The Full Wiki

Hurricane Katrina: Wikis

  
  
  
  

Did you know ...


More interesting facts on Hurricane Katrina

Include this on your site/blog:

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Hurricane Katrina
Category 5 hurricane (SSHS)

Hurricane Katrina near peak strength on August 28, 2005
Formed August 23, 2005
Dissipated August 30, 2005
Highest
winds
175 mph (280 km/h) (1-minute sustained)
Lowest pressure 902 mbar (hPa; 26.64 inHg)
Fatalities 1,836 confirmed, 705 missing[1][2]
Damage $81.2 billion (2005 USD)
$88.5 billion (2010 USD)
(Costliest tropical cyclone in history)
Areas
affected
Bahamas, South Florida, Cuba, Louisiana (especially Greater New Orleans), Mississippi, Alabama, Florida Panhandle, most of eastern North America
Part of the
2005 Atlantic hurricane season
Hurricane Katrina
Katrina-noaaGOES12.jpg
General
Impact
Relief
Analysis
Other wikis
.Hurricane Katrina of the 2005 Atlantic hurricane season was the costliest hurricane,[3][4] as well as one of the five deadliest, in the history of the United States.^ Katrina was also the deadliest United States hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane .
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina .
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This made Katrina the deadliest United States hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane .
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5] .Among recorded Atlantic hurricanes, it was the sixth strongest overall.^ Because of this pressure measurement, Katrina was officially the fourth strongest Atlantic hurricane on record at the time, only for hurricanes Rita and Wilma to surpass it later in the season.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, Katrina was the sixth strongest storm ever recorded in the Atlantic basin, as well as the third strongest hurricane that made landfall in the United States.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hurricane Katrina is one of the most powerful and destructive storms on record for the Atlantic Basin.
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Hurricane Katrina formed over the Bahamas on August 23, 2005 and crossed southern Florida as a moderate Category 1 hurricane, causing some deaths and flooding there before strengthening rapidly in the Gulf of Mexico.^ Since leaving Florida, Hurricane Katrina has been left alone in the open Gulf of Mexico.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Katrina formed in the Bahamas on August 23, and headed west, striking southern Florida as a Category 1 hurricane.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hurricane Katrina hits Category 5 .
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.The storm weakened before making its second landfall as a Category 3 storm on the morning of Monday, August 29 in southeast Louisiana.^ On Monday morning when the eyewall made landfall over the United States, it was again a Category 4 storm.
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Katrina making landfall in Louisiana.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Monday, August 29 .
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Think Progress » KATRINA TIMELINE 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

.It caused severe destruction along the Gulf coast from central Florida to Texas, much of it due to the storm surge.^ Americans not living along the Gulf Coast, .
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans and elsewhere along the Gulf Coast, they were fatally slow to realize they had not mustered enough resources to deal with the unprecedented disaster.
  • George W. Bush: Hurricane Katrina - SourceWatch 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.sourcewatch.org [Source type: News]

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

.The most severe loss of life occurred in New Orleans, Louisiana, which flooded as the levee system catastrophically failed, in many cases hours after the storm had moved inland.^ New Orleans and the wetlands of Southern Louisiana.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ We all failed New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina | NewsBusters.org 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: News]

^ They did not fail in New Orleans.

[6] .Eventually 80% of the city and large tracts of neighboring parishes became flooded, and the floodwaters lingered for weeks.^ Approximately 80 percent of the city was flooded.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ In the two and a half weeks that had passed since Hurricane Katrina flooded the city, pumps had been working nonstop to return the water to Lake Pontchartrain.
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Most of the city of New Orleans was flooded (approximately 80% of the city was underwater after the hurricane), as the breached drainage and nagivation canals allowed water to flow from the lake into low areas of the city, as well as Saint Bernard Parish.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[6] .However, the worst property damage occurred in coastal areas, such as all Mississippi beachfront towns, which were flooded over 90% in hours, as boats and casino barges rammed buildings, pushing cars and houses inland, with waters reaching 6-12 miles (10-19 km) from the beach.^ Major damage to lower floors of all structures located less than 15 ft above sea level and within 500 yards of the shoreline occurs and massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within 5-10 miles (8-16 km) of the shoreline may be required.
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In a matter of hours, Hurricane Katrina caused billions of dollars in property damage.
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ The terrible destruction of the storm surge produced by Hurricane Katrina is evident throughout Mississippi, from Pascagoula to Waveland, taking its toll in loss of life and property damage.
  • Hurricane Katrina - washingtonpost.com 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.washingtonpost.com [Source type: News]

.At least 1,836 people lost their lives in the actual hurricane and in the subsequent floods, making it the deadliest U.S. hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee hurricane.^ Katrina was also the deadliest United States hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane .
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hurricane San Felipe and the Okeechobee Flood (1928) .

^ This made Katrina the deadliest United States hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane .
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Economist and crisis consultant Randall Bell wrote: "Hurricane Katrina in 2005 was the largest natural disaster in the history of the United States.^ Hurricane Katrina is the most costly natural catastrophe in U.S. history.
  • Louisiana Law Blog: Hurricane Katrina : Kean Miller : Louisiana Lawyers, Attorneys & Law Firm 16 September 2009 23:25 UTC www.louisianalawblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A look at fundamentalism and natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina.

^ Hurricane Katrina: DOD disaster response .
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

Preliminary damage estimates were well in excess of $100 billion, eclipsing many times the damage wrought by Hurricane Andrew in 1992."[7]
.The levee failures prompted investigations of their design and construction which belongs to the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) as mandated in the Flood Control Act of 1965 and into their maintenance by the local Levee Boards.^ Army Corps' failure to maintain the levee system protecting the city.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ After 2003 the Army Corps of Engineers sharply slowed its flood-control work, including work on sinking levees.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ US Army Corp of Engineers, 11/8/2004, pp.

.There was also an investigation of the responses from federal, state and local governments, resulting in the resignation of Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) director Michael D. Brown, and of New Orleans Police Department (NOPD) Superintendent Eddie Compass.^ The city of New Orleans is in a state of devastation.

^ FEMA DIRECTOR RESIGNS: FEMA head Michael Brown resigns.
  • Think Progress » KATRINA TIMELINE 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Hurricane Katrina made landfall, FEMA director Michael Brown resigns.

.Conversely, the United States Coast Guard (USCG), National Hurricane Center (NHC) and National Weather Service (NWS) were widely commended for their actions, accurate forecasts and abundant lead time.^ Katrina's path from the National Hurricane Center .
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Throughout 2004–2007 a housing boom along with a series of hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico combined to create a shortage of drywall in the United States.
  • Louisiana Law Blog: Hurricane Katrina : Kean Miller : Louisiana Lawyers, Attorneys & Law Firm 16 September 2009 23:25 UTC www.louisianalawblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The National Hurricane Center (part of the NOAA National Weather Service) accurately predicted and tracked the size, scale, and path of Hurricane Katrina.

[8]
.Four years later, thousands of displaced residents in Mississippi and Louisiana were still living in trailers.^ The fact that, four years on, countless thousands of residents are still displaced is a manmade disaster.
  • Hurricane Katrina | Unitarian Universalist Service Committee 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.uusc.org [Source type: General]

^ And then there were the thousands of displaced residents, many still trapped in their houses, shelters, the overwhelming sense of lawlessness, rising anger and desperation.

^ As the human residents continue to rebuild after last years Hurricane Rita, feathered visitors to southwest Louisiana will find a bounty of food resources this winter....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

.Reconstruction of each section of the southern portion of Louisiana has been addressed in the Army Corps LACPR Final Technical Report which identifies areas not to be rebuilt and areas and buildings that need to be elevated.^ American Red Cross - Louisiana Capital Area Chapter: http://www.batonrouge.redcross.org/ " The Red Cross need for more volunteers is enormous.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina in the Gulf Coast: Mitigation assessment team report, building rerformance observations, recommendations, and technical guidance .
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The Institute of Southern Studies' Gulf Coast Reconstruction Watch released a one-year anniversary report.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

[9]

Contents

Meteorological history

Storm path
.Hurricane Katrina formed as Tropical Depression Twelve over the southeastern Bahamas on August 23, 2005 as the result of an interaction of a tropical wave and the remains of Tropical Depression Ten.^ Hurricane Katrina: August 23-31, 2005 .
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Katrina formed in the Bahamas on August 23, and headed west, striking southern Florida as a Category 1 hurricane.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ September 15, 2005 at 02:23 PM in Hurricane Katrina .

.The system was upgraded to tropical storm status on the morning of August 24 and at this point, the storm was given the name Katrina. The tropical storm continued to move towards Florida, and became a hurricane only two hours before it made landfall between Hallandale Beach and Aventura, Florida on the morning of August 25. The storm weakened over land, but it regained hurricane status about one hour after entering the Gulf of Mexico.^ I want to be wrong about Hurricane Katrina."
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina made landfall along the Mississippi Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005.
  • Hurricane Katrina 4th Anniversary: Loads of Hope - Velveteen Mind 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.velveteenmind.com [Source type: General]
  • Velveteen Mind: Hurricane Katrina Series 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.velveteenmind.com [Source type: General]

^ Since leaving Florida, Hurricane Katrina has been left alone in the open Gulf of Mexico.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

[5]
.The storm rapidly intensified after entering the Gulf, growing from a Category 3 hurricane to a Category 5 hurricane in just nine hours.^ The storm strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane just before it made landfall along the Miami-Dade and Broward county line between Hallandale Beach and North Miami Beach.

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Gas prices fell for the first time in nine days after two powerful hurricanes entered the Gulf of Mexico and smashed through the heart of the nation's oil infrastructure, but questions lingered about when production would be restored.
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.This rapid growth was due to the storm's movement over the "unusually warm" waters of the Loop Current, which increased wind speeds.^ Fed by unusually warm waters in the central gulf, Katrina easily pumped itself up to a Category 5 monster, with top winds approaching 175 mph .

^ The storm, which is in the process of strengthening as it passes over the warm waters of the Gulf Stream, is forecast to become a Category 1 hurricane by the time it makes landfall.
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instead, the scatterometer provides a nice picture of the relative wind speeds within the storm and shows wind direction.
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • NASA - Hurricane Season 2005: Katrina 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.nasa.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[10] .On Saturday, August 27, the storm reached Category 3 intensity on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale, becoming the third major hurricane of the season.^ The outlook also calls for a seasonal total of 18-21 tropical storms, with 9-11 becoming hurricanes, and 5-7 of these becoming major hurricanes [categories 3-4-5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale].
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Permalink Hurricane Katrina has grown to 160 mph or Category 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Katrina is a Category 3 storm, predicted to become Category 4.
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

An eyewall replacement cycle disrupted the intensification, but caused the storm to nearly double in size. .Katrina again rapidly intensified, attaining Category 5 status on the morning of August 28 and reached its peak strength at 1:00 p.m.^ Morning August 28, 2005: FEMA’s National Situation Update Focuses on Preparations for Hurricane Katrina .

^ In Issues and Politics on August 28, 2007 at 2:55 pm Hurricane Katrina hit two years ago tomorrow.

^ McCain was on Face the Nation on August 28, 2005, as Katrina gathered in the Gulf Coast.
  • John McCain's Miserable Record on Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.CDT that day, with maximum sustained winds of 175 mph (280 km/h) and a minimum central pressure of 902 mbar.^ Maximum sustained winds are around 145 mph.

^ Hurricane Katrina churned through Florida's densely populated southeastern coast Thursday with sustained winds of 80 mph and lashing rain.

^ Fed by unusually warm waters in the central gulf, Katrina easily pumped itself up to a Category 5 monster, with top winds approaching 175 mph .

.The pressure measurement made Katrina the fourth most intense Atlantic hurricane on record at the time, only to be surpassed by Hurricanes Rita and Wilma later in the season; it was also the strongest hurricane ever recorded in the Gulf of Mexico at the time (a record also later broken by Rita).^ Hurricane Katrina Pictures- 1 year later .

^ Now Katrina is in the Gulf of Mexico and intensifying.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Mental health and recovery in the Gulf Coast after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

[5]
.Katrina made its second landfall at 6:10 a.m.^ Katrina had made landfall shortly after 6 a.m.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information - Resources for Postal Workers 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.postalreporter.com [Source type: News]

^ Katrina made landfall Aug.
  • Hurricane Katrina - The New Editor 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.theneweditor.com [Source type: News]

^ The next 25 summaries are related to Hurricane Katrina which made landfall near New Orleans, LA on August 29, 2005 .
  •   Hurricane Katrina � 2005 GOM 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mms.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.CDT[5] on Monday, August 29 as a Category 3 hurricane with sustained winds of 125 mph (205 km/h) near Buras-Triumph, Louisiana.^ After making landfall in Louisiana, Katrina made landfall in Mississippi near the stateline as a 120 mph Category 3 hurricane on August 29.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Louisiana, Katrina made landfall on August 29 near Buras, Louisiana, as a Category 3 hurricane with 125 mph winds.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Katrina crashed into southern Louisiana as a Category 4 storm Monday morning with maximum sustained winds near 140 mph.

.At landfall, hurricane-force winds extended outward 120 miles (190 km) from the center and the storm's central pressure was 920 mbar.^ Hurricane force winds could be felt 105 miles out from the center.

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ While Hurricane Katrinas fury sidestepped Louisianas crawfish acreage, centered in the southwest section of the state, the storms aftermath is likely to severely disrupt the industrys economy....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

.After moving over southeastern Louisiana and Breton Sound, it made its third landfall near the Louisiana/Mississippi border with 120 mph (195 km/h) sustained winds, still at Category 3 intensity.^ After landfall in Louisiana, Katrina made its third and final landfall near the Louisiana/Mississippi border as a Category 3 hurricane with 120 mph winds.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After making landfall in Louisiana, Katrina made landfall in Mississippi near the stateline as a 120 mph Category 3 hurricane on August 29.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In Louisiana, Katrina made landfall on August 29 near Buras, Louisiana, as a Category 3 hurricane with 125 mph winds.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[5]
.Katrina maintained strength well into Mississippi, finally losing hurricane strength more than 150 miles (240 km) inland near Meridian, Mississippi.^ Well, we are a lot more than all that.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]
  • Kathryn Cramer: Hurricane Katrina 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.kathryncramer.com [Source type: General]

^ After its final landfall, Katrina maintained hurricane intensity well inland in Mississippi, finally losing hurricane strength 150 miles inland near Meridian, Mississippi.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Read more from this blogger: Hurricane Katrina .

.It was downgraded to a tropical depression near Clarksville, Tennessee, but its remnants were last distinguishable in the eastern Great Lakes region on August 31, when it was absorbed by a frontal boundary.^ When Katrina was near Clarksville, Tennessee, it was downgraded to a tropical depression.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Great Lakes region a day later.

^ Katrina was downgraded to a tropical depression Tuesday.

.The resulting extratropical storm moved rapidly to the northeast and affected eastern Canada.^ Katrina then became extratropical , and moved rapidly to the northeast, affecting Ontario and Quebec as an extratropical system.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Weather Wiki 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC weather.wikia.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After striking the Gulf Coast as a Category 4 hurricane, Katrina was later downgraded to a tropical storm as it passed through eastern Mississippi, moving north at 21 mph.

[5]

Preparations

Federal government

Flanked by Michael Chertoff, Secretary of Homeland Security, left, and Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, President George W. Bush meets with members of the White House Task Force on Hurricane Katrina Recovery on August 31, 2005, in the Cabinet Room of the White House.
.On the morning of Friday, August 26, at 10 a.m.^ Friday, August 26, 2005 .
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Friday, August 26 .
  • Think Progress » KATRINA TIMELINE 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ Well, on Friday evening, August 26, 2005, two-and-a-half days before the storm’s landfall, my Katrina coverage was Instalanched .
  • The Irish Trojan’s Blog » Hurricane Katrina 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.brendanloy.com [Source type: General]

.CDT (1500 UTC), Katrina had strengthened to a Category 3 storm in the Gulf of Mexico.^ Now Katrina is in the Gulf of Mexico and intensifying.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Katrina is a Category 3 storm, predicted to become Category 4.
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

.Later that afternoon, the NHC realized that Katrina had yet to make the turn toward the Florida Panhandle and ended up revising the predicted track of the storm from the panhandle to the Mississippi coast.^ It headed toward the Mississippi coast.

^ As was the case with Katrina, this storm has formed over the Bahamas and is moving toward Florida.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ The coasts of Alabama and Mississippi really took the brunt of Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

[11][12] .The NHC issued a hurricane watch for southeastern Louisiana, including the New Orleans area at 10 a.m.^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans and the wetlands of Southern Louisiana.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ William, Louisiana to New Orleans to all surrounding areas.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.CDT Saturday, August 27. That afternoon the NHC extended the watch to cover the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines as well as the Louisiana coast to Intracoastal City.^ In Louisiana, in Mississippi and in Alabama, the damage is immense.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Saturday, August 27 .
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Think Progress » KATRINA TIMELINE 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ The hurricane struck the Gulf Coast on August 29, with catastrophic effects in parts of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.
  • Effects of Hurricane Katrina on BLS Employment and Unemployment Data Collection and Estimation 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The United States Coast Guard began prepositioning resources beyond the expected impact zone starting on August 26, and activated more than 400 reservists.^ That was more than expected.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ By and large, more than any major city in the United States, New Orleans is unprepared for a disaster from a hurricane.

^ Yet, when we stumble and fall, he sometimes becomes more discouraged than expected.
  • Velveteen Mind: Hurricane Katrina Series 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.velveteenmind.com [Source type: General]

[13] .Aircrews from the Aviation Training Center, in Mobile, staged rescue aircraft from Texas to Florida.^ At least seven bodies were scattered outside the convention center, a staging area for those rescued from rooftops, attics and highways.

^ The Expo Center is the staging area for all Louisiana animals rescued from Hurricane Katrina.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

[14] .All aircraft were returning back towards the Gulf of Mexico by the afternoon of August 29. Air crews, many of whom lost their homes during the hurricane, began a round-the-clock rescue effort in New Orleans, and along the Mississippi and Alabama coastlines.^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ The hurricane struck the Gulf Coast on August 29, with catastrophic effects in parts of Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama.
  • Effects of Hurricane Katrina on BLS Employment and Unemployment Data Collection and Estimation 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hurricane Katrina made landfall along the Mississippi Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005.
  • Hurricane Katrina 4th Anniversary: Loads of Hope - Velveteen Mind 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.velveteenmind.com [Source type: General]
  • Velveteen Mind: Hurricane Katrina Series 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.velveteenmind.com [Source type: General]

[15]
.President of the United States George W. Bush declared a state of emergency in selected regions of Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi on Saturday, the 27th, two days before the hurricane made landfall.^ And forecasters said for days before Katrina made landfall that it could be a Category 4 hurricane.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Alabama Gov. Bob Riley declares a state of emergency.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ In Louisiana, in Mississippi and in Alabama, the damage is immense.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[16] .That same evening, the NHC upgraded the storm alert status from hurricane watch to hurricane warning over the stretch of coastline between Morgan City, Louisiana to the Alabama-Florida border, 12 hours after the watch alert had been issued, and also issued a tropical storm warning for the westernmost Florida Panhandle.^ In 1999, the Senate of the State of Louisiana issued a resolution “to authorize and to urge the governor of … Louisiana to support the development of the ‘Comprehensive Hurricane Protection Plan for Coastal Louisiana’ by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to provide continuous hurricane protection from Morgan City to the Mississippi border.”  Senate of the State of Louisiana, House Concurrent Resolution No.

^ The hurricane center warned of destructive winds along the Gulf Coast from the Florida-Alabama border, through Mississippi and west into Louisiana, and said Katrina could bring up to 15 inches of rain.

^ "We are monitoring Tropical Storm Ophelia's approach and are in close contact with the National Hurricane Center and the states that could be impacted."
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[5]
.During video conferences involving the president on August 28 and 29, the director of the National Hurricane Center, Max Mayfield, expressed concern that Katrina might push its storm surge over the city's levees and flood walls.^ Max Mayfield, director of the U.S. National Hurricane Center, described Katrina as a "perfect" hurricane.

^ State/For_forecasting_chief.shtml National Hurricane Center Director Max Mayfield briefs President Bush] during a video conference call .
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Hurricane Katrina continues to be my concern.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

.In one conference, he stated, "I do not think anyone can tell you with confidence right now whether the levees will be topped or not, but that's obviously a very, very great concern."^ I am in Gulfport right now and I can tell you that it is bad.
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ They are very, very sober right now.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You can't just drop this on a state now."
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

[17]
.On Sunday, August 28, as the sheer size of Katrina became clear, the NHC extended the tropical storm warning zone to cover most of the Louisiana coastline and a larger portion of the Florida Panhandle.^ Sunday, August 28 .
  • Think Progress » KATRINA TIMELINE 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ First, Katrina was larger than most.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

.The National Weather Service's New Orleans/Baton Rouge office issued a vividly worded bulletin predicting that the area would be "uninhabitable for weeks" after "devastating damage" caused by Katrina, which at that time rivaled the intensity of Hurricane Camille.^ The city of New Orleans is in a state of devastation.

^ The Baton Rouge Office of Emergency Preparation has this list available in the Baton Rouge area."
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ So if you fly them in to Baton Rouge, say - you have to have transport to get them to New Orleans.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

[18] ."On Sunday, August 28, President Bush spoke with Governor Blanco to encourage her to order a mandatory evacuation of New Orleans."^ Bush has arrived in New Orleans.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ A mandatory evacuation is ordered for Hancock County.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Louisiana governor calls for evacuation of New Orleans .

(Per page 235 of Special Report of the Committee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs)[19]
.Voluntary and mandatory evacuations were issued for large areas of southeast Louisiana as well as coastal Mississippi and Alabama.^ In Louisiana, in Mississippi and in Alabama, the damage is immense.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Evacuations were also ordered in Alabama and Mississippi.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ The storm's daylong rampage claims lives and ravages property in Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama, where coastal areas remained under several feet of water.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

.About 1.2 million residents of the Gulf Coast were covered under a voluntary or mandatory evacuation order.^ A mandatory evacuation is ordered for Hancock County.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ A majority of its half a million residents have been evacuated.

^ A mandatory evacuation was ordered while governments drained the city, repaired levees, and restored critical infrastructure.
  • URPL 969 - Applied GIS Workshop: Rethinking New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC coastal.lic.wisc.edu [Source type: News]

[5]

Investigation of State of Emergency declaration

.In a September 26, 2005 hearing, former FEMA chief Michael Brown testified before a U.S. House subcommittee about FEMA's response.^ Posted on September 26, 2005 .

^ FEMA director Michael Brown .
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ September 26, 2005 - 08:51 .
  • Hurricane Katrina | NewsBusters.org 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

.During that hearing, Representative Stephen Buyer (R-IN) inquired as to why President Bush's declaration of state of emergency of August 27 had not included the coastal parishes of Orleans, Jefferson, and Plaquemines.^ The same day Blanco asked Bush to declare an emergency he did (August 27).
  • John McCain's Miserable Record on Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ President Bush declares a state of emergency for Louisiana and Mississippi.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ The Army Corps of Engineers, rushing to meet President Bush's promise to protect New Orleans by the start of the 2006 hurricane season...

[20] .(In fact, the declaration did not include any of Louisiana's coastal parishes, whereas the coastal counties were included in the declarations for Mississippi[21] and Alabama.^ In Louisiana, in Mississippi and in Alabama, the damage is immense.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This includes portions of several Louisiana parishes in and around the city of New Orleans, and portions of several Mississippi counties in and around the cities of Gulfport and Biloxi.
  • Effects of Hurricane Katrina on BLS Employment and Unemployment Data Collection and Estimation 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Attempts to contact respondents—by both telephone and personal visits—were made in all other areas, including the remaining parishes in Louisiana and the Gulf Coast areas of Alabama and Mississippi.
  • Effects of Hurricane Katrina on BLS Employment and Unemployment Data Collection and Estimation 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[22]) Brown testified that this was because Louisiana Governor Blanco had not included those parishes in her initial request for aid, a decision that he found "shocking." After the hearing, Blanco released a copy of her letter, which showed she had requested assistance for "all the southeastern parishes [but not by name] including the New Orleans Metropolitan area and the mid state Interstate I-49 corridor and northern parishes along the I-20 corridor that are accepting [evacuated citizens]."[23]

Gulf Coast

Radar image of Hurricane Katrina making landfall in Louisiana
.On August 26, the state of Mississippi activated its National Guard in preparation for the storm's landfall.^ The National Guard had been activated to help with storm preparations, he said.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ "We are monitoring Tropical Storm Ophelia's approach and are in close contact with the National Hurricane Center and the states that could be impacted."
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Andrew and Katrina both overwhelmed State and local responders, but the Federal response to Katrina was greatly improved due to better preparations prior to landfall.

.Additionally, the state government activated its Emergency Operations Center the next day, and local governments began issuing evacuation orders.^ Operating emergency shelter for evacuated animals.

^ The State of Emergency allows state resources to be deployed to assist local governments.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ The following is copied verbatim from their plan, page 5: "The initial actions of prevention, mitigation, preparedness, and response and recovery operations are conducted by the local government.
  • John McCain's Miserable Record on Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

By 7:00 p.m. .EDT on August 28, 11 counties and eleven cities issued evacuation orders, a number which increased to 41 counties and 61 cities by the following morning.^ A mandatory evacuation is ordered for Hancock County.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ A mandatory evacuation was ordered while governments drained the city, repaired levees, and restored critical infrastructure.
  • URPL 969 - Applied GIS Workshop: Rethinking New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC coastal.lic.wisc.edu [Source type: News]

^ August 28, 2005 - SCHOOL CLOSINGS ANNOUNCED Jackson – The following school districts will be closed Monday and possibly Tuesday: Forrest County: Forrest County, Hattiesburg & Petal school districts.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

.Moreover, 57 emergency shelters were established on coastal communities, with 31 additional shelters available to open if needed.^ There are 42 shelters open and an additional 39 shelters are on standby if needed.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ Additional shelters statewide are still on standby if needed.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ The Commission acted quickly to facilitate the resumption of communications services in the affected areas and to authorize the use of temporary communications services for use by emergency personnel and evacuees in shelters.

[8] .Louisiana's hurricane evacuation plan calls for local governments in areas along and near the coast to evacuate in three phases, starting with the immediate coast 50 hours before the start of tropical storm force winds.^ "Northcom started planning before the storm even hit.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Evacuation planning and engineering for Hurricane Katrina.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ After flames swept through the area on winds of up to 50 miles per hour, residents say they expected their insurance companies to live up to coverage promises and pay the full cost to rebuild.
  • Bloomberg.com: Bloomberg Markets Magazine 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.bloomberg.com [Source type: News]

.Persons in areas designated Phase II begin evacuating 40 hours before the onset of tropical storm winds and those in Phase III areas (including New Orleans) evacuate 30 hours before the start of such winds.^ New Orleans-area schools start assessing structural damage .
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ New Orleans evacuations under way .
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Pumps begin to drain New Orleans .
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[24]
.Many private caregiving facilities that relied on bus companies and ambulance services for evacuation were unable to evacuate their charges because they waited too long.^ People who had evacuated to the homes of relatives or hotels are moving in because they're out of money or want to be closer to what is left of their homes.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Because the court may be unable to verify electronic service of pleadings filed with the court for several days, they are advising all counsel of record to serve opposing counsel via U.S. Mail.
  • Louisiana Law Blog: Hurricane Katrina : Kean Miller : Louisiana Lawyers, Attorneys & Law Firm 16 September 2009 23:25 UTC www.louisianalawblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Not because we're being stiffed - but because, in the end, they will end up with the long term bills, and because they are going to get hit with the costs of maintaining any long-term facilities that get established for the true hard-luck cases.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

.Rental cars were in short supply and many forms of public transportation had been shut down well before the storm arrived.^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ As soon as the storm went through, and the refineries and supply lines went down, the story changed to Katrina and the rising gas prices, and the devastating economic impact.
  • Hurricane Katrina | NewsBusters.org 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC newsbusters.org [Source type: General]

^ Tourists on the Gulf Coast scrambled to join the mass exodus but many were left trapped as rental cars were snapped up quickly.

[25] .Some estimates claimed that 80% of the 1.3 million residents of the greater New Orleans metropolitan area evacuated, leaving behind substantially fewer people than remained in the city during the Hurricane Ivan evacuation.^ The National Hurricane Center warns that "some levees in the greater New Orleans area could be overtopped."
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

^ What do New Orleans residents want in their neighborhoods?
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ He was not from New Orleans and decided not to leave during the storm.

[26]
.By Sunday, August 28, most infrastructure along the Gulf Coast had been shut down, including all Canadian National Railway and Amtrak rail traffic into the evacuation areas as well as the Waterford Nuclear Generating Station.^ Sunday, August 28 .
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Think Progress » KATRINA TIMELINE 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC thinkprogress.org [Source type: News]

^ We have reporters up and down the Gulf Coast.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rebuilding electrical infrastructure along the Gulf Coast: A case study.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

[27] .The NHC maintained the coastal warnings until late on August 29, by which time Hurricane Katrina was over central Mississippi.^ Mississippi damaged by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ MISSISSIPPI STATE, Miss., Mississippi producers suffering losses from Hurricane Katrina can apply for a portion of the $170 million in disaster assistance made available by the U.S. Department of Agriculture....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Katrina kills 50 in one Mississippi county,” CNN.com , August 30, 2005, http://www.cnn.com/2005/WEATHER/08/29/hurricane.katrina .  See also U.S. Department of Homeland Security, “Hurricane Katrina DHS SITREP #8,” August 30, 2005, 3 (“Widespread flooding has also been reported across coastal Mississippi and Alabama”).

[5]

City of New Orleans

.
Vertical cross-section of New Orleans, showing maximum levee height of 23 feet (7 m).
^ Infuriatingly, money that was to be used to fortify the levees near New Orleans was also diverted to pay for the Iraq misadventure.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ The National Hurricane Center warns that "some levees in the greater New Orleans area could be overtopped."
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

^ The National Weather Service New Orleans office issues a flash flood warning stating there had been a breach in the Industrial Canal levee with 3 to 8 feet of water expected in the 9th Ward and Arabi.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

Vertical scale exaggerated.
By August 26, the possibility of unprecedented cataclysm was already being considered. .Many of the computer models had shifted the potential path of Katrina 150 miles (240 km) westward from the Florida Panhandle, putting the city of New Orleans directly in the center of their track probabilities; the chances of a direct hit were forecast at 17%, with strike probability rising to 29% by August 28.[28] This scenario was considered a potential catastrophe because some parts of New Orleans and the metro area are below sea level.^ An earlier projected path had Katrina directly striking New Orleans, some of which lies 20 feet below sea level.

^ Now…Katrina hit miles and miles from here.

^ Katrina turned New Orleans .
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.Since the storm surge produced by the hurricane's right-front quadrant (containing the strongest winds) was forecast to be 28 feet (8.5 m), emergency management officials in New Orleans feared that the storm surge could go over the tops of levees protecting the city, causing major flooding.^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Organizing for the right of return to New Orleans .
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources -- National Housing Institute 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ In fact, local, state, and federal officials had predicted for years that a Category 4 hurricane could breach the levees and flood New Orleans.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[29]
At a news conference at 10 a.m. on August 28, shortly after Katrina was upgraded to a Category 5 storm, New Orleans mayor Ray Nagin ordered the first-ever mandatory evacuation of the city, calling Katrina "a storm that most of us have long feared."[30] The city government also established several "refuges of last resort" for citizens who could not leave the city, including the massive Louisiana Superdome, which sheltered approximately 26,000 people and provided them with food and water for several days as the storm came ashore.[31]

Florida

.Many people living in the South Florida area were unaware when Katrina strengthened from a tropical storm to a hurricane in one day and struck southern Florida near the Miami-Dade – Broward county line.^ It will happen to Miami one of these days too.
  • Occam's Razor: Hurricane Katrina Tag Archive 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

^ "How many people have to lose their lives?"
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ When Katrina hit South Florida people wrote it off as a minimal hurricane.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

.The hurricane struck between the cities of Aventura, in Miami-Dade County, and Hallandale, in Broward County, on Thursday, August 25, 2005. However, National Hurricane Center (NHC) forecasts had correctly predicted that Katrina would intensify to hurricane strength before landfall, and hurricane watches and warnings were issued 31.5 hours and 19.5 hours before landfall, respectively — only slightly less than the target thresholds of 36 and 24 hours.^ Hurricane Katrina: August 23-31, 2005 .
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Hurricane Katrina as a predictable surprise.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The storm strengthened into a Category 1 hurricane just before it made landfall along the Miami-Dade and Broward county line between Hallandale Beach and North Miami Beach.

[5]
.Florida Governor Jeb Bush declared a state of emergency on August 24 in advance of Hurricane Katrina's landfall in Florida.^ Governor Haley Barbour declared a State of Emergency for Mississippi due to Hurricane Katrina.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ CNN reports: Katrina—state of emergency .
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ But as Hurricane Katrina lashed the states coast and moved inland, producers took shelter and hoped for the best.
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

.Shelters were opened and schools closed in several counties in the southern part of the state.^ August 28, 2005 - SCHOOL CLOSINGS ANNOUNCED Jackson – The following school districts will be closed Monday and possibly Tuesday: Forrest County: Forrest County, Hattiesburg & Petal school districts.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ Hancock County schools will be closed Monday and Tuesday.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ The city also evacuated 400 special needs residents to the state shelter and then opened the Superdome at 8 a.m.

.A number of evacuation orders were also issued, mostly voluntary, although a mandatory evacuation was ordered for vulnerable housing in Martin County.^ A mandatory evacuation was ordered while governments drained the city, repaired levees, and restored critical infrastructure.
  • URPL 969 - Applied GIS Workshop: Rethinking New Orleans After Hurricane Katrina 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC coastal.lic.wisc.edu [Source type: News]

^ For more information on Hurricane Katrina and school district closings, listen to your local Mississippi Public Radio station Augusst 28, 2005 - MISSISSIPPIANS URGED TO TAKE PRECAUTIONS FOR HURRICANE KATRINA Jackson, MS – Six Mississippi counties issued either mandatory or voluntary evacuation orders Saturday or today.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ The Census Bureau attempted to contact sample households in the storm-affected states except for households in areas under mandatory evacuation orders.
  • Effects of Hurricane Katrina on BLS Employment and Unemployment Data Collection and Estimation 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.bls.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[32]

Impact

Hurricane Katrina (short film by NASA).ogv
In Katrina's Wake - short film by NASA
Deaths by state
Alabama 2
Florida 14
Georgia 2
Kentucky 1
Louisiana 1,577*
Mississippi 238
Ohio 2
Total 1,836
Missing 705
*Includes out-of-state evacuees
counted by Louisiana
.On August 29, Katrina's storm surge caused 53 different levee breaches in greater New Orleans submerging eighty percent of the city.^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans tries to plug breaches .
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Katrina turned New Orleans .
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.A June 2007 report by the American Society of Civil Engineers indicated that two-thirds of the flooding were caused by the multiple failures of the city's floodwalls.^ Officials and area residents -- millions of whom fled for higher ground -- had been concerned the storm would cause flooding that would overwhelm the city's system of levees and pumps.

^ The NSF report says "these three levee failures were likely caused by failures in the foundation soils underlying the levees."
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

^ On Wednesday June 20, 2007, the Army Corps of Engineers released its long anticipated 100 year flood maps for various parts of the New Orleans metro area.
  • Louisiana Law Blog: Hurricane Katrina : Kean Miller : Louisiana Lawyers, Attorneys & Law Firm 16 September 2009 23:25 UTC www.louisianalawblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[33] Not mentioned were the flood gates that were not closed. .The storm surge also devastated the coasts of Mississippi and Alabama, making Katrina the most destructive and costliest natural disaster in the history of the United States, and the deadliest hurricane since the 1928 Okeechobee Hurricane.^ Unified command and the state-federal response to Hurricane Katrina in Mississippi.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ A look at fundamentalism and natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina.

^ The coasts of Alabama and Mississippi really took the brunt of Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

.The total damage from Katrina is estimated at $81.2 billion (2005 U.S. dollars), nearly double the cost of the previously most expensive storm, Hurricane Andrew, when adjusted for inflation.^ Mississippi damaged by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Simply the damage from this pre-Katrina hurricane will take billions to repair.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Shortly after Hurricane Katrina did her savage business, Terry Francl estimated immediate losses to agriculture would reach $2 billion.
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

[5][34]
.As of May 19, 2006, the confirmed death toll (total of direct and indirect deaths) stood at 1,836, mainly from Louisiana (1,577) and Mississippi (238).^ Louisiana Death Toll Jumps to 279 .
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ May 19, 2006 .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Mississippi Death Toll Hits 126 .

[1][2][35] .However, 705 people remain categorized as missing in Louisiana,[36] and many of the deaths are indirect, but it is almost impossible to determine the exact cause of some of the fatalities.^ Camille, which just missed New Orleans but devastated parts of Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama, killing more than 250 people.

^ Their duties were made even more challenging by the destruction of medical, dental and other records, and the inability of many people to accurately determine whether those people they sought were dead or missing.

^ In the wake of two hurricanes, many Louisiana industries, businesses, and citizens are left with a monumental task of cleaning up the damages caused by the storms.
  • Louisiana Law Blog: Hurricane Katrina : Kean Miller : Louisiana Lawyers, Attorneys & Law Firm 16 September 2009 23:25 UTC www.louisianalawblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Federal disaster declarations covered 90,000 square miles (233,000 km²) of the United States, an area almost as large as the United Kingdom.^ Federal agencies are supposed to function as backup to state and local ones, and military forces are meant to play a largely supporting role to civilian authorities.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ State assistance will supplement local efforts and federal assistance will supplement State and local efforts when it is clearly demonstrated that it is beyond local and State capability to cope with the emergency/disaster."
  • John McCain's Miserable Record on Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The original intent of Federal disaster assistance is to supplement State and local response efforts.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

.The hurricane left an estimated three million people without electricity.^ More than a million people in the greater Houston area are without power, Centerpoint Energy has released a timeline predicting when full power will be restored by zip code .

^ Contrary to the press, all the FEMA people I met had been on station since last Sunday (before the Hurricane hit), never left the area, and have been in the field ever since.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Hurricane Gustav killed 18 people in Louisiana and displaced 1.9 million.

.On September 3, 2005, Homeland Security Secretary Michael Chertoff described the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina as "probably the worst catastrophe, or set of catastrophes," in the country's history, referring to the hurricane itself plus the flooding of New Orleans.^ Hurricane Katrina is the most costly natural catastrophe in U.S. history.
  • Louisiana Law Blog: Hurricane Katrina : Kean Miller : Louisiana Lawyers, Attorneys & Law Firm 16 September 2009 23:25 UTC www.louisianalawblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Katrina turned New Orleans .
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

[37]

South Florida and Cuba

Damage to a mobile home in Davie, Florida following Hurricane Katrina
.Hurricane Katrina first made landfall on August 25, 2005 in South Florida where it hit as a Category 1 hurricane, with 80 mph (130 km/h) winds.^ Rebuilding schools hit by Hurricane Katrina.

^ Hurricane Katrina hit Florida late Thursday, August 25th, as a Category 1 hurricane.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Hurricane Katrina strikes Florida between Hallandale Beach and North Miami Beach as a Category 1 hurricane with 80 mph winds.
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

.Rainfall was heavy in places and exceeded 14 inches (350 mm) in Homestead, Florida,[5] and a storm surge of 3 – 5 feet (1.5 m) was measured in parts of Monroe County.^ Thus, for example, if you have a 14-foot levee and 15 feet of water, you get one foot of storm surge lapping through the streets.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ The storm blew off two parts of the stadium's roof, each of about 2 feet by 6 feet, Social Services Department spokesman Irby Hornsby said.

^ Nagin warned that Katrina's expected storm surge -- which could top 28 feet -- would likely topple those levies.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

[34] .More than 1 million customers were left without electricity, and damage in Florida was estimated from $1 – $2 billion, with most of the damage coming from flooding and overturned trees.^ Her home there had substantial damage she said: most of her windows were broken despite her storm shutters, a little more than half of her roof was blown off, a large tree in her front yard snapped and broke, falling about 2 feet in front of her front door.

^ More than a million people in the greater Houston area are without power, Centerpoint Energy has released a timeline predicting when full power will be restored by zip code .

^ (Locally on Friday 19, 2005, we had a flood of rain here in Toronto that caused about half-a-billion dollars damage ---the most costly in the history of the province of Ontario.

.There were 14 fatalities reported in Florida as a result of Hurricane Katrina.^ The reporting after Hurricane Katrina was heroic.

^ Hurricane Katrina An Analysis of the Hurricane Katrina Disaster There are perhaps other aspects that were neglected in the frequent examinations as to why this particular disaster ended so badly, and to neglect to consider these other factors may result in similar mistakes occurring again at a later date.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina churned through Florida's densely populated southeastern coast Thursday with sustained winds of 80 mph and lashing rain.

[5]
.Most of the Florida Keys experienced tropical-storm force winds from Katrina as the storm's center passed to the north, with hurricane force winds reported in the Dry Tortugas.^ Hurricane Katrina Pass Christian17.jpg .
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina Pass Christian18.jpg .
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina Pass Christian7.jpg .
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

Rainfall was also high in the islands, with 10 inches (250 mm) falling on Key West. .On August 26, a strong F1 tornado formed from an outer rain band of Katrina and struck Marathon.^ Katrina's outer bands coming ashore in Mississippi (photographer unknown) spectacular view of an embedded tornado .

^ KBB 2005: State of Emergency—Hurricane Katrina (Baton Rouge,  August 26, 2005); State of Alabama, Office of the Governor, State of Emergency Proclamation (Jackson, August 26, 2005).

^ Posted by scout prime on August 26, 2008 at 10:45 in Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood .
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

.The tornado damaged a hangar at the airport there and caused an estimated $5 million in damage.^ The current estimated cost to repair damage from Hurricane Katrina caused has reached $50.0 billion, much of which may be covered by insurance.
  • Louisiana Law Blog: Hurricane Katrina : Kean Miller : Louisiana Lawyers, Attorneys & Law Firm 16 September 2009 23:25 UTC www.louisianalawblog.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are no casualty or property damage estimates yet and officials can't go rescue people trapped until the winds die down, Barbour said.

[38]
.Although Hurricane Katrina stayed well to the north of Cuba, on August 29 it brought tropical-storm force winds and rainfall of over 8 inches (200 mm) to western regions of the island.^ The Gulf coast region is slowly recovering its oil refining and distribution capability after it was shut down by the fury of Hurricane Katrina....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Tropical Storm Katrina Heads for Miami] "A hurricane watch and tropical storm warning is currently in effect for Florida's east coast from Vero Beach, about 150 miles north of Miami, south into the Florida Keys.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ The next 25 summaries are related to Hurricane Katrina which made landfall near New Orleans, LA on August 29, 2005 .
  •   Hurricane Katrina � 2005 GOM 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mms.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Telephone and power lines were damaged and around 8,000 people were evacuated in the Pinar del Río Province.^ Entergy reports that 167,000 customers are without power in those areas, but most of those homes and businesses are empty in the wake of a mandatory evacuation order.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Also under way was the evacuation of more than 1,000 people from Tulane University Hospital with the help of the U.S. military, hospital spokeswoman Karen Troyer Caraway said.

^ By Thursday evening, 11 hours after the military began evacuating the Superdome, the arena held 10,000 more people than it did at dawn.

According to Cuban television reports the coastal city of Surgidero de Batabano was 90% underwater.[39]

Louisiana

Flooding in Venice, Louisiana
.On August 29, Hurricane Katrina made landfall near Buras-Triumph, Louisiana with 125 mph (205 km/h) winds, as a strong Category 3 storm.^ Hurricane Katrina made landfall along the Mississippi Gulf Coast on August 29, 2005.
  • Hurricane Katrina 4th Anniversary: Loads of Hope - Velveteen Mind 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.velveteenmind.com [Source type: General]

^ Maximum sustained winds are now reduced, but still a strong Category 3 storm with 125 mph winds.
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

^ Hurricane Katrina has weakened to a powerful Category Four storm.

.However, as it had only just weakened from Category 4 strength and the radius of maximum winds was large, it is possible that sustained winds of Category 4 strength briefly impacted extreme southeastern Louisiana.^ Hurricane Katrina churned through Florida's densely populated southeastern coast Thursday with sustained winds of 80 mph and lashing rain.

^ It had grown into a Category 5 hurricane on the five-step Saffir-Simpson, with winds near 165 mph (270 kph) just before 5 p.m.

^ Maximum sustained winds are now reduced, but still a strong Category 3 storm with 125 mph winds.
  • FactCheck.org: Katrina: What Happened When 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.factcheck.org [Source type: News]

.Although the storm surge to the east of the path of the eye in Mississippi was higher, a very significant surge affected the Louisiana coast.^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ "A storm surge rises up to the house and clears out everything in its path, moving furniture and cars around."

.The height of the surge is uncertain because of a lack of data, although a tide gauge in Plaquemines Parish indicated a storm tide in excess of 14 feet (4.3 m) and a 12-foot (3 m) storm surge was recorded in Grand Isle.^ Seabees postured themselves on the ground floor of the building, and began bracing the structure against a thirty foot tidal surge and winds recorded in excess of 120 miles per hour.

^ The grist.org article also has an interview with representatives of Grand Bayou Community United, a Native American group in Plaquemines Parish, Louisiana.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Nagin warned that Katrina's expected storm surge -- which could top 28 feet -- would likely topple those levies.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

Hurricane Katrina made final landfall near the mouth of the Pearl River, with the eye straddling St. Tammany Parish, Louisiana and Hancock County, Mississippi, on the morning of August 29th at about 9:45M CST. [5]
.Hurricane Katrina also brought heavy rain to Louisiana, with 8 – 10 inches (200 – 250 mm) falling on a wide swath of the eastern part of the state.^ Hurricane Katrina Biloxi 10.jpg .
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina churned through Florida's densely populated southeastern coast Thursday with sustained winds of 80 mph and lashing rain.

^ Then came Hurricane Katrina and the subsequent federal flood, which, by analogy, was to New Orleans what the last part of Great Expectations by Charles Dickens was to Pip the hero of the novel.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

.In the area around Slidell, the rainfall was even higher, and the highest rainfall recorded in the state was approximately 15 inches (380 mm).^ About one-third of those displaced out of parish went to St Tammany parish and approximately another third went outside of the survey area or out of state.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

.As a result of the rainfall and storm surge the level of Lake Pontchartrain rose and caused significant flooding along its northeastern shore, affecting communities from Slidell to Mandeville.^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ Officials and area residents -- millions of whom fled for higher ground -- had been concerned the storm would cause flooding that would overwhelm the city's system of levees and pumps.

^ Others can hope for work rebuilding the highways and buildings leveled by the storm and flooding.

.Several bridges were destroyed, including the I-10 Twin Span Bridge connecting Slidell to New Orleans.^ The TWIN SPANS are the bridges on the I 10E crossing the Lake on the eastern side of NO. .
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ General e xpects New Orleans death toll 'much lower' than 10,000 .
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ "Over in east New Orleans, the 9th Ward, places like that, those places have sunk substantially over the last several years.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

[5] .Almost 900,000 people in Louisiana lost power as a result of Hurricane Katrina.^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Lots of people waiting to find out how bad Hurricane Katrina hit.

^ Here in my little corner of middle-America, we've taken in 20-some families and a total of 70-or-so people displaced by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

[40]
Katrina’s storm surge inundated all parishes surrounding Lake Pontchartrain, including St. Tammany, Tangipahoa, St. John the Baptist and St. Charles Parishes. St. Tammany Parish received a two-part storm surge: First, as Lake Pontchartrain rose and the storm blew water from the Gulf of Mexico into the lake. .Second, as the eye of Katrina passed, westerly winds pushed water into a bottleneck at the Rigolets Pass, forcing it farther inland.^ Fed by unusually warm waters in the central gulf, Katrina easily pumped itself up to a Category 5 monster, with top winds approaching 175 mph .

^ Pushing on, they passed through Slidell, La., and tried to get into New Orleans by a couple of routes.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ "We have pushed operational control of Hurricane Katrina out of our D.C. headquarters into our field structure now assembled and operational.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

The range of surge levels in eastern St. Tammany Parish is estimated at 13 to 16 feet, not including wave action. [41]
Hard-hit St. Bernard Parish was flooded due to breaching of the levees that contained a navigation channel called the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MR-GO) and the breach of the Levee Board designed and built 40 Arpent canal levee. The search for the missing was undertaken by the St. Bernard Fire Department due to the assets of the United States Coast Guard being diverted to New Orleans. .According to an interview in the New Orleans Times-Picayune, the coroner was still trying to get a list of missing from the Red Cross in November 2005. While there were some victims on this list whose bodies were found in their homes, the vast majority were tracked down through word-of-mouth and credit card records.^ Damage to homes 4 times that of Andrew: Red Cross (Thu, 9/15) .

^ New Orleans tries to plug breaches .
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ A body was actually found in there pool.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Bay St. Louis, Mississippi Photo Gallery by David Bailey at pbase.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

As of December 2005, the official missing list in the Parish stood at 47.[42]
According to the U.S. Dept. of Housing and Urban Development, in St. Bernard Parish, 81% (20,229) of the housing units were damaged. In St. Tammany Parish, 70% (48,792) were damaged and in Placquemines Parish 80% (7,212) were damaged. [43]

New Orleans

Flooded I-10/I-610/West End Blvd interchange and surrounding area of northwest New Orleans and Metairie, Louisiana
.As the eye of Hurricane Katrina swept to the northeast, it subjected the city to hurricane conditions for hours.^ In a matter of hours, Hurricane Katrina caused billions of dollars in property damage.
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ For a list of New York City events benefiting Hurricane Katrina Relief Efforts, Click here .

^ In the end, Hurricane FEMA could do more damage to the city than Katrina if let to run its course.

.Although power failures prevented accurate measurement of wind speeds in New Orleans, there were a few measurements of hurricane-force winds.^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Force is calculated by squaring the wind speed.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ The rebuilding of New Orleans is a failure.

.From this the NHC concluded that it is likely that much of the city experienced sustained winds of Category 1 or Category 2 strength.^ Much of the city's popular tourist sites were dry, and many were on high enough ground to avoid the worst flooding altogether, although wind damage was widespread.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Windspeed/category: 160 MPH / 5 Barometer 908 "some fluctuations in strength are likely during the next 24 hours."
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ From a novelistic standpoint, it is inevitable that they would turn up in the city in which there is so much water and on the satellite photos it looks like a black stain.

.Katrina's storm surge led to 53 levee breaches in the federally built levee system protecting metro New Orleans and the failure of the 40 Arpent Canal levee.^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans tries to plug breaches .
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Katrina turned New Orleans .
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nearly every levee in metro New Orleans was breached as Hurricane Katrina passed just east of the city limits.^ Hurricane Katrina Pass Christian17.jpg .
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina Pass Christian18.jpg .
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane Katrina Pass Christian7.jpg .
  • Hurricane Katrina Aftermath on the Mississipppi Gulf Coast Photo Gallery by insurancepi at pbase.com 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

Failures occurred in New Orleans and surrounding communities, especially St. Bernard Parish. .The Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MR-GO) breached its levees in approximately 20 places, flooding much of east New Orleans, most of Saint Bernard Parish and the East Bank of Plaquemines Parish.^ New Orleans tries to plug breaches .
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Will the Saints go marching out of New Orleans ?
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ New Orleans will be hit so much harder.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

.The major levee breaches in the city included breaches at the 17th Street Canal levee, the London Avenue Canal, and the wide, navigable Industrial Canal, which left approximately 80% of the city flooded.^ Approximately 80 percent of the city was flooded.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Significant levee failures occurred on the 17th Street Canal, the Industrial Canal, and the London Avenue Canal.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ "But perhaps the greatest disappointment stands at the breached 17th Street levee.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

[44]
.Most of the major roads traveling into and out of the city were damaged.^ North of the city, most damage is from wind.
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Nagin said the portions of the city he expects to reopen would include the French Quarter, which was spared most of the flooding that damaged other parts of New Orleans.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ In the panic that followed, people desperately haggled with taxi drivers to get them out on the few dry roads south of the city.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

.The only routes out of the city were the westbound Crescent City Connection and the Huey P. Long Bridge, as large portions of the I-10 Twin Span Bridge traveling eastbound towards Slidell, Louisiana had collapsed.^ The TWIN SPANS are the bridges on the I 10E crossing the Lake on the eastern side of NO. .
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Well it may be correct but you are confusing the Twin Spans with the twin Ponchartrain Causeway (the one which is 24 miles long) and connect the North and South shores.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ With much of the Crescent City some 10 feet below sea level, the rising tide may not stop until it's level with the massive lake.

.Both the Lake Pontchartrain Causeway and the Crescent City Connection only carried emergency traffic.^ With much of the Crescent City some 10 feet below sea level, the rising tide may not stop until it's level with the massive lake.

^ She walked across the Crescent City Connection over the Mississippi river to a car and apparently drove to Baton Rouge.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ That nasty water is going to back to the Lake Pontchartrain, though the city won't be totally dry for weeks.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[45]
On August 29, at 7:40 a.m. .CDT, it was reported that most of the windows on the north side of the Hyatt Regency New Orleans had been blown out, and many other high rise buildings had extensive window damage.^ Windows were blown out all over the city.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ North of the city, most damage is from wind.
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ In New Orleans additional damage is piling on.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

[46] .The Hyatt was the most severely damaged hotel in the city, with beds reported to be flying out of the windows.^ Nagin said the portions of the city he expects to reopen would include the French Quarter, which was spared most of the flooding that damaged other parts of New Orleans.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Buildings collapsed in New Orleans and five floors of windows blew out of Charity hospital in the city, the Times- Picayune reported on its Web site.

^ City officials often defend their slow progress by referring to the sheer extent of the problem; the storm left 105,000 homes severely damaged.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

Insulation tubes were exposed as the hotel's glass exterior was completely sheared off.[47]
A U.S. Coast Guardsman searches for survivors in New Orleans in the aftermath of Katrina
.The Superdome, which was sheltering many people who had not evacuated, sustained significant damage.^ People who were told to evacuate, didn't.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ People who had evacuated to the homes of relatives or hotels are moving in because they're out of money or want to be closer to what is left of their homes.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Just off Jackson Square, we find a room full of stranded people who chose a hotel over the Superdome shelter.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Two sections of the Superdome's roof were compromised and the dome's waterproof membrane had essentially been peeled off.^ Katrina rips two holes in the Superdome's roof.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ A section of the roof of the Louisiana Superdome, where 10,000 people are taking refuge, opens.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ That white membrane that covers the Superdome is hanging off or has blown off.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport was closed before the storm but did not flood.^ Even before the flooding, New Orleans was in great need.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Hurricane storm surges have resulted in limited flooding of the city of New Orleans before.
  • Hurricane Katrina: News & Videos about Hurricane Katrina - CNN.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC topics.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ They did not fail in New Orleans.

.On August 30, it was reopened to humanitarian and rescue operations.^ Massachusetts Urban Search and Rescue Task Force-1, Hurricane Katrina After-Action Report: August 30, 2005 through September 8, 2005 (Beverly, MA, 2005), 6.

^ U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Secretary’s Operations Center Flash Report #6,”August 30, 2005.

^ U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Homeland Security Operations Center, “Hurricane Katrina Update,” August 30, 2005, 12.

.Limited commercial passenger service resumed at the airport on September 13 and regular carrier operations resumed in early October.^ KatrinaHousing.net morphed into StormHousing.org in late September or early October, adding the subtitle "Housing information gateway for Hurricanes Katrina and Rita".
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ We are one of the few full service airports in the area and have been operating aircraft on and off our deck for almost 15 hours each day.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Secretary’s Operations Center Flash Report #10 – Hurricane Katrina,” September 1, 2005; and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, “Secretary’s Operations Center Flash Report #12 – Hurricane Katrina,” September 2, 2005.

[48]
.Levee breaches in New Orleans also caused widespread loss of life, with over 700 bodies recovered in New Orleans by October 23, 2005.[49] Some survivors and evacuees reported seeing dead bodies lying in city streets and floating in still-flooded sections, especially in the east of the city.^ The organization has been recovering bodies in recent days in New Orleans.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ As far as I can tell, that was the first national report of flooding in New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Bush warned of levees breaching in New Orleans .

.The advanced state of decomposition of many corpses, some of which were left in the water or sun for days before being collected, hindered efforts by coroners to identify many of the dead.^ They and many other family members were able to get out of New Orleans well before the storm; and some of us had already re-located.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ Many have been there for days, without food, water or sanitary services.

^ EPA continues to collect containers and household hazardous waste and consults with the state on landfill operations at the 13 area landfills being used for debris disposal.
  • DHS | The First Year After Hurricane Katrina: What the Federal Government Did 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dhs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[50]
.The first deaths reported from the city were reported shortly before midnight on August 28, as three nursing home patients died during an evacuation to Baton Rouge, most likely from dehydration.^ His mother in Lake City, Florida found him and Angel Flight arranged to get him back from Baton Rouge, LA to Lake City, FL. When hearing he was going home, the hospital found clothes for him and the nurse that took him to the airport gave him $10 out of her own pocket for something to eat.

^ I got an email from my friend whose mother had been evacuated from New Orleans home he grew up in to Baton Rouge.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Nursing home became death trap (Thu, 9/15) .

.While there were also early reports of fatalities amid mayhem at the Superdome, only six deaths were confirmed there, with four of these originating from natural causes, one from a drug overdose, and one a suicide.^ MEMA is only reporting confirmed deaths from county coroners’ offices.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ So then there were all these reports and all these committees that came forward to make sure that would never happen again.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ There were six major and four medium facility oil spills located primarily along the lower Mississippi River.
  • DHS | The First Year After Hurricane Katrina: What the Federal Government Did 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dhs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.At the Convention Center, four bodies were recovered.^ A humanitarian catastrophe unfolded at the convention center, where thousands of increasingly frustrated people waited for help amid dead bodies, feces and garbage.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Dead bodies have been found, slumped in their wheel chairs in the Convention Center.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ Perkins was in the convention center for four days until a charter bus picked him up and took him to the Louis Armstrong International Airport in New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

One of the four is believed to be the result of a homicide.[51]

Mississippi

U.S. Route 90's Bay St. Louis Bridge on Pass Christian was destroyed as a result of Katrina.
.The Gulf coast of Mississippi suffered massive damage from the impact of Hurricane Katrina on August 29, leaving 238 people dead, 67 missing, and billions of dollars in damage: bridges, barges, boats, piers, houses and cars were washed inland.^ Hurricane Katrina: Mississippi's response.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Mental health and recovery in the Gulf Coast after Hurricanes Katrina and Rita.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The coasts of Alabama and Mississippi really took the brunt of Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

[52] .Katrina traveled up the entire state, and afterwards, all 82 counties in Mississippi were declared disaster areas for federal assistance, 47 for full assistance.^ After Katrina: Mississippi agricultural disaster areas .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ After Katrina: Disaster assistance for farmers .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Florida, Louisiana and Mississippi were already declared disaster states.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

[52]
After making a brief initial landfall in Louisiana, Katrina had made its final landfall near the state line, and the eyewall passed over the cities of Bay St. Louis and Waveland as a Category 3 hurricane with sustained winds of 120 mph (195 km/h).[5] .Katrina's powerful right-front quadrant passed over the west and central Mississippi coast, causing a powerful 27-foot (8.2 m) storm surge, which penetrated 6 miles (10 km) inland in many areas and up to 12 miles (20 km) inland along bays and rivers; in some areas, the surge crossed Interstate 10 for several miles.^ Pushed Organization Establishes Fund to Assist Agencies Devastated by Hurricane A San Francisco, CA non-profit which generates unrestricted funding for AIDS service organizations in the Bay Area has announced the formation of a fund to assist agencies in Louisiana and Mississippi affected by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Associated Content - Topic - associatedcontent.com 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.associatedcontent.com [Source type: General]

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Rita's 120-mph wind and 9-foot storm surge ruined every structure in Johnson Bayou and Holly Beach, and caused similar destruction in southeastern Texas.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

[5] .Hurricane Katrina brought strong winds to Mississippi, which caused significant tree damage throughout the state.^ Hurricane Katrina: Mississippi's response.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Mississippi damaged by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Unified command and the state-federal response to Hurricane Katrina in Mississippi.
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

.The highest unofficial reported wind gust recorded from Katrina was one of 135 mph (217 km/h) in Poplarville, in Pearl River County.^ Katrina lashed the city with winds as high as 135 mph.

^ Pearl River County: Pearl River, Picayune & Poplarville school districts.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ These wind gusts were reported in Poplarville, Mississippi, at the Pearl River County Emergency Operations Center.  See Richard D. Knabb, Jamie R. Rhome, and Daniel P. Brown, Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Katrina, 23-30 August 2005 , prepared for the National Hurricane Center (Miami, Florida, December 20, 2005), 3, 8.

[5]
Damage to Long Beach, Mississippi following Hurricane Katrina
.The storm also brought heavy rains with 8 – 10 inches (200 – 250 mm) falling in southwestern Mississippi and rain in excess of 4 inches (100 mm) falling throughout the majority of the state.^ Because the ACE index does not directly account for the numbers of tropical storms, hurricanes, and major hurricanes, the predicted ACE range can verify even if these numbers fall outside their predicted ranges.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ These would be rain storms that start with heavy rain - not easing in from light to moderate to heavy.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ The National Weather Service predicts that Southeast Mississippi could experience winds in excess of 100 mph, and hurricane winds will extend as far north as Columbus.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

.Katrina caused eleven tornadoes in Mississippi on August 29, some of which damaged trees and power lines.^ And that in itself can still cause some damage.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Katrina caused irreversible damage.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Katrina's outer bands coming ashore in Mississippi (photographer unknown) spectacular view of an embedded tornado .

[5]
.Battered by wind, rain and storm surge, some beachfront neighborhoods were completely leveled.^ Starting as a slight pressure difference, hurricanes grow into large spiraling storm systems of low pressure, complete with high winds and driving rain.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ So we went to the first floor to the outside walkways to see the storm at Katrina’s level, to feel the wind and rain.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ The Gulf Coast could experience up to a 30-foot storm surge and possible Category 5 strength winds.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

.Preliminary estimates by Mississippi officials calculated that 90% of the structures within half a mile of the coastline were completely destroyed,[53] and that storm surges traveled as much as six miles (10 km) inland in portions of the state's coast.^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ Streets and homes were flooded as far as 6 miles inland from the beach, and looting was reported in Biloxi and in Gulfport, officials said.

^ Massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within 5-10 miles (8-16 km) of the shoreline may be required.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

[34] .One apartment complex with approximately thirty residents seeking shelter inside collapsed.^ Up to 30 people are believed to have been killed when an apartment complex on the beach collapsed in the storm.

^ During his tour, Lieutenant Commander McGee and his team, were able to locate and reunite approximately 296 shelter residents with family or community support systems.

^ All residents of mobile or modular homes should seek shelter.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

.More than half of the 13 casinos in the state, which were floated on barges to comply with Mississippi land-based gambling laws, were washed hundreds of yards inland by waves.^ More than 1,700 volunteer medical personnel have come from Louisiana; Washington, D.C.; Georgia; Arkansas; Mississippi; Florida; Texas; Utah; Arizona; Illinois; and Washington.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ An NBC News investigation of Louisiana state records found that James Lee Witt Associates was paid more than $40 million for its recovery work.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ More than 41,000 of that 58,000 are members of the National Guard from all 50 states and are working, of course, hurricane relief operations.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[53]
.A number of streets and bridges were washed away.^ Entire bridge networks have been washed away and people in cars stuck underneath train trestles and on the roofs of houses.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

On U.S. Highway 90 along the Mississippi Gulf Coast, two major bridges were completely destroyed: the Bay St. Louis — Pass Christian[5] bridge, and the Biloxi - Ocean Springs bridge. .In addition, the eastbound span of the I-10 bridge over the Pascagoula River estuary was damaged.^ The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) is spending $2 billion to repair and rebuild highways and bridges in LA and MS. Currently, all repairs of the I-10 at Slidell, LA and the I-10 at Pascagoula, MS., are completed.
  • DHS | The First Year After Hurricane Katrina: What the Federal Government Did 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dhs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ As you see, that bridge is the Mississippi River Bridge, spans across from New Orleans into the neighboring areas.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Getting anything into New Orleans will be difficult because of the damage to two bridge spans seven miles long that carry Interstate 10 over Lake Pontchartrain, linking the city to points east.

.In the weeks after the storm, with the connectivity of the coastal U.S. Highway 90 shattered, traffic traveling parallel to the coast was reduced first to State Road 11 (parallel to I-10) then to two lanes on the remaining I-10 span when it was opened.^ In the first two weeks after the storm, we had over 200 million page views.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Traffic counts along the interstates and major highways have been five to 10 times higher than normal.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ The commission, which will have subpoena powers, will investigate the actions of local, state and federal governments before and after the storm that devastated New Orleans and other portions of the Gulf Coast.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

Surge damage in Pascagoula, Mississippi
.All three coastal counties of the state were severely affected by the storm.^ Camille killed 143 people when it struck the state's coastal counties in 1969 and a total of 256 after it swept inland.

^ ET update from the National Hurricane Center, the storm was pushing through the Ohio River Valley, causing flood watches in several states.

^ The city, Parish and State government provided all sorts of free transportation for the needy before the storm, but many ignored the offers.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.Katrina's surge was the most extensive, as well as the highest, in the documented history of the United States; large portions of both Hancock, Harrison, and Jackson Counties were inundated by the storm surge, in all three cases affecting most of the populated areas.^ They both perished in the storm surge.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ Covers the entire area affected by Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ MISSISSIPPI STATE, Miss., Mississippi producers suffering losses from Hurricane Katrina can apply for a portion of the $170 million in disaster assistance made available by the U.S. Department of Agriculture....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

[54] Surge covered almost the entire lower half of Hancock County, destroying the coastal communities of Clermont Harbor and Waveland, much of Bay St. Louis, and flowed up the Jourdan River, flooding Diamondhead and Kiln. .In Harrison County, Pass Christian was completely inundated, along with a narrow strip of land to the east along the coast, which includes the cities of Long Beach and Gulfport; the flooding was more extensive in communities such as D'Iberville, which borders Back Bay.^ But there was extensive flooding along the coast.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Harrison County: Biloxi, Gulfport, Harrison, Long Beach & Pass Christian school districts.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ In the century that followed, ad hoc legislation was passed more than 100 times in response to hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters.

.Biloxi, on a peninsula between the Back Bay and the coast, was particularly hard hit, especially the low-lying Point Cadet area.^ Hattiesburg was especially hit hard from Katrina.

^ The poorest section of Biloxi, the area was hit especially hard by the storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ It's been flying back and forth between the airport, between areas where victims are evacuated, taken on the Iwo Jima, and treated over there.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Jackson County, storm surge flowed up the wide river estuary, with the combined surge and freshwater flooding cutting the county in half.^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ "A storm surge rises up to the house and clears out everything in its path, moving furniture and cars around."

^ There came a point when the flooding from the storm surge became so great that they clung desperately to a bush located in the front yard of the station for five hours.

.Remarkably, over 90% of Pascagoula, the easternmost coastal city in Mississippi, and about 75 miles (121 km) east of Katrina's landfall near the Louisiana-Mississippi border, was flooded from surge at the height of the storm.^ The next 25 summaries are related to Hurricane Katrina which made landfall near New Orleans, LA on August 29, 2005 .
  •   Hurricane Katrina � 2005 GOM 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mms.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ While Hurricane Katrinas fury sidestepped Louisianas crawfish acreage, centered in the southwest section of the state, the storms aftermath is likely to severely disrupt the industrys economy....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

Other large Jackson County neighborhoods such as Porteaux Bay and Gulf Hills were severely damaged with large portions being completely destroyed, and St. Martin was hard hit; Ocean Springs, Moss Point, Gautier, and Escatawpa also suffered major surge damage.
.Mississippi Emergency Management Agency officials also recorded deaths in Forrest, Hinds, Warren, and Leake counties.^ The U.S. military Tuesday started to move ships and helicopters to the region at the request of the Federal Emergency Management Agency to aid in rescue and medical needs, military officials said.

^ Calls to the Department of Homeland Security and its subagency, the Federal Emergency Management Agency, were not returned yesterday.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Federal Emergency Management Agency Director Michael Brown said his agency was attempting to work "under conditions of urban warfare."
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.jesus-is-savior.com [Source type: News]

.Over 900,000 people throughout the state experienced power outages.^ In fact, too many poor and black people in the Gulf region, like their brothers and sisters throughout the United States, have waited for the Democrats to represent their interests.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ Mississippi State officials estimated that approximately 400,000 people used U.S. 49 and Interstates 55 and 59 to evacuate during the 2004 hurricane season.

^ How simple it would have been for the State and/or US government to have provided buses for people before the hurricane hit, and throughout this week.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[40]

Southeast United States

Flood waters come up the steps of Mobile's federal courthouse.
.Although Hurricane Katrina made landfall well to the west, Alabama and the Florida Panhandle were both affected by tropical-storm force winds and a storm surge varying from 12 to 16 feet (3–5 m) around Mobile Bay,[5] with higher waves on top.^ They both perished in the storm surge.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ 'Where we were in Waveland, Ms (just west of Bay St. Louis, where the hurricane made landfall), a huge storm surge came in.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Hurricane Katrina: The storm that changed America .
  • Library | Natural Hazards Center 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.colorado.edu [Source type: Academic]

.Sustained winds of 67 mph (107 km/h) were recorded in Mobile, Alabama, and the storm surge there was approximately 12 feet (3.7 m).^ Hurricane Katrina churned through Florida's densely populated southeastern coast Thursday with sustained winds of 80 mph and lashing rain.

^ Rita's 120-mph wind and 9-foot storm surge ruined every structure in Johnson Bayou and Holly Beach, and caused similar destruction in southeastern Texas.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ If Katrina went from its current 175 mph sustained wind to 150 mph, no one would notice the difference.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

[5] .The surge caused significant flooding several miles inland along Mobile Bay.^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ The Summit View mobile home park on the west side of town is one of several swelling with flood refugees who are moving in, probably for good.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ Streets and homes were flooded as far as 6 miles inland from the beach, and looting was reported in Biloxi and in Gulfport, officials said.

Four tornadoes were also reported in Alabama.[5] .Ships, oil rigs, boats and fishing piers were washed ashore along Mobile Bay: the cargo ship M/V Caribbean Clipper and many fishing boats were grounded at Bayou La Batre.^ Oil rigs were evacuated and casinos along Mississippi's coast were closed.

^ USCG teams removed oil and hazardous materials such as batteries and chemicals from beached or grounded fishing vessels and pleasure craft.
  • DHS | The First Year After Hurricane Katrina: What the Federal Government Did 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dhs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It goes across the Mobile River and it was struck by an oil rig, a portable oil rig that came loose and crashed and it wedged itself underneath the west side of the bridge.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.An oil rig under construction along the Mobile River broke its moorings and floated 1.5 miles (2 km) northwards before striking the Cochrane Bridge just outside Mobile.^ In Mobile, Ala., the storm knocked an oil rig free from its moorings, wedging it under a bridge.

^ There were six major and four medium facility oil spills located primarily along the lower Mississippi River.
  • DHS | The First Year After Hurricane Katrina: What the Federal Government Did 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dhs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Oil rigs were evacuated and casinos along Mississippi's coast were closed.

.No significant damage resulted to the bridge and it was soon reopened.^ The intestates are impassable, the bridges may be unstable and no one knows if the buildings can withstand the damage brought by Katrina, the governor said after flying over the region.

^ Even if it creates no significant damage, a hurricane is a major inconvenience.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

.The damage on Dauphin Island was severe, with the surge destroying many houses and cutting a new canal through the western portion of the island.^ Agents assisted in the cutting and clearing of fallen trees at the residences of a number of field division personnel, and assisted many division personnel in returning to their residences in severely damaged areas to conduct damage assessments and retrieve personal effects.

^ New Orleans people are like the people of Manhattan in that they can't conceive, many of them, of living anyplace else, and they want to do the job themselves of restoring their houses, their neighborhood, their city.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ Caption reads Water flows through a breach in the repaired Inner Harbor Canal toward the Ninth Ward District Friday in New Orleans.

An offshore oil rig also became grounded on the island. .As in Mississippi, the storm surge caused significant beach erosion along the Alabama coastline.^ Rita's 120-mph wind and 9-foot storm surge ruined every structure in Johnson Bayou and Holly Beach, and caused similar destruction in southeastern Texas.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ Katrina's storm surge reached more than 20 feet in some parts of the Mississippi coast, and the hurricane flattened homes and ruined businesses along the Gulf Coast.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[5] .More than 600,000 people lost power in Alabama as a result of Hurricane Katrina and two people died in a traffic accident in the state.^ People matter more than things.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Read more from this blogger: Hurricane Katrina .

^ More than 75,000 people have been evacuated so far.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

.Residents in some areas, such as Selma, were without power for several days.^ The following are local and grassroots organizations that are providing relief and reconstruction assistance in the New Orleans and Gulf Coast areas (some are also organizing for the rights of displaced residents): .
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Who could have predicted that a large, powerful hurricane would severely damage the area where it struck?
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some areas of New Orleans remain without power (parts of the Lower Ninth Ward and Lakeview).
  • DHS | The First Year After Hurricane Katrina: What the Federal Government Did 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dhs.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[40]
.Along the Florida Panhandle the storm surge was typically about five feet (1.5 m) and along the west-central Florida coast there was a minor surge of 1 – 2 feet (0.3 – 0.6 m).^ But there was extensive flooding along the coast.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ MATEN: After that, they took me to Gretna, and I stayed there for I think about five days, six days.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

.In Pensacola, Florida 56 mph (90 km/h) winds were recorded on August 29. The winds caused damage to some trees and structures and there was some minor flooding in the Panhandle.^ And that in itself can still cause some damage.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Rita's 120-mph wind and 9-foot storm surge ruined every structure in Johnson Bayou and Holly Beach, and caused similar destruction in southeastern Texas.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

.There were two indirect fatalities from Katrina in Walton County as a result of a traffic accident.^ Lastly, there is the environment because unfortunately, the earth is not getting any cooler and as a result, we will likely see more storms similar to or stronger than Hurricane Katrina.

[5] .In the Florida Panhandle, 77,000 customers lost power.^ Another 82,509 customers in the Florida Panhandle lacked electric service, said John Hutchinson, a spokesman for Southern's Gulf Power unit based in Pensacola.

^ Southern Co., which restored power to more than 130,000 customers in Florida and Alabama, reported 825,000 customers were still without power across its service territory, with all 195,000 customers out in Mississippi, 551,000 still out in Alabama and 79,000 out in Florida.

^ Southern Co., owners of electric utilities along the Gulf Coast, said almost 1.1 million customers from Louisiana to the Florida Panhandle were without power today.

[55]
Bayou La Batre: cargo ship and fishing boats were grounded
.Northern and central Georgia were affected by heavy rains and strong winds from Hurricane Katrina as the storm moved inland, with more than 3 inches (75 mm) of rain falling in several areas.^ As a result, Hurricane Katrina’s storm surge affected a larger area than did Hurricane Camille’s.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Hurricane Katrina is downgraded to a strong Category 4 storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ The extreme intensity that Hurricane Katrina reached before landfall on the Gulf Coast, as well as its size, meant that its storm surge was consistent with a more powerful storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

.At least 18 tornadoes formed in Georgia on August 29, the most on record in that state for one day in August.^ A line of at least 30 cars formed early Monday at a strip mall in Orange, a Texas town on the Louisiana state line east of Beaumont, a day after food and water were distributed there by the National Guard.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ Residents of New Orleans' Lower 9th Ward now have until at least August 29 to have their damaged homes cleaned and gutted.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ In Issues and Politics on August 29, 2006 at 7:20 pm Everyone should be well aware that today, tonight, marks the 1 year commemoration of one of the greatest, most catastrophic, most revealing natural disasters in the history of the state of Louisiana, the history of the United States, the history of the Planet Earth.

The most serious of these tornadoes was an F2 tornado which affected Heard County and Carroll County. .This tornado caused 3 injuries and one fatality and damaged several houses.^ Former House Speaker and would-be Presidential candidate Newt Gingrich was one of several Republicans to criticise the administration.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

In addition this tornado destroyed several poultry barns, killing over 140,000 chicks. .The other tornadoes caused significant damages to buildings and agricultural facilities.^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ That other hurricane, Rita, caused a heckuva lot of damage in Texas two years ago.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ However, it noted that building and other repairs to hurricane-related damage in Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and other affected regions should boost GDP in subsequentquarters.

In addition to the fatality caused by the F2 tornado, there was another fatality in a traffic accident.[56]

Other U.S. States and Canada

.
Total rainfall from Katrina in the United States.
^ The United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Louisiana supported law enforcement operations during the first week following Hurricane Katrina's impact.

^ The report also found that most of the workers, undocumented or not, were already living in the United States prior to Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ The occupation of Iraq has rested heavily on the services of National Guard units, including those from Gulf States that have been mutilated by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

Data for the New Orleans area are not available.
.Hurricane Katrina weakened as it moved inland, but tropical-storm force gusts were recorded as far north as Fort Campbell, Kentucky on August 30, and the winds damaged trees in New York.^ Sadly, Hurricane Katrina's devastation is far from over.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ Mississippi damaged by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Tropical Storm Katrina Heads for Miami] "A hurricane watch and tropical storm warning is currently in effect for Florida's east coast from Vero Beach, about 150 miles north of Miami, south into the Florida Keys.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

.The remnants of the storm brought high levels of rainfall to a wide swath of the eastern United States, and rain in excess of 2 inches (50 mm) fell in parts of 20 states.^ Today it is estimated that nearly 50 percent of the United States' population lives on or near coastlines.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ The United States Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Louisiana supported law enforcement operations during the first week following Hurricane Katrina's impact.

^ U.S. federal income taxes," largely because it maintains that its operations are not in the United States but on the high seas.

[57] .A number of tornadoes associated with Katrina formed on August 30 and August 31, which caused minor damages in several regions.^ Katrina caused irreversible damage.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Michael Chertoff, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, memorandum for distribution entitled “Designation of Principal Federal Official for Hurricane Katrina,” August 30, 2005, 1.

^ Brett Martel, “'What Hiroshima looked like' - Katrina's full wrath still being felt, death toll soars past 100,” Associated Press, August 31, 2005.

.In total, 62 tornadoes formed in eight states as a result of Katrina.^ A total of 33 states are providing 2,382 people to aid in the response and recovery efforts of Hurricane Katrina through the Emergency Management Assistance Compact.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ MuttShack - Volunteers from across the United States rescued 3,000 pets in New Orleans in the first eight months after Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina News, Victims, Survivor Stories, Pictures, Information & Articles; Updated Daily 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.hurricanekatrinanews.org [Source type: News]

^ State officials said that any deaths determined to have been caused as a result of Hurricane Katrina are being added to the totals.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[34]
Eastern Arkansas received light rain from the passage of Katrina.[58] .Gusty winds downed some trees and power lines, though damage was minimal.^ There are power lines down, trees down, limbs down.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Montgomery, Alabama, Zoo: The zoo has some electricity, has trees down, but no animal losses.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ My mother across the street from me recieved minimal damage while the home I rent was damaged by two trees completely destroying a large portion of the roof as well as ceiling.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Bay St. Louis, Mississippi Photo Gallery by David Bailey at pbase.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

[59] .In Kentucky, a storm that had moved through the weekend before had already produced flooding and the rainfall from Katrina added to this.^ But as Hurricane Katrina lashed the states coast and moved inland, producers took shelter and hoped for the best.
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ They and many other family members were able to get out of New Orleans well before the storm; and some of us had already re-located.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ As you probably have seen on the news, areas of New Orleans, already devastated by Katrina, have now again been flooded.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

.As a result of the flooding, Kentucky Governor Ernie Fletcher declared three counties disaster areas and a statewide state of emergency.^ State of Louisiana, Office of the Governor, “Governor Blanco Declares State of Emergency Regarding Hurricane Dennis,” news release, July 8, 2005, http://gov.louisiana.gov/index.cfm?md=newsroom&tmp=detail&articleID=717 .

^ KBB 2005: State of Emergency—Hurricane Katrina (Baton Rouge,  August 26, 2005); State of Alabama, Office of the Governor, State of Emergency Proclamation (Jackson, August 26, 2005).

^ Governor Haley Barbour announced today that President Bush granted Mississippi’s request to add additional counties to the Hurricane Katrina Presidential Disaster Declaration.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

[60][61] One person was killed in Hopkinsville, Kentucky and part of a high school collapsed.[62] Flooding also prompted a number of evacuations in West Virginia and Ohio, the rainfall in Ohio leading to two indirect deaths. .Katrina also caused a number of power outages in many areas, with over 100,000 customers affected in Tennessee, primarily in the Memphis and Nashville areas.^ (CNN) -- Mississippi Power says electricity has been restored to nearly 169,000 of their 195,000 customers in the coastal part of the state, the most it can reconnect to at this time.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Motorists are encouraged not to travel just to sightsee and to be aware that local curfews are still in place in many affected areas.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

^ It wouldn't shock me if it were the end of the week before all of these affected areas get power, get phone service, whether it's land lines or cell phone service.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

[63]
.The remnants of Katrina were absorbed by a new cyclone to its east across Pennsylvania.^ Eqecat cut its estimate from as high as $30 billion as Katrina veered east of New Orleans, sparing the city a direct hit.

^ Katrina had torn across the city, dropping to a category 4 just before she roared in, but still the strongest hurricane to hit New Orleans for decades.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ The Salvation Army, “Across the Nation the Salvation Army is Providing Aid to Survivors of Hurricane Katrina,” news release, September 13, 2005.

.This second cyclone continued north and affected Canada on August 31. In Ontario there were a few isolated reports of rain in excess of 100 mm (4 inches) and there were a few reports of damage from fallen trees.^ And when she died a few years ago, the agency was allowed to continue operating in the house, and there they are still.

^ Work continues in neighborhoods as our teams go out and cut down fallen trees from buildings and patching roofs with vinyl tarp material.
  • HURRICANE RELIEF, Friend Ships PORT MERCY Humanitarian Aid Disaster Response Team, Hurricane Katrina, Lee, Maria... 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.friendships.org [Source type: General]

^ August 31, 2005 The State of Mississippi Emergency Mangement Agency has not distributed a Situation Report for a couple of days, when one becomes available we will distribute it here.
  • Tropical Storm - Hurricane - Katrina - Mississippi 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.disastercenter.com [Source type: News]

[64] Flooding also occurred in both Ontario and Quebec, cutting off a number of isolated villages in Quebec, particularly in the Côte-Nord region.[65]

Aftermath

Economic effects

Costliest U.S. Atlantic hurricanes
Cost refers to total estimated property damage.
Rank Hurricane Season Cost (2008 USD)
1 Katrina 2005 $89.6 billion
2 Andrew 1992 $40.7 billion
3 Ike 2008 $27.0 billion
4 Wilma 2005 $22.7 billion
5 Charley 2004 $18.6 billion
Main article: List of costliest Atlantic hurricanes
The economic effects of the storm were far-reaching. .As of April 2006, the Bush Administration had sought $105 billion for repairs and reconstruction in the region,[66] and this does not account for damage to the economy caused by potential interruption of the oil supply, destruction of the Gulf Coast's highway infrastructure, and exports of commodities such as grain.^ The Gulf coast region is slowly recovering its oil refining and distribution capability after it was shut down by the fury of Hurricane Katrina....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ At the same time, they don't want to suggest that Bush is giving the brush-off to New Orleans and other Gulf Coast regions.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ Since 1989, governments worldwide have awarded $3 billion in contracts to KBR's Government and Infrastructure Division to clean up damage caused by natural and man-made disasters.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

.Katrina damaged or destroyed 30 oil platforms and caused the closure of nine refineries;[34] the total shut-in oil production from the Gulf of Mexico in the six-month period following Katrina was approximately 24% of the annual production and the shut-in gas production for the same period was about 18%.^ BROWN: It's all about oil in the Gulf.
  • CNN.com - Transcripts 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC transcripts.cnn.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Now Katrina is in the Gulf of Mexico and intensifying.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Katrina caused irreversible damage.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

[67] .The forestry industry in Mississippi was also affected, as 1.3 million acres (5,300 km²) of forest lands were destroyed.^ In addition, USDA’s Forest Service deployed approximately 300-350 law enforcement officers to the affected area as members of ESF-4 Incident Management Teams.

[68] .The total loss to the forestry industry from Katrina is calculated to rise to about $5 billion.^ Shortly after Hurricane Katrina did her savage business, Terry Francl estimated immediate losses to agriculture would reach $2 billion.
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ After Katrina: $2 billion ag loss estimate could be low .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

[68] .Furthermore, hundreds of thousands of local residents were left unemployed, which will have a trickle-down effect as fewer taxes are paid to local governments.^ Removing the massive debris left by Hurricane Katrina is a cooperative effort between local communities, state governments, federal governments, and state and federal agencies.

.Before the hurricane, the region supported approximately one million non-farm jobs, with 600,000 of them in New Orleans.^ New Orleans mending after Hurricane Katrina .
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ We have three offices -- one of which was in New Orleans.
  • Where to Donate: Grassroots/Low-income/People of Color-led Katrina Relief 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrina.mayfirst.org [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans itself has 1.3 million people.
  • Occam's Razor: Hurricane Katrina Tag Archive 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

.It is estimated that the total economic impact in Louisiana and Mississippi may exceed $150 billion.^ A bill that may include at least $1 billion to rebuild rental housing in Louisiana passed out of a U.S. House of Representatives committee on March 8.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Everyone has heard about the devastating impact that Hurricane Katrina has had on Mississippi, Louisiana, and the rest of the Gulf Coast.

^ President Bush visits Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana, and later signs a $10.5 billion disaster relief bill.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

[69]
.Katrina redistributed over one million people from the central Gulf coast elsewhere across the United States, which became the largest diaspora in the history of the United States.^ The Gulf coast region is slowly recovering its oil refining and distribution capability after it was shut down by the fury of Hurricane Katrina....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ MISSISSIPPI STATE, Miss., Mississippi producers suffering losses from Hurricane Katrina can apply for a portion of the $170 million in disaster assistance made available by the U.S. Department of Agriculture....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ The one million people from New Orleans and the Mississippi Gulf Coast suddenly tossed out of their jobs by Hurricane Katrina are now fanning out across the South and the rest of the country looking for work.

[70] .Houston, Texas, had an increase of 35,000 people; Mobile, Alabama, gained over 24,000; Baton Rouge, Louisiana, over 15,000; and Hammond, Louisiana received over 10,000, nearly doubling its size.^ Separate JFOs were set up and became fully operational in: Mobile, Alabama on September 1; Denver, Colorado on September 6; Montgomery, Alabama (supplanting the Mobile facility) and Oklahoma (State) on September 10; Austin, Texas on September 11; Baton Rouge and New Orleans, Louisiana on September 12; Little Rock, Arkansas on September 13;  and Jackson, Mississippi on September 16.

^ Texas agreed to triple to 75,000 the number of evacuees being taken in from Louisiana.

^ The Salvation Army can feed 400,000 people in Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama, Cunningham said.

.Chicago received over 6,000 people, the most of any non-southern city.^ By late summer, HANO says 1,000 additional units will be repaired and re-opened to people who lived in the city's public housing before Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ It seems like most of the city is under water and massive relief efforts are underway to rescue people stranded on top of the expressways.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ The city of New Orleans has a population of just over 500,000 and was expecting 300 murders this year, most of them centered on just a few, overwhelmingly black, neighborhoods.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[71] .By late January, 2006, about 200,000 people were once again living in New Orleans, less than half of the pre-storm population.^ In search of justice for the New Orleans 200,000 .

^ But New Orleans is a lot more than that.

^ New Orleans itself has 1.3 million people.
  • Occam's Razor: Hurricane Katrina Tag Archive 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.occams-razor.info [Source type: Original source]

[72] .By July 1, 2006, when new population estimates were calculated by the U.S. Census Bureau, the state of Louisiana showed a population decline of 219,563, or 4.87%.^ State of Louisiana, Office of the Governor, “Governor Blanco Declares State of Emergency Regarding Hurricane Dennis,” news release, July 8, 2005, http://gov.louisiana.gov/index.cfm?md=newsroom&tmp=detail&articleID=717 .

^ I posted this on July 13, 2006 and I wish I could say that we're no longer comfortably numb in New Orleans but we've had a bit of a relapse.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ A Louisiana state police commander said many New Orleans officers have quit, saying they weren't going to risk their lives to fight looters.

[73] .Additionally, some insurance companies have stopped insuring homeowners in the area because of the high costs from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, or have raised homeowners' insurance premiums to cover their risk.^ The [lack of a] response or recovery effort from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita is often framed in terms of race.

^ I have to say that after 4 years since surviving Hurricane Katrina I am sadly disappointed at the recovery and concern for the "unimportant" areas of New Orleans.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Here in my little corner of middle-America, we've taken in 20-some families and a total of 70-or-so people displaced by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

[74]

Environmental effects

The Chandeleur Islands, before Katrina (left) and after (right), showing the impact of the storm along coastal areas.
Katrina also had a profound impact on the environment. .The storm surge caused substantial beach erosion, in some cases completely devastating coastal areas.^ The storm's surge caused flooding, trapped people in buildings and caused an unspecified amount of damage, Mississippi Governor Haley Barbour said today.

^ Officials and area residents -- millions of whom fled for higher ground -- had been concerned the storm would cause flooding that would overwhelm the city's system of levees and pumps.

^ Much of the devastation is being blamed on a storm surge.

.In Dauphin Island, approximately 90 miles (150 km) to the east of the point where the hurricane made landfall, the sand that comprised the barrier island was transported across the island into the Mississippi Sound, pushing the island towards land.^ Tropical Storm Katrina Heads for Miami] "A hurricane watch and tropical storm warning is currently in effect for Florida's east coast from Vero Beach, about 150 miles north of Miami, south into the Florida Keys.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ "We had the USS Bataan sailing almost behind the hurricane so once the hurricane made landfall, its search and rescue helicopters could be available almost immediately So, we had things ready.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Federation of Southern Cooperatives/Land Assistance Fund East Point, GA www.federation.coop .
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

[75] .The storm surge and waves from Katrina also obliterated the Chandeleur Islands, which had been affected by Hurricane Ivan the previous year.^ Will Hurricane Katrina affect Louisiana harvest?
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ While Hurricane Katrinas fury sidestepped Louisianas crawfish acreage, centered in the southwest section of the state, the storms aftermath is likely to severely disrupt the industrys economy....
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ Day 3] - BBC: Katrina, the sixth deadliest hurricane to hit Florida in a year, moves westwards toward the Gulf Coast at nearly 7mph (11kph).
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

[76] .The US Geological Survey has estimated 217 square miles (560 km2) of land was transformed to water by the hurricanes Katrina and Rita.^ Shortly after Hurricane Katrina did her savage business, Terry Francl estimated immediate losses to agriculture would reach $2 billion.
  • Hurricane Katrina Coverage 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC deltafarmpress.com [Source type: General]

^ As well all recover in the Houston area from Hurricane Rita, we are again refocused on the gulf coast to the east of us.

^ In partnership with SOS, Common Ground, Camp Casey III and many other organizations, we provide supplies and volunteers from California and other parts of the country to the 800 square mile area of the hurricane Katrina devastation.
  • Where to Donate: Grassroots/Low-income/People of Color-led Katrina Relief 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrina.mayfirst.org [Source type: General]

[77]
.The lands that were lost were breeding grounds for marine mammals, brown pelicans, turtles, and fish, as well as migratory species such as redhead ducks.^ Francis is inundated with dogs and cats who were deserted or lost, as well as those moved from more damaged facilities such as the Humane Society.

[68] .Overall, about 20% of the local marshes were permanently overrun by water as a result of the storm.^ This suggests that conditions may be different in New Orleans, where the water resulted from a broken levy rather than a storm surge and where damage has probably resulted from standing water rather than surging water."
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

[68]
.The damage from Katrina forced the closure of 16 National Wildlife Refuges.^ Louisiana National Guard, Task Force Pelican,“Hurricane Katrina: Overview of Significant Events,” November 28, 2005, 23.

^ Louisiana National Guard, Task Force Pelican, “Hurricane Katrina: Overview of Significant Events,” November 28, 2005, 23-24.

^ Louisiana National Guard, Task Force Pelican,“Hurricane Katrina: Overview of Significant Events,” November 28, 2005, 23, 24.

.Breton National Wildlife Refuge lost half its area in the storm.^ But now we're finding some levee breaches in places like the National Wildlife Refuge up here.

[78] .As a result, the hurricane affected the habitats of sea turtles, Mississippi sandhill cranes, Red-cockaded woodpeckers and Alabama Beach mice.^ However, it noted that building and other repairs to hurricane-related damage in Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana and other affected regions should boost GDP in subsequentquarters.

[78]
.Finally, as part of the cleanup effort, the flood waters that covered New Orleans were pumped into Lake Pontchartrain, a process that took 43 days to complete.^ Those neighborhoods' efforts will be incorporated into the new process.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ This is part of what will change New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Day 6] - Water pours into New Orleans a full day after the hurricane hit.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

[34] .These residual waters contained a mix of raw sewage, bacteria, heavy metals, pesticides, toxic chemicals, and about 6.5 million U.S. gallons (24.6 million L) of oil, which has sparked fears in the scientific community of massive numbers of fish dying.^ Eight million gallons of oil spilled out from Louisiana facilities after the storm.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ Worse, EIGHT MILLION gallons spilled out of Louisiana oil facilities after the storms.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ And to many, the talk of rebuilding and the concern about looting seemed to miss the point: that people are dying in massive numbers.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[68]
Prior to the storm, subsidence and erosion caused erosion in the Louisiana wetlands and bayous. .This, along with the canals built in the area, allowed for Katrina to maintain more of its intensity when it struck.^ Despite this contact, Canada has not been allowed to fly supplies and personnel to the areas hit by Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ The area, which includes Dillard University, was badly flooded by a breach in the canal after Hurricane Katrina hit Aug.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Two Navy helicopter pilots were reprimanded for their actions after Hurricane Katrina struck they rescued more than 100 people and brought them to safety.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

[79]

Looting and violence

A Border Patrol Special Response Team searches a hotel room-by-room in New Orleans in response to Hurricane Katrina.
.Shortly after the hurricane moved away on August 30, 2005, some residents of New Orleans who remained in the city began looting stores.^ What do New Orleans residents want in their neighborhoods?
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Officials encourage residents remaining in New Orleans to evacuate.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ A crowd of up to 500 fleeing people, mostly poor black residents of New Orleans and some stranded white tourists, moves across the bridge, only to be held back at gunpoint by Gretna police who are reported to have said they did not want their town to become "another Superdome."
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

.Many were in search of food and water that were not available to them through any other means, as well as non-essential items.^ They and many other family members were able to get out of New Orleans well before the storm; and some of us had already re-located.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ Many have been there for days, without food, water or sanitary services.

^ But many have also been shocked by the images of disorder beamed around the world -- looters roaming the debris-strewn streets and thousands of people gathered in New Orleans waiting for the authorities to provide food, water and other aid.

[80]
.Reports of carjacking, murders, thefts, and rapes in New Orleans flooded the news.^ As far as I can tell, that was the first national report of flooding in New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ And as a result, much of New Orleans is flooded.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ If so, if large parts of the world were tormented by unpredictable storms, flooding and temperature changes, then what happened in New Orleans would seem like a tea party.

.Some sources later determined that many of the reports were inaccurate, because of the confusion.^ Both sources report that eighty percent of New Orleans experienced some amount of flooding.

^ I hope (though doubt) Nagin will rush to call a new conference tomorrow just as he did after last week's WWL report because he has some explaining to do.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ The Energy Department reports more than 5,000 calls, though there was no way to immediately determine how many of the allegations were valid.

[81] .Thousands of National Guard and federal troops were mobilized (the total went from 7,841 in the area the day Katrina hit to a maximum of 46,838 on September 10) and sent to Louisiana along with numbers of local law enforcement agents from across the country who were temporarily deputized by the state.^ National Guard troops are dispatched across the Gulf Coast.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ New Orleans is under Federal, State, and Local law.

^ By September 8, the Department of Interior deployed 175 law enforcement officers from the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the National Park Service, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the Tribal Police.  The Department of the Treasury and the Department of Veteran Affairs deployed thirty-four and thirty-three law enforcement officers, respectively.  The Environmental Protection Agency sent seventeen officers to the region, and the U.S. Postal Inspection Service deployed a total of 117 law enforcement personnel.  U.S. Department of Homeland Security, “Federal Law Enforcement Deployed to Region,” September 8, 2005.

."They have M16s and are locked and loaded.^ "They have M-16s and they're locked and loaded," she said.

.These troops know how to shoot and kill and I expect they will," Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco said.^ Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco said miles and miles of homes were under water.

^ "These troops know how to shoot and kill, and they are more than willing to do so, and I expect they will."

^ She said they "know how to shoot and kill, and they are more than willing to do so, and I expect they will."

.Congressman Bill Jefferson (D-LA) told ABC News: "There was shooting going on.^ Silah told The Observer: 'I warned there was going to be a very long night ahead.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ "They don't have a clue what's going on down there," Mayor Ray Nagin told WWL-AM Thursday night.

^ He was evacuated out of New Orleans, and the people who are helping evacuees there contacted me through my email address and told me Jerome was safe!
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

There was sniping going on. .Over the first week of September, law and order were gradually restored to the city."^ Wasn't the whole rhetoric about sending in the military primarily concerned with restoring law and order?

^ If you don't believe me, think back to September 11, and all the times over the first few weeks after the attacks that we had to revise the things we thought we knew.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ Considering that there are already questions about who was in charge last week, can someone please ask the White House who first gave the order to NorthCom and when?
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[82] .Several shootings were between police and New Orleans residents, including a fatal incident at Danziger Bridge.^ What do New Orleans residents want in their neighborhoods?
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Her mother was a lifelong resident of New Orleans.
  • Search Results - Hurricane Katrina Deceased Victims List - The Earth Institute at Columbia University 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.katrinalist.columbia.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ From our word on the ground in New Orleans (police officers/firemen) the biggest issue with the reflooding of some of New Orleans is the moral.

[83]
.A number of arrests were made throughout the affected area, including some near the New Orleans Convention Center.^ He lived in or near New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ Thursday outside the New Orleans convention center.

^ The Confederate Yankee has been doing some digging, and suggests that rebuilding New Orleans as it was is perhaps, long term, just not a good idea .
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

A temporary jail was constructed of chain link cages in the city train station.[84]
.In Texas, where more than 300,000 refugees were located, local officials ran 20,000 criminal background checks on the refugees, as well as on the relief workers helping them and people who opened up their homes.^ Well, we are a lot more than all that.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]
  • Kathryn Cramer: Hurricane Katrina 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.kathryncramer.com [Source type: General]

^ More than 1,700 volunteer medical personnel have come from Louisiana; Washington, D.C.; Georgia; Arkansas; Mississippi; Florida; Texas; Utah; Arizona; Illinois; and Washington.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Mechanics who helped hot-wire any car that could be found to ferry people out of the City.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

.The background checks found that 45% of the refugees had a criminal record of some nature, and that 22% had a violent criminal record.^ Records.com - People Search Public Records and Background Checks.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

[85] .The number of homicides in Houston from September 2005 through February 22, 2006 went up by 23% relative to the same period a year before; 29 of the 170 murders involved displaced Louisianans as victims or suspects.^ Friday, September 23, 2005 .

^ Jan-2006 23:29 .
  • Hurricane Katrina - Bay St. Louis, Mississippi Photo Gallery by David Bailey at pbase.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ September 22, 2005 .
  • Hurricane!: hurricane katrina archives 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC hurricane.blogcarnival.com [Source type: General]
  • Blackwater Down | Hurricane Katrina | AlterNet 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[86]

Government response

President Bush stands with Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld, Secretary of Labor Elaine Chao and Secretary of Health and Human Services Mike Leavitt during a press conference from the Rose Garden, regarding the devastation along the Gulf Coast caused by Katrina.
President Bush examines the flooded areas from Air Force One.
.Within the United States and as delineated in the National Response Plan, disaster response and planning is first and foremost a local government responsibility.^ National Response Plan , 28-33.

^ National Response Plan , 15.

^ National Response Plan , 63.

.When local government exhausts its resources, it then requests specific additional resources from the county level.^ After exhausting all governmental avenues to place a request to have some people in a specific spot in NOLA rescued, the family tried calling the Red Cross.

^ In addition, he said the local governments have no obligation to provide polling places outside their jurisdictions.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Governors of Louisiana and Mississippi request additional security forces from the federal government."
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

.The request process proceeds similarly from the county to the state to the federal government as additional resource needs are identified.^ Removing the massive debris left by Hurricane Katrina is a cooperative effort between local communities, state governments, federal governments, and state and federal agencies.

^ The FCO is responsible for coordinating the timely delivery of Federal disaster assistance resources and programs to the affected State and local governments, individual victims, and the private sector.” National Response Plan , p.

^ Local, state and federal government need to have a "worst case scenario" plan for each region in the US, corresponding with the possible types of disaster.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.Many of the problems that arose developed from inadequate planning and back-up communications systems at various levels.^ California spent millions of dollars shoring up its levee system but many feel the effort is not enough to protect people and property.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ There were breakdowns of communication and planning at all levels of government - federal, state and local levels.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ The suit demanded that temporary polling places be set up in communities outside Louisiana where many hurricane evacuees are living.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

[87]
.Some disaster recovery response to Katrina began before the storm, with Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) preparations that ranged from logistical supply deployments to a mortuary team with refrigerated trucks.^ Which brings us to the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Saturday said Federal Emergency Management Agency's response to the Hurricane Katrina has been slow.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ Robert R. Latham Jr., Executive Director of the Mississippi Emergency Management Agency, written statement for a hearing on Hurricane Katrina: Preparedness and Response by the State of Mississippi, on December 7, 2005, submitted to the House Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina, 109th Congress, 1st session.

.A network of volunteers began rendering assistance to local residents and residents emerging from New Orleans and surrounding parishes as soon as the storm made landfall (even though many were directed to not enter the area), and continued for more than six months after the storm.^ Had been in New Orleans four months.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ What do New Orleans residents want in their neighborhoods?
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ William, Louisiana to New Orleans to all surrounding areas.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

[87]
.Of the 60,000 people stranded in New Orleans, the Coast Guard rescued more than 33,500.[88] Congress recognized the Coast Guard's response with an official entry in the Congressional Record,[89] and the Armed Service was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation.^ The U.S. Coast Guard said that it has rescued more than 22,000 people.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ "Here in New Orleans, we are not guarding from terrorists."
  • Blackwater Down | Hurricane Katrina | AlterNet 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ News is more than welcome!
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

[90]
.The United States Northern Command established Joint Task Force (JTF) Katrina based out of Camp Shelby, Mississippi, to act as the military's on-scene response on Sunday, August 28, with US Army Lieutenant General Russel L. Honoré as commander.^ Sunday, August 28 .
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ August 28, 2005 By Russell McCulley .

^ Russel Honore, commander of Task Force Katrina.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.[91] Approximately 58,000 National Guard personnel were activated to deal with the storm's aftermath, with troops coming from all 50 states.^ The National Guard had been activated to help with storm preparations, he said.
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]
  • Hurricane Katrina timeline - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ The storm forced Troop B of the Louisiana State Police to relocate from their barracks to the Kenner Police Department’s headquarters.

^ This is all about the MONEY. Blackwater, et al claim that they can provide security better than government agencies (police/national guard/etc.
  • Blackwater Down | Hurricane Katrina | AlterNet 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

[92] .The Department of Defense also activated volunteer members of the Civil Air Patrol.^ U.S. Department of Defense, Air Force, “Air Force Support of Hurricane Katrina Continues,” Air Force Link , September 4, 2005.

^ U.S. Department of Defense, Under Secretary of Defense for Policy, Manual 3025.1-M, Manual for Civil Emergencies (Washington, D.C., June 1994), para.

^ Civil Air Patrol.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

.Michael Chertoff, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, decided to take over the federal, state, and local operations officially on August 30, 2005, citing the National Response Plan.^ Michael Chertoff, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, memorandum for distribution entitled “Designation of Principal Federal Official for Hurricane Katrina,” August 30, 2005, 1.

^ National Response Plan , 28-33.

^ National Response Plan , 15.

[93] .This was refused by Governor Blanco who indicated that her National Guard could manage.^ The Deputy Commander of the RI National Guard reported to me that he had Guardsmen who were whipped, but after a hot shower and an IWO JIMA breakfast were ready to hit the patrols again.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some see Cline as a proud, arrogant man who refused to believe a hurricane of such intensity could sweep across the island as it did.

^ Gary Jones, who commanded the Louisiana National Guard's Joint Task Force, told the paper, "This place is going to look like Little Somalia.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.Early in September, Congress authorized a total of $62.3 billion in aid for victims.^ Meanwhile, by unanimous consent of those present, the Senate has approved $10.5 billion in aid for the hurricane victims.

^ Congress is rushing through an aid package of more than $10 billion and the Pentagon is promising 1,400 National Guardsmen.

^ U.S. Department of the Interior, “Cason Announces Initial BIA Response to Aid Tribal Victims of Hurricane Katrina,” news release, September 1, 2005.

[94] .Additionally, President Bush enlisted the help of former presidents Bill Clinton and George H.W. Bush to raise additional voluntary contributions, much as they did after the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami.^ As the full horror of this sinks in, thousands of desperate columnists are asking if George Bush contributed to the death toll by sending so many national guard units to Iraq.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Not once did Bush mention anything about helping US citizens.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Watch how on the morning of 9/11/01, "President" George W. Bush was scheduled to appear at a Florida elementary school to promote a reading program for third graders.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

[95] .American flags were also ordered to be half-staff from September 2, 2005 to September 20, 2005 in honor of the victims.^ Tuesday, September 20, 2005 .

^ September 20, 2005 – Document Command Inc.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Execution Order, August 30, 2005 .

[96]
.FEMA provided housing assistance (rental assistance, trailers, etc.^ FEMA:Seek safer housing than our trailers .
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ It is on every contract everyone receiving FEMA housing assistance signed.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ FEMA has hired two faith-based nonprofits to provide housing assistance; the assistance is intended to help some 50,000 households who had been staying in leased hotel rooms.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

) to more than 700,000 applicants—families and individuals. .However, only one-fifth of the trailers requested in Orleans Parish have been supplied, resulting in an enormous housing shortage in the city of New Orleans.^ The city of New Orleans will never be the same.

^ We have three offices -- one of which was in New Orleans.
  • Where to Donate: Grassroots/Low-income/People of Color-led Katrina Relief 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrina.mayfirst.org [Source type: General]

^ The Blackwater operators described their mission in New Orleans as "securing neighborhoods," as if they were talking about Sadr City.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

[97] .Many local areas voted to not allow the trailers, and many areas had no utilities, a requirement prior to placing the trailers.^ This march and the right to vote in satellite polling places was important to her because she wanted as many people as possible to vote against Ray Nagin.

.To provide for additional housing, FEMA has also paid for the hotel costs of 12,000 individuals and families displaced by Katrina through February 7, 2006, when a final deadline was set for the end of hotel cost coverage.^ They are also providing hundreds of hot meals each day, providing day care and helping families find permanent housing.
  • Where to Donate: Grassroots/Low-income/People of Color-led Katrina Relief 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrina.mayfirst.org [Source type: General]

^ Here in my little corner of middle-America, we've taken in 20-some families and a total of 70-or-so people displaced by Hurricane Katrina.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ State and local officials say the additional funds could mean some $150,000 per displaced homeowner.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

.After this deadline, evacuees were still eligible to receive federal assistance, which could be used towards either apartment rent, additional hotel stays, or fixing their ruined homes, although FEMA no longer paid for hotels directly.^ Private contractors get paid $10k per month and stay at four star hotels in Kuwait.
  • Blackwater Down | Hurricane Katrina | AlterNet 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ FEMA has hired two faith-based nonprofits to provide housing assistance; the assistance is intended to help some 50,000 households who had been staying in leased hotel rooms.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ As of this (9/6/05) Almetra Franklin said they have not seen anyone from FEMA or the Red Cross They are doing this all on their own and could really use your help."
  • Where to Donate: Grassroots/Low-income/People of Color-led Katrina Relief 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrina.mayfirst.org [Source type: General]

[98] .As of early July 2006, there are still about 100,000 people living in 37,745 FEMA-provided trailers.^ We loved (and still do) the precious people who live there!
  • Hurricane Katrina - Bay St. Louis, Mississippi Photo Gallery by David Bailey at pbase.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ "Many people are still left there."
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ There were stacks of tents, lanterns and camp stoves for people still displaced, as well as clothing, bedding, plates and utensils.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

[99]
.Law enforcement and public safety agencies, from across the United States, provided a "mutual aid" response to Louisiana and New Orleans in the weeks following the disaster.^ New Orleans is a disaster waiting to happen.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans is under Federal, State, and Local law.

^ While some law enforcement officers provided by States under the EMAC readily accepted direction from Louisiana and Federal law enforcement officials, others operated in New Orleans with little coordination or supervision.

.Many agencies responded with manpower and equipment from as far away as California, Michigan, Nevada, New York, and Texas.^ The New York Times provides the best explanation I've seen so far of multiple breaches, but so far all the images I've seen are of the same one.

^ Rebuild New Orleans somewhere else, they argued, far away from hurricane threat.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

^ Disruptions to Gulf natural-gas production are being felt as far away as Detroit and New York state after El Paso Corp.

.This response was welcomed by local Louisiana authorities as their staff were either becoming fatigued, stretched too thin, or even quitting from the job.^ William Leighty, Virginia Governor Warner's chief of staff and a key member of the Hurricane Isabel response team, will head to Louisiana.

^ Even the leader of a ragtag terrorist operation can tell you that decentralizing authority into local cells that can operate on their own for long stretches makes you less vulnerable to your enemies.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ The new evacuation order has been drafted and will be issued shortly, Mr. Nagin said, even though Louisiana state officials question his authority to issue such a command .
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

[100]
.Two weeks after the storm, more than half of the states were involved in providing shelter for evacuees.^ Look at more than what’s in front of your own two eyes.

^ Just over a thousand units are already open, of more than 5,000 that were inhabited before the storm.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Scientists at Louisiana State University (L.S.U.), who have modeled hundreds of possible storm tracks on advanced computers, predict that more than 100,000 people could die.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

.By four weeks after the storm, evacuees had been registered in all 50 states and in 18,700 zip codes—half of the nation's residential postal zones.^ While the administration had bickered over politics, Blanco had expanded the size of her National Guard by accepting deployments of guardsmen from all of the other 49 states.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ The city, Parish and State government provided all sorts of free transportation for the needy before the storm, but many ignored the offers.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ On request of the American Red Cross, the ICRC will transfer to it all data related to evacuees (Self Registered persons), on 19.09.2005 at 12 gmt.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

.Most evacuees had stayed within 250 miles (400 km), but 240,000 households went to Houston and other cities over 250 miles (400 km) away and another 60,000 households went over 750 miles (1,200 km) away.^ Massive evacuation of residential areas on low ground within 5-10 miles (8-16 km) of the shoreline may be required.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ FEMA is now saying that the overload on the system will create a delay of monies being distributed by about 3 weeks and believe it or not - Red Cross has ONE operating station in all of Houston with over 250,000 evacuees in Houston alone.

^ With many parents stuck in Houston or other far-flung cities, their children are living by themselves with their young siblings in New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

[101]

Criticism of government response

USNS Comfort takes on supplies at Mayport, Florida en route to the Gulf Coast.
.The criticisms of the government's response to Hurricane Katrina primarily consisted of criticism of mismanagement and lack of leadership in the relief efforts in response to the storm and its aftermath.^ From Katrina survivors critical of Australian Government response .
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

^ The response to Hurricane Katrina is a failure.

^ U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency, “Hurricane Katrina Response Brief,” September 1, 2005.  The brief reported that security and lawlessness were becoming a “very critical concern” and were hindering relief efforts.  See also U.S. Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency, “VIP Katrina Briefing,” slide presentation, September 1, 2005.

.More specifically, the criticism focused on the delayed response to the flooding of New Orleans, and the subsequent state of chaos in the Crescent City.^ And as a result, much of New Orleans is flooded.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

^ But New Orleans is a lot more than that.

^ The city of New Orleans will never be the same.

[51] The neologism Katrinagate was coined to refer to this controversy, and was a runner-up for "2005 word of the year."[102]
.Within days of Katrina's August 29, 2005 landfall, public debate arose about the local, state and federal governments' role in the preparations for and response to the hurricane.^ It’s no secret what I think about the local, state, and federal government’s response to the storm .

^ August 29, 2005 .

^ From a post on the Federal government taking on a local sheriff after Hurricane Katrina.

.Criticism was initially prompted by televised images of visibly shaken and frustrated political leaders, and of residents who remained stranded by flood waters without water, food or shelter.^ Initially they are extending this aid to 1000 families who resided in Louisiana, Mississippi or Alabama at the time Katrina hit.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Many have been there for days, without food, water or sanitary services.

^ "The administration's priority is to provide needed assistance: water, food, medical care, shelter," said Joanna Gonzalez, a DHS spokeswoman.

.Deaths from thirst, exhaustion, and violence, days after the storm had passed, fueled the criticism, as did the dilemma of the evacuees at facilities such as the Louisiana Superdome (designed to handle 800, yet 30,000 arrived)and the New Orleans Civic Center (not designed as an evacuation center, yet 25,000 arrived).^ Bush has arrived in New Orleans.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ Louisiana governor calls for evacuation of New Orleans .

^ Violence disrupts evacuation, rescue efforts in New Orleans .

.Some alleged that race, class, and other factors could have contributed to delays in government response.^ In the cases of Katrina and Rita , the [lack of a] response to people’s needs from the government could inspire some to start caring, to start paying attention, to want to take such matters (e.g.

^ Some government officials in Louisiana and Mississippi said it could take a month or more to restore full electric service in some of the hardest hit areas.

^ So why should there be anything other response from the government than to send in Blackwater and operate as if in a foreign country.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.The percentage of black victims among storm-related deaths (49%)[103] was below their proportion in the area's population (approx.^ Interviews with storm victims show that blacks tended not to believe the government would help them, while whites more often pressured the state insurance department to get relief.
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

60%[104] ).
.In accordance with federal law, President George W. Bush directed the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, Michael Chertoff, to coordinate the Federal response.^ Michael Chertoff, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, memorandum for distribution entitled “Designation of Principal Federal Official for Hurricane Katrina,” August 30, 2005, 1.

^ [Director Brown] was going to manage this thing as the battlefield commander, you know, with the authority he had as the director of FEMA, which put him in supervisory authority over the federal coordinating officers.”  Michael Chertoff, testimony before a hearing on Hurricane Katrina: The Role of the Department of Homeland Security, on October 19, 2005, House Select Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina, 109th Congress, 1st session.  See also Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act [“Stafford Act”] , as amended by Public Law 106-390 (October 30, 2000).

^ Michael Chertoff, Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, written statement for a hearing on Hurricane Katrina: The Homeland Security Department’s Preparation and Response, on February 15, 2006, submitted to the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee, 109th Congress, 2nd session.

.Chertoff designated Michael D. Brown, head of the Federal Emergency Management Agency, as the Principal Federal Official to lead the deployment and coordination of all federal response resources and forces in the Gulf Coast region.^ Which brings us to the Federal Emergency Management Agency.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Federal Emergency Management Agency moved in with housing and other assistance.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ "It's bad," agreed Federal Emergency Management Agency director Mike Brown.

.However, the President and Secretary Chertoff initially came under harsh criticism for what some perceived as a lack of planning and coordination, even though Governor Blanco resisted their efforts.^ Nagin's interview Thursday night on WWL radio came as President Bush planned to visit Gulf Coast communities battered by Hurricane Katrina, a visit aimed at alleviating criticism that he engineered a too- little, too-late response.

^ Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco said miles and miles of homes were under water.

^ Even though now, Red Cross shelters and FEMA are distributing food, providing shelter, and caring for the sick and wounded, they came too late.
  • AnneRice.Com: Hurricane Katrina 11 September 2009 6:30 UTC www.annerice.com [Source type: General]

.Eight days later, Brown was recalled to Washington and Coast Guard Vice Admiral Thad W. Allen replaced him as chief of hurricane relief operations.^ Aug 11, 1990 - Comfort departed Baltimore two days later and em­barked on what was to be an eight-month deployment.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ Other neighboring states, including Arkansas and Texas were also calling up their National Guards to assist in the relief operation, the newspaper said quoting Pentagon sources.

^ Money from the state's "hurricane relief" fund will be used to fill the "rainy day" fund and help pay for Medicaid services in the next fiscal year that begins July 1.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

[105] .Three days after the recall, Michael D. Brown resigned as director of FEMA in spite of having received recent praise from President Bush.^ President Bush authorized FEMA “.

^ President Bush was returning to Washington two days ahead of schedule to help oversee Hurricane Katrina recovery efforts, the White House announced.

^ For one thing, the undermining of FEMA began as soon as President Bush took office.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[106]
During A Concert for Hurricane Relief, a benefit concert for victims of the hurricane, rapper Kanye West veered off script and harshly criticized the government's response to the crisis, stating that "George Bush doesn't care about black people." Although the camera quickly cut away, and the scene was deleted from delayed broadcasts, West's comments still reached the East Coast broadcasts, and were replayed and discussed afterwards.[107]
.Criticism from politicians, activists, pundits and journalists of all stripes was directed at the local and state and governments headed by Mayor Ray Nagin of New Orleans and Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco.^ Kathleen Blanco, governor of Louisiana, called on the city of New Orleans to evacuate as waters continued to rise.

^ It focuses not on New Orleans alone, but all areas of the state.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ William, Louisiana to New Orleans to all surrounding areas.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

.Nagin and Blanco were criticized for failing to implement New Orleans' evacuation plan and for ordering residents to a shelter of last resort without any provisions for food, water, security, or sanitary conditions.^ What do New Orleans residents want in their neighborhoods?
  • Hurricane Katrina Resources 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.nhi.org [Source type: News]

^ Now , Ray Nagin orders a genuinely mandatory evacuation of New Orleans.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ NEW ORLEANS (CNN) -- With New Orleans mostly under water last week and two rapidly deteriorating "shelters of last resort" already holding thousands, Mayor Ray Nagin issued a "desperate SOS" and urged people still in the city to flee over a Mississippi River bridge.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

.Perhaps the most important criticism of Nagin was that he delayed his emergency evacuation order until 19 hours before landfall, which led to hundreds of deaths of people who (by that time) could not find any way out of the city.^ "The most important thing is to get the people out of that environment," he said.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Someone can find out who they are.
  • Blackwater Down | Hurricane Katrina | AlterNet 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ Lots of people waiting to find out how bad Hurricane Katrina hit.

[8]
.The destruction wrought by Hurricane Katrina raised other, more general public policy issues about emergency management, environmental policy, poverty, and unemployment.^ I want to be wrong about Hurricane Katrina."
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Read more from this blogger: Hurricane Katrina .

^ In the century that followed, ad hoc legislation was passed more than 100 times in response to hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters.

.The discussion of both the immediate response and of the broader public policy issues may have affected elections and legislation enacted at various levels of government.^ But the evidence points, above all, to a stunning lack of both preparation and urgency in the federal government's response.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ It is a city of extended families and social networks filling the gaps left by city, state and federal governments that have abdicated their responsibility for the public welfare.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ But the evidence points, above all, to a stunning lack of both preparation and urgency in the federal government's response.'
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

.The storm's devastation also prompted a Congressional investigation, which found that FEMA and the Red Cross "did not have a logistics capacity sophisticated enough to fully support the massive number of Gulf coast victims."^ "We cannot stress enough the danger this hurricane poses to Gulf Coast communities."

^ This is still a devastating forecast for New Orleans and the Gulf Coast.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ We will do everything we can to guide the recovery effort, and help them realize their vision so that communities along the Gulf Coast are better and stronger than before the storm.

.Additionally, it placed responsibility for the disaster on all three levels of government.^ "I don't want the federal government to take over disaster response, believe me," DeLay told the AP. "Why?

^ There were breakdowns of communication and planning at all levels of government - federal, state and local levels.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ But the evidence points, above all, to a stunning lack of both preparation and urgency in the federal government's response.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[8]
.An ABC News Poll conducted on September 2, 2005, showed more blame was being directed at state and local governments (75%) than at the Federal government (67%), with 44% blaming Bush's leadership directly.^ Incredibly, 44 percent blame Bush.

^ New Orleans is under Federal, State, and Local law.

^ NEW YORK (CNN) -- The government's response to deadly Hurricane Katrina shows the United States is unprepared for a disaster or terrorist attack, a member of the commission that investigated the Sept.
  • CNN.com - The latest on�Katrina's aftermath - Sep 13, 2005 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC edition.cnn.com [Source type: News]

[108] .A later CNN/USAToday/Gallup poll showed that respondents disagreed widely on who was to blame for the problems in the city following the hurricane — 13% said Bush, 18% said federal agencies, 25% blamed state or local officials and 38% said no one was to blame.^ State and local governments will be reimbursed by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security’s Federal Emergency Management Agency for 100 percent of Hurricane Katrina eligible debris removal costs incurred during the sixty days following President Bush’s federal disaster declaration, from August 29 through October 30th, 2005.

^ State emergency management officials said 80 percent of the state's residents had no power.

^ It is apparent that no one - neither New Orleans Police Chief Eddie Compass nor state and federal officials - were prepared for what would come after Katrina had passed through,' the paper roared in an editorial last week.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[109]

International response

United States Navy personnel unload Canadian relief supplies from a Canadian Air Force transport aircraft in Pensacola, Florida.
Over seventy countries pledged monetary donations or other assistance. .Notably, Cuba and Venezuela (both hostile to US government themselves) were the first countries to offer assistance, pledging over $1 million, several mobile hospitals, water treatment plants, canned food, bottled water, heating oil, 1,100 doctors and 26.4 metric tons of medicine, though this aid was rejected by the U.S. government.^ Was Michael D. Brown the best appointment for head of FEMA? Last year, Brown also faced heat when it was discovered FEMA paid out $31 million in aid in Miami-Dade County after Hurricane Frances, though the storm hit 100 miles to the north and the county never felt sustained winds of hurricane strength.

^ Policy makers are experts at pointing out the faults in other countries but when we can’t get our act like together, like we did in Hurricane Katrina, we reject the aid of Cuba because we need to act like we have it under control.

^ The federal government began rushing baby formula, communications equipment, generators, water and ice into hard-hit areas of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama, along with doctors, nurses and first-aid supplies.

[110][111][112][113] .Kuwait made the largest single pledge, $500 million; other large donations were made by Qatar and United Arab Emirates (each $100 million), South Korea ($30 million), Australia ($10 million), India, China (both $5 million), New Zealand ($2 million),[114] Pakistan ($1.5 million),[115] and Bangladesh ($1 million).^ Officials said that money targeted for the SELA project -- $10.4 million, down from $36.5 million -- was not enough to start any new jobs.

^ But she said FEMA never told Unity and other community groups that it had tens of millions of dollars worth of brand-new items meant for storm victims.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ New Orleans, just 100 miles upriver from the Gulf of Mexico, has 500,000 residents within a metropolitan area of 1.3 million people, and depends on pumps and levees to keep dry.

[116]
India sent tarps, blankets and hygiene kits. An Indian Air Force IL-76 aircraft delivered 25 tonnes of relief supplies for the Hurricane Katrina victims at the Little Rock Air Force Base, Arkansas on September 13, 2005.
.Israel sent an IDF delegation to New Orleans to transport aid equipment including 80 tons of food, disposable diapers, beds, blankets, generators and additional equipment which were donated from different governmental institutions, civilian institutions and the IDF.[117] The Bush Administration announced in mid-September that it did not need Israeli divers and physicians to come to the United States for search and rescue missions, but a small team landed in New Orleans on September 10 to give assistance to operations already under way.^ Bush has arrived in New Orleans.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ In New Orleans additional damage is piling on.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Bush's New Orleans speech released .
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

.The team administered first aid to survivors, rescued abandoned pets and discovered hurricane victims.^ HUNDREDS of tons of British food aid shipped to America for starving Hurricane Katrina survivors is to be burned.

^ Meanwhile, by unanimous consent of those present, the Senate has approved $10.5 billion in aid for the hurricane victims.

^ After Hurricane Katrina, I donated $50 to the Humane Society to help the pets that were stranded and abandoned in New Orleans.

[118]
.Countries like Sri Lanka, which was still recovering from the Indian Ocean Tsunami, also offered to help.^ If anything, Americans should be grateful that our government had ANY system in place, unlike the unfortunate victims in Sri Lanka's tsunami.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Asia-Pacific nations - including tsunami-battered Sri Lanka - promised Friday to send money and disaster relief experts to the United States to help deal with the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.

^ After the tsunami our people, even the ones who lost everything, wanted to help the others who were suffering," said Sajeewa Chinthaka, 36, as he watched a cricket match in Colombo, Sri Lanka.

.Countries including Canada, Mexico, Singapore, and Germany sent supplies, relief personnel, troops, ships and water pumps to aid in the disaster recovery.^ Despite this contact, Canada has not been allowed to fly supplies and personnel to the areas hit by Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Disaster Relief Ideas.org: http://www.disasterreliefideas.org/ Bulletin-board style "forums for the discussion of ideas to aid disaster relief in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ The US military on Wednesday added Navy ships, including two helicopter assault vessels and the hospital ship Comfort, and search troops to a relief effort in the wake of Hurricane Katrina.

Belgium sent in a team of relief personnel. .Britain's donation of 350,000 emergency meals did not reach victims because of laws regarding mad cow disease.^ More than 2,000 faculty, students and staff on the LSU campus have volunteered in assisting evacuees, by donating time and providing accommodations for evacuees and emergency workers.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ He expects unusual problems to continue, because victims of Katrina flooding will need emergency food for far longer than the usual week or so.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[119] .Russia's initial offer of two jets was declined by the U.S. State Department but accepted later.^ Aug 11, 1990 - Comfort departed Baltimore two days later and em­barked on what was to be an eight-month deployment.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ FEMA directly requested that several States receive and house evacuees.  For examples, see Arizona Department of Housing, “Arizona to Accept Evacuees from Gulf Coast,” news release, n.d., ca.

The French offer was also declined and requested later.[120]
Despite receiving aid from around the world, there was also a heavy dose of criticism from around the world, including accusations of racism that were revealed at the international level across global press. .Quotations from the UK Mirror such as "Many things about the United States are wonderful, but it has a vile underbelly which is usually kept well out of sight.^ Many of the firefighters, assembled from throughout the United States by FEMA, thought they were going to be deployed as emergency workers.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ That cuts out everyone running Linux or the Mac operating systems, as well as Windows users running alternate browsers such as Firefox or Opera."
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Kat points out that people and businesses - especially businesses with responsibilities for people such as nursing homes - need disaster plans, as well.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

.Now in New Orleans it has been exposed to the world."^ Right now I'm scared for New Orleans.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

^ Transcript from a Democracy Now segment: Overkill: Feared Blackwater Mercenaries Deploy in New Orleans [ mp3 ]: .

^ It seems to me that most people just don't understand what it feels like to live in New Orleans right now.
  • Hurricane Katrina survivor stories - dKosopedia 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC dkosopedia.com [Source type: News]

were common.[121]

Non-governmental organization response

Most intense landfalling Atlantic hurricanes in the United States
based on size and intensity for total points on the Hurricane Severity Index
Rank Hurricane Year Intensity Size Total
1 Carla 1961 17 25 42
2 Hugo 1989 16 24 40
Betsy 1965 15 25 40
4 Camille 1969 22 14 36
Katrina 2005 13 23 36
Opal 1995 11 25 36
7 Miami 1926 15 19 34
8 Audrey 1957 17 16 33
Fran 1996 11 22 33
Wilma 2005 12 21 33
Source: Hurricane Severity Index
.The American Red Cross, Southern Baptist Convention, Salvation Army, Oxfam, Common Ground Collective, Emergency Communities, Habitat for Humanity, Catholic Charities, Service International, "A River of Hope", The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons)[122][123][124], and many other charitable organizations provided help to the victims of the storm.^ The American Red Cross is also running shelters in other Texas cities.

^ Dear Colleagues, More than 800 families from the Gulf Coast registered at the Gregg Community Center in KCMO where agencies like American Red Cross, Salvation Army, Catholic Charities of Missouri and Kansas, FEMA, Concerned Clergy, Housing Authority, KCMO School District, City of Kansas City and others joined to provide services.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Mark Henke Catholic Charities, Catholic Community Services 2220 Central Ave Kansas City KS 66102-4797 www.CatholicCharitiesKS.org .
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

.They were not allowed into New Orleans proper by the National Guard for several days after the storm because of safety concerns.^ "Here in New Orleans, we are not guarding from terrorists."
  • Blackwater Down | Hurricane Katrina | AlterNet 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

^ So why were New Orleans and the nation so unprepared?
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ They remained at Touro for several days until "help" arrived.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

.These organizations raised US$4.25 billion in donations by the public, with the Red Cross receiving over half of the donations.^ Which got us thinking: Why not cancel all of the special-project pork in the highway bill and dedicate the $25 billion in savings to emergency relief on the Gulf Coast?
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It has been shown that irresponsible to have donated the lion’s share of that money the Red Cross, since people may or may not have gotten it.

^ For 25 years the right has been denigrating the public sector, telling us that government is always the problem, not the solution.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[125]
.Volunteers from amateur radio's emergency service wing, the Amateur Radio Emergency Service, provided communications in areas where the communications infrastructure had been damaged or totally destroyed, relaying everything from 911 traffic to messages home.^ This after the NOAH home remediation program raised eyebrows throughout the volunteer community for being "silly."
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ The work force is scattered, their homes destroyed, along with the entire infrastructure of New Orleans.

^ More than 2,000 faculty, students and staff on the LSU campus have volunteered in assisting evacuees, by donating time and providing accommodations for evacuees and emergency workers.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

[126] .In Hancock County, Mississippi, ham radio operators provided the only communications into or out of the area, and even served as 911 dispatchers.^ The federal government began rushing baby formula, communications equipment, generators, water and ice into hard-hit areas of Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama, along with doctors, nurses and first-aid supplies.

^ We got yelled at some by police and official-types who wanted us out of areas where they were operating.

^ Officials could not yet provide accurate estimates for fatalities or time needed for recovery in the area and are focusing, instead, on widespread search-and-rescue operations.

[127]
Many corporations also contributed to relief efforts. .On September 13, 2005, it was reported that corporate donations to the relief effort were $409 million, and were expected to exceed $1 billion.^ Last Updated ( Sunday, 04 September 2005 ) Hurricane Katrina Relief Your support is critical.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Congress rushed a $10.5 billion recovery bill to President Bush, who called the relief effort the biggest in U.S. history.

^ Bush, who tends not to admit failure and famously couldn't remember a single mistake he had made when asked by a reporter, agreed on Friday that the relief efforts are 'not acceptable'.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

[128]
.During and after the Hurricanes Katrina, Wilma and Rita, the American Red Cross had opened 1,470 different shelters across and registered 3.8 million overnight stays.^ The American Red Cross is also running shelters in other Texas cities.

^ All of this was well known long before Katrina boiled up in the Caribbean, so much so that the American Red Cross, three years ago, declared it was not prepared to provide hurricane shelters in the city because of the risk to staff and the general public of the shelters being flooded.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ The [lack of a] response or recovery effort from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita is often framed in terms of race.

.None were allowed in New Orleans however.^ None of which explains why, far from gearing up for a potential catastrophe on a massive scale, America swept the problem of New Orleans under the carpet.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ He said, however, the corps couldn't be held liable for the flooding of eastern New Orleans, where two of the plaintiffs lived.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ However, what has happened in New Orleans and on the Gulf Coast cannot be forgotten.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

.A total of 244,000 Red Cross workers (95% of which were non-paid volunteers) were utilized throughout these three hurricanes.^ And all the volunteer and paid relief workers?
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Yesterday the Red Cross was running evacuation shelters in 16 states, and on Thursday, the last day for which totals were available, served 170,000 meals and snacks in 24 hours.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ The Southern Baptists, who work under the Red Cross logo, are one of the largest, best-equipped providers of volunteer disaster relief in the United States.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

In addition, 346,980 comfort kits (such as toothpaste, soap, washcloths and toys for children) and 205,360 cleanup kits (containing brooms, mops and bleach) were distributed. .For mass care, the organization served 68 million snacks and meals to victims of the disasters and to rescue workers.^ On departing the White House, Bush said he wants to thank rescue workers for their efforts -- and assure Katrina's victims that the administration "will deploy the assets necessary."

^ The organization has 72 food trucks and two 54-foot mobile kitchens that can serve 20,000 meals a day, he said.

^ Most hot meals for disaster victims are cooked by Southern Baptist mobile kitchen units.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

.The Red Cross also had its Disaster Health services meet 596,810 contacts, and Disaster Mental Health services met 826,590 contacts.^ The registered persons opposing to the transfer of their data must Contact the ICRC before that date, so that their data will not be transferred to the American Red Cross.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ We contacted the Red Cross about doing storytimes in the shelters on Monday, but they've not responded as yet - I'm sure that's not first on their lists!
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Note that that is 1 Red Cross resigner/domestic disaster in the 21st century (September 11 being the first).

.Red Cross emergency financial assistance was provided to 1.4 million families.^ Resource being disactivated: Locate your relatives : Red Cross Family News Network: http://www.familylinks.icrc.org/katrina/locate " Warning !
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ The Southern Baptists, who work under the Red Cross logo, are one of the largest, best-equipped providers of volunteer disaster relief in the United States.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ After exhausting all governmental avenues to place a request to have some people in a specific spot in NOLA rescued, the family tried calling the Red Cross.

.Hurricane Katrina was the first natural disaster in the United States in which the American Red Cross utilized its "Safe and Well" family location website.^ It was the worst natural disaster in the history of the United States.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ A look at fundamentalism and natural disasters like Hurricane Katrina.

^ As you know, Hurricanes Katrina and Rita wreaked unprecedented havoc upon South Louisiana in the fall of 2005, creating the first and third most expensive natural disasters in United States history.

[129][130]
.In the year following Katrina's strike on the Gulf Coast, The Salvation Army allocated donations of more than $365 million to serve more than 1.7 million people in nearly every state.^ Gulf Coast residents were staggered by the body-blow inflicted by Hurricane Katrina, with more than a million people sweltering without power, miles of lowlands under water and unconfirmed reports of as many 80 people dead in Mississippi alone.

^ In the century that followed, ad hoc legislation was passed more than 100 times in response to hurricanes, earthquakes, floods and other natural disasters.

^ Nature's assault on the Gulf Coast was, in some ways, comparable to a strike by a tactical nuclear weapon.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

.The organization's immediate response to Hurricane Katrina included more than 5.7 million hot meals served in and around New Orleans, 8.3 million sandwiches, snacks & drinks.^ The response to Hurricane Katrina is a failure.

^ NEW ORLEANS (AP) -- Despite more than $22 million in repairs, a levee that broke with catastrophic effect during Hurricane Katrina is leaking again because of the mushy ground on which New Orleans was built, raising serious questions about the reliability of the city's flood defenses.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ CHERTOFF Chertoff Claims Major Hurricane Scenario for Gulf Coast/New Orleans did not exist...
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

.Its SATERN network of amateur radio operators picked up where modern communications left off to help locate more than 25,000 survivors.^ As we get up and running, we will gather together our displaced community members and work to help secure the housing, community services, and other relief they need.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ So here she is, pretending to help at a shelter; or more accurately, disrupting operations.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

^ They need 10,000 radios and the batteries to run them ASAP. They're also working on setting up WiFi and other wireless communications, and are based out of Houston.
  • Katrina Blog | Katrina Blog, Katrina Information, Devastating Impact Of Hurricane, Buy Hurricane Shutters, Best Kind Of Hurricane Shutters 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC katrinablog.org [Source type: General]

Salvation Army pastoral care counselors were on hand to comfort the emotional and spiritual needs of 277,000 individuals. .As part of the overall effort, Salvation Army officers, employees and volunteers contributed more than 900,000 hours of service.^ More than 1,700 volunteer medical personnel have come from Louisiana; Washington, D.C.; Georgia; Arkansas; Mississippi; Florida; Texas; Utah; Arizona; Illinois; and Washington.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ If you want to track Army relief efforts, Navy , Air Force , Marines , or the Coast Guard , just click on the service.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ruling should give more than 100,000 other individuals, businesses and government entities a better shot at claiming billions of dollars in damages.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

[131]
.Domino's Pizza gave away free pizza to anyone with a badge in downtown New Orleans for months after Katrina[citation needed].^ The next 25 summaries are related to Hurricane Katrina which made landfall near New Orleans, LA on August 29, 2005 .
  •   Hurricane Katrina � 2005 GOM 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mms.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hurricane Katrina made it clear that water shapes New Orleans more than man.

^ Here's the punisher: a 3 meg Powerpoint Show about New Orleans and Hurricane Katrina.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

Analysis of New Orleans levee failures

View of the eyewall of Hurricane Katrina taken on August 28, 2005, as seen from a NOAA WP-3D hurricane hunter aircraft before the storm made landfall on the United States Gulf Coast.
.A June 2007 report released by the American Society of Civil Engineers states that the failures of the locally built and federally funded levees in New Orleans were found to be primarily the result of system design flaws.^ The rebuilding of New Orleans is a failure.

^ New Orleans is under Federal, State, and Local law.

^ Bush's New Orleans speech released .
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

[33] .The US Army Corps of Engineers who by federal mandate is responsible for the conception, design and construction of the region's flood-control system failed to pay sufficient attention to public safety.^ One story that they have pursued is the long-term institutional culpability of the Army Corps of Engineers, which designed, constructed and maintained the levees surrounding New Orleans, for building levees that were unable to withstand the pressure of the water that built up against them, and eventually breached, flooding the city.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ NEW ORLEANS - A federal judge ruled Wednesday that the Army Corps of Engineers' failure to properly maintain a navigation channel led to massive flooding in Hurricane Katrina, a decision that could make the federal government vulnerable to billions of dollars in claims.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ Here , he notes that the badly-designed levees that failed were constructed in the late 1990s, and argues that the Corps is still using bad, old data to build new levees.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

.According to new modeling and field observations by a team from Louisiana State University, the Mississippi River Gulf Outlet (MRGO), a 200-meter-wide (660-foot-wide) canal designed to provide a shortcut from New Orleans to the Gulf of Mexico, helped provide a funnel for the storm surge, making it 20% higher and 100%-200% faster as it crashed into the city.^ The city of New Orleans will never be the same.

^ NEW ORLEANS - A great city has descended into chaos.

^ New Orleans have headed for higher ground.
  • Blackwater Down | Hurricane Katrina | AlterNet 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.alternet.org [Source type: General]

St. Bernard Parish, one of the more devastated areas, lies just south of the MRGO. The Army Corps of Engineers disputes this causality and maintains Katrina would have overwhelmed the levees with or without the contributing effect of the MRGO.[132] The water flowing west from the storm surge was perpendicular to MRGO, and thus the canal had a negligible effect.
.On April 5, 2006, months after independent investigators had demonstrated that levee failures were not caused by natural forces beyond intended design strength, Lieutenant General Carl Strock testified before the United States Senate Subcommittee on Energy and Water that "We have now concluded we had problems with the design of the structure."^ The Senate investigation was what the Democrats were left with after the independent commission was rejected in a vote down party lines.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ "Whatever bacterial or viral diseases that people put into the system before the flooding is now in the water."

^ Passed the worrying stage about the gun shots around him but now am worried about the toxic water problem and long term effects.

[133] .He also testified that the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers did not know of this mechanism of failure prior to August 29, 2005. The claim of ignorance is refuted, however, by the National Science Foundation investigators hired by the Army Corps of Engineers, who point to a 1986 study by the Corps itself that such separations were possible in the I-wall design.^ August 29, 2005 Apache Corporation .
  •   Hurricane Katrina � 2005 GOM 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mms.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ August 29, 2005 .

^ August 29, 2005 Magnum Hunter .
  •   Hurricane Katrina � 2005 GOM 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.mms.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[134]
.Many of the levees have been reconstructed since the time of Katrina.^ They have lived in Bay St. Louis for many years and I have not heard from Renee since Katrina.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Bay St. Louis, Mississippi Photo Gallery by David Bailey at pbase.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

In reconstructing them, precautions were taken to bring the levees up to modern building code standards and to ensure their safety. .For example, in every situation possible, the Corps of Engineers replaced I-walls with T-walls.^ "The Corps Of Engineers has attempted to fix the situation under emergency conditions," Blanco told CNN. "They're not the best conditions, and probably too little, too late."

T-walls have a horizontal concrete base that protects against soil erosion underneath the floodwalls.[135]
However, there are funding battles over the remaining levee improvements. .In February 2008, the Bush administration requested that the state of Louisiana pay about $1.5 billion of an estimated $7.2 billion for Army Corps of Engineers levee work, a proposal which angered many Louisiana leaders.^ In the last budget bill, Louisiana's delegation requested $27.1 million for shoring up levees around Lake Pontchartrain, the full amount the Corps had declared as its "project capability."
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ Jason Binet, of the Army Corps of Engineers, said that breach began Monday afternoon and may have grown overnight.

^ The most notable thing on his site is the Army Corps of Engineers repair map which I had not previously seem.

[136]
On May 2, 2008, Louisiana Gov. Bobby Jindal used a speech to The National Press Club to request that President Bush free up money to complete work on Louisiana's levees. .Bush promised to include the levee funding in his 2009 budget, but rejected the idea of including the funding in a war bill, which would pass sooner.^ House and Senate leaders have agreed on a budget that again relies on one-time money, including funding received from the federal government after Hurricane Katrina hit the state.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ The argument here is that even if the Bush Administration had funded levee repairs, it would not have stopped Katrina's havoc.

^ When Bush started the war on terror, he knew good and well that it would be finished during his Presidency.

[137]

Media involvement

Geraldo Rivera reporting from the New Orleans Convention Center on September 2, 2005.
.Many representatives of the news media reporting on the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina became directly involved in the unfolding events, instead of simply reporting.^ I have to say that after 4 years since surviving Hurricane Katrina I am sadly disappointed at the recovery and concern for the "unimportant" areas of New Orleans.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then came Hurricane Katrina and the subsequent federal flood, which, by analogy, was to New Orleans what the last part of Great Expectations by Charles Dickens was to Pip the hero of the novel.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ City of New Orleans, Mayor’s Office of Communications, “Mayor Nagin Urges Citizens to Prepare for Hurricane Katrina,” news release, August 27, 2005.

.Because of the loss of most means of communication, such as land-based and cellular telephone systems, field reporters in many cases became conduits for information between victims and authorities.^ Hurricane Katrina "I'm OK" Registry: http://katrina.im-ok.org/ Based on telephone numbers: "By using the person's telephone number, you can find out immediately if there is information or not.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ In each case, the simple human truth about the departed is more than enough to sadden and, as appropriate, enrage most people about the loss of each precious human life.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ Oh wait, we can’t talk bad about her because the individuals that were victims of her negligence were refu-, I mean nigg-, I mean Americans?!?!?!

.The authorities, who monitored local and network news broadcasts, as well as internet sites, would then attempt to coordinate rescue efforts based on the reports.^ In his latest book Zeitoun, published in July, Dave Eggers tells the story of a local Syrian immigrant who stayed in New Orleans to protect his properties and ended up organizing makeshift relief efforts and rescuing people in a canoe.
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The State Department made contact with all New Orleans-based consulates, facilitated visits by various consular officials, as well as monitored the arrival and distribution of in-kind assistance and held regular press briefings.

^ Newsday's Lou Dolinar, for example, has chronicled the extensive, heroic and totally unsung rescue efforts in New Orleans, mainly by the National Guard and the Coast Guard, here and here .
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

.One illustration was when Geraldo Rivera of Fox News tearfully pleaded for authorities to either send help or evacuate the thousands of evacuees stranded at the Ernest N. Morial Convention Center.^ The action was held across the street from the infamous Ernest N. Morial Convention Center in downtown New Orleans, which people now know as the place where thousands were left stranded during the midst and the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina .

^ For those who sought refuge in the New Orleans convention center, it became just another part of the nightmare.

^ Earlier, he issued a "desperate SOS" on behalf of the thousands who are stranded at the convention center.

[138]
The storm also brought a dramatic rise in the role of Internet sites - especially blogging and community journalism. .One example was the effort of NOLA.com, the web affiliate of New Orleans' Times-Picayune, which was awarded the Breaking News Pulitzer Prize,[139] and shared the Public Service Pulitzer with the Biloxi-based Sun Herald.^ Times-Picayune (New Orleans newspaper) .
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Seriously though, the Times Picayune and Biloxi Sun Herald have done amazing work under difficult circumstances to not only deal with the scale and scope of destruction wrought by Katrina, Rita, and Wilma, but have produced first rate journalism.

^ I'm still seeing commentary about why weren't the miltary staged on bases nearby to New Orleans and throughout the disaster area.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

[140] .The newspaper's coverage was carried for days only on NOLA's blogs, as the newspaper lost its presses and evacuated its building as water rose around it on August 30. The site became an international focal point for news by local media, and also became a vital link for rescue operations and later for reuniting scattered residents, as it accepted and posted thousands of individual pleas for rescue on its blogs and forums.^ In New Orleans, Tulane University Hospital & Clinic, which was surrounded by about four feet of water, lost both of its backup generators to the flooding and began evacuating all its 200 patients, 30 requiring critical care.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Kathleen Blanco, governor of Louisiana, called on the city of New Orleans to evacuate as waters continued to rise.

^ Posted on August 30, 2005 12:08 AM by hurric582 .

.NOLA was monitored constantly by an array of rescue teams — from individuals to the Coast Guard — which used information in rescue efforts.^ If you want to track Army relief efforts, Navy , Air Force , Marines , or the Coast Guard , just click on the service.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Homeland Security Secretary MichaelChertoff said that the Coast Guard has rescued about 3,000 people from flooded areas in New Orleans and the surrounding parishes.

^ George W. Bush, president, cut short his holiday to return to Washington on Wednesday to help monitor federal efforts to help the rescue and reconstruction effort.

.Much of this information was relayed from trapped victims via the SMS functions of their cell phones, to friends and relatives outside the area, who then relayed the information back to NOLA.com.^ The Disaster Center: Katrina Louisiana: http://www.disastercenter.com/Katrina%20Louisiana.html Much disaster-related information and numerous links.
  • Hurricane Katrina Information Resources - Cavan McCarthy - SLIS/LSU - School of Library and Information Science - Louisiana State University 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.lsu.edu [Source type: General]

^ Instead of relying on low res satellite imagery, we worked with a company who specializes in low altitude oblique imagery which gives a MUCH more useful view of the area.

^ So we get more information, and Melanie calls again and is told that the only one who can authorize phone credit card charges is Pat, the Manager, and that he won't be in until after 11 AM. She Melanie calls and calls.

The aggregation of community journalism, user photos and the use of the internet site as a collaborative response to the storm attracted international attention, and was called a watershed moment in journalism.[141] .In the wake of these online-only efforts, the Pulitzer Committee for the first time opened all its categories to online entries.^ What these people realized, and what we all must realize, is that yes, an individual acting as an individual will in many cases have only limited effect.

^ In Issues and Politics on January 9, 2006 at 9:30 pm The New York Times has a story today describing a plan that would open all New Orleans for rebuilding .

^ If you don't believe me, think back to September 11, and all the times over the first few weeks after the attacks that we had to revise the things we thought we knew.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

[142]
.The role of AM radio was of importance to the hundreds of thousands of persons with no other ties to news.^ And, like the old time movies with the heroine tied to the railroad tracks, a lumbering train is moving toward New Orleans and there's no way to escape.
  • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

.AM radio provided emergency information regarding access to assistance for hurricane victims.^ The Navy's involvement in the Hurricane Katrina humanitarian assistance operations is led by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), in conjunction with the Department of Defense.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ships departed from Halifax for the U.S. Gulf Coast for Operation UNISON, the humanitarian assistance mission being provided to the victims of hurricane Katrina.
  • Argghhh! The Home Of Two Of Jonah's Military Guys..: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.thedonovan.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This emergency assistance is provided to help with disaster needs such as transportation, clothing, rental housing, other housing accommodations, and food, and is included in the calculation of total benefits for which victims are eligible.” .

.Immediately after Hurricane Katrina, radio station WWL-AM (New Orleans) was one of the few area radio stations in the area remaining on the air.^ Katrina turned New Orleans .
  • The Secret History of Hurricane Katrina | Mother Jones 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC motherjones.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Few parts of New Orleans remained untouched by the looters.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Nearly one hundred radio and television stations remained off the air a month after Hurricane Katrina’s landfall.   Kenneth Moran, Director of the Office of Homeland Security, Enforcement Bureau, Federal Communications Commission, written statement for a hearing on Hurricane Katrina and Communications Interoperability, on September 29, 2005, submitted to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, 109th Congress, 1st session.

.The 870 kHz frequency has a clear channel high power designation and the on-going nighttime broadcasts continued to be available up to 500 miles (800 km) away.^ Forgive us for being sheltered from the the pain and devastation, while we are some 800 miles away.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Bay St. Louis, Mississippi Photo Gallery by David Bailey at pbase.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

Announcers continued to broadcast from improvised studio facilities after the storm damaged their transmitter tower.[citation needed]
.During the period of several weeks when most area radio stations were off the air, WWL-AM's emergency coverage was simulcast on the frequencies of other area radio stations.^ I had the opportunity to be at the Bay for several weeks at a time with a medical clinic that was stationed at the train Depot.
  • Hurricane Katrina - Bay St. Louis, Mississippi Photo Gallery by David Bailey at pbase.com 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.pbase.com [Source type: General]

^ "We have 51 emergency canteens on the ground in the other affected areas.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ This week, using that list, WWL aired another report which raised even more questions.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

This emergency service was named "The United Radio Broadcasters of New Orleans." To reach emergency radio operators in storm-ravaged areas, many of whom made their volunteer services available to the Red Cross and government entities, WWL-AM was simulcast on shortwave outlet WHRI, owned by World Harvest Radio International. The cellular phone antenna network was severely damaged and completely inoperable for several months.
As the U.S. military and rescue services regained control over the city, there were restrictions on the activity of the media. .On September 9, the military leader of the relief effort announced that reporters would have "zero access" to efforts to recover bodies in New Orleans.^ Reports on general lawlessness in New Orleans, were later found to be embellished or completely false.  Brian Thevenot and Gordon Russel, “Rape.

^ Newsday's Lou Dolinar, for example, has chronicled the extensive, heroic and totally unsung rescue efforts in New Orleans, mainly by the National Guard and the Coast Guard, here and here .
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ TrackBack (0) September 28, 2005 KATRINA: NOPD Chief No More The chief of the New Orleans Police Department has stepped down .
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

Immediately following this announcement, CNN filed a lawsuit and obtained a temporary restraining order against the ban. The next day the government backed down and reversed the ban.[143]
.Hurricane Katrina has also been the centerpiece of several documentary films, including Spike Lee's film, When the Levees Broke, and Darren Martinez's film, Hellp.^ House and Senate leaders have agreed on a budget that again relies on one-time money, including funding received from the federal government after Hurricane Katrina hit the state.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ [T]he Army Corps of Engineers is, in large part, to blame for the levees breaking down in New Orleans during Hurricane Katrina.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ Click above image for our Hurricane Katrina coverage, including photos and stories from our recent First Draft New Orleans trip.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 28 January 2010 0:00 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

[144] An episode of the Fox TV series House first broadcast on May 16, 2006, featured a teenage victim of Hurricane Katrina at the center of the main medical storyline.

Retirement

.Because of the large loss of life and property along the Gulf Coast, the name Katrina was officially retired on April 6, 2006 by the World Meteorological Organization at the request of the U.S. government.^ Americans not living along the Gulf Coast, .
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ The reason the military wasn't rushed in to help along the Gulf Coast is, I believe, the same reason nothing was done to stop looting after the fall of Baghdad.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ The White House, “President Visits Mississippi, Discusses Gulf Coast Reconstruction,” January 12, 2006, /news/releases/2006/01/20060112-3.html .

.It was replaced by Katia on List III of the Atlantic hurricane naming lists, which will next be used in the 2011 Atlantic hurricane season.^ His mother’s name was listed on a sheet of paper, with no signature, but the home is on the Mayor's list showing cleanup work done after Hurricane Katrina.
  • First Draft: Hurricane Katrina & Federal Flood 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.first-draft.com [Source type: General]

^ But if investors in beachfront hotels want to gamble on how many seasons it will be before the next Category 4-5 hurricane in the Gulf, let them.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

^ Large sections of New Orleans are still in shambles and now we learn the levees are not fully ready for the next hurricane season.

[145]

Reconstruction

.Reconstruction of each section of the southern portion of Louisiana has been addressed in the Army Corps LACPR (Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration) Final Technical Report which identifies areas to not be rebuilt and areas buildings need to be elevated.^ Late in 1998 the governor's office, the state's Department of Natural Resources, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Fish and Wildlife Service and all 20 of the state's coastal parishes published Coast 2050--a blueprint for restoring coastal Louisiana.
  • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

^ Some government officials in Louisiana and Mississippi said it could take a month or more to restore full electric service in some of the hardest hit areas.

^ Administration officials also dramatically scaled back a long-term project to restore Louisiana's disappearing coastal marshes, which once provided a measure of natural hurricane protection for New Orleans.
  • Baseball Crank: Hurricane Katrina Archives 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC baseballcrank.com [Source type: News]

[9]
The Technical Report includes:
  • locations of possible new levees to be built
  • suggested existing levee modifications
  • "Inundation Zones", "Water depths less than 14 feet, Raise-In-Place of Structures", "Water depths greater than 14 feet, Buyout of Structures", "Velocity Zones" and "Buyout of Structures" areas for five different scenarios.
The Corps of Engineers will submit the report to Congress for consideration, planning, and response in mid 2009.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Reports of Missing and Deceased." Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals. April 18, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  2. ^ a b "Deaths of evacuees push toll to 1,577." New Orleans Times-Picayune. May 19, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  3. ^ Janega, James (August 28, 2009). "Katrina victims rebuilding lives". Chicago Tribune. http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/local/chi-katrina-chicago_janegaaug28,0,6677067.story. Retrieved August 31, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Hurricanes". Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. U.S. Centers for Disease Control. http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/mguide_nd.html. Retrieved August 31, 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Knabb, Richard D; Rhome, Jamie R.; Brown, Daniel P (December 20, 2005; updated August 10, 2006). "Tropical Cyclone Report: Hurricane Katrina: 23-30 August 2005" (PDF). National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/pdf/TCR-AL122005_Katrina.pdf. Retrieved 2006-05-30. 
  6. ^ a b Swenson, Dan D; Marshall, Bob (May 14, 2005). "Flash Flood: Hurricane Katrina's Inundation of New Orleans, August 29, 2005" (SWF). Times-Picayune. http://www.nola.com/katrina/graphics/credits.swf. 
  7. ^ Bell, Randall. Real Estate Damages. http://www.Strategy360.com. 
  8. ^ a b c d United States Congress (February 19, 2006) (PDF). A Failure of Initiative: Final Report of the Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. http://www.gpoaccess.gov/katrinareport/fullreport.pdf. Retrieved 2006-04-10. 
  9. ^ a b "The LACPR Home Page". Lacpr.usace.army.mil. http://www.lacpr.usace.army.mil/. Retrieved 2009-08-09. 
  10. ^ Leben, Robert; Born, George; Scott, Jim. "CU-Boulder Researchers Chart Katrina's Growth In Gulf Of Mexico." University of Colorado at Boulder. September 15, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05, and 2008-04-09.
  11. ^ Spann, James. "Models Shifting West," "NHC Shifting Track To MS Coast" and "Late Katrina Thoughts" from the ABC33/40 Weather Blog August 26, 2005. Retrieved July 23, 2006.
  12. ^ Stewart, Stacy (August 26, 2005). "Hurricane Katrina Discussion No. 14, 5:00 p.m. EDT". National Hurricane Center. http://www.nhc.noaa.gov/archive/2005/dis/al122005.discus.014.shtml?. Retrieved 2006-09-16. 
  13. ^ Staff Writer. "Coast Guard Response to Hurricane Katrina." United States Coast Guard. Accessed May 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  14. ^ Bruce Jones and David Callahan. "Leadership Talent Emerges During Hurricane Katrina Aviation Rescue Operations". United States Coast Guard. http://www.uscg.mil/leadership/news/fall05/katrina.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-27. 
  15. ^ Stephen Barr (September 6, 2005). "Coast Guard's Response to Katrina a Silver Lining in the Storm". Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/05/AR2005090501418.html. Retrieved 2006-08-29. 
  16. ^ Bush, George W. "Statement on Federal Emergency Assistance for Louisiana." White House. August 27, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  17. ^ "Transcripts, tape show Bush, Brown warned on Katrina". CNN.com. March 2, 2006. http://www.cnn.com/2006/POLITICS/03/02/fema.tapes/index.html. Retrieved 2007-04-22. 
  18. ^ "NWS bulletin". National Weather Service/New Orleans, Louisiana. August 28, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-07-30.
  19. ^ "Congressional Reports: S. Rpt. 109-322 - Hurricane Katrina: A Nation Still Unprepared". Gpoaccess.gov. http://www.gpoaccess.gov/serialset/creports/katrinanation.html. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  20. ^ "Former FEMA Director Testifies Before Congress". nytimes.com. 2005-09-27. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/27/national/nationalspecial/27text-brown.html?ei=5070&en=eda6637e28de37c1&ex=1188792000&pagewanted=all. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  21. ^ Bush, George W. "Statement on Federal Emergency Assistance for Mississippi." White House. August 28, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  22. ^ Bush, George W. "Statement on Federal Emergency Assistance for Alabama." White House. August 28, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-09-01.
  23. ^ "[1]." Governor Blanco asks President to Declare an Emergency for the State of Louisiana due to Hurricane Katrina. August 27, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-09-01.
  24. ^ Louisiana Homeland Security and Emergency Preparedness. "Louisiana Citizen Awareness and Disaster Evacuation Guide". http://www.ohsep.louisiana.gov/evacinfo/stateevacrtes.htm. Retrieved 2006-07-20. 
  25. ^ Rulon, Malia; Scott, Katerine Hutt. "Evacuation plan failed to consider those without transportation." Burlington Free Press. March 11, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  26. ^ Brown, Aaron. "Hurricane Katrina Pummels Three States (Transcript of CNN Newsnight with Aaron Brown)." CNN. August 29, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  27. ^ "Service Alert: Hurricane Katrina Update - City of New Orleans, Crescent, Sunset Limited - Revised Service Information." Amtrak. September 1, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  28. ^ "Hurricane Katrina Probabilities Report Number 15," and "Hurricane Katrina Probabilities Report Number 21." National Hurricane Center. August 26, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  29. ^ Drye, Willie. "Hurricane Katrina Pulls Its Punches in New Orleans." National Geographic. August 29, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  30. ^ Staff Writer. "Katrina Heads for New Orleans." Fox News/Associated Press. August 29, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  31. ^ Staff Writer."26,000 shelter at Superdome." Times-Picayune. August 28, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  32. ^ Staff writer. "Hurricane Katrina Situation Report No. 3." Florida State Emergency Response Team. August 26, 2005. Retrieved 2006-06-06.
  33. ^ a b Andersen, Christine F. et al. (2007). "The New Orleans Hurricane Protection System: What Went Wrong and Why" (PDF). American Society of Civil Engineers Hurricane Katrina External Review Panel. http://www.asce.org/files/pdf/ERPreport.pdf. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 
  34. ^ a b c d e f United States Department of Commerce (June 2006). "Hurricane Katrina Service Assessment Report" (PDF). http://www.weather.gov/om/assessments/pdfs/Katrina.pdf. Retrieved 2006-07-14. 
  35. ^ Beven II, John L., Lixion A Avila, Eric S. Blake, Daniel P. Brown, James L. Franklin, Richard D. Knabb, Richard J. Pasch, Famie R. Rhome, and Stacy R. Stewart (March 2008). "Annual Summary: Atlantic Hurricane Season of 2005" (PDF). Monthly Weather Review (American Meteorological Society) 136 (3): 1131–1141. doi:10.1175/2007MWR2074.1. http://www.aoml.noaa.gov/general/lib/lib1/nhclib/mwreviews/2005.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-08. 
  36. ^ Michelle Krupa "Presumed Missing" Times-Picayune, March 5, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  37. ^ "The Aftermath of Katrina: Transcript of CNN Live Saturday." CNN. September 3, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  38. ^ Devenas, Andy "Marathon Tornado Survey Report." NWS Key West. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  39. ^ Staff Writer. "Hurricane Katrina batters western Cuba."
  40. ^ a b c Staff Writer. "Hurricane Katrina Situation Report#11." Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE) United States Department of Energy. August 30, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  41. ^ http://www.fema.gov/pdf/hazard/flood/recoverydata/katrina/katrina_la_overview-n.pdf FEMA: Louisiana Katrina Surge Inundaton Map, January 2006
  42. ^ Cannizaro, Steve. "List of Missing Residents Down to 47, and More..." St. Bernard Parish Government (press release). December 17, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  43. ^ http://www.dhs.gov/xlibrary/assets/GulfCoast_HousingDamageEstimates_021206.pdf Current Housing Unit Damage Estimates, U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, February 12 2006 Accessed September 23, 2009
  44. ^ Murphy, Verity. "Fixing New Orleans' thin grey line." BBC News. October 4, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  45. ^ Gordon, Meghan. "Causeway closed but hardly damaged." Times Picayune. August 31, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  46. ^ Transcript from, The NewsHour with Jim Lehrer. "Hurricane Damages Gulf Coast." PBS. August 29, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  47. ^ Mowbray, Rebecca. "Evacuations to hotels come with own set of hazards." Times-Picayune. August 30, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  48. ^ Staff Writer. "Hurricane Katrina from the Airport's Point of View." Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport. accessed May 28, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  49. ^ Warner, Coleman; Travis, Robert. "Where They Died." Times-Picayune. October 23, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  50. ^ O'Neill, Ann. "Identifying victims a grueling task." CNN. September 9, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  51. ^ a b Thevenot, Brian; Russell, Gordon. "Reports of anarchy at Superdome overstated." Seattle Times. September 26, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  52. ^ a b Haley Babour (January 6, 2006). "Information Relating to the Federal Appropriations for Katrina Recovery". Office of the Governor, Mississippi. http://www.governorbarbour.com/Recovery/news/2006/jan/information.html. Retrieved 2006-09-27. 
  53. ^ a b Staff Writer. "Mississippi Coast Areas Wiped Out." CBS News. September 1, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  54. ^ Federal Emergency Management Agency (November 2005). "Mississippi Hurricane Katrina Surge Inundation and Advisory Base Flood Elevation Map Panel Overview" (PDF). FEMA. http://www.fema.gov/pdf/hazard/flood/recoverydata/katrina/ms_overview.pdf. Retrieved 2006-07-16. 
  55. ^ Associated Press, "Katrina at a Glance" (August 31, 2005), page 4A, Mobile Register, web: MobileRegister-083105-PDF.
  56. ^ Westbrook, Robby; WFO Peachtree City Staff. "Katrina Spawns Tornadoes in Georgia - August 29, 2005." National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. December 1, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  57. ^ Staff Writer. "Tropical Summary Message." The Hydrometeorological Prediction Center. August 31, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  58. ^ David Roth (2005). "Hurricane Katrina Rainfall Summary". HPC. http://www.hpc.ncep.noaa.gov/tropical/rain/katrina2005.html. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  59. ^ NCDC (2005). "Event Report for Arkansas". http://www4.ncdc.noaa.gov/cgi-win/wwcgi.dll?wwevent~ShowEvent~571417. Retrieved 2006-11-04. 
  60. ^ Staff Writer. "Gov. Fletcher Declares Three Kentucky Counties Disaster Areas." WKYT. Accessed on April 18, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  61. ^ Blanton, Carla; Goins, Michael; Whitaker, Jodi. "Governor Fletcher declares state of emergency in Kentucky." Commonwealth of Kentucky (Press Release). August 30, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  62. ^ Staff Writer. "Hopkinsville Swamped By Floodwaters; 10-Year-Old Drowns." WAVE (TV). September 6, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  63. ^ "Hurricane Katrina: Event Record Details." Satellite and Information Service; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Accessed May 30, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  64. ^ Perreault, Bob. "Brockville May Have Set Rain Record." CFRA (AM). September 1, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  65. ^ Staff Writer. "Remnants of Hurricane Katrina washes out roads in Quebec's north shore." Canadian Press. September 1, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  66. ^ St. Onge, Jeff; Epstein, Victor. "Ex-chief says FEMA readiness even worse." Boston.com. April 1, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  67. ^ Fagot, Caryl; Winbush, Debra. "Hurricane Katrina/Hurricane Rita Evacuation and Production Shut-in Statistics Report as of Wednesday, February 22, 2006." U.S. Government Minerals Management Service. February 22, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  68. ^ a b c d e Sheikh, Pervaze A. (October 18, 2005). "The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Biological Resources" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. http://www.opencrs.com/rpts/RL33117_20051018.pdf. Retrieved 2006-06-05. 
  69. ^ Burton, Mark L.; Hicks, Michael J. "Hurricane Katrina: Preliminary Estimates of Commercial and Public Sector Damages." Marshall University: Center for Business and Economic Research. September, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  70. ^ Anthony E. Ladd, John Marszalek, and Duane A. Gill. The Other Dispora: New Orleans Student Evacuation Impacts and Responses Surrounding Hurricane Katrina. Retrieved on 2008-03-29.
  71. ^ Mema Ayi (August 30, 2006). "Katrina evacuees at home in Chicago". Chicago Defender. http://chicagodefender.com/page/local.cfm?ArticleID=6776. Retrieved 2006-12-31. 
  72. ^ Stone, Greg; Time Grant and Nathaniel Weaver (2006). "Rapid Population Estimate Project: January 28 – 29, 2006 Survey Report" (PDF). Emergency Operations Center, City of New Orleans. http://www.cityofno.com/Resources/RPEP_Draft%20Report_Jan2.pdf. Retrieved 2006-06-22. 
  73. ^ Christie, Les. "Growth states: Arizona overtakes Nevada: Texas adds most people overall; Louisiana population declines nearly 5%." CNN. December 22, 2006. Retrieved on December 22, 2006.
  74. ^ Staff Writer. "More Bad News Blows In From Katrina." CBS News. May 28, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  75. ^ United States Geological Survey (September 14, 2005). "Daupin Island — Pre- and Post-Storm 3D Topography". Hurricane Katrina Impact Studies. USGS. http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/hurricanes/katrina/lidar/dauphin-island.html. Retrieved 2006-06-05. 
  76. ^ United States Geological Survey (September 14, 2005). "Before and After Photo Comparisons: Chandeleur Islands". Hurricane Katrina Impact Studies. USGS. http://coastal.er.usgs.gov/hurricanes/katrina/photo-comparisons/chandeleur.html. Retrieved 2006-06-05. 
  77. ^ "USGS Reports Latest Land Change Estimates for Louisiana Coast", USGS National Wetlands Research Center, 3 Oct 2006, accessed 7 May 2008
  78. ^ a b United States Fish and Wildlife Service (September 9, 2005). "U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Conducting Initial Damage Assessments to Wildlife and National Wildlife Refuges". USFWS. http://www.fws.gov/southeast/news/2005/r05-088.html. Retrieved 2006-06-05. 
  79. ^ Tidwell, Mike. The Ravaging Tide: Strange Weather, Future Katrinas, and the Coming Death of America's Coastal Cities, Free Press, 2006. ISBN 0-7432-9470
  80. ^ KLRT FOX 16, "Photos : Story in Pictures-- Hurricane Katrina : Aug 31: Looting in Mississippi." FOX16 Nowcaster Community (Little Rock, Arkansas). August 31, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-09-11.
  81. ^ Rosenblatt, Sarah; James Rainey (2005-09-27). "Rita's Aftermath; Katrina Takes a Toll on Truth, News Accuracy". Main News; Part A; National Desk (Los Angeles Times): p. A16. Archived from the original on 2005-10-04. http://pqasb.pqarchiver.com/latimes/access/902682211.html?dids=902682211:902682211&FMT=ABS&FMTS=ABS:FT&type=current&date=Sep+27%2C+2005&author=Susannah+Rosenblatt+and+James+Rainey&pub=Los+Angeles+Times&edition=&startpage=A.16&desc=RITA%27S+AFTERMATH%3B+Katrina+Takes+a+Toll+on+Truth%2C+News+Accuracy%3B+Rumors+supplanted+accurate+information+and+media+magnified+the+problem.+Rapes%2C+violence+and+estimates+of+the+dead+were+wrong.. 
  82. ^ Tapper, Jake. "Amid Katrina Chaos, Congressman Used National Guard to Visit Home." ABC News. September 13, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  83. ^ Staff Writer. "Police kill at least 5 in New Orleans." MSNBC. September 4, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  84. ^ Staff Writer. "At the Train Station, New Orleans' Newest Jail is Open For Business." KOMO-TV. September 6, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  85. ^ Schubert, Elizabeth. "Some Katrina Evacuees at Camp Dawson Have Criminal Records." Associated Press. September 18, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  86. ^ "Louisiana Gangs That Fled Katrina Heighten Houston Murder Rate." Bloomberg.com. March 3, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-07-15.
  87. ^ a b U.S. Government (2006). "The FEDERAL RESPONSE TO HURRICANE KATRINA: LESSONS LEARNED" (PDF). http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/reports/katrina-lessons-learned.pdf. Retrieved 2008-06-06. 
  88. ^ United States Government Accountability Office (July 2006) (PDF). Coast Guard: Observations on the Preparation, Response, and Recovery Missions Related to Hurricane Katrina. http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d06903.pdf. Retrieved 2006-08-27. 
  89. ^ United States Congress (September 21, 2005) (PDF). Senate Resolution 246: To express the sense of the Senate regarding the missions and performance of the United States Coast Guard in responding to Hurricane Katrina.. Government Printing Office. http://frwebgate.access.gpo.gov/cgi-bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=109_cong_bills&docid=f:sr246ats.txt.pdf. Retrieved 2006-08-27. 
  90. ^ "USCG Message Traffic: Award of the Presidential Unit Citation to the Coast Guard". United States Coast Guard. May 25, 2006. http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg3/cg3pcx/publications/alcoast/alcoast-317-06.asp. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  91. ^ "Special Defense Department Briefing with Commander of Joint Task Force Katrina". United States Department of Defense, News Transcript. September 1, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  92. ^ Phillips, Kyra. "Bush Discusses Displaced Students; Department of Defense Briefs Press on Katrina Response (CNN Live Transcript)." CNN. September 6, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  93. ^ California Political Desk. "Pelosi: Davis Report on Katrina Leaves Unfinished Business." California Chronicle. February 15, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  94. ^ Baker, Peter; Goldstein, Amy. "Congress Approves $51.8 Billion For Victims." Washington Post. September 9, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  95. ^ Bush, George W. "President Asks Bush and Clinton to Assist in Hurricane Relief." White House, Press Release. September 1, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  96. ^ "Proclamation by the President: Honoring the Memory of the Victims of Hurricane Katrina". Whitehouse.gov. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2005/09/20050904-2.html. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  97. ^ Times-Picayune, September 26, 2005, page A-12. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  98. ^ Foster, Mary. "Judge: FEMA Off Hook For Hotel Costs." CBC News. February 13, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  99. ^ Federal Emergency Management Agency (July 7, 2006). "Hurricane Katrina Recovery Update: Week 44". Federal Emergency Management Agency. http://www.fema.gov/news/newsrelease.fema?id=27504. Retrieved 2006-07-08. 
  100. ^ Treaster, Joseph B. (September 4, 2005). "Law Officers, Overwhelmed, Are Quitting the Force". New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2005/09/04/national/nationalspecial/04police.html?ei=5090&en=8bf8550c348bbc33&ex=1283486400&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss&pagewanted=print. Retrieved 2006-06-24. 
  101. ^ Quigley, Bill (2006-02-21). "Six Months After Katrina: Who Was Left Behind Then and Who is Being Left Behind Now?". http://www.cwsworkshop.org/katrinareader/node/162. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  102. ^ Clark, Heather. "Linguists Vote 'Truthiness' Word of 2005." ABC News. January 6, 2006. Retrieved on July 18, 2006.
  103. ^ "Updated Number of Deceased Victims Recovered Following Hurricane Katrina". Louisiana Department of Health and Hospitals. December 9, 2005. http://www.dhh.state.la.us/news.asp?Detail=758. Retrieved 2006-08-01. 
  104. ^ "New Orleans population statistics." Associated Press. August 18, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-28.
  105. ^ Meserve, Jeanne; Barrett, Ted. "Admiral takes over Katrina relief." CNN. September 9, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  106. ^ Office of the Press Secretary (September 2, 2005). "President Arrives in Alabama, Briefed on Hurricane Katrina". The White House. http://georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov/news/releases/2005/09/20050902-2.html. Retrieved 2006-07-19. 
  107. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (2005-09-03). "Kanye West's Torrent of Criticism, Live on NBC". The Washington Post. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/03/AR2005090300165.html. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  108. ^ Langer, Gary. "Poll: Bush Not Taking Brunt of Katrina Criticism." ABC News. September 12, 2005. Retrieved on July 15, 2006.
  109. ^ Staff Writer. "Poll: Most Americans believe New Orleans will never recover." CNN. September 8, 2005. Retrieved on July 15, 2006.
  110. ^ "Venezuela and Cuba offer US aid ." Al Jazeera, September 07, 2005. Retrieved on 2008-02-15.
  111. ^ "Venezuela and Cuba offer aid to Katrina victims." The Free Press, Volume 1, Issue 4. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  112. ^ "From abroad, offers of aid for Katrina victims." People's Weekly World, Sept 10, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  113. ^ "France, Cuba, Venezuela among those offering aid." USA Today, Sept 2, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-08-05.
  114. ^ Tuesday, 6 September 2005, 3:47 pm Press Release: New Zealand Government. "Scoop: Further NZ assistance in wake of Hurricane Katrina". Scoop.co.nz. http://www.scoop.co.nz/stories/PA0509/S00159.htm. Retrieved 2008-10-27. 
  115. ^ Staff Writer. "U.S. Grateful for Pakistan's Assistance for Hurricane Katrina Victims."Embassy of the United States. September 8, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  116. ^ Staff Writer. "Asian nations offer U.S. assistance." BBC News. September 5, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  117. ^ Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Israel Aids Hurricane Katrina Victims." MFA. September 5, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-12-17.
  118. ^ Jewish Virtual Library. "Israel's Aid to Hurricane Katrina Victims." Jewish Virtual Library.
  119. ^ Staff Writer. "U.S. rejects British Katrina beef." BBC News. October 15, 2005.
  120. ^ Staff Writer. "U.S. receives aid offers from around the world." CNN. September 4, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  121. ^ "KATRINA AND RACISM: The World View." Tolerance.org. September 19, 2006. Retrieved on 2006-08-28.
  122. ^ "Church Providing Relief to Hurricane Katrina Victims". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. 2005-09-01. http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/eng/news-releases-stories/church-providing-relief-to-hurricane-katrina-victims. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  123. ^ "Latter-day Saints to Mobilize Another 4,000 Volunteers in Chainsaw Brigade’s Second Wave". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. 2005-09-16. http://newsroom.lds.org/ldsnewsroom/eng/news-releases-stories/latter-day-saints-to-mobilize-another-4-000-volunteers-in-chainsaw-brigade-s-second-wave. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  124. ^ "Mormon Helping Hands Make a Difference". Meridian Magazine. 2005. http://www.meridianmagazine.com/articles/051020helpinghands.html. Retrieved 2010-01-18. 
  125. ^ Staff writer (2006). "Where Did The Money Go?". Hurricane Katrina: One Year Later. Charity Navigator. http://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm/bay/katrina.main.htm. Retrieved 2006-08-05. 
  126. ^ Staff Writer. "ARRL President Submits Congressional Testimony on Hams' Katrina Response" The American Radio Relay League. September 15, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  127. ^ Staff Writer. "Amateur Radio Earning Praise, Respect in Hurricane Katrina Relief." The American Radio Relay League. September 16, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  128. ^ "Corporate Katrina gifts could top $1B." CNN. September 13, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  129. ^ "A Year of Healing" (PDF). American Red Cross. 2006-09-29. http://www.redcross.org/images/pdfs/Katrina_OneYearReport.pdf. 
  130. ^ "Hurricane Season 2005: Facts and Figures". American Red Cross. 2006-09-29. http://www.redcross.org/news/ds/hurricanes/2005/facts.html. 
  131. ^ "Salvation Army Reflects on Largest Disaster Response Ever at One-Year Anniversary of Hurricane Katrina". The Salvation Army. August 28, 2006. http://www.salvationarmyusa.org/usn%5Cwww_usn.nsf/vw-news/FB0167FE449EC0C4802571D8004B5FEE. Retrieved 2006-08-28. 
  132. ^ Warrick, Joby; Grunwald, Michael. "Investigators Link Levee Failures to Design Flaws." Washington Post. October 24, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  133. ^ Staff Writers "Problems with the design of levees." Unregistered News. September 29, 2005. Retrieved on 2007-05-25.
  134. ^ Walsh, Bill (April 6, 2006). "Corps chief admits to 'design failure'". Times Picayune. http://www.nola.com/news/t-p/frontpage/index.ssf?/base/news-5/1144306231230500.xml. Retrieved 2006-04-09. 
  135. ^ Crenson, Matt (2006-02-02). "Levee Repairs to Be Finished By First Day of Hurricane Season". Associated Press. http://www.constructionequipmentguide.com/story.asp?story=6589. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  136. ^ Burdeau, Cain (2008-02-12). "White House Budget for Levee Work Riles Many Louisiana Elected Officials". Associated Press. http://www.cegltd.com/story.asp?story=10045. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  137. ^ Shields, Gerard (2008-05-03). "Jindal asks Bush for levee cash". http://www.2theadvocate.com/news/18539869.html. Retrieved 2008-05-12. 
  138. ^ "Geraldo Rivera & Shepard Smith Unleashed." — Video. 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  139. ^ The Pulitzer Board (2006). "2006 Pulitzer Prize Winners — Breaking News Reporting". http://www.pulitzer.org/citation/2006,Breaking+News+Reporting. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  140. ^ The Pulitzer Board (2006). "2006 Pulitzer Prize Winners — Public Service". http://www.pulitzer.org/citation/2006,Public+Service. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  141. ^ Mark Glaser (September 13, 2005). "NOLA.com blogs and forums help save lives after Katrina". Online Journalism Review. http://www.ojr.org/ojr/stories/050913glaser/. Retrieved 2006-08-02. 
  142. ^ Paul Steiger (May 22, 2006). "Remarks at Pulitzer Prize luncheon". The Pulitzer Board. http://www.pulitzer.org/2006_luncheon_steiger. Retrieved 2008-11-15. 
  143. ^ Staff Writer. "U.S. won't ban media from New Orleans searches." CNN. September 11, 2005. Retrieved on 2006-06-05.
  144. ^ Britt, M. "Las Vegas Teen Helps Hurricane Victims In New Orleans", Las Vegas Daily Optic, December 19, 2005,
  145. ^ "Dennis, Katrina, Rita, Stan, and Wilma "Retired" from List of Storm Names". NOAA. April 6, 2006. http://www.noaanews.noaa.gov/stories2006/s2607.htm. Retrieved August 28 2006. 

Further reading

.
  • Dyson, Michael Eric (2006), Come Hell or High Water: Hurricane Katrina and the Color of Disaster, New York: Perseus Books Group, ISBN 0465017614 .
  • Spielman, David G. (2007), Katrinaville Chronicles: Images and Observations from a New Orleans Photographer, Baton Rouge: LSU Press, ISBN 9780807132524 
  • Center for Public Integrity, ed.^ Dozens of blocks in New Orleans's Ninth Ward were under water.

    ^ CHERTOFF Chertoff Claims Major Hurricane Scenario for Gulf Coast/New Orleans did not exist...
    • Hurricane Katrina: FEMA Officials Wouldn't Listen: 12 September 2009 11:10 UTC www.apfn.org [Source type: News]

    ^ I got an email from my friend whose mother had been evacuated from New Orleans home he grew up in to Baton Rouge.
    • Hurricane Katrina Archives - Geoff Fox - My Permanent Record 30 January 2010 2:19 UTC www.geofffox.com [Source type: General]

    (2007), City Adrift: New Orleans Before and After Katrina, Baton Rouge: LSU Press, ISBN 9780807132845 
  • Eggers, Dave (2009), Zeitoun, San Francisco: McSweeney's Books, ISBN 9781934781630 
  • Brennan, Virginia (2009), Natural Disasters and Public Health: Hurricanes Katrina, Rita, and Wilma, Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, ISBN 9780801891991 

External links

Disaster recovery:
Images:

Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 01, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Hurricane Katrina, which are similar to those in the above article.