Huron, California: Wikis

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Coordinates: 36°12′10″N 120°06′11″W / 36.20278°N 120.10306°W / 36.20278; -120.10306

City of Huron
—  City  —
Location in Fresno County and the state of California
Coordinates: 36°12′10″N 120°06′11″W / 36.20278°N 120.10306°W / 36.20278; -120.10306
Country United States
State California
County Fresno
Government
 - Mayor Ramon Dominguez
 - Senate Dean Florez (D)
 - Assembly Nicole Parra (D)
 - U. S. Congress Jim Costa (D)
Area
 - Total 1.3 sq mi (3.5 km2)
 - Land 1.3 sq mi (3.5 km2)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 374 ft (114 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 6,306
 - Density 4,850.8/sq mi (1,801.7/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 93234
Area code(s) 559
FIPS code 06-36084
GNIS feature ID 1652725

Huron is a small city in Fresno County, California, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the city population was 6,306. During the harvest season, the population swells to over 15,000 people due to the influx of migrant farm workers. Huron is located 15 miles (24 km) east-northeast of Coalinga,[1] at an elevation of 374 feet (114 m).[2]

Contents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.3 square miles (3.5 km²), all of it land.

History

The community of Huron was founded in 1888 as a water stop along the Union Pacific Railroad’s western route, approximately 15 miles northeast of Coalinga. One of the first structures in the community was the Huron Post Office which operated from 1877 to 1883 and then from 1886 to the present. Huron became a boomtown in the early 1900’s and has grown steadily ever since.

Historical Significance

Huron Central Hotel in 1898.
Huron Central Hotel in 2001.

Joseph Mouren and his family were largely responsible for the expansion of the community of Huron in the late 1800s and fueled the city's growth into the 20th century by investment. Mouren Drive was named after Joseph Mouren, who is considered by many to be one of the city's founding fathers. In the early 1900s, Huron became one of the largest producers of wool in the nation.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 7,836 people, 1,378 households, and 1,208 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,704.4 people per square mile (1,817.0/km²). There were 1,414 housing units at an average density of 1,054.9/sq mi (407.4/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 20.36% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.98% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.13% Pacific Islander, 74.77% from other races, and 3.04% from two or more races. 98.6% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The greatest percentage of farmland surrounding Huron is devoted to the production of lettuce, onions and tomatoes. During the harvest season, it is not uncommon for the population of the city to swell to over 15,000 people.

There were 1,378 households out of which 64.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 18.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.3% were non-families. 7.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 4.45 and the average family size was 4.44.

In the city the population was spread out with 39.1% under the age of 18, 13.8% from 18 to 24, 30.2% from 25 to 44, 12.7% from 45 to 64, and 4.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 125.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 131.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $24,609, and the median income for a family was $23,939. Males had a median income of $21,656 versus $16,442 for females. The per capita income for the city was $9,425. About 38.3% of families and 39.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.4% of those under age 18 and 10.7% of those age 65 or over.

Schools

Huron Middle School, shown circa 2007.

The city of Huron is within the Coalinga-Huron Unified School District. The schools in Huron are: - Huron Elementry School(Grades K-5) - Huron Middle School(Grades 6-8) - Chestnut High Continuation School - Fresno County EOC Headstart Program - Fresno-Madera Migrant Headstart Program

Huron Police Department

The City of Huron currently funds its own police department.

Huron Police Department, shown circa 2008

References

  1. ^ Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 1049. ISBN 9781884995149.  
  2. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographical Names Information System: Huron, California
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
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