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City of Huron, South Dakota
—  City  —
Motto: It's A Brand New Day
Location in Beadle County and the state of South Dakota
Coordinates: 44°21′33″N 98°13′5″W / 44.35917°N 98.21806°W / 44.35917; -98.21806Coordinates: 44°21′33″N 98°13′5″W / 44.35917°N 98.21806°W / 44.35917; -98.21806
Country United States
State South Dakota
County Beadle
Incorporated 1883[1]
Government
 - Type Commissioner Form
 - Mayor David McGirr (R)
Area
 - Total 8.3 sq mi (21.6 km2)
 - Land 8.2 sq mi (21.3 km2)
 - Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 1,280 ft (390 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 11,893
 - Density 1,448.5/sq mi (559.3/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 57350 and 57399
Area code(s) 605
FIPS code 46-31060[2]
GNIS feature ID 1255722[3]
Website www.huronsd.com

Huron is a city in Beadle County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 11,893 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Beadle County[4]. Huron was the home of now-defunct Huron University since 1897. Huron is also the home of the South Dakota State Fair. The Huron Plainsman, also referred to as the Plainsman, is the newspaper. The city was named after the Huron Indians.[1]

Contents

Geography and Climate

Downtown Huron, SD

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.3 square miles (21.6 km²), of which, 8.2 square miles (21.3 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (1.56%) is water.

Huron has been assigned the ZIP codes 57350 and 57399 and the FIPS place code 31060.

Huron is home to the South Dakota State Fair, which is held 5 days before Labor Day

Huron is home to a statue known as "The World's Largest Ringnecked Pheasant."[5]

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 63 71 89 97 99 109 112 110 106 102 86 66
Norm High °F 24.8 31.3 43 58.3 70.5 80.3 86.1 84.4 74.7 60.9 41.4 28.8
Norm Low °F 3.5 10.8 22.3 33.9 45.8 55.4 60.7 58.6 47.3 34.9 21.1 8.4
Rec Low °F -37 -41 -24 -2 17 32 37 36 19 8 -21 -30
Precip (in) 0.49 0.57 1.67 2.29 3 3.28 2.86 2.07 1.8 1.59 0.89 0.39
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 11,893 people, 5,263 households, and 3,047 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,448.5 people per square mile (559.3/km²). There were 5,872 housing units at an average density of 715.2/sq mi (276.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.92% White, 0.96% African American, 1.29% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.03% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.20% of the population.

There were 5,263 households out of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.6% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.1% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 22.0% from 45 to 64, and 21.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,097, and the median income for a family was $40,234. Males had a median income of $27,027 versus $19,921 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,275. About 8.1% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.4% of those under age 18 and 13.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government

The City of Huron's type of government is Commissioner Form. Under the Commissioner Form of government the board of commissioners consists of a mayor and four commissioners, who are all elected at large for a three-year term. The commission has control over all departments of the city and can make and enforce rules and regulations which it may see fit for the organization, management, and operation of the departments of the city. Responsibilities are divided into the following areas: Public Safety Commissioner, Public Works Commissioner, Utilities Commissioner, and Finance Commissioner with each commissioner having oversight in each respective area.

History

Huron, located in east central South Dakota, is a result of railroad and land booms in the 1880’s. The early history of the town is closely linked with the Chicago and Northwestern Railway. At the direction of Marvin Hughitt, General Manager of the Railroad, the west bank of the James River was selected as the division headquarters of the railroad. The company gained title to 880 acres of land at that location. Huron was named for the Huron Indians. Exactly who gave it the name was never established, apparently either Marvin Hughitt or someone in the Chicago office of the C&NW railroad company.

The original plat covered 11 blocks from 1st Street to 3rd Street and from Iowa Avenue SE to Ohio Avenue SW. Huron’s first settler was John Cain, a practical printer from Troy, New York. He learned in Chicago, from the railroad people, that they would have their chief town and operating headquarters at their James River crossing.

From 1880 until the capital was permanently located at Pierre in 1904, Huron was in the thick of the fight for the honor of being the capital city. Campbell and Winter Parks are the only remaining properties that were once designated capital grounds. Located between the two parks, Victorian houses originally built around 1906 occupy the city block on the land originally slated for the capitol building.

The site of the South Dakota State Fair is in Huron. Huron is the home to a handful of celebrities. Cheryl Ladd is one of the original "Charlie's Angels". Gladys Pyle was the first female member of the House of Representatives and the first Republican woman in the US Senate. Hubert H. Humphrey was the Democratic nominee for President in 1968 and served as Vice President under Lyndon B. Johnson.

  • Chronology:
    • 1879 - The town site was located.
    • 1880 - Town site surveyed and platted.
    • 1881 - First town government formed - a board of four trustees, a town clerk, a justice of the peace,one marshall and a surveyor.
    • 1882 - Alderman system of government adopted.
    • 1883 - Incorporated as the City of Huron. The city still operates under the original charter and seal.
    • 1910 - Changed from Alderman to City Commission form of government.
    • 1935 - City Manager form of government adopted.
    • 1940 - Returned to Commission form of government.

Notable residents

Education

The Huron School District has 3 elementary schools a middle school and a high school.

It was the home of Si Tanka University from 1883-2005

Huron is also home a Catholic elementary school called Holy Trinity School.

And has a Private Christian school on the North side of town called James Valley Christian School.

Entertainment

After the closer of Si Tanka University The bought the Fine Arts Center and operates as a theater of the community.

Every year right before Labor day huron is home to The South Dakota State Fair.

Like most town this size it has every thing from Strip malls to a Cinema

In 2005, The Huron Event Center was opened connecting the Arena and a Local Hotel, the event Center is owned by the city.

Bibliography

  • J.L. Carr (1957) The Old Timers. A social history of the way of life of the home-steading pioneers in the Prairie States during the first few years of settlement, as shown by a typical community, the 'old-timers' of Beadle County in South Dakota. Huron, South Dakota: privately printed.

References

  1. ^ a b "History". City of Huron. http://www.huronsd.com/history.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-14.  
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Template.cfm?Section=Find_a_County&Template=/cffiles/counties/usamap.cfm. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  5. ^ Brown, Greg; Jocelyn Sloan, Uther Draken (2005-07-24). "Huron, South Dakota - World's Largest Pheasant". RoadsideAmerica.com. http://www.roadsideamerica.com/tips/getAttraction.php3?tip_AttractionNo==1186. Retrieved 2007-10-19.  

External links

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