycles in 2006. The product has sold out every year in markets worldwide and created demand for a second rental bicycle model that will be marketed to resort locations across the globe starting in 2009.[17] The Bureau now has dozens of other licensed products on the market from Surf City USA soft drinks to clothing to glassware. As of April 2008, the Bureau had more than 20 licensing partners with over 50 different products being prepared to enter the market over the next 18 months.[18] Four of the Bureau's registrations of the trademark are now on the principal register and the remaining ten trademark applications are expected to follow. The Bureau is actively considering registration of the Surf City USA trademark in several different countries and anticipates a growing market for its branded products overseas in coming years.

An ongoing dispute between Huntington Beach and Santa Cruz, California over the trademark garnered positive national publicity in 2007 when a law firm representing Huntington Beach sent a cease-and-desist letter to a Santa Cruz t-shirt vendor.[19] A settlement was reached in January, 2008, which allows the Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau to retain the trademark.[20]

Tourism

Huntington Beach CA USA.jpg

The downtown district includes an active art center, a colorful shopping district, and the International Surfing Museum. This district was also once the home of the famous restaurant and music club "The Golden Bear." In the late 1960s and 1970s it hosted many famous bands and acts. The Huntington Beach Pier stretches from Main Street into the Pacific Ocean. At the end of the pier is a Ruby's Diner. The Surf Theatre, which was located one block north of the pier, gained fame in the 1960s and 1970s for showing independent surf films such as The Endless Summer and Five Summer Stories. The Surf Theatre was owned and operated by Hugh Larry Thomas from 1961 until it was demolished in 1989. A newer version of The Surf Theatre is now closed, but the International Surf Museum has preserved its memory with a permanent exhibit featuring vintage seats and screening of surfing movies once shown at a Huntington Beach theater.

Arts and culture

Special events

Many of the events at Huntington Beach are focused around the beach during the summer. The U.S. Open of Surfing and Beach Games are featured on the south side of the pier. Huntington Beach is a stop on the AVP beach volleyball tour. A biathlon (swim/run) hosted by the Bolsa Chica & Huntington State Beach Lifeguards takes place in July, early at dawn. The race begins at the Santa Ana River Jetties and ends at Warner Avenue, Bolsa Chica State Beach. Huntington Beach Junior Lifeguard day camps are held which teaches preadolescents and adolescents ocean swimming, running, and first-aid medical knowledge.

In addition to the beach-focused events, the Fourth of July parade has been held since 1904. The SoCal Independent Film Festival takes place every September.

During the winter the annual Cruise of Lights Boat Tour is held in the Huntington Harbour neighborhood. This is a parade of colorful lighted boats as well as boat tours to view the decorated homes. The annual Kite Festival is held just north of the pier in late February.

Huntington Beach hosts car shows such as the Beachcruiser Meet and a Concours d'Elegance. The Beachcruiser Meet is held in March, attracting over 250 classic cars displayed along Main Street and the Pier parking lot.[21] A Concours d'Elegance is held at Central Park in June and benefits the public library.

Surf City Nights is held during the entire year. The community-spirited event features a farmer's market, unique entertainment, food, kiddie rides and a carnival atmosphere, each Tuesday evening. Surf City Nights is presented by the Huntington Beach Downtown Business Improvement District (HBDBID) and the City of Huntington Beach. The event takes place in the first three blocks of Main Street from Pacific Coast Highway to Orange Avenue.

Sports

Surfers abound near Huntington City Pier
Huntington Beach during the day.
Bolsa Chica Surf

Huntington Beach is the site of the world surfing championships, held in the summer every year. The city is often referred to as "Surf City" because of this high profile event, its history and culture of surfing. It is often called the "Surfing Capital of the World", not for the height of the waves, but rather for the consistent quality of surf. Gordon Duane established the city's first surf shop, Gordie's Surfboards, in 1955.

Surf and beaches

Apart from sponsored surf events, Huntington Beach has some of the best surf breaks in the State of California and that of the United States. Huntington Beach has four different facing beaches: Northwest, West, Southwest, and South. Northwest consists of Bolsa Chica State Beach with a length of 3.3 miles (5.3 km), the West consist of "The Cliffs" or "Dog Beach", Southwest is considered everything north of the pier which is operated by the City of Huntington Beach. South consists in everything south of the pier which primarily focuses on Huntington State Beach (2.2 Miles), which almost faces true South.

Bolsa Chica State Beach is operated by the State of California, Dept. Parks & Recreation, and the Bolsa Chica State Beach Lifeguards. The beach is very narrow and the sand is very coarse. Bolsa Chica tends to have better surf with NW/W swells during the winter season. During the summer months the beach picks up south/southwest swells at a very steep angle. Due to the bottom of the beach, surf at Bolsa Chica tends to be slowed down and refined to soft shoulders. Longboards are the best option for surfing in the Bolsa Chica area.

"The Cliffs" or "Dog Beach" is also another popular surf spot. This segment of Huntington Beach obtains these names because dogs are allowed around the cliff area. Beach is very restricted and often is submerged with high tides. Surf at this location tends to be even bigger than Bolsa Chica during the winter and often better. During the summer most of the South/Southwest swells slide right by and often break poorly. The best option is to take out a longboard, but shortboards will do at times. Dolphins have also been sighted in this area.[22]

Just north and south of the Huntington Beach Pier are some well defined sandbars that shift throughout the year with the different swells. Southside of the Pier is often a popular destination during the summer for good surf, but the Northside can be just as well during the winter. Around the Pier it all depends on the swell and the sandbars. Shortboard is your best option for surfing around the Pier.

South Huntington Beach, also known as Huntington State Beach, is where all the south swells impact the coastline. Huntington State Beach is operated by the State of California, Department of Parks & Recreation, and Huntington State Beach Lifeguards.[23] This beach is very wide with plenty of sand. Sandbars dramatically shift during the spring, summer and fall seasons, thus creating excellent surf conditions with a combination South/West/Northwest swell. Due to the Santa Ana River jetties located at the southern most end of the beach, large sandbars extend across and upcoast, forcing swells to break extremely fast and hollow. Best seasons for surfing at this beach is the summer and fall. The best option for surfing in this area is a shortboard.

Huntington Beach is also a popular destination for kite surfing, and this sport can be viewed on the beach northwest of the pier.

Huntington Beach is the host city of the National Professional Paintball League Super 7 Paintball Championships. The NPPL holds its first event of the year traditionally between the dates of March 23 through March 26.

Huntington Beach also hosts the annual Surf City USA Marathon and Half-Marathon, which is usually held on the first Sunday of February.

Parks and recreation

Huntington Beach has a very large Central Park, located between Gothard and Edwards Streets to the east and west, and Slater and Ellis Avenues to the north and south. The park is vegetated with xeric (low water use) plants, and inhabited by native wildlife. Thick forests encircling the park are supplemented with Australian trees, particularly eucalyptus, a high water use plant.

Huntington Central Park

The Huntington Beach Public Library is located in Central Park in a notable building designed by Richard Neutra and Dion Neutra. It houses almost a half-million volumes, as well as a theater, gift shop and fountains. The library was founded as a Carnegie library in 1914, and has been continuously supported by the city and local activists, with new buildings and active branches at Banning, Oak View, Main Street, and Graham. The library has significant local historical materials and has a special genealogical reference collection. It is independent of the state and county library systems.

The park is also home of Huntington Central Park Equestrian Center, a top class boarding facility that also offers horse rentals to the public, with guided trail rides through the park. There is also a "mud park" available for kids. The world's second oldest disc golf course is available in the park, as are two small dining areas, a sports complex for adult use, and the Shipley Nature Center.

The Bolsa Chica Wetlands, which are diminishing rapidly due to development, contains numerous trails and scenic routes. The wetlands themselves have recently been connected with the ocean again, in effort to maintain its previous, unaltered conditions.

Government

Local Government

According to the city’s most recent Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city’s various funds had $295.6 million in Revenues, $287.7 million in expenditures, $1,046.6 million in total assets, $202.8 million in total liabilities, and $87.1 million in cash and investments.[24]

The structure of the management and coordination of city services is:[24]

City Department Director
City Manager Fred Wilson
Deputy City Administrator Paul Emery
Deputy City Administrator Robert Hall
Community Relations Officer Laurie E. Payne
Director of Library Services Stephanie Beverage
Director of Human Resources Michele Carr
Director of Building and Safety Ross D. Cranmer
Director of Community Services Jim B. Engle
Director of Planning Scott Hess
Director of Public Works Travis Hopkins
Director of Information Services Jack Marshall
Fire Chief Duane S. Olson
Police Chief Kenneth W. Small
Director of Economic Development Stanley Smalewitz
Director of Finance Dan T. Vilella

Politics

In the state legislature Huntington Beach is located in the 35th Senate District, represented by Republican Tom Harman, and in the 67th Assembly District, represented by Republican Jim Silva. Federally, Huntington Beach is located in California's 46th congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +6[25] and is represented by Republican Dana Rohrabacher.

Education

Huntington Beach is the home of Golden West College, which offers two-year associates of arts degrees and transfer programs to four year universities.

Huntington Beach is in the Huntington Beach Union High School District, which includes Edison High School, Huntington Beach High School, Marina High School, and Ocean View High School in the city of Huntington Beach, Fountain Valley High School in the city of Fountain Valley, and Westminster High School in the city of Westminster.

The district also has an alternative school, Valley Vista High School, and an independent study school, Coast High School.

Huntington Beach High School, which is the district's flagship school, celebrated its 100 year anniversary in 2006.

The city has two elementary school districts: Huntington Beach City with 9 schools and Ocean View with 15. A small part of the city is served by the Fountain Valley School District.

Media

Huntington Beach was selected for the 24th season of MTV's The Real World series.

The city was featured in the TruTV series Ocean Force: Huntington Beach. Also, the city is mentioned in the Beach Boys song Surfin' Safari and in Surfer Joe by The Surfaris.

A live camera is set up at the Huntington Beach Pier and shown on screens at the California-themed Hollister apparel stores.

The public television station KOCE-TV operates from the Golden West College campus, in conjunction with the Golden West College Media Arts program.

Two weekly newspapers cover Huntington Beach: The Huntington Beach Independent and The Wave Section of The Orange County Register.[26]

Ashlee Simpson's music video for La La was filmed in Huntington Beach. [1]

Notable natives and residents

Musicians

Athletes

Actors

Safety

Huntington Beach Police Department MD520N helicopter

Fire protection in Huntington Beach is provided by the Huntington Beach Fire Department. Law enforcement is provided by the Huntington Beach Police Department. Huntington Beach Marine Safety Officers and its seasonal lifeguards are recognized as some of the best in the world with a top notch safety record. It has an active Community Emergency Response Team training program, that trains citizens as Disaster Service Workers certified by Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) as a part of a free program run by the fire department's Office of Emergency Services.

Emergency services are also provided at State Beach locations. Peace Officers and lifeguards can be found at Bolsa Chica and Huntington State Beach. Such services consist of: aquatic rescues, boat rescues, first aid and law enforcement. All services are provided by the State of California, Dept. Parks & Recreation.

In 1926, the Santa Ana River dam failed, and flash-flooded its entire delta. The southern oceanic terminus of this delta is now a settled area of Huntington Beach. The distant dam is still functional, but silting up, which is expected to reduce its storage volume, and therefore its effectiveness at flood-prevention. The flood and dam-endangered areas are protected by a levee, but lenders require expensive flood insurance in the delta. There have been serious discussions to eliminate the need for flood insurance and this requirement has already been waived in some areas and may one day no longer be considered a credible threat.

Since it is a seaside city, Huntington Beach has had tsunami warnings, storm surge (its pier has been rebuilt three times), sewage spills, tornadoes and waterspouts. The cold offshore current prevents hurricanes. The Pier that was rebuilt in the 1990s was engineered to withstand severe storms or earthquakes.

Large fractions of the settled delta are in earthquake liquefaction zones above known active faults. Most of the local faults are named after city streets.

Many residents (and even city hall) live within sight and sound of active oil extraction and drilling operations. These occasionally spew oil, causing expensive clean-ups. Large parts of the developed land have been contaminated by heavy metals from the water separated from oil.

The local oil has such extreme mercury contamination that metallic mercury is regularly drained from oil pipelines and equipment. Oil operations increase when the price of oil rises. Some oil fields have been approved for development. The worst-polluted areas have been reclaimed as parks. At least one Superfund site, too contaminated to be a park, is at the junction of Magnolia and Hamilton streets, near Edison High School.[58]

Sister cities

Huntington Beach has the following sister city relationships, according to the Huntington Beach Sister City Association:[59]

Huntington Beach also has youth exchange programs with both cities, sending four teenagers on an exchange student basis for two weeks in order to gather different cultural experiences.

References

  1. ^ California League of Cities, Elected City Treasurers. Retrieved 2008-12-19.
  2. ^ a b c Huntington Beach, California (City-Data.com)
  3. ^ Fletcher, Jaimee Lynn (March 12, 2009). "Don't judge an 'encyclopedia lot' by its cover". The Orange County Register. http://www.ocregister.com/articles/lots-land-city-2332246-years-owners. Retrieved March 12, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Monthly Averages for Huntington Beach". www.weather.com. http://www.weather.com/weather/wxclimatology/monthly/graph/USCA0500?from=month_bottomnav_undeclared. Retrieved 2008-03-13. 
  5. ^ Average weather for Huntington Beach Weather Channel'.' Retrieved 2008-03-29.
  6. ^ "The official web page of the Bolsa Chica Lowlands Restoration Project". U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. http://www.fws.gov//bolsachica/. 
  7. ^ Brennan, Pat (February 27, 2010). "Wetlands, ocean unite". The Orange County Register: p. Local 1. 
  8. ^ "Sunset-Huntington Harbor History". OCParks.com. http://www.ocparks.com/Sunsetharbor/default.asp?Show=History. Retrieved 2008-03-10. []
  9. ^ "Orange County Sheriff's Harbor Patrol". Orange County Sheriff's Department web site. http://www.ocsd.org/Operations/Harbor.asp. Retrieved 2008-03-11. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ "2007 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimate". U.S. Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/STTable?_bm=y&-context=st&-qr_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_S1901&-ds_name=ACS_2007_1YR_G00_&-CONTEXT=st&-tree_id=307&-redoLog=false&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=16000US0636000&-format=&-_lang=en. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  12. ^ "County population estimates with annual percent change, January 1, 2009 data". http://www.dof.ca.gov/research/demographic/reports/estimates/e-1/2008-09/documents/E-1%202009%20Internet%20Version.xls. 
  13. ^ "Cities with 100,000 or More Population in 2000 Ranked by Unemployment Rate, 2000 in Rank Order". U.S. Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/statab/ccdb/cit4140r.txt. 
  14. ^ City of Huntington Beach CAFR, Page 146. Retrieved 2009-08-12
  15. ^ Burris, Annie (March 18, 2008). "What's to become of Huntington's Old World Village?". Orange County Register. http://www.ocregister.com/articles/village-old-world-2001446-owners-say. Retrieved 2008-03-20. 
  16. ^ "Huntington Beach Officially Registers Surf City USA Trademark". Huntington Beach Conference and Visitors Bureau press release. May 12, 2006. http://www.primezone.com/newsroom/news.html?d=99014. Retrieved 2008-03-14. 
  17. ^ "Felt Bicycles and Huntington Beach Join to Create Official Surf City USA Beach Cruiser". Felt Bicycles. November 5, 2005. http://www.feltracing.com/06/06_cruiser/surf_city.html. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  18. ^ Muir, Jennifer (August 4, 2006). "Surf City musical wants to merge art and commerce". Orange County Register. http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/homepage/abox/article_1234091.php. Retrieved 2008-03-15. 
  19. ^ Allen Pierloni (May 14, 2007). "The question remains: Which city is Surf City?". Sacramento Bee. http://www.sacbee.com/468/story/176686.html. Retrieved 2008-07-22. 
  20. ^ Cindy Carcamo (January 22, 2008). "Huntington Beach settles Surf City USA lawsuit". Orange County Register. http://www.ocregister.com/news/city-surf-bureau-1964274-beach-huntington. Retrieved 2008-09-28. 
  21. ^ Degen, Matt (March 22, 2009). "Classic cars cruise into Huntington all weekend". Orange County Register: p. Local 3. 
  22. ^ Lyons, Matt (July 27, 2008). "Dolphins descend on Huntington". The Orange County Register. http://www.ocregister.com/articles/dolphins-descend-on-2106116-huntington. Retrieved 2008-07-29. 
  23. ^ Huntington State Beach Lifeguard Association, HSBLA. "Huntington State Beach Lifeguard Association". Hsbla.com. http://www.hsbla.com. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  24. ^ a b City of Huntington Beach CAFR Retrieved 2009-08-12
  25. ^ "Will Gerrymandered Districts Stem the Wave of Voter Unrest?". Campaign Legal Center Blog. http://www.clcblog.org/blog_item-85.html. Retrieved 2008-02-10. 
  26. ^ http://www.ocregister.com/ocregister/sections/news/local/huntingtonbeach/
  27. ^ Disorderly Conduct: Avenged Sevenfold : Rolling Stone
  28. ^ The-Offspring
  29. ^ "Where's the real Surf City, USA?". Christian Science Monitor. http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0720/p01s02-ussc.html. Retrieved 2005-07-20. 
  30. ^ Larsen, Peter (August 19, 2007). "Monsters of kids' rock". Orange County Register. http://www.ocregister.com/entertainment/yo-gabba-gabba-1813203-nickelodeon-aquabats. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  31. ^ Atizado, Roy. "Interview with Matt Costa". NowOnTour.com. http://www.nowontour.com/news/interviews/67-matt-costa. Retrieved 2008-03-25. 
  32. ^ Carraway, Kate (May 15, 2008). "Huntington Beach Punk Heroes the Vandals Rock Iraq, Afghanistan, Anaheim". Orange County Weekly. http://www.ocweekly.com/music/music/huntington-beach-punk-heroes-the-vandals-rock-iraq-afghanistan-anaheim/28809/. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  33. ^ Mudnal, Purnima (August 2, 2006). "Steak? The 'ayes' have it". Huntington Beach Independent. http://www.hbindependent.com/articles/2006/05/11/business/hbi-silvera11.txt. Retrieved 2008-06-08. 
  34. ^ Weiner, Jonah (August 2, 2007). "Scott Weiland". www.blender.com. http://www.blender.com/guide/68802/scott-weiland.html. Retrieved May 15, 2009. 
  35. ^ "Geoff Rowley". Volcom web site. http://www.volcom.com/team/team_rider_detail.asp?TeamID=2&riderID=12&SectionId=1. Retrieved 2008-04-16. 
  36. ^ Arto Saari, EXPN web site
  37. ^ The Skateboard Industry
  38. ^ Globe Team web site
  39. ^ ‡ Brian Sumner ‡
  40. ^ "GREG LUTZKA". EXPN Web Site. http://expn.go.com/expn/athletes/bio?id=24948. Retrieved 2008-06-23. 
  41. ^ THE YEAR IN REVIEW - 1993; The Year's Champions - New York Times
  42. ^ "NHL Player Search: John Blue". www.legendsofhockey.net. Hockey Hall of Fame. http://www.legendsofhockey.net:8080/LegendsOfHockey/jsp/SearchPlayer.jsp?player=18221. Retrieved 2008-06-04. 
  43. ^ UFC : Ultimate Fighting Championship
  44. ^ MMA Madness - Fighter Profile - David Abbott
  45. ^ http://arizona.diamondbacks.mlb.com/team/player.jsp?player_id=453178
  46. ^ Players Born in California - Baseball-Reference.com
  47. ^ Thomas, Jr., Robert (1997-05-18). "Joanie Weston, 62, a Big Star In the World of Roller Derbies". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9D0CE4D91038F93BA25756C0A961958260&scp=1&sq=weston%20%22huntington%20beach%22&st=cse. Retrieved 2008-07-13. 
  48. ^ "TONY GONZALEZ #88". Kansas City Chiefs web site. http://www.kcchiefs.com/player/tony_gonzalez/. Retrieved 2008-06-25. 
  49. ^ "Jeff Kent: Biography". Jockbio.com. http://www.jockbio.com/Bios/Kent/Kent_bio.html. Retrieved 2008-04-17. 
  50. ^ Jessie's bio, CBS.com. Retrieved 2008-07-08.
  51. ^ Baseball Resource
  52. ^ "Collin Balester". The Baseball Cube. 1986-06-06. http://www.thebaseballcube.com/players/B/collin-balester.shtml. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  53. ^ "Life's a beach at German fanfest". sfgate. 2006-06-15. http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi%3Ff=/c/a/2006/06/15/SPG3PJEHSJ1.DTL. Retrieved 2009-05-23. 
  54. ^ "Excerpt: ‘Grace Is Enough’". msnbc.com web site. January 16, 2008. http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/22672365/. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  55. ^ "About the Actors, Amy Grabow". www.soapcentral.com. http://www.soapcentral.com/gh/theactors/grabow.php. Retrieved 2008-03-06. 
  56. ^ "Jason Lee: Biography". tvguide.com. http://www.tvguide.com/celebrities/jason-lee/bio/155987. Retrieved 2008-03-27. 
  57. ^ http://huntingtonhomes.freedomblogging.com/2009/11/24/curious-about-porn-stars-decor-just-peek/71763/
  58. ^ Ascon Superfund Site
  59. ^ Huntington Beach Sister City Association

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Huntington Beach article)

From Wikitravel

Huntington Beach [1] is in Orange County in Southern California. Once known as Pacific City, it started as the southern terminus of the Golden West railroad line.

Understand

Huntington Beach is world-famous as "Surf City", from the 1960s Jan and Dean surf rock song of the same name, and much of surfing culture started and continues to evolve there, from surfing styles to surfing apparel companies that started there. Huntington Beach is also mentioned by name in the Beach Boys song "Surfin' Safari", where "at Huntington and Malibu they're shooting the pier".

The year-round temperature averages 67 degrees F, and good weather can be every month. However, the months of January to March can be rainy.

Get in

By air

As with most of Orange County, Huntington Beach is serviced by John Wayne Airport (IATA: SNA) [2] in Santa Ana. SNA is served by many major commercial and commuter air carriers. Beginning on April 30, 2009, Virgin America will begin service to John Wayne with five (5) daily nonstops from San Francisco, CA (IATA: SFO).

Long Beach Airport (IATA: LGB) [3] is also within close distance but is dominated by a single airline: JetBlue Airways [4], which serves 14 destinations from Long Beach: Oakland, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, Las Vegas, Chicago (O'Hare), Boston, New York (JFK), Washington (Dulles), Fort Lauderdale, Austin, Portland, San Francisco, San Jose and Seattle.

Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAX) [5] is the largest airport in the area.

By car

Huntington Beach is located at the intersection of Beach Boulevard and the Pacific Coast Highway, just under 14 miles directly south of Knott's Berry Farm in Buena Park. Interstate 405, which links John Wayne, Long Beach, and Los Angeles International Airports, intersects Beach Boulevard about 6 miles north of Huntington Beach.

Parking: The best place to park is the city parking located right at the beach. The entrance is just north of Highway 1 (the PCH) and the main street. You will conveniently be able to unload watercoolers, surf boards and the kids all safely without having to cross streets. It saves on lifting and lugging as well. You can wash off and change clothes right next to the parking at the water showers and washrooms. Washrooms are adequate but small. They also get wet and sandy during the day.

By train

Amtrak's [6] Pacific Surfliner and Metrolink's [7] Orange County Line serve Santa Ana, Tustin, Buena Park, and Irvine.

Get around

OCTA Route 1* North and South runs along the Pacific Coast Highway, servicing all of Orange County's beaches. Routes 33 and 35 South directly run into Huntington State Beach. Routes 21** South, 70* West and 72 West end at Sunset Beach. Routes 25 South, 29 South, 172 West and 173** South all serve Huntington's downtown and its beach.

  • *For route 1 North make sure that the banner reads Cal State Long Beach and not Newport Transportation Center. For route 70 make sure it reads Sunset Beach and not Goldenwest Transportation Center.
  • **No service on weekends.

See

Huntington Beach boasts the largest unspoiled coastal wetlands in California, Bolsa Chica Wetlands, where many migratory birds stop and nest.

The Huntington Beach Pier [8] is the second most popular sight here, after the beach itself.

Main Street is a shopping and gathering place for residents and tourists alike, with sidewalk cafes, surf shops and live music all vying for attention.

Do

Huntington Beach has some of the largest stretches of open-sand beaches in all of California, as well the Huntington Beach Pier (one of the longest concrete piers in the world), site of world-class surfing and volleyball events yearly.

Running/Walking/biking/rollerblading: There is a wide boardwalk right by the pier. It is part of the Huntington Beach Bike Path. The Bike Path runs for about eight miles along the beach. Heading south along the boardwalk is likely your best scenic scenario. Walking, riding a bike, running are all very safe. Many very good runners first thing in the morning - often as soon as the sun comes up.

Surfing: You can try your hand at surfing. There is a surf rental shop right at the boardwalk. Start with a boogie board for the day circa $15 US. There are many good surfers so they may get annoyed if you stand in the waves too long. Keep moving; this is your best bet. If you get tired get out (of their way) by heading to the hot sandy beach to rest up for more.

Relaxing: Take a walk up the Main street. There are a number of restaurants and a Starbucks.

Partying: There are so many bars on Main St. that you can meet with friends at any of them and have a great time drinking, dining, or dancing. During the winter, you can organize a "pub crawl" and have your group stop for a drink at every bar.

Peak season is from late May to early September. The beaches on any given summer day may have as many as 500,000 visitors when it is particularly hot inland.

  • Bella Terra [9]
  • Huntington Surf and Sport [10] 300 Pacific Coast Highway (Located off of Pacific Coast Highway and Main St). Surf accessories and apparel.
  • Fred's Mexican Cafe, 300 Pacific Coast Hwy., Ph (714)374-TACO. Great Mexican food & the best Margaritas north of Tijuana. There is no better view of the Huntington Beach pier than Fred's patio. Good prices and a favorite of the locals!
  • Chronic Tacos, 328 11th Street, Ph: (714) 960-0339, Fax: (714) 960-0094. Located a few blocks from downtown, this place offers a full menu of extremely tasty tacos, burritos, and other Mexican cuisine served from behind a counter. Prices for a giant burrito are around $5.50 (includes guacamole, cheese, meat, and a choice of other fillings). Two pool tables are also available for $0.75 per game.
  • Islands, 7861 Edinger Ave, Ph: (714) 897-4619. A Californian chain, this is a great place for family, serving hamburgers, salads, and hotdogs.
  • Red Pearl Kitchen, 412 Walnut Ave., Ph: (714) 969-0224. This downtown restaurant is centered around Asian cuisine; Thai, Japanese and Chinese.
  • Ruby's, Huntington Beach Pier, Ph: (714) 969-7829. A great place for family with 50s diner feeling and great hamburgers, hotdogs and milkshakes. It's located at the end of the pier, so it offers lovely views of the Pacific, the Huntington Beach coastline, and (on less smoggy days) Catalina Island.
  • Sugar Shack Cafe, 213 1/2 Main St., Ph: (714) 536-0355. A favorite cafe for locals, famous in Huntington Beach for great breakfasts and amazingly low prices.
  • Aloha Grill, 221 Main St # F, Ph: (714) 374-4427. This upstairs bar and grill has a luau vibe and friendly staff. This may be the only place you can go where you would be gay not to ask for a rainbow (Rainbow is the name of their world-famous tropical drink). [11]
  • Longboard Restaurant & Pub, 217 Main St, Ph:(714) 960-1896. Good, cold beer and a delicious menu. Their appetizers are tough to beat.
  • Hurricanes Bar & Grill, 200 Main St # 201, Ph: (714) 374-0500. Delicious drink options include blended drinks such as their Rum Runners, and the food menu has caribbean cuisine. It's a cool place to be with great "scenery" for the guys, but the service isn't always nice to people in large groups so be aware. [12]
  • Killarney's Irish Pub, 209 Main St, Ph: (714) 536-7887. Whether you want a Guinness on tap or delicious Irish cuisine, Killarney's is well-suited to fit your needs.
  • Jan's Health Bar, 501 Main Street (714) 536 4856. Fresh and healthy soups, sandwiches, salads, smoothies and fruit drinks.
  • Huntington Beach Brewing Company, 201 Main Street Ste E, Ph: (714) 960-5343 Great Micro Brews, Food and Girls.

Sleep

There are accommodations from beach campgrounds to five-star resorts along the Pacific. The beach campgrounds are open year round and usually full.

  • Best Western Huntington Beach Inn, 800 Pacific Coast Highway, +1 714 536-7500, Fax: +1 714 536-6846, [13].
  • Best Western Regency Inn, 19360 Beach Boulevard, +1 714 962-4244, Fax: +1 714 963-4724, [14].
  • Hyatt Regency Huntington Beach Resort and Spa, 21500 Pacific Coast Highway, [15]. A luxurious Spanish-inspired hotel with views of the Pacific. Includes a heated pool, direct access to the beach, surf pros, tennis, biking and Camp Hyatt.   edit
  • Courtyard Fountain Valley, 9950 Slater Road, 7149680112, [16]. Great beaches - Huntington Beach, Seal Beach, and Newport Beach - are located just south, while top OC attractions, Disneyland and Knotts Berry Farm, are straight north. $129-$159.  edit
  • Comfort Suites Hungtington Beach, 16301 Beach Blvd. Huntington Beach, CA.92647, 1-714-841-1812, [17]. checkin: 11am; checkout: 3pm. Great Hotel Suites for Economical Prices and breakfast in the morning!! $89.99-129..99.  edit

Stay safe

Crime is very low for such a large city, and violent crime is very rare. If you are drinking, you should be far more concerned with local police than civilians. Huntington Beach police have a vigilant reputation regarding DUI enforcement, so call a cab.

Routes through Huntington Beach
Santa MonicaLong Beach  N noframe S  Newport BeachDana Point
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